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Concurrent Paper Presentations [clear filter]
Wednesday, June 17
 

11:00am

Children in Care - Lise Milne, Tessa Bell , Lindsay Hill
Children in Care:

Abstract #128
A Trauma-Informed Analysis of the Trajectories and Resilience Capacities of Youth in Child Protective Services Group Care
Presenter:Lise Milne Co - Presenters: Delphine Collin-Vézina, Christine Wekerle
Abstract:
This presentation describes findings on a population of youth in out-of-home group care (OHGC) who participated in the Maltreatment and Adolescent Pathways (MAP) study, the first Canadian longitudinal study of youth involved with Child Protective Services. Trauma-informed assessments of youth in OHGC is an especially growing concern in light of their well-documented trauma exposures, multiple victimizations, behavior problems and acute mental health symptoms. Youth also experience additional chronic stressors including separation from families, peers, and communities, multiple moves, impermanence, and uncertainty. Three related areas will be examined: (1) The profiles of youth at baseline regarding their traumatic experiences, trauma-related symptoms, age, gender, and length of time in care; (2) Their trajectories six months later, with regard to how their mental health profiles evolved over time; and (3) Their trajectories 18 months later, with regard to their resilience capacities in relation to previous and current mental health. The aim is to better understand the trauma profiles and trajectories of this vulnerable, yet understudied population. In addition, it aims to identify the conditions that support the healthy development of youth who lack individual, family, community, and socio-political resources to sustain health and well-being in the face of multiple adversities.

Abstract #156
Child Resilience in Out-of-Home Care: Child Welfare Worker Perspectives 
Presenter: Tessa Bell Co - Presenters: Elisa Romano 
Abstract:
The study of resilience and its associated factors is highly applicable to child welfare as children living in out-of-home care have often experienced adversity and are vulnerable to the development of difficulties across various domains. The use of qualitative research in the study of resilience is scarce, with the majority of such studies based on the U.K. or U.S. child welfare systems. Therefore, the goal of this study was to gain child welfare workers’ perspectives on resilience and to explore factors that they believe influence resilience. Eleven child welfare workers from Ontario (Canada) participated in a semi-structured interview, which was developed using an ecological perspective and as such, inquired about sources of resilience from within children themselves, their family, their community, and the child welfare worker and agency. A number of factors associated with resilience (e.g., child intelligence) were identified; however, the critical importance of a child’s relationships underpinned all factors discussed. In addition, the dynamic interrelationships between levels of the ecological model and how these can impact a child’s resilience were highlighted. The findings highlight the importance of including the perspectives of all those involved in the child welfare system in assessing the well-being of children in out-of-home care.

Abstract #186
Implementing the Resilience Framework in Kinship Care Practice
Presenter: Lindsay Hill 
Abstract:
The Resilience Framework (RF) was developed by Hart, Blincow and Thomas (2007). It emphasises the co-production of knowledge and methods of working which are sensitive to the dynamic, political and relational nature of care. In the UK formal kinship care is a term that is used to refer to statutory arrangements in which children who have experienced abuse are looked after by extended family members. Research has identified that carers are living in situations of disadvantage and that their support needs are unmet. Kinship carers and the children they were caring for were engaged in collaborative action research. A research group comprised of seven kinship carers met for a period of twelve months, they learnt about the RF approach and explored ways of applying it in their care of children. Photo- voice was a method used to enable carers to reflect on their caring practices. Carers acquired a language through which to talk about doing kinship care. It increased their sensitivity to children and highlighted for them their own needs as carers. The impact of the subtle processes of power and disadvantage were revealed in the pictures they brought to the group. Drawing on an ethic of care the paper will also focus on how practitioners can seek to maintain responsiveness to what RF informed interventions are designed to achieve and the impact they have for children.

Presenters
LH

Lindsay Hill

Lindsay’s professional background is in social work and she currently works as a senior lecturer at Brighton University where she teaches on qualifying social work programmes. Her theoretical interests are in feminism, ethics and resilience. She is interested in user involvement... Read More →
LM

Lise Milne

Lise Milne is a fourth-year Ph.D. student at McGill University. She has worked for six years at the McGill Centre for Research on Children and Families on several child welfare research projects and has been a course lecturer for undergraduate and graduate social work courses. Lise... Read More →
TB

Tessa Bell

Tessa Bell is a postdoctoral fellow, funded by the Ontario Mental Health Foundation, at the University of Ottawa. Her postdoctoral research relates to the topic of resilience and risk among children and youth in out-of-home care. Specifically, she is interested in what risk and protective... Read More →

Co-Presenters
DC

Delphine Collin-Vezina

Dr. at McGill University Dr. Delphine Collin-Vézina is the Tier II Canadian Child Welfare Research Chair, an Associate Professor in Social Work at McGill University, and the director of the McGill Centre for Research on Children and Families. She is a clinical and developmental... Read More →
ER

Elisa Romano

Associate Professor at University of Ottawa Elisa Romano is an Associate Professor in the School of Psychology at the University of Ottawa (Ottawa, Canada). She is also a registered clinical psychologist in the province of Ontario. 
avatar for Christine Wekerle

Christine Wekerle

McMaster University
Dr at McMaster University Christine Wekerle, is associate professor at Department of Pediatrics – Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University. She is the lead investigator in the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) funded Boys’ and Men’s Health Team grant. Her... Read More →


Wednesday June 17, 2015 11:00am - 12:30pm
Seminar Room NAB 2nd Floor, King's College

11:00am

Culture as Resilience in Indigenous Communities - David Mykota, Andrew Hatala, Carol Kauppi
Culture as Resilience in Indigenous Communities:

Abstract #86
Honouring Our Strengths: Indigenous Culture as Intervention in Addictions Treatment
Presenter: David Mykota 
Abstract:
Drug addiction among Indigenous peoples is a serious health concern in Canada. Indigenous knowledge shares that traditional culture is vital for client healing. However, there is an absence of empirical documentation regarding the impact of traditional cultural practices on client wellness. Our project is the first of its kind in Canada’s addictions field and is suitably timed with renewal processes underway in Canada’s First Nations treatment system for the establishment of a culturally competent evidence base to document the nature and the effectiveness of engaging cultural interventions within treatment programs. The aim of our community-based research team’s work is to evaluate the effectiveness of First Nations culture as a health intervention in alcohol and drug treatment. We involved: 1) Treatment Centre environmental scan participants (staff, clients and community members, 2) Indigenous knowledge keepers (Elders and other traditional knowledge keepers), 3) Western-trained research team members. Our work has resulted in the establishment of a wellness framework addressing physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual well-being. From this, a valid instrument to measure the impact of cultural interventions on client wellness was drafted and is currently being field-tested. We look forward to sharing this information broadly through innovative, informative and engaging knowledge translation products.

Abstract #183
Mental Illness, Resilience, And A Concept Of The "Future": Identifying Strategies Of Resilience And Mental Health Among Inner-City First Nations And Métis Youth
Presenter: Andrew Hatala
Abstract:
Mental illnesses enact a significant toll on Canadian youth, yet are unevenly distributed throughout the country. Estimates suggest that 15% of young Canadians between the ages of 10 and 19 cope with anxiety, depression, or addictions, while estimates among Aboriginal populations are twice the national average (35%), with addictions and suicide being five times national averages. These inequities signal a crucial need for research among Aboriginal youth. This study employed a mixed-methods approach within the inner-city contexts of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. The Child and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM-28) was administered to approximately 100 First Nations and Metis youth to identify sources of stress, risk, and resilience. In-depth qualitative stories and a photovoice project further occurred with 12 youth to phenomenologically elucidate successful coping strategies. The results of this research identified several strategies for successful coping, like cultural continuity and spirituality, but also highlight the importance of youth having a concept for and conception of the “future.” Those youth who could conceptualize and imaginatively project into the “future” were seen to be the most resilient. This research can inform early intervention theory and policy to promote the mental health of Aboriginal children and youth in Saskatoon and other Canadian urban contexts.

Abstract #207
Resilience among Indigenous Youth: A Retrospective, Narrative Study
Presenter: Carol Kauppi Co - Presenters: Arshi Shaikh, Honarine Scott 
Abstract:
This presentation describes a study conducted using a qualitative participatory action research (PAR) design and a narrative approach. This retrospective study explores resilience among Indigenous youth based on the experiences, perspectives and narratives of a Mushkegowuk Cree storyteller reflecting upon his youth. The narrative analysis was guided by a resilience model to identify themes of resilience within an Indigenous context. Issues relating to the political and cultural contexts of the participant’s early life, personal experiences of adversity and elements of resilience will be discussed. Resilience was evident in the relationships developed by the participant. Both Indigenous and non-Indigenous resources available to him in the community enabled him to survive in the face of extreme hardship. The findings underscore the importance of addressing issues that impact on youth resilience at the individual, family and community levels. Through the medium of storytelling, this study begins to address the lack of research about resilience among Indigenous youth. Storytelling, based on the experiences of individuals, is a powerful method of sharing life lessons for the benefit of the next generation. This study contributes to the on-going conversation of how to develop supportive services that foster health and well-being among Indigenous youth.

Presenters
AH

Andrew Hatala

Andrew R. Hatala was a Ph.D. student in the Culture, Health and Human Development program at the University of Saskatchewan. His Ph.D. research involved looking at how Western medical models of mental health treatment and conceptualization compare with Indigenous knowledge and approaches... Read More →
CK

Carol Kauppi

Professor at Laurentian UniversityCarol Kauppi is the Director of Poverty, Homelessness and Migration, a five-year research project dealing with homelessness and migration in northern Ontario. She is also Professor of Social Work and Director of the Centre for Research in Social Justice... Read More →
DM

David Mykota

University of Saskatchewan
David Mykota is an Associate Professor in the College of Education, Department of Educational Psychology & Special Education, at the University of Saskatchewan. His research areas include substance abuse, program evaluation, resiliency, e-learning, and child and youth psychopatho... Read More →

Co-Presenters
HS

Honarine Scott

Clinical Treatment Worker at Native Child and Family Services of Toronto Honarine Scott, M.S.W, completed her master's degree at Laurentian University. Her employment has focused on child, adolescent and family services for Indigenous people. Her master's thesis explored resilience... Read More →
AS

Arshi Shaikh

Assistant Professor, Renison University College-University of Waterloo
Arshi Shaikh, Ph.D, is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Social Development Studies at Renison University College-University of Waterloo and an Adjunct Professor at Laurentian University, Sudbury. She is a Registered Social Worker in the province of Ontario. Dr. Shaikh’s... Read More →


Wednesday June 17, 2015 11:00am - 12:30pm
Classroom 3 A&A Lower Floor, King's College

11:00am

Early Childhood Resilience - Geraldine Oades-Sese, Betul Alaca, Sheila McDonald
Early Childhood Resilience:

Abstract #130
Building Resilience in Civilian and Military Children the Sesame Street Way
Presenter: Geraldine Oades-Sese Co - Presenter: Noor Mahmood
Abstract:
The purpose of the Sesame Street Resilience Project was to determine the effectiveness of the multimedia educator’s toolkit, Little Children, Big Challenges in promoting resilience in young children ages 3 to 5. Teachers were trained to implement a 12-week resilience-based intervention in their classrooms. The intervention group focused on enhancing children’s social-emotional resilience, while the active control group focused on building physical/mental resilience through healthy eating and exercise. Participants included 159 preschool teachers, 822 parents, and 3,180 civilian and military-connected preschool children from state preschools, Head Start Centers, and Military Child Developmental Centers in San Diego, California.  Sixty school sites were randomly assigned to an active control or intervention group. Within each classroom, five children from each classroom were randomly selected to be evaluated during pre- and post-intervention for a total of 822 children.  Child outcomes were measured using standardized rating scales from teachers and parents as well as direct testing of children’s skills. Findings demonstrated that the intervention increased children’s adaptive skills, decreased depression and anxiety, enhanced children’s relationships with their parents and teachers, and increased children’s social skills, emotional competence, and emotional literacy. The differential effects of the intervention between civilian and military children are discussed.

Abstract #149
Children To Children In Faraway Places: Gaining Insight Into Preschooler’s Views Of Their Communities
Presenter: Betul Alaca Co - Presenters: Claudia Rocca, Stefania Maggi
Abstract:
In this presentation, we will report results from a study that sought to understand how young children perceive their residential communities. Conducted as part of an international initiative (Kids in Places), children’s insights were gathered in the context of a cultural exchange between five Canadian and five Italian preschools. Approximately 100 children between the ages of 3 and 5 were asked to share their views of the social and physical spaces within their community with other children who live in a ‘faraway place’. Towards this aim, children engaged in a series of drawing and photo-taking activities to describe their communities, thereby generating rich qualitative data for this study. Half of the children were audio recorded as they verbally described their drawings and photos – these accounts are being used to guide our data analyses. Preliminary analyses show that preschool children understand the concept of community as extending beyond their home and school environments. Further analyses are currently underway. Results will be presented with specific reference to the socio-economic and social characteristics of the communities that the children described. Implications of the results will be discussed, with an emphasis on children’s views and how they may be related to community resilience.

Abstract #226
Risk And Resilience Factors For Early Child Development: A Community-Based Cohort Study In Alberta, Canada
Presenter: Sheila McDonald 
Abstract:
One in six children experience developmental problems at school entry; however, we lack a comprehensive understanding of risk and protective factors. The objectives of this study were to describe the key risk factors for poor child development at age 12 months and to identify factors that reduce the potentially adverse influence of poor maternal mental health and low socioeconomic status on child development. Methods: Data used is from the All Our Babies study, a prospective pregnancy cohort in Calgary, Alberta. The associations between putative risk factors and poor child development were examined in bivariate and multivariable analyses. A bivariate resilience analysis was also conducted to identify factors related to positive child development in the presence of maternal mental health or sociodemographic risk. Results: Key risk factors for poor child development included poor maternal mental health during pregnancy, low community resource use, and lack of adult interaction in the first postpartum year. Parenting efficacy, uptake of community resources and increased adult interaction were protective of poor child development among children most at risk for this outcome. Conclusions: As many of the identified risk and protective factors are modifiable, these results can inform community based strategies to optimize early childhood development.

Presenters
BA

Betul Alaca

Betul is completing her final year in the Bachelor of Honours Psychology program at Carleton University (Ottawa, Canada). She is interested in the ways in which early learning environments and residential communities can promote healthy child development. Betul is currently writing... Read More →
GO

Geraldine Oades-Sese

Geraldine V. Oades-Sese, Ph.D., is an Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and the Associate Director of the Institute for the Study of Child Development, Rutgers RWJ Medical School. She is also the Director of the Research Lab for Resilience and Early Childhood Development. Her research... Read More →

Co-Presenters
avatar for Stefania Maggi

Stefania Maggi

Associate Professor, Carleton University
Associate Professor, Leading Investigator for the Kids in Places Initiative at Carleton University Stefania is Associate Professor at Carleton University (Ottawa, Canada) with the Institute of Interdisciplinary Studies, Child Studies Program, and the Department of Psychology. She... Read More →
NM

Noor Mahmood

Research Assistant at Rutgers University Noor Mahmood is an undergraduate senior at Rutgers University, pursing a joint degree in biology and psychology, with a minor in nutrition. She is the Lab Manager for the Resilience Lab and is an eboard member for Project HEAL. She has also... Read More →
CR

Claudia Rocca

Canadian Project Coordinator for the Kids in Places Initiative at Carleton University Claudia is the Canadian Project Coordinator for the Kids in Places Initiative. She obtained a Masters degree in Social Psychology from Carleton University, Canada for research on the allocation... Read More →


Wednesday June 17, 2015 11:00am - 12:30pm
Frazee Room NAB 2nd Floor, King's College

11:00am

Health - Shannon Ryan-Carson, Helena Hernansaiz-Garrido, Sayma Malik
Health:

Abtract #95
A Novel Community-Based Intervention To Enhance Health Promotion, Risk Factor Management And Chronic Disease Prevention
Presenter: Shannon Ryan-Carson
Abstract:
Chronic disease is a highly expensive but preventable problem to the healthcare system. Evidence suggests that impacting modifiable behaviours and risk management factors in the areas of physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, stress, and obesity can alleviate the burden of chronic disease problem to a large extent. Despite this recognition, the challenge is embedding these recognized priorities into the community and in primary care in a sustainable and meaningful manner. Primary Health Care (PHC) in Capital Health responded to this challenge by developing and implementing a free, interprofessional and community-based service, namely, the Community Health Teams that offers health and wellness, risk factor management, wellness navigation and behaviour-based programming.  In this presentation, the development and implementation of the CHTs will be discussed. Preliminary outcomes for the model are significant and promising.

Abstract #184
Differences In The Use Of Coping Strategies In High- And Low-Resilience Individuals From Four different Health-Related Conditions
Presenter: Helena Hernansaiz-Garrido Co - Presenters: Rocío Rodríguez-Rey, Jesús Alonso-Tapia, Miguel Ángel Ruiz-Díaz, Carmen Nieto-Vizcaíno
Abstract:
Shown resilience vary in degree across situations, and although coping strategies have been conceptualised as ‘styles’, different situations trigger different degrees of coping strategies use. 
The aim of the study was relating use of coping strategies to resilience outcomes in different problem situations. Individuals who were HIV+ (N=60), had cancer (N=22), had children with cancer (N=62) or were healthy (N=249; total N=393) completed the subjective contextual resilience scale (SCRS) –which considers five problem areas– and a contextual coping scale (CCS) that comprised eight strategies. We obtained a high- and a low-resilience group for each sample and conducted ANOVAs to study what coping strategies differed in degree of use between the high and low resilience groups in each sample.
Results show that HIV+ high- and low-resilience groups differed in their use of all strategies except for problem-solving and thinking-avoidance strategies. Cancer groups differed only in rumination, and parents groups did in rumination, self-blaming, positive-thinking and thinking-avoidance. Lastly, healthy groups differed in rumination, emotional expression, self-blaming and positive-thinking.
In conclusion, some strategies are more important for certain types of problem situations, so different interventions should be implemented depending on the specific problem.

Abstract #221
Are Stress, Distress and Resilience Associated with Renal Complications in Youth with Type 2 Diabetes? Preliminary Results from the iCARE Cohort Study
Presenter: Sayma Malik 
Abstract:
Are stress, distress and resilience associated with renal complications in youth with type 2 diabetes? Preliminary results from the iCARE cohort study.
Malik S, Dart AB, Sellers EA, Wicklow B, Dean H, Walker J, Chateau D, Blydt-Hansen TD, McGavock J
Youth with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) are at high risk for renal failure in early adulthood. The iCARE study is evaluating the association between psychological factors and albuminuria (early marker of kidney complications) in a cohort of First Nations youth with T2DM. Methods:Youth with T2DM 10-25 years of age were recruited from the Manitoba Diabetes Education Resource for Children and Adolescents. A case-control study (cases with and controls without albuminuria) was performed to assess the association between perceived stress (PSS-14), distress (K6), and resilience (RSCA) with the presence of albuminuria. Results: 122 youth with T2DM have been recruited to date (40 with albuminuria and 82 without). No differences were seen in BMI z-scores or perceived stress, between cases and controls. Youth with albuminuria displayed higher A1c (worse glycemic control), elevated systolic blood pressure, and more significant psychological distress.  Resiliency (specifically mastery) was the same between groups, however associated with better glycemic control. Conclusions:Psychological distress is independently associated with albuminuria in youth onset T2DM, in addition to poor glycemic control and hypertension. Lower levels of distress and higher levels of mastery are associated with better glycemic control.

Presenters
avatar for Helena Hernansaiz-Garrido

Helena Hernansaiz-Garrido

Ph. D Candidate, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
Helena Hernansaiz-Garrido is a Ph.D candidate at Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain, who develops her work in the area of resilience in health issues, particularly with People Living with HIV. She is also interested and engaged in research related to associated stigma and lack... Read More →
SM

Sayma Malik

Assistant Professor and Clinical Psychologist, University of Manitoba
Sayma Malik is a clinical psychologist and assistant professor in the Department of Clinical Health Psychology, College of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Manitoba. She received her doctorate in Clinical Psychology at the California School of Professional... Read More →

Co-Presenters
JA

Jesús Alonso-Tapia

Professor at Universidad Autónoma de Madrid Jesús Alonso-Tapia is a full-time Professor in Psychological and Educational Assessment at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. Specialized in Motivation, self-regulation, resilience and learning assessment, he received the First National... Read More →
CN

Carmen Nieto-Vizcaíno

Ph.D at Universidad Autónoma de Madrid Carmen Nieto-Vizcaíno is a Ph.D teacher in the Experimental Psychology Department at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. She is interested in the study of basic processes in children with developmental difficulties, especially in children... Read More →
RR

Rocío Rodríguez-Rey

Rocío Rodríguez-Rey is a Health Psychologist and a Ph.D candidate in the Department of Biological and Health Psychology at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain. Her field of interest is resilience, mental health, and posttraumatic growth in children who suffer from severe... Read More →
MA

Miguel Ángel Ruiz-Díaz

Ph.D at Universidad Autónoma de Madrid Miguel Ángel Ruiz-Díaz is a Ph.D teacher in Multivariate Techniques at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. He has collaborated in the development and adaptation to Spanish language of several quality of life measures.


Wednesday June 17, 2015 11:00am - 12:30pm
Vroom Room A&A Lower Floor, King's College

11:00am

Pathways to Resilience in Adverse Settings - Devin Atallah, Michele Grossman, Mokoena Patronella Maepa
Pathways to Resilience in Adverse Settings:

Abstract #154
Beyond the Siege’s Shadow: Pathways to Intergenerational Resilience in Palestinian Refugee Families
Presenter: Devin Atallah 
Abstract:
The purpose of this presentation is to share the empirical findings of a study that investigated the resilience pathways of Palestinian refugee families living under the Israeli occupation over several generations. The study utilized transdisciplinary community-based approaches to research and qualitative methods when interviewing 5 extended families in a United Nations refugee camp in the West Bank. First, the researcher identified families with living elders who were forcibly removed from their indigenous lands in 1948. Subsequently, 25 semi-structured family and individual interviews were conducted with 3 generations within each of the 5 participating families. Using grounded theory situational analysis, an empirical model of intergenerational family adaptation in response to longstanding multifaceted political violence emerged. This model articulates key protective practices that Palestinian refugee families pass down across generations and theorizes family resilience within three themes: resistance to military siege and structural violence; return to cultural roots despite historical and ongoing displacement; and perseverance through continuous adversities and accumulating traumas. These findings offer helpful indicators of positive adjustment across multiple stages in the lifespan development of Palestinian refugees while contributing to literatures on intergenerational resilience in postcolonial settings with marginalized families exposed to historical trauma and continuous structural violence.

Abstract #180
‘You Need To Show You Care’: Cultural Diversity And Community Resilience Against Violent Extremism
Presenter: Michele Grossman 
Abstract:
This paper considers several key findings from a recent Australian study (Grossman and Tahiri 2014) investigating the role of cultural diversity in the context of resilience to violent extremism. Traditionally, counter-terrorism and emergency management resilience research and policy have focused largely on community risks and vulnerabilities (Grossman, 2014; Weine and Ahmed, 2012). By contrast, our study adopts an asset-based approach (Mohaupt 2009) that looks to both older and newer multi-faith Australian ethnocultural communities to identify elements of cultural identities, values, practices and beliefs that enable them to withstand and reject violence as a solution to social and political grievances and concerns. Based on qualitative data from more than 80 Lebanese-, Indonesian-, Somali- and South/Sudanese-Australian participants, key cross-cutting elements of ‘resilience capital’ both within and across cultures in the context of violent extremism emerged from the data. However, some culturally specific strategies for managing the uptake of violent extremism in communities, including complex dynamics of shame, social belonging and status, suggest that these can simultaneously strengthen and erode cultural and community resilience. The findings also emphasise the close relationship between the general capacity of resilient communities to be strong and well and maintaining resilience against violent extremism in particular.

Abstract #217
Self-Esteem And Resilience Differences Among Street Children Compared To Non-Street Children In Limpopo Province Of South Africa
Presenter: Mokoena Patronella Maepa
Abstract:
Street children phenomenon is an evitable social problem. Using an independent sample group design, this study aimed at exploring the differences in self-esteem and resilience among street children (N= 300) 8-18 years with the mean age of 15.92 (SD= 1.89) were selected using purposive sampling method non-street children (N=300) with ages ranging from 8-18 years with mean age of 15.46 (SD= 1.87). A questionnaire with four sections was used (section A: demographic information, section B: self-esteem scale and section C: resilience scale). An independent t-test was used to test the study hypothesis. The study revealed that street children reported low self-esteem t(598) = 20.03, p< .000 and  poor resilience t(598) = 9.48, p< .000 compared to non-street children. The study therefore concluded that street children and non-street children differ on self-esteem and resilience. Recommendations and implications are discussed.



Presenters
DA

Devin Atallah

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Harvard Medical School
Devin Atallah, PhD, is currently a Postdoctoral Research Fellow with Harvard Medical School, Department of Global Health and Social Medicine. Dr. Atallah completed a doctorate in Clinical Psychology from University of Massachusetts, Boston (UMB), where he focused his dissertation... Read More →
MG

Michele Grossman

Dr Michele Grossman is Professor of Cultural Studies and Director of the Centre for Cultural Diversity and Wellbeing at Victoria University, Melbourne. Her research and publications focus on cultural diversity and countering violent extremism; community engagement in policing; and... Read More →
MP

Mokoena Patronella Maepa

Im am a qualified Clinical Psychologist who used to work at a government institution with a variety of clients.Currently I am a lecturer at North-West University at the Psychoogy department. I am involve in teaching undrgraduate and post-graduate programmes. I also co-cordinate the... Read More →


Wednesday June 17, 2015 11:00am - 12:30pm
Haliburton Room A&A Main Floor, King's College