Sign up or log in to bookmark your favorites and sync them to your phone or calendar.

Concurrent Paper Presentations [clear filter]
Friday, June 19


Adolescent Resilience - Marissa Cadao, Cecilia Resurreccion
Adolescent Resilience:

Abstract #160
Development of Resiliency Scale For Filipino Adolescents
Presenter: Marissa Cadao
The study attempted to develop a Resiliency Scale that will measure the resilience level of the Filipino adolescents. An 80-item Likert-type Scale, consisting of 47 positive statements and 33 negative statements was developed. The scale measures five clusters of resiliency factors identified in the researches conducted by Banaag (1997), Bautista (2001) and Bogar (2006): Interpersonal Skills, Competence, High self-regard, Spirituality and Helpful life circumstances. The Resiliency Scale was used in two settings: school setting with 160 first year college students and rehabilitation center setting with 59 adolescents from three orphanages in Metro Manila.  After subjecting the data to statistical analysis, Cronbach’s Alpha values of .776  and .777 for the first and second parts of the test respectively, were obtained. Further analysis pointed out that resiliency scores are significantly related with respondents’ scores in Emotional Stability and Sociability subscales in Guilford-Zimmerman Temperament Survey (Pearson r = .541 and .495 respectively), and with Pasao Self-Concept Rating Scale scores (Pearson r = .659) all set at .01 level of significance. However, it is not related with the scores in Hope Scale. It was concluded that the Resiliency Scale developed has a degree of validity and reliability and it can be used as a measure of resiliency among Filipino adolescents. Several recommendations were forwarded for further development of the instrument.

Abstract #240
Filipino Resilience Scale And Its Implication to Counseling Adolescents
Presemter: Cecilia Resurreccion
Background: There is need for greater clarity around the construct of resilience as it relates to Filipino culture and to the period of adolescence. Resilience is one of the several strengths of Filipinos that can assist young people in positive life adaptation as they face major changes and challenges in their adolescent years. Knowing this can guide the development of interventions for prevention of adverse psychological outcomes and promotion of positive youth development. Objective: The study developed a 5-point Filipino Resilience Scale for adolescents to explore the construct of resilience and gauge their level of resilience. Methods : A mixed method research design, Qualitative and quantitative method, was used. The 85-item scale was administered to a sample of college students (n=850) aged 16-21. Each self-rated on a 5-point scale (0-4) with higher scores reflecting greater resilience. The reliability, validity and factor analytic structure of the scale were evaluated and reference scores were established. Results: The FRS demonstrated sound psychometric properties. Factor analysis yielded four factors. It has confirmed the initial framework provided during the initial conceptualization of the scale items which are Appraisal, Adaptation and Growth except for a new factor that emerged from the data, External resources that include Spirituality and Family/social support which speak so distinctly of Filipino culture. Conclusion:The study confirms that the FRS is a potentially useful instrument to measure resilience among adolescents.

avatar for Cecilia M. Resurreccion

Cecilia M. Resurreccion

Executive Director, Center for Student Affairs, UNIVERSITY OF ASIA AND THE PACIFIC, PHILIPPINES
Cecilia Resurreccion, PhD, RGC, RPsy is the Executive Director of Center for Student Affairs at the Unviersity of Asia and the Pacific. She has given seminars and workshops on mentoring, adolescent resilience, personality development, emotional intelligence among others.
avatar for Marissa C. Esperal

Marissa C. Esperal

The presenter is a graduate of Bachelor of Arts in Psychology from Southern Luzon Polytechnic College (now Southern Luzon State University) which is located in her hometown. She finished her first master's degree, Master of Arts in Education with specialization in Guidance and Counseling... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Boardroom A&A 2nd Floor, King's College


Children in Care - Lucy Le Mare, Kaitlyn Massey, Ivana Maurović
Children in Care:

Abstract #211
Adoptive Family Processes and Resilience Over Time in Early-Deprived Adoptees from Romania
Presenter: Lucy Le Mare  Co-presenters: Karen Kurytnik, Karyn Audet
The Romanian Adoption Project (RAP), an ongoing longitudinal study of early-deprived children adopted by Canadian families from Romanian orphanages, has presented a rare opportunity to assess the effects of early deprivation and the potential of the post-adoption rearing environment to support resilience. Like most research on post-institutionalized adoptees, the RAP has comprised primarily quantitative investigations addressing differences between and trends within groups varying in levels of early deprivation.  This approach has been useful, but is limited in that knowledge based on aggregated data may be too abstract for application to specific contexts, and individuals.  In this presentation we report on an in-depth exploration of the role of adoptive family processes in supporting resilience in 9 Romanian adoptees who, at age 17, were selected from the larger sample (N=46) as most clearly demonstrating either resilience (N=5) or not (N=4).  Differences in resilience were unrelated to length of deprivation, developmental delays at time of adoption, or early IQ.  Family processes including attachment, parenting styles, and communication about adoption, examined at ages 4, 10, and 17 years, distinguished teens who did and did not display resilience as did self-reports on resilience measures. Links to outcomes in emerging adulthood (age 24) are also explored.

Abstract #223
Evaluating the Efficacy of a Resilience Program for Children and Young People in a Private Clinic in Sydney Australia
Persenter: Kaitlyn Massey Co-Presenter: Tanya Hanstock
Research into intervention programs that aim to enhance resilience in young people are continually expanding. Evidence suggests that early intervention programs are important in assisting children to overcome difficult circumstances and prevent mental health problems. There are a number of international resilience-based group programs, however few exist within Australia. Two programs that are currently being used in Australia are the Linked-Up (13-16 year-olds) and Connect-3 programs (8-12 year-olds), which are based on the Resilience Doughnut model. They are creative and interactive 6-week group programs designed to help young people find their strengths, improve their social interactions and develop resilient thinking skills. This research assesses the efficacy of the two programs using the Resilience Scale for Adolescents (READ) and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) for pre, post and follow-up measures. The results will help determine if prevention programs have the potential to be positive and proactive in developing resilience in young people in Australia. Discussion will be encouraged with regard to the use of ecological resilience programs in various contexts. Of particular note is the usefulness of such programs in activating the strong resources within small groups of youth in a private practice setting.

Abstract #224
Meaningful Participation as a Protective Mechanism of Adolescents in Children's Homes in Croatia
Presenter: Ivana Maurović Co-Presenter: Antonija Žižak
As opportunity to participate in shaping environment (WestEd,2005)  has been shown as a important protective mechanism, aim of this presentation is to explore it's role in various developmental outcomes of adolescents in Children homes (subjective well being, behavior problems, academic competence) trough mix method approach. Quantitative date were gathered via self-assessment, with instruments: List of major life events, Daily hassles of adolescents in residential care (Maurović, 2014), Resilience and youth development module (WestEd & CDE, 2000), Youth Self Report (Achenbach, 1991), Subjective happiness scale (Lyubomirsky and Lepper, 1999). In quantitative part, sample comprises whole population of adolescents age 14 to 18, placed in 15 Children's homes in Croatia (N= 228). In qualitative part, data were collected using in-depth interviews with a 24 participants, age 14 to 21, that were assessed by their caregivers as resilient. According to preliminary data, meaningful participation is predictor of happiness and externalizing behavior problems. Adolescent that were assessed as resilient explained the crucial role of participation in their good developmental outcomes.


Ivana Maurović

Prof at Faculty of Education and Rehabilitation SciencesIvana Maurović is Research Assistant at Faculty of Education and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Zagreb, Croatia. She is in the process of finishing PhD thesis „Resilience of adolescent's in Children's homes in Croatia... Read More →
avatar for Kaitlyn Massey

Kaitlyn Massey

Kaitlyn Massey (B Psych) is a registered Generalist Psychologist and is an associate member of the Australian Psychological Society. Kaitlyn is currently completing a Master of Clinical Psychology through the University of Newcastle, Australia, where she has developed a keen interest... Read More →

Lucy Le Mare

Lucy Le Mare is a Professor in the Faculty of Education at Simon Fraser University. She teaches in the areas of early childhood and social emotional development. Emphasizing the centrality of social relationships and cultural-historical context, her research focuses on risk and resilience... Read More →


Karyn Audet

Dr. at Douglas College Karyn Audet is a Faculty member in the Department of Psychology at Douglas College. She completed her PhD in Educational Psychology from Simon Fraser University in 2008. Both her MA (Counselling Psychology) and PhD theses addressed risk and resilience in post-institutionalized... Read More →

Tanya Hanstock

Senior Lecturer/Psychologist at University of Newcastle Dr Tanya Hanstock is a Senior Lecturer in the Clinical Psychology Program at The University of Newcastle in Australia. She lectures in the area of child and family clinical psychology. Dr Hanstock has conducted a number of research... Read More →

Karen Kurytnik

Dr. at SFU Karen Kurytnik received her PhD in Educational Psychology from Simon Fraser University in 2008. Both her MA (Counselling Psychology) and PhD theses addressed risk and resilience in post-institutionalized adoptees.

Friday June 19, 2015 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Archibald Room NAB 3rd Floor, King's College


Communities of Practice - Josh Cameron, Wanda McDonald, Suna Eryigit Madzwamuse
Communities of Practice:

Abstract # 103
Using a Communities of Practice Approach to Co-Create Multi-National Resilience Research and Practice
Presenter: Josh Cameron Co-presenters: Kim Aumann, Suna Eryigit-Madzwamuse, Lisa Buttery, Angie Hart
Resilience research and practice can benefit from co-creation and knowledge mobilisation. This is due to its context dependent nature which can be best understood and supported using a combination of lived experience, practitioner and academic expertise. The challenge is how to bring these perspectives together in a constructive process to which all can contribute and generate meaningful outcomes. 

Abstract #108
Communities of Practice- A Highly Effective and Stustainable Means of Knowledge Mobilization
Presenter: Wanda McDonald
This presentation will demonstrate Communities of Practice (CoPs) as highly effective and sustainable means of knowledge mobilization. CoPs help people organize around purposeful actions that deliver tangible results. CoPs can facilitate the activation of existing knowledge, including the practice wisdom of participants, the generation of new ideas, self-reflection and foster collegial support. It will be shown how one specific COP has not only changed individual practice but has also influenced policy, resulting in broader system change. 
More and more organizations are confronted with little or no resources for training and mentorship. When implemented appropriately, CoPs are a proven means of connecting evidence and practice. 
The presentation will provide step-by-step guidance on setting the conditions for a successful community of practice. It will highlight proven benefits as well as common pitfalls. My personal experience of CoPs is that, aside from allowing for the acquisition of knowledge, they are a source of inspiration and empowerment, resulting in reduced isolation and higher job satisfaction.

Abstract #173
Can the Multi-Cultural Application of Resilience Research and Practice be Supported through a Communities of Practice Approach?
Presenter: Suna Eryigit Madzwamuse Co-presenters: Josh Cameron, Angie Hart 
The UK Research Councils’ funded Imagine Programme includes an international and multidisciplinary project on resilience-building using a social ecological perspective. It sets up opportunities for service users, practitioners, and academics to learn more about resilience-based knowledge and to develop new resilience-based research and practice approaches. Across five European countries, eleven projects are involved. All target the resilience of children/adults with multiple disadvantages using a Communities of Practice (CoP) approach. This assumes that a collaborative approach to knowledge generation will bring shared systems and motivation to implement new knowledge in practice. 
The Imagine project has a mixed-method design combining both quantitative (i.e., outcome evaluation) and qualitative (i.e., process evaluation) methodologies to investigate the effectiveness of CoP as a strategy to connect resilience research and practice. For the outcome analysis, age and content-appropriate resilience measures (e.g., CYRM) are administered longitudinally. For the process evaluation we use the value-creation-framework which captures change in different process values (i.e., change in knowledge capital) as a result of the CoP collaboration. 
This presentation will focus on both quantitative and qualitative findings and discuss whether CoP is an appropriate approach to researching and improving resilience at multiple levels of social ecology across culturally and contextually diverse circumstances. 

avatar for Josh Cameron

Josh Cameron

Principal Lecturer, University of Brighton/BoingBoing
Principal Lecturer at University of BrightonJosh Cameron was an occupational therapist in adult mental health services before becoming a senior lecturer in occupational therapy at the University of Brighton. He became interested in resilience while researching return-to-work experiences... Read More →
avatar for Suna Eryigit Madzwamuse

Suna Eryigit Madzwamuse

Research Fellow, University of Brighton
Suna Eryigit-Madzwamuse is a Research Fellow at the Centre for Health Research, University of Brighton. Having an interdisciplinary background, her research focuses on promoting wellbeing and development of children and young individuals taking into account biological and contextual... Read More →

Wanda McDonald

Wanda McDonald is Manager of Addiction Services with the Nova Scotia Department of Health and Wellness. She holds Bachelor’s and Master’s Degrees in Social Work and has over 20 years of experience working in both rural and urban settings in Newfoundland, Nova Scotia and abroad... Read More →


Kim Aumann

Kim Aumann works with Boingboing, a community interest company which supports child, family and practitioner resilience (www.boingboing.org.uk). She has been a practitioner in this area for 15 years, and is the former Director of Amaze, a parent-led voluntary organisation offering... Read More →

Lisa Buttery

Artist in Residence at Boing Boing Social Enterprise Lisa Buttery is artist in residence at BoingBoing Social enterprise, Brighton. Lisa is a volunteer and founding member of Art in Mind, a youth-led community arts group for young people with experience of mental health issues. Lisa... Read More →
avatar for Josh Cameron

Josh Cameron

Principal Lecturer, University of Brighton/BoingBoing
Principal Lecturer at University of BrightonJosh Cameron was an occupational therapist in adult mental health services before becoming a senior lecturer in occupational therapy at the University of Brighton. He became interested in resilience while researching return-to-work experiences... Read More →
avatar for Angie Hart

Angie Hart

University of Brighton / Boingboing
Angie Hart is Professor of Child, Family and Community Health at the University of Brighton and has been working on resilience research and practice for 10 years. She is an advisor to England’s Big Lottery Fund, Angie runs boingboing, a not for profit undertaking resilience research... Read More →
avatar for Suna Eryigit Madzwamuse

Suna Eryigit Madzwamuse

Research Fellow, University of Brighton
Suna Eryigit-Madzwamuse is a Research Fellow at the Centre for Health Research, University of Brighton. Having an interdisciplinary background, her research focuses on promoting wellbeing and development of children and young individuals taking into account biological and contextual... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Alumni Hall NAB 1st Floor, King's College


Doing and Promoting Family Resilience - Judy Gillespie, Charles Mphande, Maggie Dent
Abstract #78
10 Building Block Model for Building Resilience in Children
Presenter: Maggie Dent
Today’s world is very different to the world that many parents were raised in. Some of us remember living without television, computers, hand held devices and smart phones. Yet the new advances and increasing knowledge of modern society are not producing more resilient children or young people. Indeed many of our children and adolescents are facing more emotional, social and mental problems and disorders than ever before in a busy, chaotic world. The changing dynamics of parenting and test based schooling have caused more confusion and stress that is negatively impacting children.
 Resilience refers to the ability to successfully manage life, and adapt to change and stressful events in healthy and constructive ways. It is about the capacity to bounce back from positive and negative life experiences. Modern parenting that is more ‘intensive ‘and fear based may be unintentionally creating less resilience in children.
My model of 10 key building blocks for children birth –12 years of age that has been used extensively throughout Australia uses a strength based model of building capacity holistically. When competence and confidence is built incrementally from birth, resilience will improve.

Abstract #144
Multi-Sector Collaboration to Promote Child and Family Resilience: Lessons from an Empirical Study
Presenter: Judy Gillespie
This paper presents a policy framework highlighting the role of statutory child protection systems in multi-sector community collaboration to foster increased resilience for children, youth, and families. With their high contextual knowledge and capacity for boundary spanning communication, cooperation, and coordination, multi-sector community collaborations are viewed as more capable than hierarchical bureaucracies in promoting social change, and facilitating inclusion, opportunities, and access to resources for traditionally marginalized groups. Such collaborations are however, difficult to establish and even more difficult to sustain. They challenge traditional prevention and early intervention approaches to child and family well-being. They require a dedicated infrastructure, ongoing commitment from individual participants, as well as organizational support. Participants and their supporting organizations must be able to define and maintain a common agenda, goals, and objectives across their diverse interests and perspectives. They, as well as any external funders, must also perceive value for their investment of time and resources. 
Drawing from empirical research examining a long-term multi-sector collaboration to address Aboriginal well-being, this paper reviews seven elements necessary to facilitate multi-sector collaboration, and highlights the key role of the child protection authority. The presentation will be of interest to child protection and community practitioners, policymakers, and researchers.

Abstract #232
Doing Resilience: Community Resources and Reciprocity Post-Settlement Among Emerging Horn of Africa in Melbourne, Australia
Presenter: Charles Mphande Co-presenter: Dorothy Bottrell
Studies have shown that emerging African communities in Australia are highly disadvantaged, suffering socio-economic exclusion for a variety of reasons, particularly post-settlement.  Many studies have focused on how formal government and non-governmental agencies and community organisations work to assist with settlement; however, post-settlement challenges are typically beyond the purview of these formal agencies. This paper draws on research findings of a study of informal community networks serving as safety nets among emerging Horn of Africa communities in Melbourne.  The paper discusses how the exchange of community resources through informal networks supports members to manage daily life and adapt socio-economically, despite their disadvantaged circumstances. Framed in terms of Bourdieu’s social capital theory and strengths-based community development theory, the paper focuses on the exchanges and reciprocities of informal networks that constitute resilience practices and are embedded in community values and norms. The paper discusses the strategic and practical ways that members utilise the resources of their informal networks for individual, family and community daily life, coping and adjustment to a culturally and socio-economically different context.


Charles Mphande

Victoria university
Charles Mphande is a Senior Lecturer in the College of Arts and a member of the Mobilities, Transitions and Resilience Network of the Centre for Cultural Diversity and Wellbeing at Victoria University, Melbourne. His empirical research has focused on resilience as individual or group... Read More →

Judy Gillespie

Dr. Gillespie is currently the Acting Director of the School of Social Work at the University of British Columbia’s Okanagan campus. Prior to obtaining her PhD, she worked for many years in children’s services in northwestern Alberta. Her research interests encompass the role... Read More →

Maggie Dent

Maggie Dent is an Australian author (5 books), educator, and parenting and resilience specialist with a particular interest in the early years and adolescence. She is a passionate advocate for the healthy, common-sense raising of children in order to strengthen families and communities... Read More →


Dorothy Bottrell

Senior Lecturer at Victoria University, Melbourne AustraliaDorothy Bottrell is a Senior Lecturer in the College of Education and a member of the Mobilities, Transitions and Resilience Network of the Centre for Cultural Diversity and Wellbeing at Victoria University, Melbourne. Her... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 1:30pm - 3:00pm
ScotiaBank Room NAB 3rd Floor, King's College


Health - Caroline Burnleyn, Arvin Bhana, Arash Beheshtian

Abstract #74
Ugandan Caregiver Grandmothers of HIV/AIDS Orphans: Resilience And Recommendations in Context
Presenters: Caroline Burnley Co-Presenter: Ruth Kirson
Uganda has more than 2 million HIV/AIDS orphans.  The United Nations and many aid organizations, like the Stephen Lewis Foundation, acknowledge the important role that grandmothers play in raising the younger generations to adulthood and contributing to the recovery of the community affected by HIV/AIDS.  This qualitative study consisted of interview data from caregiver grandmothers in Nyakagyezi, Uganda.  A content analysis revealed challenges associated with the caregiver role (poverty, physical limitations of age, lack of financial support) as well as factors associated with the resilience of these grandmothers and their “children” (internal factors such as faith and external supports such as access to education for their children and healthcare for their families).  Recommendations focused on community interventions that would support the resilience of the grandmothers and their children.  Beyond taking a contextual approach to understanding the risk and resilience of these grandmothers, this research also lead to a greater understanding of the importance of taking a contextualized approach to the implementation of the recommendations.  The researchers will discuss the process involved in generating the recommendations and the subsequent actions that were necessary in order to ensure those recommendations were contextually valid.

Abstract #117
The VUKA Family Programme: Promoting Resilience In Perinatally HIV Infected Adolescents In South Africa
Presenter: Arvin Bhana
The VUKA Family programme is targeted to helping perinatally HIV infected early adolescent children and their caregivers thrive in the context of serious challenges associated with a chronic, potentially fatal, sexually transmittable, and highly stigmatising illness. Without intervention youth are likely to face considerable adversity in dealing with the developmental complexities associated with perinatal HIV. The challenge of living with HIV is complicated by a number of environmental factors that include poverty, educational levels of caregivers and safety characteristics associated with the home and neighbourhood.  This paper examines the baseline data from a randomized clinical trial of VUKA taking place in community based clinics in KwaZulu-Natal South Africa. Adolescent adaptation to HIV is examined in relation to how internalised and externalised stigma interacts with protective factors such as self-regulation and self-esteem. In addition, the role of protective factors including parental monitoring, family communication and social support is considered as they directly or indirectly affect mental health outcomes among both children and their caregivers. The examination of the pathways of influence among these variables help shed light on the characteristics important to promoting resilience among HIV+ adolescents in South Africa.

Abstract #155
Planning for Resilient Health System - Advancing Health System Through an Analytical Decision Making Tool
Presenter: Arash Beheshtian Co-presenters: Kieran Donaghy, Asieh Golozar
Due to their multidimensional nature, Health systems represent System of Systems (SOSs). These include sub-systems operated by health sector but might comprise numerous complex systems functioning interdependently. Planning for sustainable health-SOSs (h-SOSs), given the vitality of operable neighboring systems is more intricate while networks’ components are aged, over-capacitated, or under the risk of exogenous shocks such as extreme weather episodes. Consequently, achieving a sustainable h-SOSs requires a set of resilience-enhanced infrastructures robust enough to withstand disruptive events and resilient for resource reallocation to return into nominal performing levels. We investigate resilience planning in the context of h-SOSs.  Our analytic decision-making tool introduces analytic framework that seeks optimum set of resilience-enhanced strategies against potential shocks threatening h-SOSs. We proposed best possible absorptive, adaptive, and restorative capacity-augmentation strategies to enhance the robustness of h-SOSs, given capped budgeting scenarios, logistic capabilities of network’s components, and stochastic extreme events such as superstorms or fast-spreading diseases. Numerical experiments substantiate these models and i) provide potential improvement to day-to-day h-SOSs functioning and create redundancies; ii) keep health-corresponding infrastructures at lower risk of failing catastrophically; and iii) make flexible h-SOSs adaptive for hosting expansion through strategic investment techniques.


Arvin Bhana

University of KwaZulu-Natal
I am an Honorary Associate Professor of Psychology at the University of KwaZulu-Natal. I obtained my PhD in Clinical and Community Psychology at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. I am a registered clinical psychologist in South Africa. My current research is focused is... Read More →

Caroline Burnley

Professor, Director-Resilience Research Lab, Vancouver Island University
Caroline Burnley is a Psychology professor at Vancouver Island University. She is a Directorof the Resilience Research Lab and the Western Resilience Network (WRN). Her work focuses on resilience in a variety of contexts both locally and internationally. The Western Resilience Network... Read More →


Kieran Donaghy

Professor at Department of City and Regional Planning, Cornell University

Asieh Golozar

Research Associate at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Ruth Kirson

Ruth Kirson is a Psychology professor at Vancouver Island University. She is a Directorof the Resilience Research Lab and the Western Resilience Network (WRN). Her work focuses on resilience in a variety of contexts both locally and internationally. The Western Resilience Network... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Seminar Room NAB 2nd Floor, King's College


Innovation and Resilience - Forbes Hamilton, Maria Lugo, Johnny Thomas
Innovation and Resilience:

Social Media, Information Technology and Resilience
Presenter: Forbes Hamilton
The measurement of resilience is traditionally focused on questionnaires or an interview led process carried out by qualified and trained and experienced psychologists. With developments in technology and the cultural acceptance of alternative communications methods there are innovative ways to engage young people in assessments of resilience using technology that is already familiar to them from gaming and social media. In this presentation, we’ll discuss a new interface for young people to self-direct their assessment of resilience. The approach can also be used to provide real-time responses to youth so that their assessment results in suggestions for treatment and monitors progress towards treatment goals. More than an app, new advances to technological interfaces are permitting opportunities for full engagement of young people with their assessment. Further we will review results of a trial where resilience was self-diagnosed using social media with treatments offered as a responses in a “conversation”

Abstract #215
Resilience in Minority and Female Entrepreneurs: Differences by Ethnicity and Gender
Presenter: Maria Lugo Co-presenter: Lois M. Shelton
Recent research indicates that resilience is important for entrepreneurs (Krueger, 2000; Bullough, et al., 2013), since it enables them to overcome barriers in launching and growing businesses (Folkman & Moskowitz, 2000; Bullough, et al., 2013). Due to social stratification resulting from gender and racial discrimination, minority and women entrepreneurs in the United States, face more barriers, or risk factors, than other population groups (Shelton, 2010).  However, minority entrepreneurs also benefit from unique special attributes, or protective factors, by virtue of the adaptive cultures of minority populations (O’Donnell et al., 2004, Romero, 2011). Since resilience is developed by the interaction of risk and protective factors (Luthar, 2006), it is argued here that minority and women entrepreneurs may have a different level and type of resilience than their white and male counterparts due to their exposure to different risk and protective factors. Here, the focus is on African-American and Hispanic entrepreneurs. A model informed by Garcia Coll et al.'s (1996) developmental competencies model and the Luthar’s (2006) protective-stabilizing and vulnerable stable effects illustrates how gender and ethnicity affect risk and protective factors, and accordingly, resilience through the impact of social stratification and adaptive cultures.

Abstract #256
A Model of Human Resilience in Science and Engineering Environments 
Presenter: Johnny Thomas
Research on critical infrastructure systems (e.g., water, power and roadways) has identified that engineering resilience depends on both system design and human behavior to manage adverse effects of catastrophic events. However, current engineering resilience research that considers human subjects largely ignores the interconnectivity of individual and organizational interiority—cognition, affect, values, and culture, with exteriority—individual and group behaviors, social structures, and operating mechanisms. Without a complete understanding of the internal and external human capabilities necessary for engineering resilience, current methods will remain ineffective to support the measurement, design, or operation of more resilient systems. This paper presents an integration of psychological, social, and engineering resilience methods to identify human capabilities that foster more resilient engineering infrastructure. Further, this work will identify how human resilience relates to four socio-technical processes necessary for engineering resilience: Sensing—to monitor state variables, Anticipation—to imagine possible state outcomes, Adaptation—to change state variables for a higher performance, and Learning—to create and integrate new knowledge that informs behaviors (SAAL). Examples of developmental traits and capabilities that improve SAAL processes are presented to examine the interconnectivity of engineering systems with the interiority and exteriority of the people and organizations responsible their design and operation. 


Forbes Hamilton

Forbes Hamilton runs an entrepreneurial software company focus on the Microsoft solution stack. Trained as a biochemist he moved quickly into sales and in 2001 founded a broadcasting company to commoditise outside broadcasting. Currently Forbes works closely with schools in Scotland... Read More →
avatar for Johnny Thomas

Johnny Thomas

Research Associate, Arizona State University
John E. Thomas is a PhD student in Sustainable Engineering at Arizona State University in Tempe, AZ. He is a member of the Sustainable Energy and Environmental Decision Sciences studio pursuing research on the boundaries of engineering and social science to understand resilient infrastructure... Read More →

Maria Lugo

Associate Professor of Business Administration, Bridgewater College
Dr. Lugo has a DBA in Management and Entrepreneurship at Grenoble Ecole de Management at CSUN. She studies resilience in minority women entrepreneurs.


Lois M. Shelton

Associate Professor at California State University Nothridge SummaryProfessor of management and business; experienced instructor and recognized researcher publishing in internationally recognized journals. Presenting actionable research and results in conferences and seminars in... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Haliburton Room A&A Main Floor, King's College


Intellectual Disabilty and Supports - James Coyle, Kurt Moore, Francine Julien-Gauthier
Intellectual Disability and Supports:

Abstract #118
Building Resilience in Families Which Have Members with an Intellectual Disability
Presenter: James Coyle Co-presenter: Irene Carter
The World Health Organization estimates that three per cent of children are affected by an intellectual disability (ID) such as autism, cerebral palsy, and Down syndrome. These children and their families face increased health, economic, and social risks. Effective coping depends upon the overall health of the family and family members’ ability to promote positive well-being for all family members. Family resilience studies suggest that positive family beliefs, nurturing relationships, effective communication, and ability to access community resources positively influence well-being in families affected by risk factors, such as physical and mental illness, financial adversity, or disability. Thus, the family’s resilience helps build resilience in individual family members. This presentation will discuss three studies of resilience in families which have members with ID, comparing characteristics affecting adjustment and well-being of parental caretakers of young children with ID, parental caretakers of adult children with ID and mental illness, and young-adult siblings of children with ID. The presentation will analyze how ID impacts families, how family resilience influences the well-being of individual family members, and strategies for enhancing family coping and accessible community resources. This provides a framework for guiding service providers that enhances strengths and positive functioning for all family members.

Abstract #129
Improving Individual and Family Resilience Through Interactive Behavior Modification Simulations (IBMS)
Presenter: Kurt Moore Co-presenter: Jeffrey Hall
This session will share a simulation that the U.S. Army Ready and Resilient (R2) Comprehensive Soldier and Family Fitness (CSF2) Office is using to help teens deal with typical teenage stresses of peer relationships, school, and communicating with parents. The simulation is one of 16 in the R2 CSF2 library used to improve resilience of soldiers and family members in the physical, mental, social and spiritual domains.
The simulation uses gaming theory, psychology, learning theory, film making, and computer science to help change attitudes and behaviors.  Independent pilot evaluations have indicated that the simulation achieves previously unattained levels of behavior modification and retention by engaging learners at both cognitive and affective levels.
This session will share: 1. The design methods and simulation model used to deliver this resiliency education, 2. Advances in the latest computer-based behavior modification techniques, 3. How these methods can reach different learners in various settings, and 4. How active simulations engage individuals more effectively than traditional didactic instruction.  
Attendees will take away knowledge of the significant advances in the effectiveness of the latest serious game education techniques that are being used to improve human resilience. A demo CD will be provided to attendees.

Abstract #201
Resilience Assessment For People With Intellectual Disabilities
Presenter: Francine Julien-Gauthier Co-presenters: Collette Jourdan-Ionescu, Sarah Martin-Roy
For people with intellectual disabilities, resilience is to present the best possible development adressing specific adversities that are encountered in order to aim well-being and a full social integration (Jourdan-Ionescu & Julien-Gauthier, 2011). To assess resilience for these individuals, the long version (25 items) of the Wagnild and Young (1993) scale, was adapted. The statements wording was simplified to reflect the cognitive characteristics of these people and their knowledge. Scoring, on a Likert-type scale, was adjusted to facilitate their participation. The execution standards were modified based on the adults with learning disabilities resilience assessment (Blocher, 2004); individuals are invited to complete or clarify their answer by adding content. An initial execution of the scale allowed us to ascertain the understanding of the items by people with intellectual disabilities and to assess their degree of resilience. When executing the instrument, the sessions were audiotaped, answers to each item were transcribed and analyzed using the method of functional analysis (Tochon, 2002), and the level of inter-judge agreement was estimated. This paper presents the adaptation of the instrument for assessing resilience and the results of its execution with seven individuals. The results are discussed in conjunction with the development and promotion of resilience for people with intellectual disabilities.

avatar for Francine Julien-Gauthier

Francine Julien-Gauthier

Professor in the Education Faculty, Université Laval
Professor at Université Laval, Francine Julien-Gauthier, Ph. D., is professor in the Education Faculty at Université Laval. Regular researcher for Centre de recherche et d’intervention sur la réussite scolaire (CRIRES), she conducts studies on the education of individuals with... Read More →
avatar for James Coyle

James Coyle

Associate Professor, University of Windsor
James P. Coyle, PhD is an Associate Professor in the School of Social Work at the University of Windsor in Ontario, Canada. His research examines the nature of resilience in families affected by alcohol abuse and developmental disability and applying a resilience framework in family... Read More →

Kurt Moore

Kurt Moore, Ph.D., a Senior Research Manager with WRMA, Inc., is a researcher, evaluator, psychotherapist, and educator with 15 years of experience in child, adolescent, and family mental health programs. His interests include child traumatic stress, resilience, protective factors... Read More →


Irene Carter

Associate Professor at University of Windsor Irene Carter, PhD is an Associate Professor at the University of Windsor in Ontario, Canada, teaching in the School of Social Work and the Disability Studies Program. Her twenty five years of experience includes teaching positions at Dalhousie... Read More →

Jeffrey Hall

Chief Creative Officer at WILL Interactive, Inc. Jeffrey Hall, CCO of WILL Interactive, has 20 years creating science-based programs for improving human performance. He holds a U.S. Patent for his Interactive Behavior Modification System for creating computer based interactive movie... Read More →

Colette Jourdan-Ionescu

Professor at Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières Colette Jourdan-Ionescu, Ph. D. is professor at the Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, researcher for the Centre de recherche et d’intervention sur la réussite scolaire (CRIRES) and the Scientific Council of the Association... Read More →
avatar for Sarah Martin-Roy

Sarah Martin-Roy

Université Laval
Research assistant and student member for Consortium national de recherche sur l’intégration sociale (CNRIS) and Centre de recherche et d’intervention sur la réussite scolaire (CRIRES). Her research focuses on students (18-21 years old) with intellectual disabilities participation... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Shatford Room A&A 2nd Floor, King's College


Measuring Resilience - Alexander Makhnach, Julie Ann Pooley, Sofie Vindevogel
Measuring Resilience:

Abstract #219
The Relationship Between Valuye Priorities and Resilience (Pilot Study)
Presenter: Alexander Makhnach Co-presenters: Anna Laktionova, Julia Postylyakova
Objective: We hypothesized that certain combination of values priorities reduces or increases resilience. 
Methods: The sample (n=152) completed: Schwartz Value Survey (SVS, Schwartz, 1992), RRC-ARM (Ungar, Liebenberg, 2013). According the results of RRC-ARM sample was divided on two groups with high (127+ scores, n = 20), and low resilience (less than 97 scores, n = 22). 
Findings: All RRC-ARM and SVS data significantly higher in the group with high resilience. Correlations between values in the group with low resilience show that a large focus on conformity and self-direction negatively associated with spirituality as the resilience context; the benevolence value associated only with individual peer support. In the group with high resilience benevolence value correlate with the context of culture, security value positively associated with psychological caregiving and individual social skills. High resilience group has universalism and autonomy values associated with individual skills. In low resilience group revealed conflicting combination of values: safety and autonomy - in contrast to the group with high resilience. 
Conclusion: The combination of conflicting values affects resilience, potentially reducing it. Resilient respondents have no values, reducing the resilience’ components; low resilient respondents focusing on the value reduces some resilience components.

Abstract #238
Measuring Protective Factors for Psychological Health: The Development of a New Measure of Individual Resilience (The Lifespan Individual Resilience Scale) and the Relations Between Individual Resilience, Self-Esteem, Coping Style, and Life Satisfaction
Presenter: Julie Ann Pooley Co-presenters: Lynne Cohen, Craig Harms
While much of the research has focused on maintaining or recovery in psychological health despite experiencing adversity, the impact of the protective factors (or individual resilience) has also been of interest to researchers and practitioners. This current study describes the development of the Lifespan Individual Resilience Scale (LIRS) that improves on the gaps in conceptual and methodological characteristics of previous measures of individual resilience. Through the use of exploratory (sample 1: N =413) and confirmatory (sample 2: N= 240) factor analysis support is presented for a single hierarchical (3 sub-factors) as an explanation for the degree of association of the 12 items developed to measure individual resilience in adult populations. Evidence for the criterion and predictive validity of the LIRS were identified from the overall pattern of correlations (for the second sample of participants) between individual resilience and measures of self-esteem as well as coping styles (of which 8 were derived from an exploratory factor analysis) and support for the model where individual resilience totally (for all but of the coping styles) mediated the effect of coping style on life satisfaction. Although future testing of the LIRS is needed with adolescent and older adults, the LIRS represents a psychometrically sound scale applicable for the assessment of individual resilience resources in the context of health and other forms of adversity.

Abstract #264
Resilience as a Dynamic Network: The Resilience Network Model
Presenter: Sofie Vindevogel
Many controversies in resilience research originate from discord between underlying modeling approaches used to represent how the relation between the resilience construct and its indicators is theoretically understood. The fundamental question guiding the distinction between these models is whether resilience is considered as a real entity giving rise to observable indicators (reflective model) or an abstract label to describe what these indicators collectively represent (formative model). This question reflects the tension between nature and nurture, which made resilience research alternately focus on dispositional and situational aspects. Current theorizing and empirical evidence move beyond this dichotomy and indicate that resilience has concurrently dispositional and thus eliciting components as well as situational and thus achieved components. However, not a reflective nor a formative model allow the representation of resilience by indicators that can simultaneously reflect the underlying construct and contribute to its formation. This presentation introduces the resilience network model and illustrates how it has potential to counter shortcomings of the conventional modeling approaches and take into account topical theoretical understanding of resilience. The advantage of a network model is that it embodies a concrete way to combine the competing views that hitherto have been source of extended debate and exerting a divisive influence on the field of resilience research.

avatar for Alexander Makhnach

Alexander Makhnach

Senior Researcher, Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Alexander V. Makhnach, Ph.D. is a senior researcher at the Institute of Psychology Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia. I worked on the development of the program that designed a system of foster care in Russia. Now I am working as a rector at the NGO Institute of Psychology... Read More →
avatar for Julie Ann Pooley

Julie Ann Pooley

Associate Dean, Edith Cowan University
Associate Professor Julie Ann Pooley is currently the Associate Dean of Teaching and Learning for the Faculty of Engineering, Health and Science at Edith Cowan University. Julie Ann has been involved in teaching in both the undergraduate and postgraduate psychology programs and has... Read More →

Sofie Vindevogel

Ghent University
Sofie Vindevogel works as post-doctoral assistant at the Department of Special Education at Ghent University and is affiliated to the Centre for Children in Vulnerable Situations. She obtained her PhD in Educational Sciences with a dissertation on former child soldiers in northern... Read More →


Lynne Cohen

Professor at Edith Cowan University Professor Lynne Cohen is Executive Dean, Faculty of Education and Arts and Pro-Vice Chancellor: Engagement (Communities) at Edith Cowan University. Professor Cohen has won a number of national teaching awards for her commitment to university teaching... Read More →

Craig Harms

Dr at Edith Cowan Univeristy Dr Craig Harms works as a lecturer and researcher in the School of Psychology and Social Science at Edith Cowan University (ECU); a Clinical Psychologist (Registrar) in mental health settings; and a Psychologist at the Western Australian Institute of... Read More →

Anna Laktionova

Ph.D. at Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences Anna I. Laktionova, Ph.D. is a psychologist, a researcher at the Institute of Psychology Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia. Previously I worked as a high school vice principal. Currently I am working also... Read More →

Julia Postylyakova

Ph.D. at Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences Julia V. Postylyakova, Ph.D., is a psychologist, a researcher at the Institute of Psychology Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia. I am working as an associate Professor at the Moscow State University of Railways... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Seminar 7 A&A Lower Floor, King's College


Promoting Resilience Among Professionals - Caroline Hudson, Elmien Truter
Promoting Resilience Among Professionals:

Abstract #191
Practitioner Resilience: A Consultative Approach To Develop And Evaluate A Resilience-Based Workshop Intervention For Novice Health-Care Practitioners
Presenter: Caroline Hudson Co-presenters: Catherine Theodosius, Angie Hart
Consultative approaches to resilience research have been advocated in recent literature (Hart and Beaver, 2013). Novice practitioners (preceptees’) from a local preceptorship programme acted as collaborators, to develop and evaluate a resilience and emotional labour workshop intervention in this study. Preliminary findings are presented to evaluate consultative approaches in practitioner resilience and build the evidence-base for a resilience-based supervisory approach.
Preceptees’ (n=12/36) from two local NHS (acute) hospital’s joined two focus groups. A pre-workshop focus group (FG 1) identified the challenges faced, issues of concern as well as emotional responses to practice. An adaptation of the Resilience Framework (Hart, Blincow and Thomas, 2007) for supervision by Aumann & Matthews (2011) was used to compare themes from a thematic analysis of FG1. 
Themes from FG1 were then theorised and incorporated into the resilience and emotional labour workshop.  Following the workshop a descriptive analysis of the evaluations from all preceptees’ (n=36) attending was conducted. A follow up focus group (FG 2) is planned six months following the workshop to identify any ‘resilient moves’ (Hart, Blincow and Thomas, 2007); evaluate the impact of the intervention on the wider group, and consider the implications for practitioner resilience research and practice more widely.

Abstract #260
Lived Experiences of Resiilence-Promoting Practices Among South African Child Protection Social Workers
Presenter: Elmien Truter
Child protection social workers’ (CPSW) are responsible for protecting vulnerable youth and children.  Youth and children in need of social services are more at risk if their service providers (e.g., CPSWs) fail them, yet CPSWs’ well-being and resultant service-delivery is placed at risk by the hostile nature of their profession.  In response, there have been international calls for the prioritization of CPSW resilience.  Nonetheless, to date, only four empirical research studies have explored resilience processes in CPSWs. Inadequate understandings of CPSW resilience processes thus prompted our exploration of what facilitates South African CPSWs' resilience.  In this paper, we present phenomenological accounts of the processes that facilitate resilience in the lives of 15 resilient South African CPSWs. Findings reveal that their resilience practices are embedded in four differently weighted, but interrelated, processes: practice- and purpose-informing creeds, support systems, constructive transactions, and accentuating the positive.  Our paper provides details of each and comments on how these processes can be applied in reflective supervision sessions.


Angie Hart (for Caroline Hudson)

Caroline Hudson is a Senior lecturer in the School of Health Sciences at the University of Brighton, United Kingdom. She has a nursing background and an MSc in professional health care education. She leads on a practice based education programme, developing learners and practitioners... Read More →

Elmien Truter

Elmien Truter, PhD, is a practicing child protection social worker and a social work lecturer in the Faculty of Humanities, North-West University, South Africa. Her research interests relate to exploring and enhancing the resilience of child protection social workers; investigating... Read More →

avatar for Angie Hart

Angie Hart

University of Brighton / Boingboing
Angie Hart is Professor of Child, Family and Community Health at the University of Brighton and has been working on resilience research and practice for 10 years. She is an advisor to England’s Big Lottery Fund, Angie runs boingboing, a not for profit undertaking resilience research... Read More →

Catherine Theodosius

Dr. at University of Brighton Catherine Theodosius is a senior lecturer at Brighton University. Her doctoral and post doctoral work is on the sociology of emotional labour and how this particularly impacts on health professionals such as nurses. Catherine’s monograph (2008) Emotional... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Vroom Room A&A Lower Floor, King's College


Protective Factors for Vulnerable Youth - Lainie Reisman, Kathleen Kufeldt, Joshua Brisson
Protective Factors for Vulnerable Youth:

Abstract #111
 From MS13 to Al-Shabaab – Global Resiliance: What Are The Similarities and Differences Between Push/Pull and Resiliency Factors Impacting Youth in Highly Vulnerable Neighborhoods?
Presenter: Lainie Reisman Co-presenter: Gustavo Payan
This study compares the push/pull factors that drive youth to engage in violent actions, as well as the resiliency factors displayed by youth that are participating in positive youth development programs.  The paper is based upon the experience of Education Development Center in implementing youth programs worldwide.  The CYRM028 tool and focus group discussions were used to collect data in project sites in both Honduras and North East Kenya, where gang violence and extremist violence are serious threats, respectively.  
The EDC research team began this study with the hypothesis that there are significant similarities, both in terms of the push/pull factors as well as resiliency factors between youth in these two extremely divergent communities, notwithstanding that the types of violence that plague the communities are very distinct.   EDC has the rare opportunity of direct access, combined with established trust, to be able to openly discuss hot-topic issues, like violence and security, with youth in these high-risk communities that have opted to engage in self-improvement training programs, rather than affiliate with violent organizations and and is therefore meant not to identify not what drives youth to become gang members or violent extremists, but rather what are the strongest resiliency factors that youth with similar backgrounds in at-risk communities benefit from, and how these compare from one region to another.

Abstract #209
Children in Foster Care: How the Looking After Children Model Can Promote Resilience 
Presenter: Kathleen Kufeldt Co-presenter: Myrna McNitt
This presentation will follow up on the challenge posed in Professor McNitt’s paper: i.e. how do we reduce the threats to well-being experienced by children needing care and in doing so enhance resilience.  The Looking After Children model was tested and applied in two large scale research and action projects here and in Australia.  The use of this model constitutes guided practice and has emerged as an evidence based, best practice model.  Data from the projects will be presented to demonstrate how its use promotes resilience.

Abstract # 125
Fostering Resilience in High Risk Youth through Leisure and Recreation
Presenter: Joshua Brisson
In the chaotic lives of young people growing up in high risk environments there are seldom opportunities to establish a sense of freedom and self-determination. In the midst of adverse settings, however, leisure and recreation can provide meaningful experiences and a rare source of empowerment for high risk youth, who tend to lack a sense of control in their lives. These experiences also have implications for shaping one’s resilience resources, self-concept, prosocial values, prosocial relationships, and overall life satisfaction. Rooted in a social ecological understanding of resilience, this presentation reports finding from the mixed-method Pathways to Resilience study, Canada, to show how leisure and recreational activities can foster individual, social and physical ecologies that predict positive development in high risk youth.

avatar for Joshua Brisson

Joshua Brisson

Research and Evaluation Manager, Resilience Research Centre
Joshua Brisson is the Research and Evaluation Manager at the Resilience Research Centre and has been a part of the RRC team since 2012. Josh studied Sociology at the undergraduate and graduate level at Dalhousie University. While Josh’s graduate level research is in the area of... Read More →

Kathleen Kufeldt

Adjunct Professor at University of New BrunswickKathleen has worked in a children's residence, front line child protection, fostered teenagers, and has an international reputation for foster care research. Academic positions include Assistant Deanship in the Faculty of Social Work... Read More →

Lainie Reisman

Lainie Reisman has close to 20 years experience working on development projects, most recently in Somalia, South Sudan, Kenya, Turkey and Ethiopia. Her technical background focuses on youth and violence. She is currently a Senior Youth Technical Advisor at Education Development Center... Read More →


Myrna McNitt

International Foster Care Organization & Lake Michigan College
Myrna is on the Board of the International Foster Care Organization and chairs its Training & Development Committee. She travels extensively and has earned an international reputation for the quality of her teaching and training. Work experience includes specialized foster care in... Read More →

Gustavo Payan

Project Director at EDC Gustavo Payan is a Project Director at Education Development Center (EDC) and currently overseas the METAS youth employment project in Honduras. He is originally from the northern border of Mexico.

Friday June 19, 2015 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Frazee Room NAB 2nd Floor, King's College


Resilience and Families - Jonathan Meyer, Mary Bartram, Odin Hjemdal
Resilience and Families:

Abstract #109
Practical Ways to Promote Resilience in Children and Families
Presenter: Jonathan Meyer
The Pathways to Education program, founded in Toronto’s Regent Park in 2001 to address high youth disengagement and dropout rates in one of Canada’s most disadvantaged communities, has been replicated throughout Canada and is now reaching well over 5,000 high school students in 17 communities across the country. A survey of what works from the literature and from selected Pathways to Education program staff across the country is summarized followed by two case studies.

Abstract #139
No More ‘Us’ and ‘Them’: Integrating Recovery and Well-Being into a Conceptual Model for Mental Health Policy
Presenter: Mary Bertram
The Mental Health Commission of Canada released the Mental Health Strategy for Canada (the Strategy) in 2012. During national consultations that led to the Strategy’s development, it became clear that different constituencies were advocating for many of the same core principles, but expressing them as different ideas and applying them to different groups.  One set of ideas pertained to positive mental health for the whole population and another set of ideas pertained to recovery of a meaningful life for people with mental health problems and illnesses.  Resilience was one of several concepts where common ground existed across these stakeholder perspectives. A review of the latest research in the domains of mental health promotion, positive mental health and recovery and input from a focus group of Canadian policy advisors suggests that there may be more common ground than commonly thought. We will present an integrated conceptual model that draws various concepts together into a coherent whole that reflects the mental health needs of Canadians whatever their age.  The conceptual model can help mobilize the transformative policy change called for in the Strategy and bring an end to ‘us-and-them’ thinking. Concrete examples of integrative approaches from Canada and elsewhere will be discussed.

Abstract #188
Adolescent Resilience in Two Communities: Predicting Good Mental Health Prospectively Using the Resilience Scale for Adolescents
Presenter: Odin Hjemdal Co-Presenter: Tore Aune
Background: This study aim was to explore resilience, its influence on mental health and how it prospectively predicts mental health outcomes in adolescents in two communities. 
Method: 1560 adolescents in two community samples were included in prospective study. The measures included were demographic data, negative life events, prosocial activities leisure activities, Resilience Scale for Adolescents (READ), Automatic Thought Questionnaire (ATQ), Mood and Feeling Questionnaire (MFQ), and the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Disorders (SCARED), and Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Data were collected two times over a period of one year.
Results: This study found that the protective factors measured by READ predicted less psychological symptoms and higher levels of mental health over a one year period. 
Conclusions: Understanding how resilience factors predict the changes in mental health and levels of distress is important and may facilitate better prevention and interventions related to assuring future good health for adolescents in the future.


Jonathan Meyer

Dr. Meyer has a PhD in social work from the University of Houston. Dr. Meyer is also a Licensed Master Social Worker. He has 34 years of professional social work experience. Dr. Meyer's most recent areas of expertise include international social work, while a resident of the Republic... Read More →

Mary Bartram

Mary Bartram is currently a PhD candidate in the School of Public Policy and Administration at Carleton University. Her research is focused on access to psychotherapy in the Canadian context. Mary has over 14 years of mental health policy experience in federal and territorial governments... Read More →

Odin Hjemdal

Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Odin Hjemdal, professor of clinical adult psychology and quantitative methods and statistics, and a clinical psychologist at Department of Psychology at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway. His research is related to resilience among adults and adolescents... Read More →


Tore Aune

Associate professor at Nord-Trøndelag University Collage Tore Aune is associate professor at Nord-Trøndelag University Collage, Norway and is a clinical psychologist. He has done extensive research on social phobia, anxiety and depression both in prevention and treatment, as well... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 1:30pm - 3:00pm
KTS Lecture Hall NAB 2nd Floor, King's College


Supporting Resilience in Youth: Leadership and Intervention - Laurie Chapin, Joachim Duyndam, Jörg Huber
Supporting Resilience in Youth: Leadership and Intervention

Abstract #162
Mentor Support and University Aspirations and Expectations: Youth From Divorced and Non-Divorced Families
Presenter: Laurie Chapin Co-presenter: Mehtap (May) Cigdem
This study investigated overall resilience measured by the Child and Youth Resilience Measure – 28 (CYRM-28; Resilience Research Centre, 2008), mentor support, and university aspirations and expectations with a focus on youth from divorced families. Participants included 176 Australian youth aged between 13 and 18 years in year levels 8 to 12. Overall, it was found that youth from divorced families (N = 57) had significantly lower resilience levels than youth from two-parent families (N = 121). There was also a stronger relationship between mentors and resilience for youth from divorced families. Furthermore, a similar proportion of youth from divorced families and two-parent families reported having high university aspirations and university expectations. Only resilience was identified as a significant predictor for both university aspirations and university expectations whilst the number of mentors and family structure was not. The most important finding was the significantly lower resilience levels for youth from divorced families when compared to youth from two-parent families. Therefore, it can be suggested that youth from divorced families may require additional resources in order to enhance their overall resilience and contribute to positive development of youth while preventing and inhibiting negative outcomes in the future.
Abstract #171
Social Ecological Leadership Social Ecological Leadership
Presenter: Joachim Duyndam
One of the major results of RRC’s research is that resilience is not an individual competence in the first place, but that resilience is basically social. The principally social character of resilience implies that it can neither be reduced to individual agents nor to their contexts. According to RRC, resilience can be achieved by so-called ‘social ecologies’, such as families, school classes, neighborhoods, organizational units, cooperative projects, expeditions into the wild, sports teams, operational army units, research departments, etc. – to mention only a few examples. How can social relations, a group, or a network, become a social ecology showing resilience? 
The hypothesis of my contribution is that the social ecological character of a group or network highly depends on different roles within the group or network, particularly leadership. A school class where bullying occurs – for instance – depends a lot on some kind of leadership to be really resilient, and to stop the bullying without scapegoating. The same is true, I presume, in other types of social ecology. Leading question of my contribution would be: How can a social ecological leadership be understood, and be practiced?

Abstract #199
Developing Resilience Through Education Interventions in Disadvantaged Students and Young People
Presenter: Jörg Huber
Inequalities are associated with profound differences in educational attainment and career opportunities. Social and health inequalities go hand in hand: being poorer or coming from a disadvantaged background is associated with inferior physical and mental health; durations of a healthy life and life expectancies are frequently considerably shorter. A considerable amount of research shows that inequalities are transmitted from generation to generation, and persist throughout the life-course of individuals. For a number of historical and economic factors, inequalities have increased and are particularly difficult to overcome for those who find themselves ‘at the bottom of the heap’. One way of intervening in the transmission and persistence of inequalities is to facilitate resilient moves in education opportunities. Brief interventions which enhance utilisation and uptake of opportunities in education will be introduced. The studies demonstrate considerable improvements with regards to study practices and identity in students with disadvantaged backgrounds. The discussion will focus on the successes and limitations of these interventions in engendering resilient moves. The seminar will end with a workshop activity on generating ideas and plans for similar interventions relevant to the cultural contexts of the audience. 

avatar for Joachim Duyndam

Joachim Duyndam

Full Professor, University of Humanistic Studies
Joachim Duyndam is Professor of Humanism and Philosophy at the University of Humanistic Studies in Utrecht, the Netherlands. Next to his regular academic duties on education and research he holds the position of Dean of Education. His research interests are hermeneutical-philosophical... Read More →
avatar for Jörg Huber

Jörg Huber

Professor of Health Sciences, University of Brighton
My presentation will discuss links between inequalities and achievements in educational settings, reviewing very brief interventions which allow young people to (i) negotiate the middle class culture of university, (ii) show resilience to stigma and (iii) adopt a 'growth mindset... Read More →
avatar for Laurie Chapin

Laurie Chapin

Lecturer, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia
Laurie A. Chapin, PhD is a psychology lecturer at Victoria University in Melbourne, Australia. She received her PhD in psychology from Colorado State University in 2010. Her research interests include studying resilience of vulnerable youth with a focus on cultural factors. Previous... Read More →


Mehtap (May) Cigdem

May Cigdem completed her psychology degree in 2013 at Victoria University in Melbourne, Australia. She is currently pursuing a Masters in Counseling degree.

Friday June 19, 2015 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Classroom 3 A&A Lower Floor, King's College