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Concurrent Paper Presentations [clear filter]
Friday, June 19


Community Based Resilience - Srividya Iyer, Kathleen Giles
Community Based Resilience:

Abstract #91
A Community-Driven Youth Mental Healthcare Project In Kashmir, India
Presenter: Srividya Iyer
This presentation outlines a community-driven youth mental healthcare project in Kashmir, India. The Kashmir conflict, simmering since India’s postcolonial partition, has intensified since 1989. In addition to socioeconomic devastation and displacement, this conflict has precipitated a 30-fold increase in the anecdotally observed incidence of mental illness. The situation is exacerbated by the virtual absence of state-provided mental healthcare and the Kashmir valley’s geopolitical isolation. On the credit side of the equation are the adversity-forged resilience of Kashmir’s people; the density of their familial and communal networks; their generally high levels of education; and the growth of geography-defying telecommunication technologies in India. Our Grand Challenges Canada project uses these strengths to provide mental healthcare to youths (aged 14-30) in Kashmir’s Ganderbal district. The project earned its social licence through early engagement with culturally significant leaders (village elders, imams, etc.). Its innovative, low-cost model entails training lay community mental health workers to identify needs, provide basic services and promote awareness. Geographical barriers are surmounted by using a vehicle-mounted mobile clinic and inexpensive telecommunication technologies for training and consultations. Using extant sociocultural resources and resiliencies to minimize costs and maximize impact, the project thus provides much-needed primary mental healthcare to an underserved population.

Abstract #148
Community Engagement To Identify Community Resilience Policy Options: Deliberative Polling In Uganda: A Case for Bududa And Butalejja Districts
Presenter:  Kathleen Giles Co-presenters: Bazeyo William, Fishkin James, Roy William Mayega, Lynn Atuyambe, Julius Ssentongo
Background: Multiple people in Uganda are increasingly at risk for adverse climate events with Albertine, Teso and Mt.Elgon regions reporting a high risk. There are recurrent climatic events that have rendered the same damage to livelihoods and infrastructure despite predictability, millions of aid in response and attempts at mitigation which implies wide-scale lack of resilience and negative coping. Objective: To determine whether community opinions on key policy options (Land management, Resettlement management and Population pressure) can change when better informed about policy. Methodology: Using a Deliberative Polling® approach a random representative sample was selected and a baseline opinion poll on selected policy issues conducted in Bududa and Butalejja districts. The same sample was invited to a facilitated deliberation on these policy issues and thereafter, a post deliberation opinion poll conducted. Policy options were rated on an ordinal scale ranging from zero (Unimportant) to ten (Extremely important) and statistical differences in means tested using t-test.Results: Fifteen of 36 policy options changed with deliberation and changes were in the direction of increased support for policy optionsConclusion: Community opinions about policy can change with sufficient participatory dialogue and policy process can be greatly enhanced by employing a bottom-up approach. 


Srividya Iyer

Srividya Iyer is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at McGill University. She is the Coordinator of the Prevention and Early Intervention Program for Psychosis at the Douglas Mental Health University Institute and plays a leadership role in ACCESS-Canada, a newly... Read More →


Lynn Atuyambe

Assoc Prof at Makerere University Lynn Atuyambe, Ph.D., (Public Health Sciences International Health) teaches at the Makerere University School of Public Health-Department of Community Health and Behavioural Sciences. He obtained his doctorate from Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm... Read More →

James Fishkin

Center for Deliberative Democracy, Stanford University
Prof. at Stanford University Fishkin received his BA degree and Ph.D. in Political Science from Yale University. He holds a second Ph.D. in Philosophy from Cambridge University, United Kingdom. He is the current director of Stanford's Center for Deliberative Democracy.
avatar for Roy William Mayega

Roy William Mayega

Dr. Roy William Mayega is a Lecturer at the department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Makerere University School of Public Health, Uganda and is currently the Deputy CoP at RAN. He holds a basic degree in Medicine and an MPH from Makerere. He has a PhD Medical Science from Karolinska... Read More →
avatar for Julius Ssentongo

Julius Ssentongo

Program Coordinator, Makerere University School of Public Health-ResilientAfrica Network (RAN)
Dr. Julius Ssentongo is a Research Fellow at the ResilientAfrica Network (RAN) at Makerere University School of Public Health. His current research focuses on examining the resilience of communities that are contending with the effects of climate change and chronic conflict. He primarily... Read More →

Bazeyo William

Assoc Prof at Makerere University Dr. William Bazeyo is an Associate Professor of Occupational Medicine at Makerere University College of Health Sciences, School of Public Health and is currently the Dean of the School. He received an MBCHB from Makerere University and M.Med in... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 10:30am - 12:00pm
Frazee Room NAB 2nd Floor, King's College


Community Interventions - Kathy Marshall Emerson, Sofía Porro, Nancy Ross
Community Interventions:

Abstract #85
Resilience Research and Community Practice: A View from the Bridge
Presenter: Kathy Marshall Emerson
With a unique 25-year history of honoring both evolving resilience research and innovative community projects designed to foster the resilience of children, youth and adults, Kathy Marshall Emerson offers a hopeful and potentially field-changing view. She bridges the gap between research and practice and raises fundamental questions designed to improve our shared future work. What is the power of a particular definition of resilience? What American federally funded science has been ignored? How does the natural thinking of a human-being shape experience in the moment? Where does spirituality fit in our understanding of resilience? What resilience researchers and education experts make good bedfellows for successful community systems change efforts? What is realistic to expect of community research or evaluation efforts? Where the hope and what is is practical? What research history is helpful to preserve? What resources need to become readily available?
This session draws on participant experience, and examples from more than two decades of community-based resilience projects and academic learning facilitated by Marshall Emerson. “Resilience research and community practice can inform each other well. The view from the bridge is essential if we wish to impact a global world at a critical time.

Abstract #88
The Social Inclusion, The Community Strategies To Achieve it
Presenter: Sofía Porro
The exclusion is a process, but not static phenomenon, so we can consider  that the inclusion have a transitory character, it is depending on different situations.
The economic element is one the main factors  in the inclusion process, but there are others, legal´s and social´s character. All of these elements have an influence on   social recognition of the persons or the groups of them, and also in their participation in the society. So it is necessary to find strategies  for the social inclusion social, to permit to the persons or groups of them to play a part in the society. - Participation, a way for the social inclusion. I consider that the participation is very important for the social inclusion and the community development. To  develop the participation process, we have to take in account not only the community social problems, and also three important elements: the motivation, the formation and the organization. The social prevention is also very important in the inclusion process, it includes alternatives to the material and spiritual improvement to the people. The preventive action is one of the social function of all  communitarian intervention, it has as a purpose, the identification of the problems and to perform actions in order to resolve them.

Abstract #94
The ‘Be the Peace, Make a Change’ Project: Coordinated Community Responses to Violence
Presenter: Nancy Ross Co-presenter: Sue Bookchin
The ‘Be the Peace, Make a Change’ project, funded by Status Women Canada to the Second Story Women’s center in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia has employed innovative measures to engage the community in developing a plan to reduce interpersonal violence.  This three-year project has focused on engaging boys and girls, and women and men to develop protective and promotive processes associated with resiliency in Lunenburg County, Nova Scotia.  Innovative community engagement processes that included Open Space Technology and Appreciative Inquiry were used to harness local expertise at two large community forums, to learn what factors are believed to contribute to violence reduction and to map and plan further community measures. These measures broadly focused on the creation of social and physical ecologies that promote resiliency across the whole lifespan. Three major components of a coordinated response included awareness, prevention and intervention.  A community plan was born, from the initial establishment of twelve working groups and now focuses on three major areas.  A) Youth, Parents and Schools that prioritize the development of healthy relationships; B) First Voice and Gender Dynamics that include regular meetings of men, women and people; and C) Partners in Justice that include working with the police. 

avatar for Kathy Marshall Emerson

Kathy Marshall Emerson

Executive Director, National Resilience Resource Center
Kathy Marshall Emerson is Director of National Resilience Resource Center LLC originally in University of Minnesota College of Education and Human Development. She leads communities in securing major long-term government funding for collaborative community resilience projects enhancing... Read More →

Nancy Ross

Nancy Ross, Assistant Professor, Dalhousie School of Social Work for the past two years, has, to date, spent the majority of her working life in addiction and mental health settings. Her work with women led her to believe that the personal is connected to the political and to her... Read More →

Sofía Porro

My name is Sofía Porro, I am 55 years old and I am Cuban. Since 1993 I work in FLACSO as a professor and researcher. I am PHd in Sociology Education Science. I did many investigations about:- social disadvantaged and marginalized children and young people.- Gender and social development... Read More →


Sue Bookchin

Co-Coordinator at Be the Peace Project Sue has been a facilitator, trainer and coach for over 20 years. In all her work, it is particularly rewarding when people recognize something in one another they can connect with. When there is excitement in pursuing what we care deeply about... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 10:30am - 12:00pm
Seminar Room NAB 2nd Floor, King's College


Immigrant Mental Health and Building Capacities - Jim Anderson, Chesmal Siriwardhana, Maria Angela Mattar Yunes
Immigrant Mental Health and Building Capacities:

Abstract #152
Building Capacity With Immigrant And Refugee Families In A Bilingual Family Literacy Program: Some Insights And Perspectives From A Three Year Project
Presenter: Jim Anderson Co - Presenter: Ann Anderson
In this session, we report on a bilingual family literacy program with about 500 immigrant and refugee families from four linguistic groups in the Greater Vancouver Area. Drawing on the notion of “additive bilingualism” (e.g., Cummins, 2000) and research that demonstrates the benefits of acquiring a second language (Bialystok, 2011), the program sought to promote families’ first language maintenance, support parents in enhancing their preschool children’s  language  and literacy development in their first language and English, and create a space where families could become familiar with and feel comfortable in Canadian schools. Sessions addressing various aspects of young children’s learning and development were conducted in families’ first languages (Farsi, Karen, Mandarin, Punjabi) and English by an early childhood educator and a cultural worker from the linguistic community. Findings include:  1) parents indicated they better understood young children’s learning and how to support it in age appropriate ways; 2) parents realized  the  importance of play for young children; 3) families better understood schools and felt comfortable there 4) facilitators got to know and understand families and their beliefs/perspectives, and 5) children’s early literacy knowledge significantly increased. Implications for developing capacity and resiliency in families and children will be drawn.

Abstract #249
A Systematic Review Of Resilience And Mental Health Outcomes Of Conflict-Driven Adult Forced Migrants
Presenter: Chesmal Siriwardhana
Armed conflict is a leading driver of global forced migration. Forced migrants are at a greater risk of developing mental disorders. However, resilience, defined as the ability of a person to successfully adapt to/recover from traumatic experiences, is a key potential protective factor. This systematic review of resilience and mental health of adult, conflict-driven forced migrants aimed to explores current global evidence.
Quantitative and qualitative studies that reported resilience and mental health outcomes among forced-migrant populations (aged 18+) were included. Fourteen bibliographic databases and seven humanitarian databases/websites were searched using a four stage screening process.
Twenty three studies were selected. Ten qualitative studies highlighted family/community cohesion, family/community support, individual personal qualities, collective identity, supportive primary relationships and religion. Thirteen quantitative studies were identified, but only two attempted to link resilience with mental disorders, and three used a specific resilience measure. Over-reliance on cross-sectional designs was noted. Resilience was generally shown to be associated with better mental health in displaced populations, but the evidence on this and underlying mechanisms was limited.
The review highlights the need for more epidemiological and qualitative evidence on resilience among forced migrants as a potential avenue for intervention development, particularly in resource-poor settings.

Abstract #101
Parental Resilience and Positive Parenting among At-Risk Families in Brazil
Presenter: Maria Angela Mattar Yunes Co-presenter: Narjara Mendes Garcia, Ana Maria Tomás Almeida
In Brazil there is a paucity of literature investigating or evaluating parental support and family education programs. Many Brazilian families are faced with multiple adversities that suggest a need to research positive psychosocial interventions to promote resilience. An as-of-yet untested approach in Brazil is the concept of parental resilience, which attempts to bolster parents’ coping skills. For the study, we replicated a parental-resilience program from Spain called “Growing a Happy Family.” The goal of this program is upgrading intrafamily communication and improving parental competencies. This program was implemented in Brazil among at-risk families (N = 35) with children up to 10 years of age. Questionnaires were filled out by parents pre- and post-completion of the program. Parenting sessions were conducted by professionals and consisted of 12 sessions of 2 hours each. Analyses of the results at the end of the sessions indicated that the program had a significant impact on parenting styles and family interactions, in terms of solving everyday problems, engaging in open dialogue, and reducing the use of corporal punishment. These findings point to the potential of parental-resilience programs among at-risk populations in Brazil, in terms of upgrading intrafamily communication and promoting positive interactions within the family group.


Chesmal Siriwardhana

Dr. Chesmal Siriwardhana is medical doctor by training and currently a Senior Lecturer in Public Health at the Faculty of Medical Science, Anglia Ruskin University, UK. He is also a visiting researcher at the Centre for Global Mental Health, Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College... Read More →

Jim Anderson

University of British Columbia
Jim Anderson has worked and conducted research in early and family literacy for nearly three decades. He has received funding from the Canadian Council on Learning, SSHRC, UBC Hampton Research Fund, and provincial and federal departments and ministries to support his research. In... Read More →
avatar for Maria Angela Mattar Yunes

Maria Angela Mattar Yunes

Associate Professor, Centro Universitário La Salle, Unilasalle, Canoas
Lecturer and advisor at the programs of post graduation studies in education in Centro Universitário La Salle - UNILASALLE, Canoas and Universidade Federal do Rio Grande - FURG, Brasil. Main interest on research and intervention on family resilience, community resilience and parental... Read More →


Ana Almeida

PhD in Education at Universidade do Minho Teacher and advisor at the post graduation studies in education in Universidade do Minho, Braga, Portugal.

Ann Anderson

Professor, University of British Columbia
Ann Anderson is professor in the Department of Curriculum and Pedagogy. Her research includes working with families from diverse cultural backgrounds to understand ways in which young children’s multi-literacies are supported prior to and in the early years of school. In addition... Read More →

Narjara Mendes Garcia

PhD in Environmental Education at Universidade Federal do Rio Grande - FURG Teacher at the Institute of Education and the post graduation Program in Environmental Education at the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande - FURG, Brasil.

Friday June 19, 2015 10:30am - 12:00pm
Haliburton Room A&A Main Floor, King's College


Mental Health - Gerald Jordan, Ulla Peters, Susan Sumskis
Mental Health:

Abstract #198
Positive Change Following A First Episode Of Psychosis: Findings From A Mixed Studies Review Using A Qualitative Synthesis Design
Presenter: Gerald Jordan Co-presenters: Megan Pope, Angella Lambrou, Ashok Malla, Srividya Iyer
Positive outcomes following a first episode of psychosis (FEP) and predictors of FEP have received limited attention, and have never been the focus of any investigation. This knowledge gap is problematic because clinicians have described the paucity of a synthesis on this topic as one that must be addressed if they are to reliably foster positive change in clients. This presentation will discuss what pre-existing research suggests the positive outcomes following FEP are, and how resilience predicts such outcomes. A librarian assisted, mixed studies review was undertaken. Eligible articles included qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods studies published in English between 1990 and 2014 on FEP. Two reviewers screened three databases (Medline, PsychInfo, Embase) for keywords related to the topic. This search was supplemented by hand searches and article recommendations from experts. Eleven studies were retained from the original pool of 4612 studies. The synthesis revealed that following FEP, people felt closer to others, gained spirituality, made positive lifestyle changes, and felt greater appreciation for life; and that being recovered from FEP, and receiving social support, were key in fostering positive change. Results imply clinicians should foster recovery and resilience through social support in patients to inspire positive outcomes following FEP.

Abstract #236
Transitions into Resilience
Presenter: Ulla Peters
The Youth Psychiatry in the hospital Kirchberg (Luxemburg) proposes intensive individual pedagogical projects as a possible follow up treatment for adolescent patients. As these projects offer a highly individualized experience, they are assumed to be more helpful than a transfer to other settings (like group treatments). The research project “Time in – Time out” is designed to better understand in which ways these projects might promote individual resilience. The study will follow up boys and girls who, after their psychiatric treatment, were sent either to an individual project outside the country or to a group setting in and outside of Luxemburg. Quantitative data will be collected using the “Child and Youth Resilience Measure“ (CYRM, Liebenberg & Ungar 2013) and be compared with resilience scores of a group of Luxemburgish youth outside the care system. Qualitative interviews with a smaller sample of youth in individual care will provide additional data. The general project aim is to scientifically ground decisions about how to improve care for young ex-psychiatric patients with complex needs.

Abstract #253
The Meaning Of Resilience As Described By People Who Experience Schizophrenia
Presenter: Susan Sumskis Co-presenter: Lorna Moxham
Within a PhD level investigation, fourteen people living in regional and rural Australia described what resilience means to them in their journey with schizophrenia. Phenomenological interpretation of their stories revealed that living with schizophrenia is a journey that encompasses states of feeling lost, striving and then growing.  Within this journey, individuals described striving to overcome challenges and barriers in order to be able to use support or achieve desired goals.  While striving, the person grasped who they are, started to take control, took action and then strove to overcome the challenges of living with schizophrenia in everyday life. Medication, as an example, was viewed as a challenging aspect with many barriers however it was also viewed as necessary and supportive and therefore a decision was made to take control and to “use” rather than “take” medication.  The meaning of resilience is embedded within this, and many other challenging areas of struggle, such as the use of health professionals and health services, maintaining mental and physical stimulation, social ties and managing difficult family relationships.
Within this presentation, the elements of the meaning of resilience and the way in which they are embedded within the experience of schizophrenia will be fully discussed.

avatar for Gerald Jordan

Gerald Jordan

Prevention and Early Intervention Program for Psychoses
Gerald is a PhD student in the Department of Psychiatry at McGill University. He is interested in positive changes experienced by people following a first psychotic episode.

Susan Sumskis

Lecturer, University of Wollongong
Dr Susan Sumskis is a Credentialed Mental Health Nurse and Academic with a passionate interest in finding the positive factors and valuable experiences within mental illness and then communicating these to people who live with mental illness, students studying mental health, both... Read More →

Ulla Peters

I work since 2004 as a sociologist at the University of Luxemburg,tTeaching Bachelor- and Masterstudents in Educational and Social Sciences. Main topics are sociology, care and violence. I am a funding member of a research institut on social welfare and social politics (IRISS) and... Read More →


Srividya Iyer

Srividya Iyer is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at McGill University. She is the Coordinator of the Prevention and Early Intervention Program for Psychosis at the Douglas Mental Health University Institute and plays a leadership role in ACCESS-Canada, a newly... Read More →

Angella Lambrou

Angella is a Nursing librarian at McGill University

Ashok Malla

Dr. at Douglas Mental Health University Institute Ashok is the nominated leader of ACCESS Canada, a pan-Canadian network working towards improving mental health outcomes of young people.

Lorna Moxham

Professor of Mental Health Nursing at University of Wollongong Professor Lorna Moxham is the lead of ‘Living Well Longer’ within the UOW Global Challenges Program, which is a major research initiative designed to harness the expertise of world-class researchers to solve real-world... Read More →

Megan Pope

Student at Douglas Mental Health University Institute Megan is a Masters student in the Department of Psychiatry at McGill University. She is interested in perceptions of responsibility for care for people with mental health challenges.

Friday June 19, 2015 10:30am - 12:00pm
Boardroom A&A 2nd Floor, King's College


Natural Disasters - Yohana Hestyanti, Violeta Andaleon, Stefania Maggi
Natural Disasters:

Abstract #151
Bounce Back and Stand Firm: A Trifocal Analysis of Resiliency, Motivation, Life Satisfaction, and Meaning in Life of Typhoon Yolanda Survivors
Presenter: Violeta Andaleon
Life is full of difficulties and challenges. No matter how difficult and challenging life is, one must search for meaning in life and be satisfied with what life can bring.  The people from Tacloban, Leyte, Philippins encountered the most challenging situation, one of which was the outbreak of Typhoon Yolanda (also known as Typhoon Haiyan). This resulted to a harrowing devastation witnessing the community destruction, human suffering and even death.  How can we continuously help those who survived from this calamity?  Hence, the researcher volunteered to be one with the institution that provide programs for the recovery and rehabilitation for the Tacloban survivors. This research is a phenomenological study utilizing a triangulation or mixed method in order to determine and measure the level/degree of resiliency, motivation, life satisfaction, and meaning in life of the Tacloban Survivors in Leyte, Philippines after the outbreak of Typhoon Yolanda. The qualitative method will be a trifocal analysis of the data and further be utilized to describe the outcome of the interviews and questionnaires conducted to the respondents. On the other hand, quantitative method will be anchored from a descriptive–correlation design and used for the results of the standardized tests to measure the variables.  For the younger survivors, a drawing test will be used as a form of art therapy primarily aimed for clinical intervention.

Abstract #185
Resiliency of Acehnese Children After the 2004 Tsunami: Risk and Protective Factors From Their Bio-Ecological Systems
Presenter: Yohana Hestyanti
We studied the resilience of Acehnese children, survivors of the 2004 tsunami, by looking at their individual characteristics as well as the ethnographic aspects of the Acehnese society in which they lived. The children’s level of functioning (N=22) was assessed before, immediately after, and one year after the tsunami, by in-depth interviews of well-informed and close adults (e.g., surviving parent, teachers, village-elders) and by careful observations. We found that: 1. The emotional wellbeing of the primary caregiver was of vital importance: children with depressed, abusive and/or aloof parents/caregivers were likely to show a negative pattern of adaptation, whereas children with a strong and warm relationship with a caregiver who was not depressed and who encouraged them to express their emotions showed a positive pattern of adaptation.  2. Psychosocial and religious activities were important too: frequent participation of children in such activities proved to be protective.  3. Irritability was an internal risk factor in children, and, if combined with parental and neighbour’s threat, became a strong predictor of vulnerability. We conclude that children without pre-existing internal problems can recover remarkably well from considerable hardship, if they receive good parental support and participate in activities that enable pleasurable social interaction frequently.

Abstract #218
Natural Disasters, Community Resilience, and Children’s Wellbeing: The Case of Novi di Modena, Emilia Romagna, Italy
Presenter: Stefania Maggi Co - Presenters: Cinzia Albanesi, Valentina Marchesi, Claudia Rocca, Laura Borghi, Chiara Reali, Maria Augusta Nicoli 
On May 20-29 2012 a violent earthquake struck several communities of the Emilia Romagna Region. Many villages were destroyed and thousands of people lost their home and livelihood. To the day, villages are being rebuilt and the local economy is still struggling to recover from the disaster. This presentation offers an account of: 1) how the citizen and service providers of Novi di Modena mobilized to face the disaster right after the earthquake and in the subsequent years; 2) how preschools integrated elements in their curriculum to support young children as they dealt with loss and destruction; and 3) the impact of the earthquake and the community initiatives post-earthquake on preschool children. A mixed-methods approach was used to conduct this study, which included focus groups and interviews with service providers representing different sectors (e.g., health, education, social), and the administration of the Early Development Instrument (Italian version) to a representative sample of 5 years old children one year after the earthquake, and again two years after the event. Implications for community resilience are discussed.

avatar for Stefania Maggi

Stefania Maggi

Associate Professor, Leading Investigator for the Kids in Places Initiative at Carleton University Stefania is Associate Professor at Carleton University (Ottawa, Canada) with the Institute of Interdisciplinary Studies, Child Studies Program, and the Department of Psychology. She... Read More →
avatar for Violeta Andaleon

Violeta Andaleon

Faculty, De La Salle Lipa
I am Assistant Professor in Psychology handling major subjects in the field of Psychology at De La Salle Lipa under the College of Arts & Sciences. Presently, I am already a graduate of PhD in Clinical Psychology. I had been in this chosen field of endeavor since 1982 and I had been... Read More →
avatar for Yohana Hestyanti

Yohana Hestyanti

I was born on April 7, 1973 in Klaten, Indonesia and received my Bachelor’s degree in 1996 from the Faculty of Psychology at the Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta. I continued to study as a psychologist at the same university and worked as a lecturer at the Faculty of Psychology... Read More →


Cinzia Albanesi

Associate Professor at University of Bologna Cinzia Albanesi is Associate Professor at University of Bologna (Bologna, Italy) in the Department of Psychology. She is a community psychologist with an interest in participatory research methods, action research, health promotion, sense... Read More →

Laura Borghi

Coordinator and quality assurance for the Early Years   at Carleton University Laura is responsible for the coordination and quality assurance of early education programs of the Unione Terre d’Argine health region (Emilia Romagna, Italy). She obtained her PhD in educational sciences... Read More →
avatar for Valentina Marchesi

Valentina Marchesi

Research Associate for the Kids in Places Initiative (KIPI) at Carleton University Valentina obtained a BA degree in Community Psychology from University of Bologna (Italy) under the mentorship of Cinzia Albanesi. In the last three years, Valentina has followed a research project... Read More →

Maria Augusta Nicoli

Director of the Community, Equity and Participation Programs at Agenzia Sanitaria e Sociale Regionale Emilia Romagna Region (Bologna, Italy) Maria Augusta is the Director of the Community, Equity, and Participation Program at the Agenzia Sanitaria e Sociale Regionale with the Emilia... Read More →

Chiara Reali

Research Coordinator for the Kids in Places Initiative (KIPI) in Italy at Azienda Unità Sanitaria Locale Chiara is a Public Health physician with an interest in the social determinants of child health and equity in infant-maternal health. She is an epidemiologist with the Azienda... Read More →

Claudia Rocca

Canadian Project Coordinator for the Kids in Places Initiative at Carleton University Claudia is the Canadian Project Coordinator for the Kids in Places Initiative. She obtained a Masters degree in Social Psychology from Carleton University, Canada for research on the allocation... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 10:30am - 12:00pm
Vroom Room A&A Lower Floor, King's College


Resilience in Service Providers - Orit Nuttman Shwartz, Leigh Blaney, Paula McFadden
Resilience in Service Providers:

Abstract #137
Shared Resilience in a Traumatic Reality: A New Concept for Trauma Workers Exposed Personally and Professionally to Collective Disaster
Presenter: Orit Nuttman Shwartz
Shared Traumatic Reality are those situations in which clients and therapists are exposed to the same collective disaster, whether natural or man-made. In these situations, everyone has been exposed to the same traumatic event which threatens their own lives and the lives of people who are close to them (e.g., war, terror attacks, hurricanes, floods, and earthquakes). To date, the studies dealing with STR have focused on the negative consequences.  Thus, in this presentation we will propose a new concept, shared resilience in a traumatic reality (SRTR). Based on literature that emphasizes the positive effects of exposure to traumatic events for workers in this field, this concept examines the ability of trauma workers to cope, to show resilience, and to grow as a result of the mutual relationship with their clients. The new concept highlights the importance of empathic mutual aid relationships, which are a basic component for promoting resilience in a shared traumatic reality. The relative nature of shared resilience will be discussed, bearing in mind that resilience can be manifested as emotions, behaviors, and conceptions. Various findings relating to shared resilience in traumatic situations will be reviewed, and recommendations for research, practice, and policy will be offered.

Abstract #157
Firefighter Resilience: An Interdisciplinary Pilot Study
Presenter: Leigh Blaney
This mixed methods study, conducted by researchers from Canada and England in collaboration with four fire rescue services (FRS), explored Canadian and UK firefighters’ experiences of distress, coping and resilience related to workplace traumatic events. Questions addressed in the research included:  Are firefighters resilient?  How do firefighters define resilience? Does stress education enhance/sustain resilience?   Research outcomes include: a variety of diverse and intricate definitions for resilience reflecting the complexity of the concept of resilience yet demonstrating cultural commonalities across both countries; a range of reactions to critical incidents that generally fell into one or more domains:  emotional, cognitive, physical, behavioural, and ‘spiritual’;  a range of strategies that are implemented to cope with stress reactions - overwhelmingly ‘talking’ about the incident, reactions, and  coping mechanisms is most helpful; personal and organizational attributes that assist in managing stress and stressful events within the culture of the fire service; and health promoting strategies for building resilience. The study recommendations, utilizing a health promotion lens, offer guidance in planning for, and responding to, traumatic events in high-risk professions.”

Abstract #227
Resilience and Burnout in Child Protection Social Work
Presenter: Paula McFadden
Child protection is a stressful occupation that can result in burnout and job exit for some social workers. The concern for organisations relate to attrition resulting in low levels of experience in teams which impacts on working conditions for the remaining staff. This paper will focus on the impact of relationships at work with emphasis on the role of relational factors in contributing to a positive or negative experience that impacts on staff resilience or burnout. Qualitative data was gathered from employees of the five Health and Social Care Trusts and a voluntary sector child protection service in Northern Ireland. Interviews were conducted with 15 social workers who have left their jobs in child protection (for positive and negative reasons) and 15 who had remained in post. The Stayers were in post at a range of career stages from newly qualified to more than 11 years’ experience.  Both ‘Leavers’ and’ Stayers’ had common experiences of the work, including manager and team relationships, workload, organizational culture and climate as well as a perception of excessive bureaucracy. Some Stayers’ reported job satisfaction despite the pressures and Leavers reported leaving despite team camaraderie. The paper argues for ameliorative interventions to enable the manager to support and nurture positive relationships and cohesive teams.


Leigh Blaney

Leigh Blaney is a professor in the Bachelor of Science in Nursing program at Vancouver Island University with teaching responsibilities focused on undergraduate education in mental health, healing, and inter-professional communication. Leigh is the clinical coordinator of the Archipelago... Read More →
avatar for Orit Nuttman Shwartz

Orit Nuttman Shwartz

Prof., Sapir College, israel
Prof. Orit Nuttman-Shwartz, MSW, Ph.D, Associate Professor, Founder and first Head of the School of Social Work at Sapir College in Israel. Her research focuses on personal and social trauma, life transitions and crises and social work education. Working near the border, she has been... Read More →
avatar for Paula McFadden

Paula McFadden

Lecturer in Social Work, Queens University Belfast
Dr McFadden has practiced in child protection and older people’s social work and recently has been an integrated services delivery manager for older people and vulnerable adults in Northern Ireland. The research into resilience in front line child protection social work was inspired... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 10:30am - 12:00pm
KTS Lecture Hall NAB 2nd Floor, King's College


Resilience in the Publication Process: How to Get Your Paper Published - Adam Winsler

Resilience in the Publication Process: How to Get Your Paper Published:

Abstract #266
Resilience in the Publication Process: How to Get Your Paper Published:
Presenter: Adam Winsler
The editor in chief, Adam Winsler, of Early Childhood Research Quarterly, a top journal in developmental psychology and early childhood education (2013 5-yr Impact Factor =  3.4), will remove all mystery about the peer review and publication process. Top 10 reasons why papers are rejected, and top 10 tips for young (and seasoned) investigators for getting their papers published in top outlets will be revealed, along with behind the scenes statistics and frank discussion about the peer review process. An informal question and answer session will be included.

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Adam Winsler

Professor, George Mason University
Dr. Adam Winsler is professor of applied developmental psychology at George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia, USA. His research, represented in over 90 publications, examines private speech (self-talk) and its role in behavioral self-regulation and executive function among typically... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 10:30am - 12:00pm
Seminar 7 A&A Lower Floor, King's College


Resilience Measures for Adults - Odin Hjemdal, Linda Liebenberg, Martha Höfler
Resilience Measures for Adults:

Abstract #187
What is the Relation Between Resilience and Other Constructs of Positive Adaptation: And How Do They Relate To Adult Mental Health 
Presenter: Odin Hjemdal Co-presenter: Oddgeir Friborg
Background: This study aim was to explore the relation between resilience and other constructs related to healthy adaptation in adults. And further how these constructs are related to adult mental health prospectively. 
Method: 194 young adults were included in prospective study. The measures included were demographic data, negative life events, Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA), Life Satisfaction Scale, Rosenberg’s Self-esteem Scale, Dispositional Optimism Scale, Measure of Adult Attachement Qualities; MAQ. Data were collected two times over a period of three months.
Results: This study found that there are similarities among resilience (RSA) and the other constructs of healthy adaptation, however, the resilience explains unique variance in future mental health. 
Conclusions: Understanding how different constructs related to healthy adaptation are related and which are the most important in relation to future mental health is very important and may facilitate better prevention and interventions related to assuring future good health for adults in the future.

Abstract #105
Creating Capability-Based Measures for Adults – Challenges and First-Step Directions
Presenter: Martha Höfler  
Introduction: Adult resilience is partly learning based and adults can display many capabilities which can be fostered to increase mental health. However, adults are considered less frequently in resilience research than children and youth and the science of adult education currently pays little attention to the resilience concept. 
Aim: The aim is to illustrate the current challenges of resilience research for a scientifically driven resilience promotion in adults, and to give first-step directions for successful measure creation.
Method: The method used is a narrative review which takes into account papers with relational resilience definition such as concept analysis, reviews, and primary empirical studies.
Results: Resilience factors are made up of a lot of determinants in their effect on desired outcome. Research that can be used for the scientifically based creation of measures is still problematic, particularly regarding comparisons between heterogeneous studies as well as too few publications of concept operationalizing features. Systematic reviews are necessary to gather differentiated information on validated factors that should be integrated in measures.  
Conclusion: There is a need for more fundamental systemizing studies that lead to a solidly based creation of capability-based measures in adults.

Abstract #75
A Social Ecological Measure for Adults: The RRC-ARM 
Presenter: Linda Liebenberg Co-presenters: Gökmen Arslan, Jeff Moore
Amidst a strong focus on the processes and resources that facilitate positive psychosocial outcomes for children and youth, there is increasing focus on resilience resources and processes as they pertain to adults. As is the case for child-centred resilience, researchers are increasingly focused on the social ecological resources that adults draw on in efforts to be happy and healthy. And, as with the field of child and youth resilience, valid and reliable measures relevant across cultures and contexts are in short supply. This presentation reviews the adaptation and validation of the 28-item Children and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM-28) for use with adult populations in Ireland and Turkey. Using data gathered from adults who have experienced institutional childhood abuse (Ireland) and who live in socioeconomically marginalised contexts (Turkey), Exploratory Factor Analyses (EFAs) identify five and four factors respectively, relating largely to family connectedness, civic and cultural connectedness, personal competencies and interpersonal connections. The four item factor structure (Turkish data) has been confirmed using a confirmatory factor analysis, and convergent validity to related measures has been established in both contexts. Despite the differing EFA results, these initial results support use of the Resilience Research Centre’s Adult Resilience Measure (RRC-ARM).

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Linda Liebenberg

Linda Liebenberg, PhD., Co-Director Resilience Research Centre, Dalhousie University, is a researcher and evaluator with a core interest in children and youth with complex needs. Her work explores the promotion of positive youth development and mental health, using formal and informal... Read More →

Martha Höfler

Research Associate, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany
Martha Höfler is a research associate at the Chair of Adult Education of the Friedrich Schiller University in Jena, Germany. Her research focus is on resilience in adulthood and the organized utilization of the concept for resilience promotion by adult educational measures. She is... Read More →

Odin Hjemdal

Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Odin Hjemdal, professor of clinical adult psychology and quantitative methods and statistics, and a clinical psychologist at Department of Psychology at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway. His research is related to resilience among adults and adolescents... Read More →


Gökmen Arslan

Süleyman Demirel University Gökmen Arslan has a Master’s degree in Educational Psychology and is a lecturer in Faculty of Education, Department of Psychological Counseling and Guidance, Süleyman Demirel University where he lectures on education psychology, counseling and research... Read More →

Oddgeir Friborg

Professor at University of Tromsø, Norway Oddgeir Friborg is professor in health psychology, at Department of Psychology, University of Tromsø, Norway, and a clinical psychologist. His research is on measuring resilience among adults and adolescents, as well as mental Health, sleeping... Read More →

Jeff Moore

Research and Training Associate at Immigrant Counselling and Psychotherapy Jeff Moore is a research and training consultant for Immigrant Counseling and Psychotherapy and Jigsaw Programme Coordinator with Headstrong, the National Centre for Youth Mental Health. Previously he was... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 10:30am - 12:00pm
Alumni Hall NAB 1st Floor, King's College


Resilience of Mind and Spirit - Holly Richardson, Martha Holden, Rocío Rodríguez-Rey
Resilience of Mind and Spirit:

Abstract #73
Resilience and Spiritual Health: Intersections and Understandings
Presenter: Holly Richardson
Resilience in the context of life-threatening illness among children is tied to the spiritual. This presentation will include an exploration of the intersections between suffering, the spiritual, and resilience and the unique ways that ill children express hidden capacities and wisdom. It will offer suggestions for engaging children in conversations about illness meanings and the spiritual that recognize the complexity in language, and provide insight into how children make sense of and live well despite being seriously ill. Because the spiritual does not always wait for experts to arrive, findings are relevant to all healthcare providers and caregivers of ill children who are interested in nurturing resilience. Implications for interprofessional research, education, and practice will also be explored.

Abstract #106
Providing Relationship-Based and Trauma-Sensitive Care: Lessons From The TCI System and Care Practice Model
Presenter: Martha Holden Co-presenter: Jack Holden
There is substantial evidence that children and adolescents placed in therapeutic residential settings, group care, foster care, psychiatric hospitals, or juvenile justice settings have experienced significant trauma such as abuse, neglect, domestic and community violence. A consequence of placing these high needs and often aggressive children in out of home care is that many of these settings use behavior management practices that are overly controlling and punitive, and often trigger increased dysregulation and reactivity, sometimes resulting in increased risk of violence and injury. Some child welfare, mental health and juvenile justice communities have responded by implementing crisis and management systems and program models with therapeutic principles that meet the trauma sensitivity needs of these children by employing relationship based, non-coercive, non-confrontational, strength-based strategies to enhance resiliency and improve their well-being. This presentation will present results on the frequency and rate of restraints in one multi-faceted child and family services agency using the combination of the research informed Therapeutic Crisis Intervention (TCI) system and Children and Residential Experiences (CARE), a principle based residential program model.  In addition, results from the implementation of the CARE model on aggressive incidents, youth perceptions of staff behaviors (including attachment behaviors) will be presented and discussed.

Abstract #131
Prediction Of Mental Health From Resilience After Having A Child Under Intensive Care
Presenter: Rocío Rodríguez-Rey Co-presenter: Jesús Alonso-Tapia
It is broadly assumed that having a child severely ill is a potentially traumatic experience for parents, which can lead to long term adverse effects. The aim of this study was to elaborate a predictive model of parental mental health that included their reported pre-crisis level of resilience. We used a prospective longitudinal cohort design. A total of 196 parents whose children had been recently discharged from intensive care were assessed resilience, severity of the child’s condition, social risk and stress. Three (N=158) and six (N=143) months later parents answered anxiety, depression and posttraumatic stress disorder questionnaires. Confirmatory regression analyses and multiple-group analyses using structural equation modeling were conducted. Results showed that 74% of the total variance in psychopathology three months after the child’s discharge, and 49% of the total variance six months after the child’s discharge could be predicted by resilience, social risk, and severity of the child’s condition mediated by stress and emotions (X2/df =1.56; GFI=.80; CFI=.88; IFI=.88; RMSEA=.06). These results showed that resilience is a protective factor against psychopathology after critical events. Gender differences were found, being resilience more predictive for women. Implications for intervention to prevent distress and nurture well-being among these families will be discussed.


Holly Richardson

Assistant Professor, Dalhousie University
Dr. Richardson is a registered nurse with 13 years of experience caring for children who have cancer and their families and 13 years of university teaching experience. Her recent research focuses on holistic child and youth health, specifically with regard to understanding how young... Read More →

Martha Holden

Martha J. Holden is a Senior Extension Associate with the Bronfenbrenner Center for Translational Research and the Director of the Residential Child Care Project at Cornell University. She provides technical assistance and training to residential child caring agencies, schools, juvenile... Read More →

Rocío Rodríguez-Rey

Rocío Rodríguez-Rey is a Health Psychologist and a Ph.D candidate in the Department of Biological and Health Psychology at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain. Her field of interest is resilience, mental health, and posttraumatic growth in children who suffer from severe... Read More →


Jesús Alonso-Tapia

Professor at Universidad Autónoma de Madrid Jesús Alonso-Tapia is a full-time Professor in Psychological and Educational Assessment at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. Specialized in Motivation, self-regulation, resilience and learning assessment, he received the First National... Read More →

Jack C Holden

Project Consultant at Cornell University Jack C. Holden, Ph.D. provides training, technical assistance, research, and curriculum development for residential care agencies, foster care, and schools nationally and internationally. He has published in the Journal of Child and Youth... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 10:30am - 12:00pm
Shatford Room A&A 2nd Floor, King's College


Resilience Strategies - Glenn Richardson, Lyn Worsley, Marco Ius
Resilience Strategies:

Abstract #89
The Seven Experiences of Applied Resilience and Resiliency
Presenter: Glenn Richardson
The program will focus on the dramatic evolution of the resiliency process model that was published first in 1990 and again in 2002 in the Journal of Clinical Psychology as the Applied Metatheory of Resilience and Resiliency.  Within the resiliency process are seven key experiences that have been shown to increase resilience among school children, worksite employees, and people with diabetes. The program will first describe the five universal postulates  or assumptions of applied resiliency training including 1)innateness, 2) resonation, 3)progression, 4)self efficacy/faith, and  5) agency.  The postulates are constants throughout the resilient journey.  The seven key experiences required to thrive through adversity and challenge include:
1. The skill of Resiliency Mapping 
2. Discovering innate and common resilient drives and yearnings as sources of motivation
3. Visioning and goal setting in response to resilient drives
4. Venturing as the process of turning fear into courage through integrative health modalities
5. The Q-Nexus which is directional inspiration to know what to do and when to do it
6. Self Mastery embraces the concepts of identity formation, persistence, and overcoming shadow actions.
7. Wisdom is a reflective harvesting of qualities and virtues gained during resilient reintegration and identification of future planned disruptions.

Abstract #100
The Resilience Doughnut: Connecting Ordinary, Everyday Moments to Build Resilience
Presenter: Lyn Worsley Co - Presenters: Odin Hjemdal, Mandy Yamanis
The Resilience Doughnut is a simple model showing seven contexts where a child can experience the everyday ordinary magic that builds resilience. The model has been used practically to guide programs, and interventions as well as to consider a child’s capacity to cope in difficult situations. The premise of the model is that only three out of the seven contexts need to have positive intentional connections in order to build a child’s resiliency.In order to test this model a comprehensive scale has been developed and trialled across educational settings in Australia with over 1200 students. The validation of the model involved testing this scale using an exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, and conducting extensive correlations with established measures of resilience. In order to test the premise that only three strong contexts are needed in order to develop resilience, a further study was conducted to compare students who scored high or low on the personal and social competence subscales of the READ measure. These two groups were tested as to the number of strong contexts present according to the Resilience Doughnut scale. Further correlations were conducted with regard to the level of difficulties experienced by each of the groups according to the Strength and Difficulties scale (SDQ).This workshop will outline the Resilience Doughnut model, and show the results of these studies. Implications for the practical use of the model in child and adult settings will also be discussed, showing some of the innovative work already in place in Australia and the UK. 

Abstract #195
Is Resilience Plannable? the "World Of The Child" As A Tool To Foster Children and Perents' REsilience Turning Their Voices Into Actions To Take
Presenter: Marco Ius Co-presenters: Sara Serbati, Ombretta Zanon, Paola Milani
P.I.P.P.I. (Program of Intervention for Prevention of Institutionalization) is a research-training-intervention program developed as an intensive care program for vulnerable families funded by the Italian Ministry of Welfare from 2010. It aims at preventing child placement out-of-home and at responding to problems connected to vulnerable parenting and child neglect by balancing risk and protective factors, and focuses on supporting parenting through multi-professional and resilient based intervention. Currently, the third implementation is in progress as the first national scaling up of the program involving about 500 families in 50 cities. The “World of the child” is the main tool used to support children and parents’ participation in all the steps. It is based on the Italian adaptation of the British triangular models of the Assessment Framework. Analyzing case-studies and showing video, textual and drawing material, the presentation will highlight and discuss how the “World of the child” fostered the process of children and parents partecipation trying to plan their resilience process, and turning the voice of children (mostly 3-11 y.o.) and parents into a micro-plan by navigating/negotiating their resources and defining the expected outcomes and the actions to achieve them together with all the professionals involved in the intervention. 

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Glenn Richardson

Professor, University of Utah
Glenn E. Richardson, Full Professor in the Department of Health Promotion and Education, University of is the author of the foundational “Resiliency Model” published in 1990 and “The Metatheory of Resilience and Resiliency” published in the Journal of Clinical Psychology in... Read More →
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Lyn Worsley

Director, The Resilience Centre
Lyn WorsleyLyn is a Clinical Psychologist with a background in nursing, teaching, and youth work. She is the director of the Resilience Centre in Epping, Sydney, which has a reputation for innovative solution, focussed approaches to client change through individual and group therapies... Read More →

Marco Ius

Marco Ius got the PhD in Social Work with a research on resilience and Hidden Child Survivors of the Holocaust in 2009. From 2009 is Post-Doc researcher and from 2010 is part of the Scientific Group of the national Implementation of P.I.P.P.I. (Program of Intervention for Prevention... Read More →


Odin Hjemdal

Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Odin Hjemdal, professor of clinical adult psychology and quantitative methods and statistics, and a clinical psychologist at Department of Psychology at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway. His research is related to resilience among adults and adolescents... Read More →

Paola Milani

PhD at Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Pedagogy and Applied Psychology (FISPPA), University of Padova, Italy Paola Milani is associate professor of Family Education and General and Social Pedagogy at the FISSPPA Department. Her research topics regards family education, social... Read More →

Sara Serbati

PhD at Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Pedagogy and Applied Psychology (FISPPA), University of Padova, Italy Sara Serbati PhD in Social Work (2011) with the project “Evaluating to better intervene: research on home care intervention with vulnerable children and family in Belluno... Read More →

Mandy Yamanis

Child Protection Specialist at World Vision International Mandy Yamanis, has worked for World Vision International for the past 9 years as a Child Protection Specialist, with knowledge of child development, child protection and international development programming in the Middle... Read More →

Ombretta Zanon

PhD Candidate at Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Pedagogy and Applied Psychology (FISPPA), University of Padova, Italy Ombretta Zanon is PhD candidate in social work. Her research topics is the changing of family representation of social professionals along the program P.I.P.P.I... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 10:30am - 12:00pm
Archibald Room NAB 3rd Floor, King's College