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Concurrent Paper Presentations [clear filter]
Thursday, June 18


Alternative Approaches To Resilience - Leo Deux Fils Dela Cruz, Pradeep Dhakal, Masego Katisi
Alternative Approaches to Resilience:

Abstract # 119
Inner Healing
Presenter: Leo Deux Fils Dela Cruz
Psychological trauma survivors, generally can deal with difficulty concentrating, sleep disturbances, eating disorder, the physiological sequelae and other signs and symptoms. Over time, homeostasis sets in, but the most debilitating aspect is the deterioration of self image where survivors lose their sense of self worth, overwhelmed by feeling of rejection, helplessness, emptiness and meaninglessness of life. These are the ones that are damaging. These distortions of the perceived self are the drivers of maladaptive behaviors -- the extreme form of these are homicide and suicide.Reversing such distortions, being the most crucial goal in psychotherapy, it is to be noted that immediate relief is attained by using the following: 1. Identifying the Trauma Sources (The Accumulated Incidents)2. Self-Concept Damage Report 3. Psychospiritual Protocol (The Sanctuary, Guided Meditation,) 4. Clarification of Accountability (Empower the survivor to achieve emotional maturity is achieved because of and not in spite of the trauma).It is apparent that although traumatic experiences are naturally-occurring, resiliency is also innate in human nature. The therapist simply guides, prompts or enables. The techniques facilitates integration and deepens meaning of life.

Abstract # 135  
Learning from Mother Nature for the Resilience in Early Childhood
Presenter: Pradeep Dhakal Co-Presenter: Bishnu Hari Bhatta
Engagement in extracurricular activities is very important to early childhood development because it fosters confidence, creativity, and teaches important life skills and helps children to reach their full potential. PSD Nepal has been working with fifteen schools and two orphanages and conducts extracurricular activities. Such as, students are taken to the hilly areas, rivers and ponds so that they understand Mother Nature to nurture their fullest potential. 

Abstract # 206 
Exploring alternative approaches to evaluating the effectiveness of a resilience program in Botswana
Presenter: Masego Katisi Co-Presenter: Marguerite Daniel 
‘Ark’ is a locally developed, national program for promoting resilience among vulnerable children run by ten district councils in Botswana since 2007. The operating partners are the Government of Botswana and an NGO called Ark and Mark Trust. The program involves community participation and revives aspects of traditional initiation. It consists of two parts: a two-week wilderness-based psycho-social strengthening camp for selected groups of adolescents, and village-based follow-up activities for three years. Face validation shows graduates of the program improve in their school performance and behavioural responses to stress. Standard evaluation tools, including surveys pre and post camp and throughout the three years, are in place. However, the quality of the data produced is poor. The aim of this paper is to critically analyse reasons for the poor quality of the evaluation data and to explore alternative methodologies that more effectively investigate cultural understandings of resilience. Survey data are incomplete and inconsistent leading us to question whether the standard tools are contextually incompatible. The existing tools are limited and unable to capture the diverse social processes that the program uses. We explore participatory research as a more appropriate methodology for capturing the outcomes of these multiple social processes.  


Leo Deux Fils Dela Cruz

Dr. LEO DEUX FILS Mijares DELA CRUZ is a Licensed Psychologist and Board-Certified in Stress Management (B.C.S.M.) by the American Academy of Experts in Traumatic Stress. He obtained his doctorate degree at the University of Santo Tomas in Manila where he taught for more than three... Read More →

Masego Katisi

Masego Katisi is the director of Ark and Mark Trust in Botswana, and is the pioneer in developing a psychosocial support concept that is now replicated by the government of Botswana. She is currently a PhD student in health promotion and development at the HEMIL Centre, University... Read More →

Pradeep Dhakal

Dr. Pradeep Dhakal is from Nepal. He completed his PhD in Religion and Peace (Hinduism and Peace) from Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India in 2010. Pradeep worked as a Lecturer in Tribhuvan University for 2004-2005. He has written several books, including 'The Forlorn Journey... Read More →


Bishnu Hari Bhatta

Bishnu Hari Bhatta has completed his Masters Degree in Business Administration. He is currently working as Director for Partnership for Sustainable Development Nepal for the last ten years. He is also representative from Asia for World Forum Foundation.

Marguerite Daniel

Associate professor, University of Bergen
Dr at University of Bergen Marguerite Daniel is currently an associate professor of development-related health promotion at the HEMIL Centre, University of Bergen. Her research interests include children affected and infected by HIV, the impact on social cohesion of international... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 3:45pm - 5:15pm
Classroom 3 A&A Lower Floor, King's College


Building Resilience - Angie Hart, Dorothy Bottrell
Building Resilience:

Abstract #83 
HeadStart in Action: Building Emotional Resilience in Children and Young People in Local Communities Across England
Presenter: Angie Hart
This paper gives an overview of resilience approaches being developed through Headstart, a Big Lottery Funded (BLF) £75 million experimental fund to build emotional resilience in 10-14 year olds. HeadStart aims to go beyond implementing piecemeal projects. Twelve geographical areas are involved. They are being encouraged to implement a systems-wide, co-productive approach. This ambitious programme has the potential to impact significantly on children’s mental health support across the UK and beyond. Following development grants in Phase 1, each of the 12 areas was awarded £500,000 in summer 2014 for Phase 2, a ‘test and learn’ stage. They are experimenting with, and learning from different approaches, working ecologically with children, young people, their families, schools and wider systems. Areas are both targeting the needs of children at high risk of developing mental health issues, and also working with children more widely. This presentation gives an overview of the content of the phase 2 projects which varies between areas. Initiatives include: the running of licensed, school-based resilience programmes, mental health first aid, training of practitioners in resilience approaches, young people led resilience projects, community arts projects etc. The multi-stakeholder engagement aspect of this programme presents both opportunities and challenges, as does operationalising resilience in these contexts, and at this scale.

Abstract #158
Responsibility, Resilience and Youth Leadership in Emerging African Communities of Melbourne 
Presenter: Dorothy Bottrell
Responsibility, resilience and youth leadership in emerging African communities of Melbourne This paper presents findings from a study conducted with young leaders of emerging African communities in Melbourne. Framed within a political ecology approach (Bottrell & Armstrong 2012), individual and community resilience are understood as interdependent with the policies, public discourses and socially inclusive and exclusive practices that impact emerging communities. Young African Australians in Melbourne have been negatively represented in the commentaries of mainstream media and politicians. In these public discourses they have been cast as disengaged, criminal or “at-risk” and as needing to be made responsible. Despite the common experience of racism, stereotyping, policing and violence that are barriers to acculturation, sense of belonging and participation in the broader Australian community (Refugee Council of Australia 2009), these young leaders maintain a positive outlook, aspire to personal success and contribute to their community’s development. The paper discusses how young people understand their chosen responsibilities in terms of roles, relationships and goals. In contrast to the discourse of responsibilisation, young leaders’ accounts elaborate the close interrelationship of responsibilities and resilience. 

avatar for Angie Hart

Angie Hart

University of Brighton / Boingboing
Angie Hart is Professor of Child, Family and Community Health at the University of Brighton and has been working on resilience research and practice for 10 years. She is an advisor to England’s Big Lottery Fund, Angie runs boingboing, a not for profit undertaking resilience research... Read More →

Dorothy Bottrell

Senior Lecturer at Victoria University, Melbourne AustraliaDorothy Bottrell is a Senior Lecturer in the College of Education and a member of the Mobilities, Transitions and Resilience Network of the Centre for Cultural Diversity and Wellbeing at Victoria University, Melbourne. Her... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 3:45pm - 5:15pm
Alumni Hall NAB 1st Floor, King's College


Building Resilience in Education - Chris Brown, Elizabeth Woodford-Collins, Gwen Gilmore
Building Resilience in Education:

Abstract # 102
Bridging Worlds-Building Community: Fostering Inclusive, Equity-Based Education
Presenter: Chris Brown Co-Presenter: Sarah Gazan
Through practical conversations based on experience, the presenters will discuss three conversations that need to take place to foster an equity- based, Culturally Proficient education. All of these conversations work to foster resiliency for youth by changing conversations about resiliency from a focus on the individual to a focus on creating a more enabling social environment. Conversation One This conversation is about knowledge, and how we make sense of the world based on our internalized, socialized experiences. Equity education is not about acquiring more external knowledge, but about challenging our internalized norms, values, beliefs and knowledge that shape our actions and maintain inequity. Conversation Two Conversation two is about the role of conversation and dialogue to critique inequity, and create a better understanding of our resistance to learning about oppression. This conversation creates the impetus for personal reflection that may lead to perspective transformation. Conversation Three This conversation is about creating inclusive education environments that benefit minoritized and marginalized students. The focus of this conversation is on understanding the social construction of difference, and advocating for places and spaces of safety for those whose identities reside outside of the mythical norm.  

Abstract # 113 
Building the Connected Classroom
Presenter: Elizabeth Woodford-Collins Co-Presenter: John Cochrane, Peter Smith, Jackie Leonard
Many teachers question their students’ lack of resilience as they display distress over seemingly insignificant stimulus. There are many contributing factors for this lack of resilience. Many of our student's stories follow similar patterns: lack of sleep, high expectations from self/peer/parent, work pressures, social media interactions, learning challenges, socioeconomic stress, bubble-wrapped kids and personal stories resulting in a traumatized youth. With this emotional overload, our youth's ability to deal with life's issues is compromised and many are left feeling powerless.We propose to help restore equilibrium as we provide for alternate conversations, rebuild confidence and improve resilience. How?The biggest question for many NS high school students is, “What is next?”The traditional classroom combined with the connected classroom results in purposeful and self-directed study, cross-curricular connections and a career plan that builds confidence and resilience.What does the connected classroom look like?1. Compulsory career course (gr 11)2. COOP 3. Service Learning 4. Experiential learning/inquiry based learning (career focus)5. Portfolio 6. Fundamental questions are answered: Who Am I/Where do I want to go in life/ What are my skills/interests? 7. Learning Plan: Educational/Career pathways 8. Relationships/FacilitationThis is about making connections for all youth.

Abstract # 178   
The Role of Relational Resilience in Building Academic Pathways For Students: Interdisciplinary Case Studies From Melbourne, Australia.
Presenter: Gwen Gilmore Co-Presenter: Marcelle Cacciattolo, Dan Loton
This paper examines relational resilience after Jordan (2012) who argues for a move beyond individual responsibility for ‘resilience’ to examine the relational dynamic processes and interconnections of individuals with their community. We explore here the experience of prospective students who fail to meet university entrance scores and enrol in an alternative diploma program at an Australian university. Student communities include families, the staff and innovative groups based experiences of curriculum and pedagogy. These students’ cases reveal capacities to make strategic choices that support agency for academic success as well as the multi-dimensional and contextual processes that are negotiated in context. The case studies draw attention to higher education factors that can either inhibit or encourage students’ capacity to deal with day to day opportunities and challenges that university life brings. Findings highlight how university systems and teaching can fuel resilience for learners who come from a range of diverse backgrounds.


Elizabeth Woodford-Collins

Beth Collins has worked in the secondary and post-secondary academic setting for fifteen years, in both urban and rural situations. Working with Masters level students to IB students to IPP students, Beth has discovered one educational truth, Allie Mooney’s motto, “If you can... Read More →

Gwen Gilmore

Dr Gwen Gilmore has bought to Victoria University 27 years of teaching experience in secondary, primary and tertiary settings, as well as roles in educational leadership, management and policy advice, in New Zealand, the United Kingdom and Australia.Gwen has a long-standing interest... Read More →


Marcelle Cacciattolo

Associate Professor, Victoria University
Associate Professor Marcelle Cacciattolo is a sociologist and an academic in the College of Education at Victoria University. She received her PhD from Monash University in 2002. Over the last decade her research has been cross-disciplinary involving health sciences and education-based... Read More →

John Cochrane

Coordinator, Community-Based Learning at Education and Early Childhood Development John Cochrane has held various positions in education with many years in co-operative education. As Coordinator of Community-Based Learning, he is responsible for a number of projects including service... Read More →

Sarah Gazan

Education Research Analyst at Manitoba Teachers' Society Ms. Sarah Gazan is a member of the Wood Mountain Lakota Nation. She has worked in the First Nations and Provincial school systems as a classroom teacher and at the divisional and provincial levels in the areas of Aboriginal... Read More →

Jackie Leonard

Guidance at SSRSB Jackie is presently in her 10th year as the school counselor at Liverpool Regional High School. As an educator for 35years, Ms. Leonard has held many positions: in the classroom, in resource, and as a school counsellor. She has taught at the elementary,

Dan Loton

Educational Research Advisor at Centre for Collaborative Learning and Teaching, Victoria University Dan recently attained his Doctor of Philosophy in the field of Psychology on the topic of video game addiction. He has experience in research administration and diverse research projects... Read More →

Peter Smith

Coordinator, Youth Pathways and Transitions at Education and Early Childhood Development Peter Smith has held many positions in education both internationally and in Nova Scotia. As Youth Pathways and Transitions Coordinator, he is responsible for programs which provide multiple... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 3:45pm - 5:15pm
Frazee Room NAB 2nd Floor, King's College


Disabilities - Anne Rathbone, Ida Skytte Jakobsen, Hariclia Petrakos

Abstract # 110  
Developing a Co-Inquiry Group of Young Adults with Learning Disabilities on Resilience: Methods, Opportunities, Challenges
Presenter: Anne Rathbone Co-Presenter: Mikey Reynolds, Berhana W, Fraser Caygill, Sophie Halas 
This presentation explores co-inquiry research from the University of Brighton, with 16 learning disabled young adults who are members of Arts Connect, a community programme. The academic aim is to explore contextual experience of resilience and to understand whether involvement in participatory research helps build resilience. The community co-researchers aim to become more resilient, share their research with others creatively and to learn new skills along the way. The presentation will address the gap in participatory resilience research with this group, describing processes that the co-researchers found useful in exploring resilience, key things that co-researchers feel can improve their resilience and ways in which their collective actions have challenged discrimination and self-advocated for social justice. The community co-researchers say:“At first, we didn’t know what resilience meant but now we realize we are experts, because we face challenges and discrimination every day that need resilience. We are all equal in our research group - that’s great for resilience because we have power. Resilience is important for everyone and different for everyone. We hope that our particular knowledge and experiences will help people think about resilience in new ways, and because we are creative it will be interesting and fun.”

Abstract # 196   
Inclusion for Children at Risk 
Presenter: Ida Skytte Jakobsen
The shift towards inclusive education where children with special needs are transited from a special school environment to mainstream school environment may create new risk factors for vulnerable children. In order to ensure a resiliency process for those children it is important the special knowledge is available for the teachers in the mainstream school. This study address the two following questions:  
1. How can teachers in the school use special knowledge to develop the general educational efforts in relation to groups of vulnerable children? 
2. How can teachers in school access and apply relevant knowledge from professionals in the municipality who possess specialized knowledge?

Abstract # 237  
A Child-Family-School Participatory Action Research to Promote Resilience Against Bullying in Children with Learning Difficulties
Presenter: Hariclia (Harriet) Petrakos Co-Presenters: Janet Strike Schurman, Cassandra Monette 
Research has shown that bullying in Canada is linked to many negative outcomes (Craig & Pepler, 2003). Children with learning disabilities havebeen found to be involved in bullying situations and may be negatively affected, although environmental resilience may decrease these effects (Ungar, 2011). This study took an eco-systemic approach to explore the perceptions of resilience and well-being of selected elementary schoolchildren with learning disabilities in bullying situations, as well as toprovide an in-depth understanding of the multiple perspectives of schoolstaff and parents in school communities that are implementing the Quebec government's mandatory anti-bullying programs (Bill 56, enacted into lawJune 2012). This participatory qualitative research was implemented within a suburban and a rural school. Visual methods were used to uncoverimportant insights into the students' perceptions of their school experiences. Parents were interviewed and school staff participated in focus groups to identify the protective factors (positive perceptions andbehaviours) in the face of adversity (bullying situations). This researchhas the potential of informing practitioners and service providers toconsider the positive outcomes and experiences of students and theirparents' and school staff's perceptions of resilience as it plays a role in their delivery of anti-bullying programs.  


Anne Rathbone

Supervised by Professor Angie Hart, I am a PhD student with University of Brighton, UK, with 25 years community development practice and consultancy experience in participatory approaches. I am passionate about research that gives a voice to people who face discrimination. I have... Read More →

Hariclia (Harriet) Petrakos

Dr. Hariclia Petrakos is an associate professor in the Department of Education at Concordia University and a member of the Centre of Research in Human Development (Concordia) and the Transcultural Research Intervention Team (McGill). She worked for a number of years as a school psychologist... Read More →
avatar for Ida Skytte Jakobsen

Ida Skytte Jakobsen

Associate Professor, University College Lillebealt
I am trained as a clinical psychologist and has taught at the School of social work alongwith working with childred at risk. I did my PhD on how traditional risk research design can inclued a resiliency perspective. Right now I work with the significance of the inclusion agenda for... Read More →


Fraser Caygill

Community Co-researcher at Arts Connect/U of Brighton Fraser has grown in self confidence since being involved in Arts Connect and the co-inquiry research. Doing presentations has presented new challenges for him which have helped him develop his public speaking skills. He is great... Read More →

Sophie Halas

Community Co-researcher at Arts Connect/U of Brighton Sophie is training to work with children. She loves dance and movement which she has done through Arts Connect and other projects. Sophie is a great team player who loves helping others. She is very interested in psychology and... Read More →

Mikey Reynolds

Community co-researcher at Arts Connect/U of Brighton Mikey loves music, especially DJ ing and is a proud member of the resilience research co-inquiry. Before he joined the research group he had little understanding of resilience but now has a firm understanding of what resilience... Read More →

Janet Strike Schurman

Dr. at Concordia University Janet Strike Schurman is a psychologist at the New Frontiers School Board, working with students from age 4 to 18 years in both suburban and rural schools. She is a member of l’Association québécoise des psychologu! es scolaires. She specializes in... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 3:45pm - 5:15pm
Seminar 7 A&A Lower Floor, King's College


Immigration Blues - Alexa Smith-Osborne, Marja Tiilikainen, Julie Tippens
Immigration Blues:

Abstract #250
Bicultural Youth Resilience Study
Presenter: Alexa Smith-Osborne
Background and Purpose:
While there are interventions to sustain resilience among children living in adversity, there is a shortage of prevention programs for specific bicultural groups. This mixed methods study investigated a manualized brief resilience theory-based parent/child program designed to assess differential susceptibility and support resilience among American military and Spanish-speaking immigrants.  
The protocol for parallel school-age child and parent sessions was tested using a mixed methods multiple case study design (n=68).   Children were screened at pretest to ensure they did not meet criteria for a stress/trauma disorder diagnosis. Baseline data were collected at two data points including resilience and environmental measures.  Intervention phase data were collected using standardized observational behavioral rating scales and narrative progress notes. 
All children showed an increase in prosocial and self-regulated behaviors across multiple settings. An increase in engagement in positive ecosystems and decrease in risky settings occurred for 30%.  Parents reported an increase in their use of social reinforcement and reduction in punishment. Parents were also observed to increase their knowledge of environmental resources, advocacy, behavioral management strategies, and resilience factors.
Conclusions and Implications:
Brief, targeted preventive services offer cost-effective benefits to bicultural youth in  environmental resource access, self-regulation, social/ academic behaviors.

Abstract #257
Resilience Among Transnational Somali Families in Toronto: Experiences of Two Generations
Presenter: Marja Tiilikainen
Canadian Somali community is one of the socio-economically deprived communities in Toronto. The majority lives in social housing projects in neighborhoods that are characterized by high rates of school drop-outs, crimes and poverty.  In 2011 the high-school drop-out rate among Somali-speaking students was 25%, and since 2005, an estimated number of 50 young Canadian Somalis have been killed by gun-violence. 
However, despite challenges and adversities that the Canadian Somali community at large is facing, there are also families who have managed well as comes to employment and raising up children. In this paper, I aim to explore why some Canadian Somali families do better than the others.  Which factors may support family resilience? What is the role of (transnational) family as experienced and narrated by both parents and their children regarding wellbeing and resilience of the family? 
The paper is based on ongoing research on transnational Somali families in Canada, Finland and Somalia, funded by the Academy of Finland (2012–2017). The presentation draws from data collected during 9 moths of fieldwork in Toronto, and comprises interviews of two generations in 9 families of Somali descent, 5 focus group interviews, and other interviews with Somali communities including some participant observation.

Abstract #258
Refugee Resilience in Times of Political Insecurity: Urban Congolese Coping in Nairobi, Kenya
Presenter: Julie Tippens
In March 2014 the Government of Kenya issued a directive mandating all urban refugees to relocate to camps. This policy, combined with police raids in neighborhoods with high immigrant populations, placed refugees in legal limbo, sending many Congolese into hiding. This paper is based on 12-months of multi-methods research with urban Congolese refugees in Nairobi, Kenya, and examines resilience-fostering strategies employed by this group during this period of political insecurity. While most participants reported increased feelings of anxiety and depression, some individuals, households and communities utilized creative, culturally salient resilience strategies to offset the environmental instability. 
Drawing on concepts of social ecological resilience, and using positive deviance inquiry to frame ethnographic, interview and survey research, I show how perceived resilience mechanisms and supports are stratified along ethnic lines. Ethnic Banyamulenge Congolese demonstrated strong bonding mechanisms in insecure settings, relying almost exclusively on other ethnic community members, whereas other Congolese ethnic groups garnered supportive resilience resources from both inside and outside of their community.  
This paper contributes to research that seeks to identify culturally-specific forms of resilience among urban refugees, and will address variations in perceptions and uses of resilience resources across ethnic, sex and cultural lines.


Alexa Smith-Osborne

Alexa Smith-Osborne, Ph.D., M.S.W., is an Associate Professor and Director of the Center for Clinical Social Work in the School of Social Work, University of Texas at Arlington, and a licensed clinical social worker (L.C.S.W.). Dr. Smith-Osborne’s primary research interests include... Read More →
avatar for Julie Tippens

Julie Tippens

Julie A. Tippens, MA, MPH is a doctor of public health candidate at the University of Arizona, where she is also pursuing a doctoral minor and graduate certificate in medical anthropology. Her research lends anthropological insight into issues of forced migration and refugee psychosocial... Read More →

Marja Tiilikainen

Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki
Marja Tiilikainen (PhD, Adjunct Professor in comparative religion) is Academy Research Fellow at the Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Finland. She has conducted long-term research on Somali migrants and carried out ethnographic research in Finland, Northern Somalia... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 3:45pm - 5:15pm
Haliburton Room A&A Main Floor, King's College


Promoting Health in LGBTQ Youth - Emily Colpitts, Brian Condran
Promoting Health in LGBTQ Youth:

Abstract #141
Measuring And Understanding LGBTQ Health In Nova Scotia: Pathways To Health And Resilience
Presenter: Emily Colpitts Co - Presenter: Jacqueline Gahagan
Existing research indicates that the health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and/or queer (LGBTQ) populations is worse than those of their heterosexual, age-matched peers. This is particularly relevant in the context of Nova Scotia given that available health data indicate that the health of those living in the Atlantic region tends to be worse than other locations in Canada. Research on LGBTQ health has traditionally taken a deficit-focused approach, which obscures the ways in which LGBTQ populations are able to respond to these health deficits and the ways in which they promote and protect their health and wellbeing. Drawing on the findings of a scoping review and consultations with members of LGBTQ communities and health service providers, this study explored innovative ways of understanding and measuring LGBTQ health in Nova Scotia in moving away from health deficits. The aim of this study is to advance the dialogue on health equity and contribute to the provision of culturally competent primary health care policies that provide resources to bolster LGBTQ resilience and wellbeing in meaningful ways.

Abstract #142
Pathways To Resiliency Through The Landscape Of HIV/HCV Prevention: Ensuring Culturally Appropriate HIV/HCV Prevention Policies For LGBTQ Youth In Atlantic Canada
Presenter: Brian Condran 
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and/or queer (LGBTQ) youth experience different sociopolitical environments than their age-matched heterosexual peers. Therefore, ensuring that healthcare policies enable LGBTQ youth to navigate pathways to resiliency requires an understanding of their unique social context, how it is shaped by healthcare policy, and how these policies can be reoriented to facilitate resiliency. 
The 3-year, NSHRF-funded study Our Youth, Our Response examined youth-oriented HIV/HCV prevention policies and programs across the Atlantic Provinces. This qualitative study consisted of a scoping review of extant HIV/HCV prevention policy documents, and a thematic analysis of one-on-one and focus group interviews.  Our analysis focused on identifying key recommendations to support the development of youth-oriented policies that will enable youth to access HIV/HCV prevention information and services, and increase navigability of the HIV/HCV prevention landscape. 
Systems-level strategies for advancing resiliency-based HIV/HCV prevention for LGBTQ youth will be discussed. Ensuring the availability and accessibility of educational material and harm reduction services is critical, as is building resiliency-promoting environments by reducing stigma and addressing misconceptions among parents, teachers, and healthcare providers. Finally, ensuring that these services are truly accessible, and activities are culturally appropriate requires the direct and meaningful involvement of LGBTQ youth themselves. 


Brian Condran

Brian Condran is a graduate student studying Health Promotion at Dalhousie University. His research focuses on LGBTQ health, sexual health promotion, health communication, and knowledge mobilization. Brian is a 2014 Fellow of the CIHR Social Research Centre in HIV prevention, and... Read More →

Emily Colpitts

Emily Colpitts, M.A., is a research assistant at the Gender and Health Promotion Studies Unit at Dalhousie University on the LGBTQ Pathways to Health in Nova Scotia study and the Reducing Stigma, Promoting Resilience study.


Jacqueline Gahagan

Professor/Director at Gender and Health Promotion Studies Unit, School of Health and Human Performance, Dalhousie University Jacqueline Gahagan is a Full Professor of Health Promotion, the Director of the Gender and Health Promotion Studies unit and Head of the Health Promotion Division... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 3:45pm - 5:15pm
Vroom Room A&A Lower Floor, King's College


Resilience in Mental Health - Robert Louis, Arshi Shaikh, Wenxin Zhang
Resilience in Mental Health:

Abstract #213
Resilience As Key Factors in the Prevention of Youth Suicide: Promising Perspectives
Presenter: Robert Louis
The main objective of this conference is to identify, analyze resilience factors involved in the prevention of youth suicide.
It is essentially, in terms of both empirical and theoretical data at the intersection of several disciplines, to determine the most significant factor, the missing link explaining why a suicidal person ha not committed the act. Identify and verify the relationship between resilience and stopping the suicidal gesture. We will try to answer the following questions: What is the relationship between resilience factors and the stopping of the suicidal act? What resilience factors actually worked in the non-passage to the act?

Abstract #247
Meaning of Resilience: Perspectives of Women With Postpartum Depression
Presenter: Arshi Shaikh Co - Presenters: Carol Kauppi, Hiren Rawal
An extensive body of research focuses upon resilience among women who encounter health issues, violence, and immigration. However, there is a dearth of research examining the meaning of resilience among women who experience postpartum depression (PPD) while residing in underserviced communities. Knowledge generated from the voices of women can facilitate the development of strengths-based interventions that specifically target such communities. 
A phenomenological study was designed to explore the meaning of resilience among women suffering from PPD in the underserviced communities of northern Ontario. Stories of personal strengths were gathered from twenty six women who met the inclusion criteria as per the purposive sampling technique. All women were 18 years and above, had experienced PPD within one year after giving birth to a live infant, and self-identified as resilient individuals. 
Narratives of women revealed debilitating effects of PPD and manifestation of resilience through interconnected existential and pragmatic strategies. Meaning-making, meaningful relationships, and self-nurturing emerged as salient dimensions of resilience. Women’s interpretations challenged the conventional dichotomy of risk versus resilience. The essence of resilience was identified as “embracing life in its entirety”. 
The findings have implications for future research and clinical practice in the areas of mental health and motherhood/parenthood.

Abstract #265
The Dynamic Interaction of DRD2 TaqIA Polymorphism and Maternal Parenting on Depressive Symptoms: Evidence From a Chinese Early Adolescent Sample
Presenter: Wenxin Zhang Co - Presenters: Y Cao, L Wang, L Ji, L Chen, K Deater-Deckard
Recent research suggested that gene by environment interactions on depression may vary across development. This study examined the concurrent associations between maternal parenting, DRD2 TaqIA polymorphism and adolescent depression on a sample of 1037 Chinese adolescents (M = 11.32±0.47 years old at T1) in a three-wave longitudinal study. Hierarchical regression models indicated that both maternal positive and negative parenting predicted concurrent adolescent depression significantly, whereas DRD2 TaqIA polymorphism had no main effect on depression. However, DRD2 TaqIA polymorphism interacted with negative maternal parenting significantly in predicting depression when adolescent were 11(T1) and 12 years old (T2). Specifically, adolescent of A1 carriers were more susceptible to the effect of negative parenting compared to those with A2A2 genotype. However, the interaction effect changed with age, such that it became non significant when adolescents was 13years old (T3). The findings provided a richer description of how genetic and environmental influences dynamically interact to produce early adolescents’ depression and elaborated the moderating effect of age and maternal parenting among adolescents.


Arshi Shaikh

Assistant Professor, Renison University College-University of Waterloo
Arshi Shaikh, Ph.D, is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Social Development Studies at Renison University College-University of Waterloo and an Adjunct Professor at Laurentian University, Sudbury. She is a Registered Social Worker in the province of Ontario. Dr. Shaikh’s... Read More →
avatar for Robert Louis

Robert Louis

Lecturer & PhD Cand. Applied Human Sciences, Montreal University & Laurentian University
Robert Louis is a PhD Candidate in Applied Human Sciences, at the University of Montreal, Lecturer at Laurentian University Sudbury and coordinator of York Centre in Hawkesbury. He is interested in the positive development of young people, suicide prevention and resilience factors... Read More →


Y Cao

Shandong Normal University

L Chen

Shandong Normal University

L Ji

Shandong Normal University

Carol Kauppi

Professor at Laurentian UniversityCarol Kauppi is the Director of Poverty, Homelessness and Migration, a five-year research project dealing with homelessness and migration in northern Ontario. She is also Professor of Social Work and Director of the Centre for Research in Social Justice... Read More →

Hiren Rawal

Health Promoter at Sudbury & District Health Unit Hiren Rawal is a Health Promoter at Sudbury & District Health Unit, Ontario. Hiren completed Master of Social Work program at Laurentian University, Sudbury, Ontario. Hiren’s graduate thesis focused upon the intersections of mental... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 3:45pm - 5:15pm
Archibald Room NAB 3rd Floor, King's College


Resilience in Women in War - Jill Trenholm, Fiona Shanahan
Resilience in Women in War:

Abstract #134
Against All Odds; Women Survivors of Sexaul Violence in the War in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo
Presenter: Jill Trenholm
This paper illuminates how women survivors of wartime sexual violence manage “survive-ing” in the stigmatized margins of their impoverished circumstances in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. The paper departs from an ethnographic study where affected women expressed multiple losses, profound dispossession of identity and marginalization, often with a child born of rape in tow.
Eleven qualitative interviews were conducted with rural women of reproductive age recruited from several organizations supporting women after rape. Thematic analysis and Payne’s theoretical framework “Sites of Resilience” guided the analysis. Women exhibited resilience through agency and pro-active decision-making in severely compromised environments embedded in a global complexity. Faith in God, health interventions that challenge cultural understandings around sexuality, indigenous healing and strategic alliances ie with aid organizations or engaging in survival sex were cited as ways used to manage daily survival. These strategies are identified as sites of resilience and provide vital contextual knowledge for planning effective interventions. Findings suggest that strengthening collaboration between existing networks such as churches, healthcare facilities and indigenous healers could extend the reach of health services, thereby offering sustainable holistic care to those affected by rape but also to entire communities suffering from mass traumatisation associated with wartime sexual violence.

Abstract #248
Resilience in the Post-Conflict Reintegration of Young Women Formerly Associated with the Lord’s Resistance Army
Presenter: Fiona Shanahan
This paper seeks to shed light on the process of reintegration as experienced by young women formerly associated with the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) in northern Uganda, by examining the mechanisms of agency in fostering culturally embedded processes of resiliency. Twenty-nine formerly associated young women, twenty-four of their peers who had not been abducted, and twenty-six members of their families and communities participated in interviews, group discussions and creative methodologies (Veale, 2005), such as drama, photography and mapping, in six Internally Displaced Person’s camps in northern Uganda. Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis (Smith & Osborn, 2008) of the data demonstrates how in contexts of severe constraint, young formerly abducted women use cultural resources to mobilize adaptive processes (Hobfoll et al., 2009) in their own lives and that this mechanism contributes to processes of resiliency. These findings offer new insights on reintegration through the contributions of a socio-cultural lens (Gillespie & Zittoun, 2010; Rogoff, 2003; Vygotsky, 1978) to analytic understandings of the use of resources in resiliency (Masten & Obradovic`, 2008; Ungar, 2008; 2011). The paper aims to support the construction of actionable knowledge that will be of use to victims and survivors, practitioners seeking to mobilize these processes and for programme design.


Fiona Shanahan

Fiona Shanahan is a Government of Ireland Post-doctoral Fellow at the School of Applied Psychology, University College Cork in Ireland, focusing on the reintegration of children and youth formerly associated with armed groups and psychosocial interventions in emergency and post-conflict... Read More →

Jill Trenholm

Jill Trenholm, RN PhD is a researcher/lecturer at the International Maternal and Child Health unit, Faculty of Medicine and is associated with the Centre for Gender Research, both at Uppsala University, Sweden. In September 2013 she defended her doctoral thesis, an ethnographic study... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 3:45pm - 5:15pm
Boardroom A&A 2nd Floor, King's College


The Power of Music - Valerie Shapiro, Joanne Ruksenas
The Power of Music:

Abstract #96
The Community Building Power of Choral Singing
Presenter: Valerie Shapiro Co - Presenters: Simon Abbott, Breanne Beckett
Phoenix Youth Programmes has been caring for youth in Halifax for over 25 years, and there’s a lot more that makes a person a person than just food and shelter. The blossoming personalities in our choir point to the real challenges in the lives of many of the youth who are welcomed at Phoenix: a feeling of isolation and lack of understanding, no bright moments of achievement to look back on, a personal narrative of being unmotivated or anti-social or a trouble-maker.
This paper presentation will be about the discoveries from the startling success of the Phoenix Community Choir. It will be about the impact of a vibrant, accepting and genuine community, the impact of moments of personal success in performance. We will draw from literature on the social benefits of choral singing and how that relates to building protective factors in the lives of our youth. We will present beautiful stories from Phoenix Choir’s short but crowded history. Best of all, we will share some of the choir’s music.

Abstract #241
Resilience - What Does Music Have To Do With It?
Presenter: Joanne Ruksenas
The introduction of the new Australian national curriculum has seen music increasingly marginalised in preschool and kindergarten classes, traditionally music rich environments.  This parallels a rise in suspensions and expulsions across this age group.  I conducted a mixed-measures study to present a case for music in the curriculum, observing 182 children taking part in early childhood music at different centres in the Brisbane area over a three year period.  From this pool, a group of 87 children were nominated by their parents for interviews, and cognitive testing.  My aim was to determine whether actively engaging with music effects resilience in preschool children.   I targeted resilience because it is a non-musical outcome that is not defined by other learning areas.  Resilience appears to be intrinsically embedded in the process of active music making, which is an important factor.  Structured music lessons, where children learn through singing and movement are important in reducing stress, increasing feelings of belonging, general well-being, and competence.   These factors have follow on effects on memory and learning.  If, as some theorists claim, we are all resilient, but some of us show it in more socially acceptable ways, active engagement with music seems to be a nudge in the right direction.


Joanne Ruksenas

Joanne is a PhD candidate from Griffith University in Brisbane, Australia. Her research examines the benefits of active engagement in music on resilience in preschool aged children. Her research stems from her experiences as a teacher in music and special education in classroom and... Read More →

Valerie Shapiro

I have an overall passion for working with youth and as a result have always felt a strong connection to Phoenix and its vision and mandate. I feel proud to be a part of the dynamic staff team at Phoenix.Much of my professional work has been in diverse social service fields. I started... Read More →


Simon Abbot

Choir Director at Phoenix Youth Programs

Breanne Beckett

Arts Administrator at Phoenix Youth Programs

Thursday June 18, 2015 3:45pm - 5:15pm
Shatford Room A&A 2nd Floor, King's College


Youth Anti-Violence Programs - Yvonne Vissing, Marion Cook
Youth Anti-Violence Programs:

Abstract #99
How To Create Safer Communities for Youth
Presenter: Yvonne Vissing 
After a variety of community violence incidents, including the Sandy Hook CT Elementary School Shooting and the Boston Marathon Bombing, we asked the question - how safe is our community?  We conducted an analysis of community safety features for youth and identified gaps at both the city and school level.  In order to address them, the community has adopted a Rights Respecting Community focus.  This presentation will talk about the original problems and ways the city and school is moving forward to address them in a creative way.

Abstract #104
Crime Prevention in Canada – Developing and Disseminating Practical Knowledge 
Presenter: Marion Cook Co - Presenters: Julie Savignac, Lucy Burke
Public Safety Canada's strategic outcome is a safe and resilient Canada. The National Crime Prevention Strategy (NCPS) contributes to achieving this goal.
The NCPS undertakes two key activities 1) supporting evidence-based crime prevention projects that help build resilience among at-risk populations; and 2) building and sharing knowledge to help practitioners and policy makers in their crime prevention efforts. 
In April, 2014 the Department began a study to analyse implementation issues in crime prevention interventions. The study mined reports from 80 funding recipients to document common implementation challenges and how they were addressed.  The study is expected to result in knowledge products designed to help inform decisions about crime prevention policies and practice. Further, the study will connect implementation issues with impact evaluation results and make links with implementation science literature.
This presentation will provide an overview of the results of the Implementation Issues study and identify the challenges and opportunities associated with:
1) Reaching crime prevention practitioners & policy makers (transforming the data and information into products that will resonate with practitioners and policy makers); and
2) Application of knowledge (uptake) - how knowledge can be used to influence decision-making.

avatar for Marion Cook

Marion Cook

Regional Manager, Community Safety Programs, Pacific Region, Public Safety Canada
Marion Cook is the Regional Manager, Community Safety Programs for Public Safety’s Pacific Region (BC and Yukon). She has worked with the National Crime Prevention Strategy since 1999 in program development and delivery, performance measurement and knowledge management. Marion is... Read More →

Yvonne Vissing

Yvonne Vissing, PhD, is Professor of Sociology at Salem State University where she is the founding director of their Center for Childhood & Youth Studies. Author of six books, she is a former National Institute of Mental Health Post-Doctoral Research Fellow, Whiting Foundation Fellow... Read More →

avatar for Lucy Burke

Lucy Burke

Senior Policy Analyst, Public Safety Canada
Lucy Burke is a Senior Policy Analyst with Public Safety Canada’s Crime Prevention Policy Unit, Crime Prevention, Corrections and Criminal Justice Directorate. Lucy has considerable expertise in project management, performance measurement and program evaluation. For more than... Read More →

Julie Savignac

Research Analyst at Public Safety Canada Julie Savignac is a Research Analyst in crime prevention at Public Safety Canada and the technical advisor for the Crime Prevention in Canada - Implementation Issues study. Julie is a leader in understanding implementation science as it relates... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 3:45pm - 5:15pm
KTS Lecture Hall NAB 2nd Floor, King's College


Youth at Risk - Jesse Near, Alexandra Restrepo, Lucienne Monique Van Erwegen
Youth at Risk:

Abstract #233
Youth Recidivism: A Qualitative Study of Risk and Resilience
Presenter: Jesse Near
This presentation gives voice to the experience of recidivism for youths in conflict with the law.  Research to date has explored risk and protective factors.  However, the relationships between these factors and recidivism are not well understood. Informed by a constructionist approach, this paper addresses the following key question: what do youths say they believe would help them avoid reoffending? Resilience theory has increasingly been used as a framework to explore the concept of recidivism. The present study builds upon this trend and explores the ways in which at-risk youths are resilient.  This qualitative study includes in-depth interviews of ten youths in a secure custody facility and a review of the literature on youth recidivism and resilience.  Consistent with current literature, findings in this study suggest that societal context is a significant contributing factor to youth recidivism.  Outcomes of this research invite a discussion about whether future research and interventions with at-risk youths would benefit from a continued emphasis on the social context of recidivism, particularly structural and cultural violence perspectives.  Such frameworks may assist in building trust and permitting a broader understanding of youths’ circumstances.  Research with this population is recommended as a tool for advocacy.

Abstract #239
Individual Factors, Relation Factors and Service Use Related with Resilience Among Youth 13 to 19 Years Old. Medellin, 2012
Presenter: Alexandra Restrepo Co - Presenters: Nilton Montoya
Objective: to determinate some individual, family and service use factors related with youth resilience.Methods: A case and control study was conducted with a Non Clinical sample (n= 608), functional resilience (n=598) and youth with risk behaviors (n=200). A survey was conducted by personal trained. The Children and Youth Resilience Measure, Service Use Measure and Parenting Practices and Lerner Positive youth measure was some of the test applied. A Structural Equations Model was calculated to determinate the factors related with being resilient. Results: Relational factors: Relation with peers the have positive behavior (Β=0,39), Relation with Peer that have problematic behavior (B-0, 056), Relation with mother (B=0,29) and Stress Familiar Factors (B=-0,005).Individual factors: Index Youth positive develop have direct related with resilience (B=0,54), aperture (B= 0,012). Service use: Service use (B=0,16) and activities participation (B=0,18). The model had adequate fit indicators (GFI=0,95, NFI (B=0,85), RMSEA=0,053)Conclusion: Individual characteristics, family, relationships with peers and appropriate contact with services are related to greater resiliency in youth.to promote resilience is necessary to carry out interventions including promoting better services for young people, promoting better relationships with parents and peers, and the development of personal abilities of the young.

Abstract #262
Pathways to Resilience in Youth
Presenter: Lucienne Monique Van Erwegen
This study is looking at pathways to resilience in youth. 
A survey (resilience) will be sent to about 500 children coming from different backgrounds. At the back of the questionnaire they can choose to be more involved in the study and become a member of one of the three focus groups that will be set up. Each focus group will consist of 4 to 6 members, aged between the age of 12 and 18; they will meet at least 6 times over 6 months to analyse an explain the findings of the questionnaire. The members of the focus groups will be chosen randomly from the list of people that have an interest in becoming involved in the study. Together with the professional researcher they will write up a report. Each step that will be taken will be defined by the young people, each decision is theirs. To accomplish this, the researcher will listen to the children, not only with her ears, but with her whole body. Participatory methods such as paintings, collage and photos will be used. This study will start January 1st 2015, and only preliminary findings and experiences will be presented at the conference.


Alexandra Restrepo

Professor, university of Antioquia
Alexandra Restrepo, MD, MSci, Faculty member, University of Antioquia, Colombia. Director of Life risk behaviors prevention program –PREVIVA-. Professor Restrepo has conduct different research about violence and resilience in Medellin Colombia.. She has designed and evaluated different... Read More →

Jesse Near

Born in Ontario, I completed my BA in Psychology in 2003 followed by my BSW in 2006, at the University of Waterloo. From 2006 until present I have been working for the Ministry of Children and Youth Services (MCYS) in a secure custody facility for male youths. In October 2014, I graduated... Read More →
avatar for Lucienne, Monique Van Erwegen

Lucienne, Monique Van Erwegen

Phd Student, Queens University Belfast
I started my career in speech therapy in Belgium. I later studied drama to support children and their communication and self esteem. I then finished a postgrad in autism in Birmingham,UK, and another postgrad in child protection at trinity college Dublin, Ireland. Finally at present... Read More →


Nilton Montoya

Statistician at University of Antioquia Nilton E. Montoya, BA. Specialist in Data base management and master in software Engineer. University of Antioquia, Colombia. Life risk behaviors prevention program –PREVIVA-. Professor Montoya has develop different research about violence... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 3:45pm - 5:15pm
ScotiaBank Room NAB 3rd Floor, King's College


Youth Mental Health in a School Setting - Jan Blaxall, Corrine Langill, Paul W Bennett
Youth Mental Health in a School Setting:

Abstract #70
Kids Have Stress Too!
Presenter: Jan Blaxall Co - Presenter: Janet Foster
Much attention has been paid recently to the development of self-regulation as an important component of successful learning and social interactions. Emotional stress is a common cause of challenging behaviour in young children. This presentation will provide background research on children’s stress and an overview of the KHST! Program. We will describe samples of activities and tools that educators, parents and children themselves can use to manage and reduce stress in child care and school settings, and examples of ways that children demonstrated this learning during our research project. Kids Have Stress Too! is an evidence based program developed by the Psychology Foundation of Canada.

Abstract #126
Escape From Pilot Project Purgatory: Scaling Up Mental Health Promotion Programming in High School
Presenter: Corrine Langill Co - Presenters: Heather Smith-Fowler, Kathy Short
To address the widely acknowledged crisis in youth mental health, many groups have developed school programs to promote mental health and prevent mental health problems. Unfortunately, many do not make it past the ‘pilot’ stage, and are not broadly adopted.  Others are not widely implemented because of prohibitive purchase costs.
Our presentation will outline the work of our collaborative to support a province wide implementation and rigorous evaluation of Healthy Transitions from High School (HTHS).  HTHS is a social-emotional learning program of 9 classroom sessions, designed to help youth develop the knowledge, skills and attitudes important for mental health.  It was adapted from Healthy Transitions for Young Adolescents(2006),a 5 session program currently provided by Public Health Nurses to 75% of grade 7 students in Ottawa.  These programs were developed with the collaboration of community partners, and funded through public grants and private foundations, and so carry a Creative Commons license, allowing free access to the materials.
We will present information about the program and data from the first phase of the project, including:
•         Feedback on session content from youth, educators, and expert reviewers
•         Lessons learned from pilot testing in schools
•         Feedback on evaluation tools 
•         Plans for further evaluation of the program

Abstract #140
Reclaiming At-Risk Children and Youth: A Look at Nova Scotia's SchoolsPlus Program
Presenter: Paul W Bennett
Nova Scotia’s program to rescue struggling children and teens, SchoolsPlus (SP), is now in over 100 schools, but the Integrated Service Delivery (ISD) program  tends to fly below the radar screen. In this stimulating child welfare policy session, the author of the June 2013 Atlantic Institute for Market Studies (AIMS) report, Reclaiming At-Risk Children and Youth will be presenting his findings and encouraging wide-open discussion. His report  contends that, while SchoolsPlus is a worthwhile provincial ISD initiative, it has lost its bearings and needs a ‘mid-term correction’ to reach its target population, the 5 to 10 per cent of children and youth at risk of going off-the rails. Coordinating existing public social services is becoming the raison d'etre rather than the expected core mission – building “communities of care,” fostering resilience from an early age, and reclaiming “at risk” children, youth and families. Come to this session and join what promise to be a lively policy discussion.

avatar for Corrine Langill

Corrine Langill

Ms. Langill has been a nurse for close to 30 years. She has worked in intensive care, a needle exchange program, a sexual health clinic, sexuality education and adolescent health promotion. In 2005, she left Ottawa Public Health for CHEO, to lead the development of a mental health... Read More →

Jan Blaxall

Director, Dominion Learning Institute of Canada
Jan Blaxall, MASc., RECE, AECEO.C. Expert Panel for Ontario’s Early Learning Framework. Early Years Professional Development Centre, Dominion Learning Institute Psychology Foundation of Canada, Kids Have Stress Too! Programs, Music Together certified teacher Professional... Read More →

Paul W Bennett

Paul W. Bennett , Ed.D. (OISE/Toronto) is Founding Director of Schoolhouse Consulting and Adjunct Professor of Education at Saint Mary’s University, Halifax. Over his career , Dr. Bennett has written many commentaries, academic articles, policy papers, and eight books, including... Read More →


Janet Foster

Janet Foster, BA, RECE, AECEO.CJanet Foster has been a professor at Fanshawe College Early Childhood Education program since 1991. Her background includes several years as part of the ECE team in Fanshawe College’s Child Care Program. Areas of teaching and expertise include children's... Read More →

Heather Smith Fowler

Research Director, Social Research and Demonstration Corporation
Heather Smith Fowler is a Research Director with the Social Research Demonstration Corporation (SRDC) in Ottawa. She has been an evaluator and researcher for over 25 years and is particularly passionate about collaborating with others to find effective ways to address barriers to... Read More →

Kathy Short

Ph.D., C.Psych. Director, School Mental Health ASSIST at Hamilton-Wentworth DSB, Ontario Ministry of Education School Mental Health ASSIST Program Kathy Short is a Clinical Child Psychologist whose research and practice interests focus on school mental health promotion, knowledge... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 3:45pm - 5:15pm
Seminar Room NAB 2nd Floor, King's College