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Concurrent Paper Presentations [clear filter]
Wednesday, June 17


Children in Care - Lise Milne, Tessa Bell , Lindsay Hill
Children in Care:

Abstract #128
A Trauma-Informed Analysis of the Trajectories and Resilience Capacities of Youth in Child Protective Services Group Care
Presenter:Lise Milne Co - Presenters: Delphine Collin-Vézina, Christine Wekerle
This presentation describes findings on a population of youth in out-of-home group care (OHGC) who participated in the Maltreatment and Adolescent Pathways (MAP) study, the first Canadian longitudinal study of youth involved with Child Protective Services. Trauma-informed assessments of youth in OHGC is an especially growing concern in light of their well-documented trauma exposures, multiple victimizations, behavior problems and acute mental health symptoms. Youth also experience additional chronic stressors including separation from families, peers, and communities, multiple moves, impermanence, and uncertainty. Three related areas will be examined: (1) The profiles of youth at baseline regarding their traumatic experiences, trauma-related symptoms, age, gender, and length of time in care; (2) Their trajectories six months later, with regard to how their mental health profiles evolved over time; and (3) Their trajectories 18 months later, with regard to their resilience capacities in relation to previous and current mental health. The aim is to better understand the trauma profiles and trajectories of this vulnerable, yet understudied population. In addition, it aims to identify the conditions that support the healthy development of youth who lack individual, family, community, and socio-political resources to sustain health and well-being in the face of multiple adversities.

Abstract #156
Child Resilience in Out-of-Home Care: Child Welfare Worker Perspectives 
Presenter: Tessa Bell Co - Presenters: Elisa Romano 
The study of resilience and its associated factors is highly applicable to child welfare as children living in out-of-home care have often experienced adversity and are vulnerable to the development of difficulties across various domains. The use of qualitative research in the study of resilience is scarce, with the majority of such studies based on the U.K. or U.S. child welfare systems. Therefore, the goal of this study was to gain child welfare workers’ perspectives on resilience and to explore factors that they believe influence resilience. Eleven child welfare workers from Ontario (Canada) participated in a semi-structured interview, which was developed using an ecological perspective and as such, inquired about sources of resilience from within children themselves, their family, their community, and the child welfare worker and agency. A number of factors associated with resilience (e.g., child intelligence) were identified; however, the critical importance of a child’s relationships underpinned all factors discussed. In addition, the dynamic interrelationships between levels of the ecological model and how these can impact a child’s resilience were highlighted. The findings highlight the importance of including the perspectives of all those involved in the child welfare system in assessing the well-being of children in out-of-home care.

Abstract #186
Implementing the Resilience Framework in Kinship Care Practice
Presenter: Lindsay Hill 
The Resilience Framework (RF) was developed by Hart, Blincow and Thomas (2007). It emphasises the co-production of knowledge and methods of working which are sensitive to the dynamic, political and relational nature of care. In the UK formal kinship care is a term that is used to refer to statutory arrangements in which children who have experienced abuse are looked after by extended family members. Research has identified that carers are living in situations of disadvantage and that their support needs are unmet. Kinship carers and the children they were caring for were engaged in collaborative action research. A research group comprised of seven kinship carers met for a period of twelve months, they learnt about the RF approach and explored ways of applying it in their care of children. Photo- voice was a method used to enable carers to reflect on their caring practices. Carers acquired a language through which to talk about doing kinship care. It increased their sensitivity to children and highlighted for them their own needs as carers. The impact of the subtle processes of power and disadvantage were revealed in the pictures they brought to the group. Drawing on an ethic of care the paper will also focus on how practitioners can seek to maintain responsiveness to what RF informed interventions are designed to achieve and the impact they have for children.


Lindsay Hill

Lindsay’s professional background is in social work and she currently works as a senior lecturer at Brighton University where she teaches on qualifying social work programmes. Her theoretical interests are in feminism, ethics and resilience. She is interested in user involvement... Read More →

Lise Milne

Lise Milne is a fourth-year Ph.D. student at McGill University. She has worked for six years at the McGill Centre for Research on Children and Families on several child welfare research projects and has been a course lecturer for undergraduate and graduate social work courses. Lise... Read More →

Tessa Bell

Tessa Bell is a postdoctoral fellow, funded by the Ontario Mental Health Foundation, at the University of Ottawa. Her postdoctoral research relates to the topic of resilience and risk among children and youth in out-of-home care. Specifically, she is interested in what risk and protective... Read More →


Delphine Collin-Vezina

Dr. at McGill University Dr. Delphine Collin-Vézina is the Tier II Canadian Child Welfare Research Chair, an Associate Professor in Social Work at McGill University, and the director of the McGill Centre for Research on Children and Families. She is a clinical and developmental... Read More →

Elisa Romano

Associate Professor at University of Ottawa Elisa Romano is an Associate Professor in the School of Psychology at the University of Ottawa (Ottawa, Canada). She is also a registered clinical psychologist in the province of Ontario. 
avatar for Christine Wekerle

Christine Wekerle

McMaster University
Dr at McMaster University Christine Wekerle, is associate professor at Department of Pediatrics – Faculty of Health Sciences, McMaster University. She is the lead investigator in the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) funded Boys’ and Men’s Health Team grant. Her... Read More →

Wednesday June 17, 2015 11:00am - 12:30pm
Seminar Room NAB 2nd Floor, King's College


Culture as Resilience in Indigenous Communities - David Mykota, Andrew Hatala, Carol Kauppi
Culture as Resilience in Indigenous Communities:

Abstract #86
Honouring Our Strengths: Indigenous Culture as Intervention in Addictions Treatment
Presenter: David Mykota 
Drug addiction among Indigenous peoples is a serious health concern in Canada. Indigenous knowledge shares that traditional culture is vital for client healing. However, there is an absence of empirical documentation regarding the impact of traditional cultural practices on client wellness. Our project is the first of its kind in Canada’s addictions field and is suitably timed with renewal processes underway in Canada’s First Nations treatment system for the establishment of a culturally competent evidence base to document the nature and the effectiveness of engaging cultural interventions within treatment programs. The aim of our community-based research team’s work is to evaluate the effectiveness of First Nations culture as a health intervention in alcohol and drug treatment. We involved: 1) Treatment Centre environmental scan participants (staff, clients and community members, 2) Indigenous knowledge keepers (Elders and other traditional knowledge keepers), 3) Western-trained research team members. Our work has resulted in the establishment of a wellness framework addressing physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual well-being. From this, a valid instrument to measure the impact of cultural interventions on client wellness was drafted and is currently being field-tested. We look forward to sharing this information broadly through innovative, informative and engaging knowledge translation products.

Abstract #183
Mental Illness, Resilience, And A Concept Of The "Future": Identifying Strategies Of Resilience And Mental Health Among Inner-City First Nations And Métis Youth
Presenter: Andrew Hatala
Mental illnesses enact a significant toll on Canadian youth, yet are unevenly distributed throughout the country. Estimates suggest that 15% of young Canadians between the ages of 10 and 19 cope with anxiety, depression, or addictions, while estimates among Aboriginal populations are twice the national average (35%), with addictions and suicide being five times national averages. These inequities signal a crucial need for research among Aboriginal youth. This study employed a mixed-methods approach within the inner-city contexts of Saskatoon, Saskatchewan. The Child and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM-28) was administered to approximately 100 First Nations and Metis youth to identify sources of stress, risk, and resilience. In-depth qualitative stories and a photovoice project further occurred with 12 youth to phenomenologically elucidate successful coping strategies. The results of this research identified several strategies for successful coping, like cultural continuity and spirituality, but also highlight the importance of youth having a concept for and conception of the “future.” Those youth who could conceptualize and imaginatively project into the “future” were seen to be the most resilient. This research can inform early intervention theory and policy to promote the mental health of Aboriginal children and youth in Saskatoon and other Canadian urban contexts.

Abstract #207
Resilience among Indigenous Youth: A Retrospective, Narrative Study
Presenter: Carol Kauppi Co - Presenters: Arshi Shaikh, Honarine Scott 
This presentation describes a study conducted using a qualitative participatory action research (PAR) design and a narrative approach. This retrospective study explores resilience among Indigenous youth based on the experiences, perspectives and narratives of a Mushkegowuk Cree storyteller reflecting upon his youth. The narrative analysis was guided by a resilience model to identify themes of resilience within an Indigenous context. Issues relating to the political and cultural contexts of the participant’s early life, personal experiences of adversity and elements of resilience will be discussed. Resilience was evident in the relationships developed by the participant. Both Indigenous and non-Indigenous resources available to him in the community enabled him to survive in the face of extreme hardship. The findings underscore the importance of addressing issues that impact on youth resilience at the individual, family and community levels. Through the medium of storytelling, this study begins to address the lack of research about resilience among Indigenous youth. Storytelling, based on the experiences of individuals, is a powerful method of sharing life lessons for the benefit of the next generation. This study contributes to the on-going conversation of how to develop supportive services that foster health and well-being among Indigenous youth.


Andrew Hatala

Andrew R. Hatala was a Ph.D. student in the Culture, Health and Human Development program at the University of Saskatchewan. His Ph.D. research involved looking at how Western medical models of mental health treatment and conceptualization compare with Indigenous knowledge and approaches... Read More →

Carol Kauppi

Professor at Laurentian UniversityCarol Kauppi is the Director of Poverty, Homelessness and Migration, a five-year research project dealing with homelessness and migration in northern Ontario. She is also Professor of Social Work and Director of the Centre for Research in Social Justice... Read More →

David Mykota

University of Saskatchewan
David Mykota is an Associate Professor in the College of Education, Department of Educational Psychology & Special Education, at the University of Saskatchewan. His research areas include substance abuse, program evaluation, resiliency, e-learning, and child and youth psychopatho... Read More →


Honarine Scott

Clinical Treatment Worker at Native Child and Family Services of Toronto Honarine Scott, M.S.W, completed her master's degree at Laurentian University. Her employment has focused on child, adolescent and family services for Indigenous people. Her master's thesis explored resilience... Read More →

Arshi Shaikh

Assistant Professor, Renison University College-University of Waterloo
Arshi Shaikh, Ph.D, is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Social Development Studies at Renison University College-University of Waterloo and an Adjunct Professor at Laurentian University, Sudbury. She is a Registered Social Worker in the province of Ontario. Dr. Shaikh’s... Read More →

Wednesday June 17, 2015 11:00am - 12:30pm
Classroom 3 A&A Lower Floor, King's College


Early Childhood Resilience - Geraldine Oades-Sese, Betul Alaca, Sheila McDonald
Early Childhood Resilience:

Abstract #130
Building Resilience in Civilian and Military Children the Sesame Street Way
Presenter: Geraldine Oades-Sese Co - Presenter: Noor Mahmood
The purpose of the Sesame Street Resilience Project was to determine the effectiveness of the multimedia educator’s toolkit, Little Children, Big Challenges in promoting resilience in young children ages 3 to 5. Teachers were trained to implement a 12-week resilience-based intervention in their classrooms. The intervention group focused on enhancing children’s social-emotional resilience, while the active control group focused on building physical/mental resilience through healthy eating and exercise. Participants included 159 preschool teachers, 822 parents, and 3,180 civilian and military-connected preschool children from state preschools, Head Start Centers, and Military Child Developmental Centers in San Diego, California.  Sixty school sites were randomly assigned to an active control or intervention group. Within each classroom, five children from each classroom were randomly selected to be evaluated during pre- and post-intervention for a total of 822 children.  Child outcomes were measured using standardized rating scales from teachers and parents as well as direct testing of children’s skills. Findings demonstrated that the intervention increased children’s adaptive skills, decreased depression and anxiety, enhanced children’s relationships with their parents and teachers, and increased children’s social skills, emotional competence, and emotional literacy. The differential effects of the intervention between civilian and military children are discussed.

Abstract #149
Children To Children In Faraway Places: Gaining Insight Into Preschooler’s Views Of Their Communities
Presenter: Betul Alaca Co - Presenters: Claudia Rocca, Stefania Maggi
In this presentation, we will report results from a study that sought to understand how young children perceive their residential communities. Conducted as part of an international initiative (Kids in Places), children’s insights were gathered in the context of a cultural exchange between five Canadian and five Italian preschools. Approximately 100 children between the ages of 3 and 5 were asked to share their views of the social and physical spaces within their community with other children who live in a ‘faraway place’. Towards this aim, children engaged in a series of drawing and photo-taking activities to describe their communities, thereby generating rich qualitative data for this study. Half of the children were audio recorded as they verbally described their drawings and photos – these accounts are being used to guide our data analyses. Preliminary analyses show that preschool children understand the concept of community as extending beyond their home and school environments. Further analyses are currently underway. Results will be presented with specific reference to the socio-economic and social characteristics of the communities that the children described. Implications of the results will be discussed, with an emphasis on children’s views and how they may be related to community resilience.

Abstract #226
Risk And Resilience Factors For Early Child Development: A Community-Based Cohort Study In Alberta, Canada
Presenter: Sheila McDonald 
One in six children experience developmental problems at school entry; however, we lack a comprehensive understanding of risk and protective factors. The objectives of this study were to describe the key risk factors for poor child development at age 12 months and to identify factors that reduce the potentially adverse influence of poor maternal mental health and low socioeconomic status on child development. Methods: Data used is from the All Our Babies study, a prospective pregnancy cohort in Calgary, Alberta. The associations between putative risk factors and poor child development were examined in bivariate and multivariable analyses. A bivariate resilience analysis was also conducted to identify factors related to positive child development in the presence of maternal mental health or sociodemographic risk. Results: Key risk factors for poor child development included poor maternal mental health during pregnancy, low community resource use, and lack of adult interaction in the first postpartum year. Parenting efficacy, uptake of community resources and increased adult interaction were protective of poor child development among children most at risk for this outcome. Conclusions: As many of the identified risk and protective factors are modifiable, these results can inform community based strategies to optimize early childhood development.


Betul Alaca

Betul is completing her final year in the Bachelor of Honours Psychology program at Carleton University (Ottawa, Canada). She is interested in the ways in which early learning environments and residential communities can promote healthy child development. Betul is currently writing... Read More →

Geraldine Oades-Sese

Geraldine V. Oades-Sese, Ph.D., is an Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and the Associate Director of the Institute for the Study of Child Development, Rutgers RWJ Medical School. She is also the Director of the Research Lab for Resilience and Early Childhood Development. Her research... Read More →

avatar for Stefania Maggi

Stefania Maggi

Associate Professor, Carleton University
Associate Professor, Leading Investigator for the Kids in Places Initiative at Carleton University Stefania is Associate Professor at Carleton University (Ottawa, Canada) with the Institute of Interdisciplinary Studies, Child Studies Program, and the Department of Psychology. She... Read More →

Noor Mahmood

Research Assistant at Rutgers University Noor Mahmood is an undergraduate senior at Rutgers University, pursing a joint degree in biology and psychology, with a minor in nutrition. She is the Lab Manager for the Resilience Lab and is an eboard member for Project HEAL. She has also... Read More →

Claudia Rocca

Canadian Project Coordinator for the Kids in Places Initiative at Carleton University Claudia is the Canadian Project Coordinator for the Kids in Places Initiative. She obtained a Masters degree in Social Psychology from Carleton University, Canada for research on the allocation... Read More →

Wednesday June 17, 2015 11:00am - 12:30pm
Frazee Room NAB 2nd Floor, King's College


Health - Shannon Ryan-Carson, Helena Hernansaiz-Garrido, Sayma Malik

Abtract #95
A Novel Community-Based Intervention To Enhance Health Promotion, Risk Factor Management And Chronic Disease Prevention
Presenter: Shannon Ryan-Carson
Chronic disease is a highly expensive but preventable problem to the healthcare system. Evidence suggests that impacting modifiable behaviours and risk management factors in the areas of physical inactivity, unhealthy diet, stress, and obesity can alleviate the burden of chronic disease problem to a large extent. Despite this recognition, the challenge is embedding these recognized priorities into the community and in primary care in a sustainable and meaningful manner. Primary Health Care (PHC) in Capital Health responded to this challenge by developing and implementing a free, interprofessional and community-based service, namely, the Community Health Teams that offers health and wellness, risk factor management, wellness navigation and behaviour-based programming.  In this presentation, the development and implementation of the CHTs will be discussed. Preliminary outcomes for the model are significant and promising.

Abstract #184
Differences In The Use Of Coping Strategies In High- And Low-Resilience Individuals From Four different Health-Related Conditions
Presenter: Helena Hernansaiz-Garrido Co - Presenters: Rocío Rodríguez-Rey, Jesús Alonso-Tapia, Miguel Ángel Ruiz-Díaz, Carmen Nieto-Vizcaíno
Shown resilience vary in degree across situations, and although coping strategies have been conceptualised as ‘styles’, different situations trigger different degrees of coping strategies use. 
The aim of the study was relating use of coping strategies to resilience outcomes in different problem situations. Individuals who were HIV+ (N=60), had cancer (N=22), had children with cancer (N=62) or were healthy (N=249; total N=393) completed the subjective contextual resilience scale (SCRS) –which considers five problem areas– and a contextual coping scale (CCS) that comprised eight strategies. We obtained a high- and a low-resilience group for each sample and conducted ANOVAs to study what coping strategies differed in degree of use between the high and low resilience groups in each sample.
Results show that HIV+ high- and low-resilience groups differed in their use of all strategies except for problem-solving and thinking-avoidance strategies. Cancer groups differed only in rumination, and parents groups did in rumination, self-blaming, positive-thinking and thinking-avoidance. Lastly, healthy groups differed in rumination, emotional expression, self-blaming and positive-thinking.
In conclusion, some strategies are more important for certain types of problem situations, so different interventions should be implemented depending on the specific problem.

Abstract #221
Are Stress, Distress and Resilience Associated with Renal Complications in Youth with Type 2 Diabetes? Preliminary Results from the iCARE Cohort Study
Presenter: Sayma Malik 
Are stress, distress and resilience associated with renal complications in youth with type 2 diabetes? Preliminary results from the iCARE cohort study.
Malik S, Dart AB, Sellers EA, Wicklow B, Dean H, Walker J, Chateau D, Blydt-Hansen TD, McGavock J
Youth with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) are at high risk for renal failure in early adulthood. The iCARE study is evaluating the association between psychological factors and albuminuria (early marker of kidney complications) in a cohort of First Nations youth with T2DM. Methods:Youth with T2DM 10-25 years of age were recruited from the Manitoba Diabetes Education Resource for Children and Adolescents. A case-control study (cases with and controls without albuminuria) was performed to assess the association between perceived stress (PSS-14), distress (K6), and resilience (RSCA) with the presence of albuminuria. Results: 122 youth with T2DM have been recruited to date (40 with albuminuria and 82 without). No differences were seen in BMI z-scores or perceived stress, between cases and controls. Youth with albuminuria displayed higher A1c (worse glycemic control), elevated systolic blood pressure, and more significant psychological distress.  Resiliency (specifically mastery) was the same between groups, however associated with better glycemic control. Conclusions:Psychological distress is independently associated with albuminuria in youth onset T2DM, in addition to poor glycemic control and hypertension. Lower levels of distress and higher levels of mastery are associated with better glycemic control.

avatar for Helena Hernansaiz-Garrido

Helena Hernansaiz-Garrido

Ph. D Candidate, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
Helena Hernansaiz-Garrido is a Ph.D candidate at Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain, who develops her work in the area of resilience in health issues, particularly with People Living with HIV. She is also interested and engaged in research related to associated stigma and lack... Read More →

Sayma Malik

Assistant Professor and Clinical Psychologist, University of Manitoba
Sayma Malik is a clinical psychologist and assistant professor in the Department of Clinical Health Psychology, College of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Manitoba. She received her doctorate in Clinical Psychology at the California School of Professional... Read More →


Jesús Alonso-Tapia

Professor at Universidad Autónoma de Madrid Jesús Alonso-Tapia is a full-time Professor in Psychological and Educational Assessment at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. Specialized in Motivation, self-regulation, resilience and learning assessment, he received the First National... Read More →

Carmen Nieto-Vizcaíno

Ph.D at Universidad Autónoma de Madrid Carmen Nieto-Vizcaíno is a Ph.D teacher in the Experimental Psychology Department at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. She is interested in the study of basic processes in children with developmental difficulties, especially in children... Read More →

Rocío Rodríguez-Rey

Rocío Rodríguez-Rey is a Health Psychologist and a Ph.D candidate in the Department of Biological and Health Psychology at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain. Her field of interest is resilience, mental health, and posttraumatic growth in children who suffer from severe... Read More →

Miguel Ángel Ruiz-Díaz

Ph.D at Universidad Autónoma de Madrid Miguel Ángel Ruiz-Díaz is a Ph.D teacher in Multivariate Techniques at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. He has collaborated in the development and adaptation to Spanish language of several quality of life measures.

Wednesday June 17, 2015 11:00am - 12:30pm
Vroom Room A&A Lower Floor, King's College


Pathways to Resilience in Adverse Settings - Devin Atallah, Michele Grossman, Mokoena Patronella Maepa
Pathways to Resilience in Adverse Settings:

Abstract #154
Beyond the Siege’s Shadow: Pathways to Intergenerational Resilience in Palestinian Refugee Families
Presenter: Devin Atallah 
The purpose of this presentation is to share the empirical findings of a study that investigated the resilience pathways of Palestinian refugee families living under the Israeli occupation over several generations. The study utilized transdisciplinary community-based approaches to research and qualitative methods when interviewing 5 extended families in a United Nations refugee camp in the West Bank. First, the researcher identified families with living elders who were forcibly removed from their indigenous lands in 1948. Subsequently, 25 semi-structured family and individual interviews were conducted with 3 generations within each of the 5 participating families. Using grounded theory situational analysis, an empirical model of intergenerational family adaptation in response to longstanding multifaceted political violence emerged. This model articulates key protective practices that Palestinian refugee families pass down across generations and theorizes family resilience within three themes: resistance to military siege and structural violence; return to cultural roots despite historical and ongoing displacement; and perseverance through continuous adversities and accumulating traumas. These findings offer helpful indicators of positive adjustment across multiple stages in the lifespan development of Palestinian refugees while contributing to literatures on intergenerational resilience in postcolonial settings with marginalized families exposed to historical trauma and continuous structural violence.

Abstract #180
‘You Need To Show You Care’: Cultural Diversity And Community Resilience Against Violent Extremism
Presenter: Michele Grossman 
This paper considers several key findings from a recent Australian study (Grossman and Tahiri 2014) investigating the role of cultural diversity in the context of resilience to violent extremism. Traditionally, counter-terrorism and emergency management resilience research and policy have focused largely on community risks and vulnerabilities (Grossman, 2014; Weine and Ahmed, 2012). By contrast, our study adopts an asset-based approach (Mohaupt 2009) that looks to both older and newer multi-faith Australian ethnocultural communities to identify elements of cultural identities, values, practices and beliefs that enable them to withstand and reject violence as a solution to social and political grievances and concerns. Based on qualitative data from more than 80 Lebanese-, Indonesian-, Somali- and South/Sudanese-Australian participants, key cross-cutting elements of ‘resilience capital’ both within and across cultures in the context of violent extremism emerged from the data. However, some culturally specific strategies for managing the uptake of violent extremism in communities, including complex dynamics of shame, social belonging and status, suggest that these can simultaneously strengthen and erode cultural and community resilience. The findings also emphasise the close relationship between the general capacity of resilient communities to be strong and well and maintaining resilience against violent extremism in particular.

Abstract #217
Self-Esteem And Resilience Differences Among Street Children Compared To Non-Street Children In Limpopo Province Of South Africa
Presenter: Mokoena Patronella Maepa
Street children phenomenon is an evitable social problem. Using an independent sample group design, this study aimed at exploring the differences in self-esteem and resilience among street children (N= 300) 8-18 years with the mean age of 15.92 (SD= 1.89) were selected using purposive sampling method non-street children (N=300) with ages ranging from 8-18 years with mean age of 15.46 (SD= 1.87). A questionnaire with four sections was used (section A: demographic information, section B: self-esteem scale and section C: resilience scale). An independent t-test was used to test the study hypothesis. The study revealed that street children reported low self-esteem t(598) = 20.03, p< .000 and  poor resilience t(598) = 9.48, p< .000 compared to non-street children. The study therefore concluded that street children and non-street children differ on self-esteem and resilience. Recommendations and implications are discussed.


Devin Atallah

Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Harvard Medical School
Devin Atallah, PhD, is currently a Postdoctoral Research Fellow with Harvard Medical School, Department of Global Health and Social Medicine. Dr. Atallah completed a doctorate in Clinical Psychology from University of Massachusetts, Boston (UMB), where he focused his dissertation... Read More →

Michele Grossman

Dr Michele Grossman is Professor of Cultural Studies and Director of the Centre for Cultural Diversity and Wellbeing at Victoria University, Melbourne. Her research and publications focus on cultural diversity and countering violent extremism; community engagement in policing; and... Read More →

Mokoena Patronella Maepa

Im am a qualified Clinical Psychologist who used to work at a government institution with a variety of clients.Currently I am a lecturer at North-West University at the Psychoogy department. I am involve in teaching undrgraduate and post-graduate programmes. I also co-cordinate the... Read More →

Wednesday June 17, 2015 11:00am - 12:30pm
Haliburton Room A&A Main Floor, King's College


The Kauai Longitudinal Study: A Qualitative Narrative Approach on Resilience in Older Adulthood
The Kauai Longitudinal Study: A Qualitative Narrative Approach on Resilience in Older Adulthood:

Abstract #225
The Kauai Longitudinal Study: A Qualitative Narrative Approach on Resilience in Older Adulthood
Presenter: Laurie McCubbin Co - Presenters: Jason Sievers, Jennifer Moniz, Augusto "Bango" Gancinia, Greg Urquhart
This study, using a narrative life history qualitative approach, involved interviewing 8 original “resilient” participants (4 men, 4 women) from the Kauai Longitudinal study. The purpose of the study was to examine their adaptation, resilience and well-being in older adulthood.  
The most prevalent theme across all participants was ‘ohana (family) including the adversity they faced as children growing up in Kauai along with reflections on their current family situation. Navigating past family trauma appeared manageable but for some participants a continuous negotiation with past issues with parents (e.g. abandonment, physical abuse and alcoholism) was present in their stories.  The second theme in the interviews was coping. Coping was inclusive of family based upon self-reflection of intergenerational parenting practices.  Coping was also seen in two additional subthemes: cultural values and spirituality.   Some participants coped with finding a higher purpose through connections to the ‘aina (land) and mona (ocean) and giving back to future generations.  Spirituality was expressed in multiple ways including finding God and finding purpose in life.   These themes overlap many constructs in the resilience and well-being literature including Ungar’s navigation and negotiation in resilience (2010), Ryff’s work on psychological well-being (1999) and Masten’s concept of ordinary magic (2001).  
Matsen, A.S. (2001).  Ordinary magic.  American Psychologist, 56(3), 227-238.
Ryff, C.D. & Marshall, V.W. (1999). The self and society in aging processes.  New York, NY: Springer.


Laurie McCubbin

Dr. Laurie “Lali” McCubbin, Associate Professor in counseling psychology, is an indigenous/multiracial scholar at Washington State University. Her research involves: resilience and well-being among indigenous peoples and people of color, cultural identity development, and stress... Read More →


Augusto "Bango" Gancinia

Graduate Research Assistant at Washington State University Augusto "Bango" Gancinia is a masters student in community counseling at Washington State University.

Jennifer Moniz

Graduate Research Assistant at Washington State University Jennifer Moniz, MS, is a doctoral student in counseling psychology at Washington State University. She is currently serving as the Project Coordinator for the Kauai Longitudinal Study. She was formerly a school counselor... Read More →

Jason Sievers

Director at Washington State University Dr. Jason Sievers is the Director of Graduate Studies Education at the Washington State University. His research interests and expertise are in resilience and leadership, student athletes and academic well-being. He also serves as the Assistant... Read More →

Greg Urquhart

Washington State University

Wednesday June 17, 2015 11:00am - 12:30pm
Archibald Room NAB 3rd Floor, King's College


Indigenous Perspectives - Bernadette Iahtail, Nicolette Teufel-Shone, Eliana Suarez
Indigenous Perspectives:

Abstract #193
Aboriginal Fathers Love Their Children Too!
Presenter: Bernadette Lahtail
This workshop will present the results of five focus groups with Aboriginal fathers from local reserves and urban dwellers, and with caseworkers and supervisors involved with child welfare. This process culminated with joint sharing circle where the fathers and practitioners were able to learn from each other. The workshop will highlight our findings and recommendations for policy and practice, and present a powerful film based on these life experiences, also entitled " Aboriginal Fathers are parents too!" We plan to involve the audience In deepening our knowledge of the Issue from the perspective of seasoned social work practitioners who can enrich our knowledge, with a particular emphasis on unpacking the root causes that contribute to the exclusion of fathers who desire greater involvement with their children, but who are too often kept a distance. The session will provide an opportunity for reflective casework  practice, an examination of systemic biases and attitudes, and an exploration of pragmatic alternatives to the situation.

Abstract #259
Role of Community Health Representatives in Building Resilience in Native Communities
Presenter: Nicolette Teufel-Shone Co - Presenters: Mae-Gilene Begay, Samantha Sabo, Heather Dreifuss, Kerstin Reinschmidt
In the 1960s, Indigenous communities in the US identified the need and lobbied for community health paraprofessionals to improve cross-cultural communication between Native communities and predominantly non-Native health care providers.  The federally funded Community Health Representative (CHR) Program emerged and today, CHRs provide services in most of the 556 federally recognized tribes and many Indian urban centers. CHRs share the language, socioeconomic status and life experiences of community members. They are trained to perform a wide range of tasks, e.g., home-based health assessments and culturally relevant health education. Evaluation of CHRs has focused on patient contact and services. Although their role as health advocates is clearly outlined by Indian Health Service (IHS), which serves as the umbrella organization for CHR programs nationally, their role as community leaders and change agents supporting healthy behaviors and building community resilience is less well documented.  Talking sessions with CHRs in Arizona reveal that they organize community health promotion events, provide presentations in schools, senior centers and worksites, and coordinate emergency and disaster responses. To recognize and foster this local strength, CHRs experiences and community-based strategies should be documented, shared and integrated into the standard training programs to enhance community resilience.

Abstract #252
Resilience or Resistance? Learning From the Experiences of Indigenous Women in Peru 
Presenter: Eliana Suarez
The intricate relationship between resistance and resilience is far from being understood but this paper endorses views that place resistance as a catalyst for survival and perhaps the foundation of long term resilience. Drawing upon extensive research utilizing sequential mixed methods and field work with grass-root associations of Indigenous Quechua women in Ayacucho, we examine how this group of women utilizes memories of their resistance during the Peruvian armed conflict in order to cope with their current everyday struggles and to re-affirm their new spaces of resistance in post-conflict. In particular, these stories shift the emphasis from women’s suffering during conflicts to their resistance and courage. From these narratives, we conclude that when analyzed conceptually resilience and resistance are separate units but when they are expressed as living experiences their boundaries are less defined and more fluid.


Bernadette Iahtail

Creating Hope Society
She is a registered Social Worker and co-founder and Executive Director of Creating Hope Society, a society founded for the survivors of the “The Sixties and Seventies Scoop of Aboriginal Children in Care“. Her key passions are to create awareness of Aboriginal history, specifically... Read More →

Eliana Suarez

Dr. Eliana Suarez, is an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Social Work at Wilfrid Laurier University since 2011. She has an MSW and a PhD in Social Work from the University of Toronto. She has extensive experience in community mental health, specifically the nexus of trauma, resilience... Read More →

Nicolette Teufel-Shone

Dr. Teufel-Shone’s research interests are in the effectiveness of strength based approaches to health promotion. For more than 25 years, she has collaborated with tribal communities in the US. These tribe-university partnerships have developed and shared culturally relevant health... Read More →


Mae-Gilene Begay

Navajo Nation
Director at Navajo Nation, CHR Program Mae-Gilene Begay, MS is Din’e (Navajo), her maternal clan is Salt and paternal clan is Bitterwater. She manages Navajo Nation Tribal programs that provide community outreach and health education. She conducts program/policy planning and development... Read More →

Heather Dreifuss

Coordinator at College of Public Health, University of Arizona Ms. Dreifuss coordinates a research education and practicum experience for Native students. She is a skilled instructor and has collaborated on curriculum development with Din’e College, the Navajo Nation Tribal College... Read More →
avatar for Kerstin Reinschmidt

Kerstin Reinschmidt

Assistant Professor, University or Arizona
Assistant Professor at College of Public Health, University of Arizona Dr. Reinschmidt specializes in culturally relevant health promotion, predominantly using participatory and qualitative methods. She has been developing, adapting, implementing and evaluating public health promotion... Read More →

Samantha Sabo

Assistant Professor at College of Public Health, University fo Arizona Dr. Sabo’s research interests are in the social and political context of family health among Mexican immigrant and Indigenous peoples. Her work has been dedicated to the use of mixed, quantitative and qualitative... Read More →

Wednesday June 17, 2015 1:45pm - 3:15pm
Alumni Hall NAB 1st Floor, King's College


Mothers - Angela Veale, Sarah Robinson, Jane March-McDonald

Abstract #67
War-Affected Young Mothers In Sierra Leone, Liberia And Northern Uganda: A Mixed-Method Exploration Of Resilience
Presenter: Angela Veale Co - Presenters: Miranda Worthen, Susan McKay
The United Nations Study on Women, Peace and Security (UN 2002) identified one of the major impacts of armed conflict on young women and communities is the increase in children born of forced pregnancy. Children born to girls and young women associated with armed forces or armed groups (CAAFAG) are frequently referred to as ‘rebel babies’ and can experience significant stigma on return to civilian communities.  In addition, children born from exploitative and unrecognized relationships such as through sexual violence, prostitution or transactional sex are also likely to experience marginalisation and isolation.  We present a participatory action research project which sought to promote community participation with a focus on girl mothers formerly associated with armed groups and their children and other vulnerable young mothers in their communities. The study involved a partnership between ten community-based non-governmental organization partners working at grass-roots levels with war-affected communities in the three countries, Sierra Leone, Liberia and northern Uganda and national and international academics. Participants were 658 war-affected young mothers who collectively had over 1000 children. The presentation utilises a mixed-methods approach to examine predictors of child resilience based on a participatory survey with young mother participants, supported by ethnographic analysis.   A key finding was ‘resilience’ as a concept has to capture the inter-relatedness of change, whereby changes in one domain of life (community admiration, livelihoods, wellbeing, capacity to support) stimulated transformations in family relationships, reciprocal support, mutual respect and community networks.

Abstract #93
The Missing M In Mother And Baby Residential Interventions, A Grounded Theory Exploration Of Young Mothers Experience Of Transition From A Parental Baby Residential Unit For Families In Crisis
Presenter: Sarah Robinson Co - Presenters: Angela Veale
Transition from and between different mandated services has been identified as a confusing time (Ikeda, Hubley, Liebenberg & Participants of the Places to Resilience Project, 2013).  This paper seeks to explore the lived experience of transition from a residential parental baby unit for young mothers, initially recognized by mandated services in Ireland (Mental Health, Family and Child Services, Judicial etc.) as at risk of separation from their baby, due to child protection concerns.  This risk, however, is generally transformed during the 3-9 month residential intervention, with improvements in parenting reflective capacity, maternal mental health and mother-baby wellbeing observed.  The majority of mother-baby dyads generally transition together, as child protection concerns are abated.  Risks from some mothers remain, and these mothers transition alone without their baby. Through participatory research, both types of mothers participated in group discussions and creative methodologies (Veale, 2005) to explore the meaning of this transition and what factors help them sustain resilient outcomes achieved while in residence at the unit. Grounded theory analysis (Charmaz, 2006) supports the construction of actionable knowledge that will be of use to service-providers and practitioners seeking to understand protective processes in transition from such services and what factors sustain resilient outcomes.

Abstract #222
Somali Mothering In Exile: Cultural Notions of Risk, Protection and Resilience
Presenter: Jane March-McDonald 
This presentation is based upon a qualitative exploratory PhD study examining the nature of resilience in the daily lives of a small group of forced migrant Somali mothers living in the UK. The presentation focuses on findings related to Somali mothering and explores how the findings might confirm or challenge widely accepted Western notions of good mothering. 
Insights gained into the mothering role can further our understanding and appreciation of the aspirations, expectations and resilience that Somali mothers have and bring to the mothering role, while also highlighting the tensions and contradictions to be found in managing cultural notions of risk, protection and resilience. Mother’s perceived and experienced outside threat to their role and to their children’s wellbeing, evidences a need to work with families and communities in further exploring and understanding the specific cultural challenges that they may encounter mothering in a Western culture. At the same time the difficulties of working with competing and contradictory notions of protective mothering, that are at odds with western thinking, leaves questions as to how professionals and the wider community may best respond to effectively support these Somali mothers mothering in challenging circumstances.


Angela Veale

University College Cork
Dr. at UCC As a researcher, Dr. Veale aims to contribute in the space between academic knowledge, policy and practice. She is interested in innovative and mixed research methodologies, in particular working with creative research methods. Her research and writing takes a socio-cultural... Read More →
avatar for Jane March-McDonald

Jane March-McDonald

Lecturer Public Health/ Programme Lead Specialist Community Public Health Nursing/Researcher, University of southampton
Jane is a nurse, midwife and health visitor and is currently lecturer and programme lead for the Specialist Community Public Health Nursing programme in the Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Southampton. Jane's research interests include: the health and wellbeing of marginalized... Read More →

Sarah Robinson

School of Applied Psychology, University College Cork
Sarah Robinson is a first year PHD candidate in the University College Cork (UCC), Republic of Ireland. She is interesed in community and critical psychology, post-conflict and conflict transitions, life transitions and resilience, and humanitarianism. She is a graduate of the higher... Read More →


Susan McKay

Professor at University of Wyoming Susan McKay, Ph.D. is a psychologist, nurse and Professor of Women's and International Studies at the University of Wyoming in Laramie, Wyoming, USA. For almost two decades, she has taught and researched issues focused upon women, girls, and armed... Read More →

Angela Veale

University College Cork
Dr. at UCC As a researcher, Dr. Veale aims to contribute in the space between academic knowledge, policy and practice. She is interested in innovative and mixed research methodologies, in particular working with creative research methods. Her research and writing takes a socio-cultural... Read More →

Miranda Worthen

Assistant Professor at San Jose state University Dr. Miranda Worthen is assistant professor in Health Science and Recreation at San Jose State University. has reseahed primarily been in conflict or post-conflict countries. Dr. Worthen has worked extensively in Africa and Asia, as... Read More →

Wednesday June 17, 2015 1:45pm - 3:15pm
Haliburton Room A&A Main Floor, King's College


Programs In Schools - Derek Blincow, Kathy Furlong, Tanya Lereya
Programs in Schools:

Abstract #71
“The Best Of Your Life: What Can Schooldays Do?”
Presenter: Derek Blincow 
For those children who grow up within contexts of constellated disadvantage, one of the most important mechanisms for ensuring better than expected outcomes is through education.  Relocating children from a deprived context to one of privileged education has been used to harness that effect.  
This paper will explore the work of two projects, one in the UK, the other in Detroit, USA where there have been such projects in operation for over 40 years.    In the UK, the Royal National Childrens Foundation (RNCF) funds children to attend private residential schools where the child is subject to a high index of parental difficulty.  Increasingly, some of these children are in state care.  In Detroit, the Horizons project has worked since the late 1960s to fund children from the inner city into one particular private residential school.
The paper will sketch the research as well as the cultural and political background informing these projects, comparing and contrasting outcomes, highlighting successes and continuing dilemmas.  It will explore the prospects for their extension into working even further with the most disadvantaged children.  For these children and their families, what is the benefit, what the cost?

Abstract #80
Discovering Your Possibilities
Presenter: Kathy Furlong Co - Presenter: Farook Sarani
A school-based program involving university mentors designed to increase academic success and resiliency in at-risk high school students was evaluated using an explanatory mixed methods design.  Quantitative data was collected and analyzed and qualitative data was gathered in order to explain and expand the quantitative results. 
The study investigated two research questions. Does the Discovering Your Possibilities (DYP) program increase students’ academic success, as identified by student engagement:  increase in attendance, decrease in lates, improved credit accumulation and increase in grade point average and does it increase the level of resiliency of at-risk youth?  What elements in the program contributed to resiliency (if any) from the perceptions of the students, and from the perceptions of the Student Success Teachers?  The results of this study indicate that the intervention had a positive effect on academic success for those students who participated more fully in the intervention.  While the quantitative data results indicate that there is no relationship between resiliency and the intervention, the qualitative data indicates that the intervention positively affected resiliency.
The DYP program has been implemented in another school board in another city.  This program involves community mentors and data results demonstrate that the program is meeting its objectives.

Abstract #166
The Role of School Connectedness in Understanding Mental Health Outcomes in the Context of Cumulative Risk
Presenter: Tanya Lereya 
Research indicates that children who are exposed to multiple adverse contextual factors are at heightened risk of internalizing and externalizing problems.  However, there is also significant variability in mental health outcomes for those exposed to multiple risks and a range of protective factors accounting for some of this variability have been identified (e.g., parenting, social support and positive peer relationships).  However, there is much yet to explore about how school-based relationships support resilience.  For example, it is unclear whether the role of schools connectedness is the same in primary and secondary schools contexts and it is yet to be established whether it is the child’s personal perception of school connectedness that is important or whether it is the extent to which the school is collectively viewed as having a connected climate.The current study draws on longitudinal data collected from 2 cohorts (5,485 primary school students and 5,981 secondary school students) to carry out multi-level structural equation models that explore the moderating role of school-level and individual-level school connectedness in understanding the impact of cumulative risk on the development of internalizing symptoms and externalizing problems over a two year period.  Implications for the role of the school in buffering children against the impact of adverse events on child mental health will be discussed.


Derek Blincow

I am a Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist and Fellow of the University of Brighton who has co-authored a book and a number of articles on resilient interventions for children living in constellated disadvantage. I continue to work as a clinician and also in advising the courts and... Read More →

Kathy Furlong

Kathy Furlong is a Superintendent of Education for the London District Catholic School Board in London, Ontario. She has held administrative positions in two other school boards in Ontario. She has developed, implemented, facilitated then evaluated a program to increase resiliency... Read More →

Tanya Lereya

Anna Freud National Centre for Children and Families
Dr. Tanya Lereya is a research fellow in the Evidence Based Practice Unit (EBPU) based across University College London and the Anna Freud Centre. She completed her PhD, which focused on the precursors and consequences of bullying involvement, and worked as a research fellow for 2... Read More →

avatar for Farook Sarani

Farook Sarani

Teacher, Thames Valley District School Board
Student Success Teacher at Thames Valley District School Board Farook Sarani is the Department Head of History and Lead Student Success Teacher at Montcalm Secondary School in London, Ontario. He has taught in two school boards in Ontario, and in both Elementary and Secondary pa... Read More →

Wednesday June 17, 2015 1:45pm - 3:15pm
Vroom Room A&A Lower Floor, King's College


Resilience In Rural SettIngs - Debbie Brennick, Heather Sansom
Resilience in Rural Settings:

Abstract #72
An Asset-based Project to Enhance Community Wellness in a Rural Setting
Presenter: Debbie Brennick Co - Presenters: Claudette Taylor, Willena Nemeth
The “Asset Headquarters” project was an intergenerational community-based initiative in four rural towns in Cape Breton, Nova Scotia.  The initiative was grounded on the foundation of developmental assets with a goal to enhance capacity of youth by providing physical and human resources in four local communities. The project was intended to enhance, rather than duplicate, good work already being done in local communities.  Natural asset builders with an interest in capacity building in youth were sought to form intergenerational teams in each of the four communities.  The teams consisted of youth and adults with facilitators familiar with the asset development philosophy.  The teams met weekly and created goals and outcomes they wanted to achieve e.g. community garden, creative art displayed in the community.  Over a period of six months the teams worked toward reaching their goals.  Some teams remain together today and feedback from both adults and youth have been extremely positive.

Abstract #243
Sport For Resilience: Fostering Rural Youth Resilience Through Participation In Non-Therapy Equine-Based Activity
Presenter: Heather Sansom Co - Presenters: Harry Cummings, Leah Levac
Rural communities in Canada are changing. These changes include widening socioeconomic gaps amongst community members, and degraded infrastructure. Normative adversity associated with youth transition to adulthood is magnified in rural areas, where community-level changes are creating ecological conditions that can adversely affect youth. This leads to need for youth programming that is pro-actively inclusive of resilience needs.


Debbie Brennick

I am an Assistant Professor teaching in the BScN program at Cape Breton University. Prior to teaching I worked as a registered nurse in critical care nursing and quality management. My research focus relates to asset development and building capacity in youth. I have been involved... Read More →
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Heather Sansom

PhD Student, University of Guelph
Heather Sansom is a PhD student in Rural Studies at the University of Guelph, School of Environmental Design and Rural Development. Her doctoral work focuses on the intersections between rural wellbeing issues and rural recreation, sport-for-development, animal/nature based experiential... Read More →


Harry Cummings

Harry Cummings, Phd., Professor, University of Guelph and Director Harry Cummings and Associates. Harry has taught evaluation at the University of Guelph for 35 years. He is author of the CES short course on program logic models. He has practised international development and evaluation... Read More →

Leah Levac

Assistant Professor at University of Guelph Leah Levac is an Assistant Professor in Community Engaged Scholarship in the Department of Political Science at the University of Guelph. She has experience leading community-university research collaborations, professional background in... Read More →

Willena Nemeth

Assistant Professor at Cape Breton University Willena is an Assistant Professor, Nursing at Cape Breton University, Nova Scotia. Her primary area of research is focused on building capacity in individuals specifically nursing students, new graduate nurses. Willena has collaborated... Read More →

Claudette Taylor

Associate Professor at Cape Breton University Claudette is an Associate Professor teaching in the Nursing program at Cape Breton University, Nova Scotia. Her PhD focused on the influence of cancer on sleep. A secondary area of interest is related to building capacity in youth. Claudette... Read More →

Wednesday June 17, 2015 1:45pm - 3:15pm
Classroom 3 A&A Lower Floor, King's College


Spirituality - Roseline Olumbe, Jim Robertson, Frederick Anyan

Abstract #92
Faith Communities: Impact on Public Health Provisiom
Presenter: Jim Robertson
Research and practice experience in NE England is illustrating the important role of faith, and faith motivated initiatives in people's health particularly in marginalised and disadvantaged communities. Experience suggests that faith can be a protective factor in health behaviours and outcomes. Faith communities are potentially important settings for public health interventions. Narratives from local people and actors illustrate that cultural and faith assumptions and conventions are intimately linked with understandings of health, around maintaining good health, and dealing with poor health. 
An action oriented research methodology using personal and community resilience concepts is accruing and summarising key evidence and identifying key themes for action by public health agencies and faith communities respectively and together. The process is also providing some important case studies and examples of good practice.  The presentation will encourage discernment re the methodology and some of the key themes. Progress will be reviewed re the evidencing of practical tools and approaches  that are evidence based and enable both faith communities and public health teams to take appropriate action.

Abstract #90
Spirituality as a Foundation of Resilience for Children Living in Low Income Communities
Presenter: Roseline Olumbe
Children within low income communities in Africa are faced with a myriad of challenges that affect their wellbeing. Their challenges include social, emotional, physical, intellectual and spiritual. However, research shows that when these children embrace a spiritual foundation, they are able to forge on with life and make a living regardless of their circumstances. Spirituality has to do with helping children have a relationship with God. This relationship enables children develop a sense of meaning in life making them resilient. Shelly (1982) notes that spiritual needs are meaning of life, purpose of living, giving and receiving love, a sense of forgiveness, hope, creativity, responsibility and self-control. Children who have been enabled to meet these needs are found to be resilient. In a research conducted in Kibera, the major slum in Sub-Sahara Africa, it was noted that spirituality enables children find meaning and purpose in life. Out of 97 child participants, 45.4% claimed that their Christian faith was a source of influence in their lives. It was concluded that spirituality plays a major role in the lives of children enabling them to cope with life challenges. A recommendation was made for parents and other adults to intentionally nurture children’s spirituality.

Abstract #114
The Relationship Between Christian Religious Faith And Practices And Resilience In Person With Essential Hypertension From Ghana
Presenter: Frederick Anyan Co - Presenter: Odin Hjemdal
The objective of this qualitative study was to better understand coping mechanisms of selected essential hypertension patients in Accra, Ghana. Interviews were conducted. Interpretative phenomenological analysis was used to analyse data from five Christian participants between 45 to 60 years. Results showed that through a process of navigation and negotiation where participants selected from available resources, Christian religious faith and practices were protective resources that was selected to most likely influence positively mental and physical health related outcomes. In this process, the patients accessed social support and resources after activation of beliefs in religious faith and practices. The activation of faith and practices was also associated with increased self-efficacy. Consequently in re-appraisal, this resulted in an efficacy expectation and an avoidance strategy that protected participants from prolonged worry about their condition by deferring their condition to God and waiting for God to resolve the situation which resulted in a positive adaptation. This presentation highlights on the relationship between religion and resilience on one hand and sense of coherence on the other hand. For religious individuals, nurturing religious faith and practices so that it takes a prominent role can be protective and promote processes associated with resilience to inform clinical interventions.


Frederick Anyan

Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Frederick Anyan holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in Psychology with Philosophy from University of Ghana. He also holds a Master of Philosophy degree in Human development from Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU), where he is currently a PhD candidate in Health and... Read More →

Jim Robertson

Background in University Education: research and teaching social work, community Development, Registered Social Worker. Project consultant role with Faith Organisations. Co-director of Community Resilience Project in Disadvantaged communities. Current action oriented research and... Read More →

Roseline Olumbe

My name is Roseline Olumbe, a Kenyan citizen aged 40 years. I lecture at Daystar University, Kenya in the Child Development and Theology departments. I have researched and presented papers in the field of child D! evelopment both at local and international conferences. I have an interest... Read More →


Odin Hjemdal

Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Odin Hjemdal, professor of clinical adult psychology and quantitative methods and statistics, and a clinical psychologist at Department of Psychology at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway. His research is related to resilience among adults and adolescents... Read More →

Wednesday June 17, 2015 1:45pm - 3:15pm
Frazee Room NAB 2nd Floor, King's College


Trauma and Sexual Abuse - Robbie Gilligan, Frank Infurna, Wassilis Kassis
Trauma & Sexual Abuse:

Abstract #177
Learning from Children Exposed to Sexual Abuse and Sexual Exploitation - Lessons from the Oak Foundation Bamboo Study on Children’s Resilience
Presenter: Robbie Gilligan 
The Bamboo study explored the relevance of resilience insights in less studied contexts, using children’s own accounts of living in conditions of adversity. For the purpose of the study adversity was defined as having been exposed to sexual abuse, or living in communities deemed as high risk for sexual abuse/exploitation. The study took place in three countries, Bulgaria, Ethiopia and Nepal.
The study had certain distinctive features: a focus on the child and young person’s experience and expertise (n=257); local research teams in each country; slightly different target samples in each country, all within the coordinated framework of the study.
The presentation will highlight selected key findings on what the young people found helpful and on the realities of their daily lives as they experienced them. It will also explore some possible implications for programme providers and resilience researchers, in terms of our understanding of the concept of resilience, and how it may play out in the wider context of adversities in the lives of children and young people

Abstract #194
Childhood Trauma Influences Daily Health-Promoting Behaviors: Personal and Social Resources Promote Resilience
Presenter: Frank Infurna Co - Presenters: Megan Petrov, Alex Zautra
Childhood trauma in the form of emotional, physical, or sexual abuse is associated with premature health declines in adulthood. Possible pathways that are conceptually understood to underlie this relationship, but less studied, are biological programming, behavioral tendencies, and social-emotion regulation. Using data from a 30-day daily diary of middle-aged community residents who participated in a study of resilience (n=191, Mage=54, SD=7.50, 54% women), our objective was to target the behavioral tendency pathway by examining whether (1)childhood trauma is associated with sleep quality and daily physical activity, and (2)personal (mastery and optimism) and social (family support and strain) resources moderated these associations. Results revealed that childhood trauma was associated with a decreased likelihood of daily physical activity in midlife; optimism increased the likelihood of daily physical activity for those who reported high levels of childhood trauma. Childhood trauma was associated with poorer sleep quality; this relationship was attenuated by positive family relationships in midlife. Our results suggest that childhood trauma leads to poorer health in midlife through reductions in health-promoting behaviors. However, personal and social resources provide avenues for resilience that increase engagement in health-promoting behaviors. Our discussion focuses on how our findings inform resilience-promoting interventions to help mitigate the detrimental health effects of childhood trauma.

Abstract #205
First and Second Level Resilience: The Differential Impact of Family Violence on Adolescents
Presenter: Wassilis Kassis Co - Presenter: Sibylle Artz
Our central question was: Is a positive resilience status (being non-violent/non-depressive despite experiencing family violence) a sufficient indicator for positive social and personal development? To answer this question we computed participants’ average protective and risk factors scores and used variance analyses to compare the means of the specific protective and risk factors of resilient adolescents who had experienced family violence with those who had not.  We found that a positive resilience status is not sufficient for positive social and personal development. Resilient students who had been exposed to family violence showed significantly higher levels of social and personal risks and lower levels of social and personal protective characteristics than students without family violence experiences. These findings indicate that despite a positive resilience status, the higher the experienced level of violence family, the higher the risk characteristics and the lower the protective characteristics, even for resilient students, such that high levels of family violence “wash out” young people’s chances of positive development.


Frank Infurna

Dr. Frank J. Infurna is an Assistant Professor of Psychology at Arizona State University. His research broadly focuses on examining resilience in adulthood and old age with an emphasis on examining mechanisms linking early life adversity to health in adulthood and old age and personal... Read More →
avatar for Robbie Gilligan

Robbie Gilligan

Professor of Social Work and Social Policy, School of Social Work and Social Policy, Trinity College Dublin
Robbie is Professor of Social Work and Social Policy, at Trinity College Dublin

Wassilis Kassis

Wassilis Kassis, PhD, holds a Full Professorial Chair for Educational Science at the University Osnabrück/Germany. For more than 20 years, Kassis develops and coordinates projects of research on the social development of young adults within the context of family and school at national... Read More →


Megan Petrov

Assistant Professor of Nursing at Arizona State University Dr. Megan Petrov is an Assistant Professor of Nursing at Arizona State University. Her research broadly focuses on sleep, sleep disorders, health disparities, and pain and personal and social resources that promote resilience... Read More →

Alex Zautra

Foundation Professor of Psychology at Arizona State University Dr. Alex Zautra is a Foundation Professor of Psychology at Arizona State University. His research broadly focuses on emotions, stress, and health and promoting resilience in adulthood and old age. His research also focuses... Read More →

Wednesday June 17, 2015 1:45pm - 3:15pm
Archibald Room NAB 3rd Floor, King's College


Youth Headed Households - Mary Joyce Kapesa, Zoleka Soji, Kelly Schwartz
Youth Headed Households:

Abstract #203
Cultural Manifestations of Resilience in Child Headed Households in Mutasa District, Zimbabwe
Presenter: Mary Joyce Kapesa
According to UNICEF and UNAIDS (2006) Zimbabwe had 50 000 child headed households (CHH) in 2002.  By 2010, the figure had gone up to more than 100 000, making Zimbabwe the African country with the highest number of CHH (UNICEF, 2010). These statistics gave rise to the sprouting of many organisations and programmes aimed at catering for the needs of the affected children. Not much attention is given to what the CHH can do for themselves and how they have been surviving without outside help. A qualitative study was undertaken to explore the experiences of children living in CHH and the factors that make them resilient.  A total of 28 children in ten CHH from Mutasa and Mutare urban districts participated in the study. Focus group discussions and qualitative interviews were used to collecte from 46 community members, 24 teachers and, 25 child service professionals.   The data was thematically analysed.The research findings indicate bi- directional influences of the CHH’s personal characteristics and an enabling environment that allowed the children to act on their strengths in a way that produced desired outcomes. The meaning of resilience was also explored from the perspective of the CHH and community leaders and members.

 Abstract #251
Resilience in Youth-Headed Households: Strengthening Networks of Support as Protective Factors
Presenter: Zoleka Soji Co - Presenter: Blanche Pretorius
The study seeks to explore and describe the protective factors within youth-headed families and community context that promote the resilience of youth-headed households.  
The study is based on the narrative life stories of six youth-headed families in Port Elizabeth, who were able to remain together as a family following the death of parents as well as perceptions of community members regarding the availability of protective factors within the community that promote resilience of these households. Data collection was conducted utilising multiple methods, such as one-on-one individual interviews with young people heading their households, family focus group interviews as well as both qualitative and quantitative methods to generate data regarding community protective factors and processes. 
The findings illustrate the following factors within the family and the community as playing a role in the enhancement of resilience of members of youth-headed households: availability of circles of care and social networks for the individual and the family as a whole within the community, strong family and social relationships within the family, religious and cultural affiliations and practices, availability of communication and problem solving skills at family levels, as well as, an ability to create hope. The findings also identified the need to build and strengthen communities through assert-based and community development approaches as part of efforts geared towards promoting resilience in youth-headed households.

Abstract #246
 For Crying Out Loud: Seeking and Finding Developmental Assets in Rural South African Township Youth 
Presenter: Kelly Schwartz
Contrary to a deficit-based approach, positive youth development (PYD) explores how personal and social environments can be studied to promote adaptive functioning (Damon, 2004; Lerner, 2004). Operationalizing this PYD framework, Zulu youth (N=511; M=16.3 years) from three rural township high schools completed the Developmental Assets Profile (DAP; Search Institute, 2005) that measured external (e.g., empowerment, support) and internal (e.g., positive values, social competency) assets. Risk and thriving behaviours were measured using the Orphans and Vulnerable Children Baseline Survey (Scope and Family Health International, 2002).  
Although almost one in five reported (17%) assets in the “low” range (e.g., constructive use of time), many youth reported developmental assets in the “good” and “fair” ranges (e.g., learning, boundaries and expectations). Multiple regression analysis revealed that specific internal and external assets accounted for significant variance in school success (R = .31), health behaviour (R = .29), community engagement (R = .32), and risk behaviour (R = .38); neither asset category significantly predicted access to food/medicine or reduced violence victimization.  Amidst a cultural context of significant risk, Zulu youth reported developmental assets that predicted thriving and risk outcomes.  Discussion will connect the presence and power of developmental strengths to local Zulu youth leadership programs.


Desira Davids

Nelson Mandela University

Kelly Schwartz

University of Calgary
Dr at University of CalgaryDr. Kelly Dean Schwartz is Associate Professor in the School and Applied Child Psychology program and Director, U of C Applied Psychological and Educational Services (UCAPES), an on-campus clinic serving children and families Calgary and area. He has a Ph.D... Read More →

Mary Joyce Kapesa

Africa University
I am a Psychology lecturer at Africa University, currently studying for my my PhD in Psychology at UNISA. I am a registered psychologist. I am a Fullbright Scholar and was awarded the staff development award in 2009/2010. I attended Purdue University as a Fullbright scholar during... Read More →


Blanche Pretorius

Dr. at Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University Dr Blanche Pretorius is the Director of the Research Capacity Development unit at the Nelson Mandela metropolitan University. She is also involved in student research in her role as a promoter and supervisor. She has successfully accompanied... Read More →

Wednesday June 17, 2015 1:45pm - 3:15pm
Seminar Room NAB 2nd Floor, King's College
Thursday, June 18


Art Therapy & Resilience - Eugenia Canas, Emily Gagnon, Robin S. Cox
Art Therapy & Resilience:

Abstract #81
Visual Arts Practice for Resilience Building with Young People: Methods, Findings and Outcomes
Presenter: Emily Gagnon Co - Presenters: Lisa Buttery, Hannah Macpherson
This project involved delivery of a program of weekly resilience-building arts workshops for young people with complex needs. It also included a literature review, project film and co-creation of a practice guide by academics, practitioners and young people. The review found a significant existing evidence-base linking visual arts practice to individual and community resilience across a number of disciplinary fields including art therapy, social work, community health and cultural policy. The research element used a collaborative mixed-methods approach to investigate resilience outcomes for 5 young people with learning disabilities and 4 young people with experience of mental health issues. Researchers found that even short-term visual arts interventions can have a significant positive impact on young people’s resilience. In this session an academic, community worker and young person with experience of mental health issues will reflect on the findings of the project as well as discussing some of the benefits and tensions involved in co-creation of collaborative project outputs. In addition, through drawing on her own experiences one of the young people involved with the project will trace some of the longer term, hard to measure –qualitative outcomes of participation in the project and BoingBoing Resilience Community.

Abstract #161
Voices Against Violence: Engaging Youth in Arts-Based, Participatory Research to Examine Impacts on Health and Wellbeing
Presenter: Eugenia Canas Co - Presenters: Marnina Gonick, Michelle Brake
This presentation describes a national arts-based initiative developed and implemented in collaboration with diverse populations of youth in Canada. Presenters will share emerging findings from the first three years of this CIHR-funded project, which examines structural violence and its impacts upon the health and wellbeing of Canadians ages 14 to 24. Using participatory approaches, a diverse team of academic and community researchers and leaders ─ alongside youth and policymakers ─ have engaged over 25 groups of young people in art-based discussions of how youth experience marginalization through societal structures and policies. Marnina Gonick, Canada Research Chair in Gender at Mount St Vincent University, will discuss dimensions of this art-based research working with marginalized youth in Halifax and Region. Eugenia Canas, national youth advisory board coordinator for the Voices project, will discuss specific components of this project’s youth-adult partnerships and engagement approach. A member of the National Youth Advisory Board will also be present, sharing youths’ experiences of the project, including reported benefits in consciousness-raising, the building of stronger identities, and an empowered sense of belonging through the ‘collectivizing’ of daily experiences and challenges. Intersections with processes associated with youth resilience will be raised, as will implications for programmers and policymakers.

Abstract #164
Youth Creating Disaster Recovery and Resilience: An Arts Based Action Research Project
Presenter: Robin S. Cox
Youth Creating Disaster Recovery and Resilience (YCDR) is a community-based action research project designed to learn about disaster recovery and resilience from the perspectives of youth. Moreover, YCDR2 focuses on the potential of youth to act as powerful catalysts for change and resilience in their communities. 
Funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada, the project has worked with youth in Joplin, Missouri following a powerful EF-5 tornado (May 2011); Slave Lake, Alberta, devastated by a wildfire (May 2011), and four communities (Calgary, High River, Morley and Canmore) heavily impacted by the Southern Alberta 2013 floods 
YCDR uses participatory and creative research methodologies (e.g., digital storytelling, photostories, animation) to elicit and explore the perspectives of youth in order to generate evidence-informed, inclusive, and youth-centered approaches to disaster recovery and empower youth to take action to improve the resilience of their communities. 
This presentation will provide an overview of the project and share some of the youth-generated creative outputs (photography, videos, songs, poems, etc.) and research findings. Next steps will be discussed. These include the development of a youth-centred resilience innovation lab involving an international network of youth leaders, researchers, practitioners, and non-governmental organizations.


Emily Gagnon

Emily Gagnon is a community fellow at BoingBoing Social enterprise and the University of Brighton and PhD student at the University of Sheffield. She encountered BoingBoingthrough her community work with Art in Mind and went on to work for them during which time she developed an enduring... Read More →

Eugenia Canas

National Youth Advisory Member at Voices against Violence ProjectMichelle Brake is a third-year student at Mount Allison University in Sackville, New Brunswick, doing a Bachelor of Arts in Sociology, Geography and Drama. Michelle has been a member of the National Youth Advisory Board... Read More →

Robin S. Cox

Royal Roads University
Robin Cox is a Professor and Program Head of the Disaster and Emergency Management programs at Royal Roads University. Robin has devoted her research program to understanding disaster resilience and the potential for disasters to spark social change and creative innovation. In line... Read More →

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Michelle Brake

Michelle Brake is a fourth-year student at Mount Allison University in Sackville, New Brunswick, doing a Bachelor of Arts in Drama, Geography and Sociology. Michelle has been an Assistant Researcher and the Coordinator of the National Youth Advisory Board in the Voices Against Violence... Read More →

Lisa Buttery

Artist in Residence at Boing Boing Social Enterprise Lisa Buttery is artist in residence at BoingBoing Social enterprise, Brighton. Lisa is a volunteer and founding member of Art in Mind, a youth-led community arts group for young people with experience of mental health issues. Lisa... Read More →

Marnina Gonick

Project Co-Principal Investigator; Canada Research Chair in Gender at Mount St Vincent University Marnina Gonick is Canada Research Chair in Gender at Mount St Vincent University, Halifax, Nova Scotia. She is the author of Between Femininities: Identity, Ambivalence and the Education... Read More →

Hannah Macpherson

Dr at University of Brighton Hannah Macpherson is a senior lecturer in the Department of Environment and technology at the University of Brighton. Her research interests include the Geographies of disability and impairment and Geographies of responsibility and citizenship. She has... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 1:45pm - 3:15pm
Classroom 3 A&A Lower Floor, King's College


Children & War - Fiona Thomas, Julie Schiltz, Friederike Mieth
Children & War:

Abstract #133
Emic Perspectives on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Children’s Mental Health in Northern Sri Lanka and Northwestern Burundi
Presenter: Fiona Thomas
Background: The impact of armed conflict on the mental health of children and youth has been well documented. However, emic perspectives (i.e. locally held insider views) on the mental health consequences of armed conflicts have received less attention. Methods: We collected qualitative data in northern Sri Lanka and northwestern Burundi. In Sri Lanka, there were a total of 50 participants, including children, parents, teachers, traditional and religious healers, health workers, and non-governmental organization staff. In Burundi, there were a total of 185 participants, including children, parents, teachers, and key informants.  Focus groups and semi-structured interviews were conducted in both settings.Results: Using a theoretical framework of ecological resilience, we found multiple examples of resources for children at the family, peer and community levels. Thematic analyses indicated that most mental health problems, including spiritual problems and perceived cultural decline, are addressed within the family, but eclectic care across the formal and informal sectors is sought when symptoms persist or worsen. Conclusions: We conclude that mental health services in both countries could be improved by building on local mental health conceptualizations and available resources. Additionally, variations in emic resources between settings should be addressed prior to the implementation of any intervention.
Authors: Thomas, Fiona; Tol, Wietse; Vallipuram, Anavarathan; Sivayokan, Sambasivamoorthy; Ndayisaba, Aline; Ntamutumba, Prudence; Jordans, Mark; Reis, Ria; de Jong, Joop

Abstract #229
Individual and Social Rresilience in Sierra Leone
Presenter: Friederike Mieth 
Sierra Leone has endured a 10-year long civil war from 1991 to 2002. In the aftermath of the war, much scholarly attention has been paid to the causes and effects of the violence, and to institutional forms of dealing with the past such as the Truth and Reconciliation Commission, a war crimes tribunal, and demobilization and reintegration programs. What received less scrutiny so far were the many ways in which Sierra Leoneans demonstrated resilience, both individually and socially. Drawing from ethnographic data collected during 9 months of fieldwork in different locations in the country, I explore these different forms of resilience and discuss a range of possible individual and socio-cultural factors that may have contributed to resilience in post-war Sierra Leone. I argue that more anthropolgoical research on resilience is needed: while some of the promoting factors I discuss are well-researched across cultures in psychology and related disciplines, other factors seem to be specific for the local and even community context and therefore need much deeper ethnographic scrutiny. I close the presentation by discussing some conceptual and methodological challenges of researching resilience as an anthropologist.

Abstract #245
The Social Reintegration of Former Child Soldiers From a Community Perspective 
Presenter: Julie Schiltz
This presentation outlines the findings of a study on how communities in northern Uganda handle relational and social challenges during the reintegration of former child soldiers. Previous research suggest that child soldiering has communal aspects, and that the post-child soldiering reintegration process is a shared effort by all community members. Yet, community perspectives are often neglected in research on child soldiering, impeding the development of resilience communities in a post-conflict setting. 
A total of 249 participants, among whom 49 former child soldiers, participated in a total of 36 group sessions. Participatory techniques enhanced input from all community members and contextual sensitivity of the research. Central themes for all participants during the reintegration of former child soldiers were letting go of fear, getting used to life after child soldiering, resentment & forgiveness and reducing insults. While all participants addressed similar topics, the results also highlight their particular positions and aspirations within this complex reality, and show significant differences between perspectives of former child soldiers and other participants. This study raises important implications for understanding and supporting the post-child soldiering reintegration process from a contextual perspective. Relying on the voices of different community members, this presentation will critically reflect on reintegration efforts for former child soldiers that frequently adopt a pathological and individualized approach.

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Fiona Thomas

PhD Candidate, Ryerson University
Fiona Thomas is currently a doctoral candidate in the Clinical Psychology program at Ryerson University. She completed her MSc at the London School of Economics, where her thesis was focused on coping and resilience in urban refugees in Kathmandu, Nepal. Broadly, her academic interests... Read More →
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Friederike Mieth

Friederike Mieth completed her Ph.D. in Social and Cultural Anthropology at the Philipps University Marburg (Germany) in 2014. In her dissertation, she explores everyday strategies and practices of dealing with the past in post-conflict Sierra Leone. She currently works as a researcher... Read More →

Julie Schiltz

Julie is a PhD student at the department of Special Education at Ghent University (Belgium) and is affiliated to the Centre for Children in Vulnerable Situations (CCVS) as a researcher. She studied Educational Sciences and Conflict and Development Studies at Ghent University. She... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 1:45pm - 3:15pm
Archibald Room NAB 3rd Floor, King's College


CYCC Network: Mobilizing Knowledge to Support Vunerable Youth - Jimmy Bray, David Este, Judi Fairholm, Isabelle Levert Chiasson
CYCC Network: Mobilizing Knowledge to Support Vulnerable Youth:

Abstract #66
Information Seeking Behavior of Young People and Mental Health – Knowledge Synthesis
Presenter: David Este Co - Presenters: Christa Sata, Alicia Raimundo
In 2013 and 2014 the CYCC Network completed a report which synthesized existing knowledge on youth mental health information-seeking in order to shed light on the diverse information seeking experiences of youth and to identify areas of interest which are relevant to improving programming that could help youth find the information they need. 
The existing academic and practice-based literature shows that the factors influencing the mental health experiences of youth are diverse. For some youth, multiple factors such as gender, age, geographic location, ethnic background, and legal status interact to shape experiences of mental health and of help-seeking.  While relevant mental health information exists, the evidence suggests that the mere existence of evidence does not effect changes in the mental health experiences of many youth.
The synthesis report suggests that engaging youth in the creation of spaces and activities that support the development of mental health knowledge may be effective in bridging the gap between the experiences of youth and the production of mental health information. This could include collaboratively creating mental health resources and engaging youth in developing strategies for the productive dissemination of mental health information.

Abstract #159
Ethics in Research With Vulnerable Youth 
Presenter: Jimmy Bray Co - Presenter: Linda Liebenberg
The CYCC Network conducted a knowledge synthesis with the goal of identifying ethical considerations related to research with vulnerable and at-risk children and youth.  The knowledge synthesis suggests that organizations involved in research with youth should develop ethics oversight procedures which take the complexities of the contexts of vulnerable children and youth into account. This synthesis was used to produce peer-reviewed recommendations that can be used to inform the ethical governance of research with children and youth.

Abstract #175
Promising Practices for Violence Prevention to Help Children in Disasters and Complex Emergencies
Presenter: Judi Fairholm Co - Presenter: Emily Pelley
According to a UNHCR report in 2013, there are 51.2 million people who have been displaced worldwide; half of which are children. Children face compounded risk when displaced. In addition to suffering the immediate consequences of the disaster, they are also exposed to the increased risk of violence as well as to a lack of care and protection when they attempt to seek help. Understanding effective violence prevention strategies is critically important in order for child protection to be effective in these challenging contexts. The purpose of this knowledge synthesis is:
-To present the ways in which complex emergencies and disasters expose children and youth to violence, both here in Canada and around the world
-To highlight promising practices that foster resilience in these challenging environments
The recent trend to situate violence in the domain of public health has conceptualized violence as a disease that can be prevented.  Violence can be prevented through collaborative responses from diverse sectors including health, education, social services, and justice. This collective impact response is necessary to address the many forms and impacts of violence on children and youth.

Abstract #334
Creating Supporting Environments for Children and Youth with Complex Needs
Presenter: Isabelle Levert Chiasson Co - Presenters: Lisa Lachance
An estimated 14-25 percent of Canadian children and youth are living with a mental health disorder, and many of these young people face multiple other challenges that further compromise their physical, mental and emotional well-being. The complex needs of these children and youth make it very difficult to adopt a single intervention approach. Instead, multi-dimensional problems require complex solutions. Comprehensive strategies are needed that bring together many different actors and services from across sectors and disciplines. The Children and Youth in Challenging Contexts (CYCC) Network works to support such strategies by connecting researchers, service providers, practitioners, communities, and youth themselves, and helping them share their knowledge, resources, and lessons learned of what works best for improving the mental health of young people. This presentation will outline the promising practices we’ve learned for supporting young people with complex needs, particularly those living in more vulnerable and marginalized situations. Our aim is to introduce the audience to practical, proven ways that they can create supportive environments for children and youth with complex needs.

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James Bray

Jimmy Bray is a Project Manager at the CYCC Network at Dalhousie University. He joined the CYCC Network team in December 2013. Jimmy holds an MPhil in Social Anthropology and a BA in Sociology.
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Judi Fairholm

Director: Respect Education, Canadian Red Cross
Judi Fairholm is the Director of the Canadian Red Cross Respect Education: promoting respect, preventing violence. Judi has grown a violence prevention program across Canada; over 7.5 million people have been educated. Since 2000 she has worked on international projects in Turkey... Read More →

avatar for Linda Liebenberg

Linda Liebenberg

Linda Liebenberg, PhD., Co-Director Resilience Research Centre, Dalhousie University, is a researcher and evaluator with a core interest in children and youth with complex needs. Her work explores the promotion of positive youth development and mental health, using formal and informal... Read More →
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Emily Pelley

Project Manager, CYCC Network

Alicia Raimundo

CYCC Board Member at CYCC Network Alicia Raimundo works as the Community Engagement Lead at the Centre for Innovation in Campus Mental Health in Toronto. She holds positions in six mental health organizations including as a board member of the Centre for Children and Youth in Challenging... Read More →

Christa Sato

MSW Student, University of Calgary at CYCC Network, University of Calgary Christa is a MSW student at the University of Calgary and member of the CYCC Network’s youth advisory committee. Christa acted as a co-lead on the CYCC Network’s Information Seeking Behavior of Young People... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 1:45pm - 3:15pm
KTS Lecture Hall NAB 2nd Floor, King's College


Exposure to Violence -Aldeli Alban Reyna, Kathryn Howell, Laura Miller-Graff
Exposure to Violence:

Abstract #77
Saying Yes: Effective Practices for Sheltering Abused Women with Mental Health and Addiction Issues
Presenter: Aldeli Alban Reyna
Abused women who experience mental health and/or addiction issues face restricted access to shelters and transition houses serving abused women. Historically, shelter staff lacked training and knowledge about mental health and addiction issues, and felt challenged to accommodate them and maintain a safe, comfortable environment for other women and children seeking shelter. This paper reports a research study into innovative practices recently adopted in shelters for abused women to enhance resilience of women presenting with mental health and addiction issues and lower barriers to access. It also explores how these practices can be transferred to shelters for abused women in other communities. Low barrier shelters support women’s resilience through practices and policies that encourage staff to:
• engage in reflective practice, let the client lead;
• work from women’s strengths;
• use a trauma-informed approach;
• say “yes” rather than “no”.
Results from this study will help transfer learning from the best practices collected from resilient shelters to other shelters, and overall help improve access to shelter and support services for abused women with mental health and/or addictions issues.

Abstract #124
 Enhancing Positive Parenting via a Strengths-Based Intervention for Families Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence: The Role of Child Functioning
Presenter: Kathryn Howell
This study examined the effectiveness of an evidence-based intervention in strengthening positive parenting practices among mothers who experienced intimate partner violence. Participants were randomly assigned to the intervention (n=58) or waitlist comparison (n=62) condition. Mothers in the intervention participated in the Moms’ Empowerment Program (MEP) while her child participated in the Preschool Kids’ Club (PKC). The MEP builds parenting competence, addresses parenting fears, and strengthens community connections. The PKC improves social skills, enhances coping, builds conflict resolution strategies, and identifies feelings surrounding violence. The intervention utilizes a transactional framework in which enhancing the social and emotional adjustment of mothers is thought to concurrently reduce her child’s adjustment difficulties. Participants were assessed at baseline and post-intervention or waitlist period. The multivariate linear regression model for change in positive parenting was significant (F(7,91)=2.92, p=.008, R2=.19). Women exhibited more change in positive parenting if the family participated in the intervention (β=.20; p=.047).  Additionally, greater change in children’s externalizing problems (β=.37; p=.011) and emotion regulation abilities (β=.28; p=.038) were associated with larger improvements in positive parenting. Findings suggest that rather than focusing solely on problematic functioning, interventions should also target adaptive qualities, including emotion regulation, to enhance parenting abilities in women exposed to violence.

Abstract #230
Examining A Cognitive-Emotional Model Of Resilience In Young Adults Exposed To Violence During Childhood
Presenter: Laura Miller-Graff
Objective:  The primary aims of the current study were to consider accuracy of young adults’ beliefs about the prevalence of violence and to determine how accurate appraisals and emotion regulation are associated with resilient functioning in the context of childhood exposure to violence (CVE).  Method: College students (n=369) drawn from two geographic regions of the United States responded to an online survey assessing CVE, perceptions about the prevalence of violence, emotion regulation skills, mental health, and resilience.  Descriptive statistics and structural equation modeling were used to describe cognitive distortions and the potential protective roles of accurate appraisals and emotion regulation abilities after CVE.  Results: Findings indicated that many college students overestimate the prevalence of violence.  Both cognitive distortions regarding the prevalence of violence and emotion dysregulation were linked to lower levels of resilience.   Conclusion:  Results suggest the importance of including assessments of childhood exposure to violence as a part of standard practice in college counseling centers.  Campus campaigns should be crafted to enhance accurate perceptions about rates of violence while simultaneously providing students with the opportunity to engage in treatment that may facilitate the development of other protective mechanisms, such as emotion regulation. 

avatar for Kathryn Howell

Kathryn Howell

University of Memphis
Kathryn H. Howell, Ph.D., is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Memphis. Dr. Howell is best known for her intervention work with women and children coping with violence and other adversities, including evaluation of the Kids’ Club and Moms... Read More →

Laura Miller-Graff

Dr. Miller’s research examines the developmental effects of exposure to violence in childhood. With a focus on children who have multiple traumatic exposures, she investigates resulting patterns of resilience and psychopathology, including the development of posttraumatic stress... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 1:45pm - 3:15pm
Vroom Room A&A Lower Floor, King's College


Law & Restorative Justice - Sue Klassen, Susan Reid, Alex Pessoa
Law & Restorative Justice:

Abstract #136
Restorative Justice Following Severe Violence: Affects on Posttraumatic Growth 
Presenter: Sue Klassen
Balancing the well-established field of research on posttraumatic stress and PTSD, which documents the negative sequelae following trauma, posttraumatic growth (PTG) is a growing field that examines the ways some people blossom beyond their pre-trauma baseline through wrestling with trauma.  Some researchers consider PTG a special type of resilience—resilience that transforms—while others say future resilience to traumas may emerge from PTG.  Promising research has shown how a restorative justice process—in which a victim voluntarily meets with the offender following a crime—can reduce victims’ posttraumatic stress and PTSD symptoms.  But what about PTG?  This study of ten victims of crimes of severe violence, who participated in a face-to-face restorative encounter, starts to address this gap.  Themes and quotes from in-depth interviews, combined with measures of PTG using the PTGI-SF scale, will allow these victims/survivors to tell in their own words the role a restorative encounter played in their PTG.  This study will be coupled with an overview of the literature to date, bringing new insights to this growing field.

Abstract #138
Giving Youth in Custody A Voice for Change
Presenter: Susan Reid Co - Presenter: Sarah Gilliss
Youth Matters, a youth led organization sponsored by St. Thomas University has created a chapter within the provincial closed custody facility for young offenders in New Brunswick.  This presentation will focus on the development of this group and the progress that has been made with young people who meet weekly to discuss issues, explore opportunities in a facilitated group that is run by a group of young leaders inside the institution.  The young people have created a video on institutional bullying and have been exploring issues related to violence against women.  This presentation will provide an overview of the adult-youth partnerships that have facilitated the creation and ongoing work with this group of at risk youth.

Abstract #146
Resilience and Vulnerability for Adolescents in Conflict With the Law
Presenter: Alex Pessoa
The research and theoretical frameworks on resilience are mostly coming from the Northern Hemisphere. My proposal is to argue that these studies ignore the particularities of Latin American countries and neglect model of social inequality as the main element for the exposition of young adolescent to indicators of psychosocial risk. I advocate the establishment of collaborative networks in order to create interventional practices and research methodologies that highlight these aspects. In this sense, I believe it is relevant to build a theoretical model to challenge hegemonic notions of resilience that has no applicability in Latin America and do not collaborate in disruption of oppressive social structures historically built under a model which prevails inequality and disenfranchisement of some segments. The universities and researchers interested on resilience theory must join forces to design a consistent epistemological frameworks for the groups belonging to this reality. Furthermore, I understand that the policies and interventional programs should target practices that allow emancipation and the breaking of cycles that perpetuate vulnerability across generations. The audience contributions may allow the beginning of the articulation around this reflective process and may bring implications for the field.

avatar for Alex Pessoa

Alex Pessoa

PhD Candidate, UNESP
PhD candidate linked to Faculty of Science and Tecnology, University from Sao Paulo (UNESP), Sao Paulo, Brazil. In the last years the researcher developed studies and interventions in the field of childhood and youth' protection. His papers and book chapters are related to sexual... Read More →
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Sue Klassen

Sue Klassen, certified Strategies for Trauma Awareness and Resilience (STAR) Practitioner, leads STAR-based trainings throughout Upstate NY and Ontario. She holds a Masters degree in Conflict Transformation, with concentrations in Restorative Justice and Psychosocial Trauma Healing... Read More →

Susan Reid

Professor, St.Thomas University
Dr.Susan Reid is a professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice at St. Thomas University who specializes in research on youth justice. Her work focuses on the rights of young persons to have their voice heard in decisions that affect them and her research has been done collaboratively... Read More →


Sarah Gilliss

Instructor at New Brunswick Community College Sarah is an instructor in the Social Sciences Department at the New Brunswick Community College. She has been facilitating workshops with young people at the New Brunswick Youth Centre over the past year and has co-authored a textbook... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 1:45pm - 3:15pm
ScotiaBank Room NAB 3rd Floor, King's College


Overcoming Stigma through Resilience in LGBTQ Communities - Daniel Elleker, Andre P. Grace, Elizabeth Saewyc
Overcoming Stigma Through Resilience in LGBTQ Communities:

Abstract #82
The Family Resilience Project: Linking Research to Advocating for Gender Minority Youth
Presenter: Andre P. Grace
This paper considers how gender identity is increasingly conceived as a multivariate construction that cannot be contained by the male-female binary. It positions growing into gender as an intricate ecological process impacted by history, social expectations, acculturation, geography, and politics as well as by individual reaction and resistance to any or all of these influences. This revision of what gender can be challenges us to rethink what it means to be gender healthy. This paper examines how we use an emergent resilience typology at the Institute for Sexual Minority Studies and Services in my university to help us navigate comprehensive health dynamics impacting gender nonconforming and trans-spectrum youth. It provides a synopsis of knowledge building about stressors, risk taking, asset building, and indicators of thriving as they relate to this youth population. It uses an ecological framework that surveys complexities impacting how gender minority youth grow into resilience. It considers how our resilience typology innervates purpose and action in our Family Resilience Project, which includes individual and family counselling, a parent/significant adult support group, a trans and gender questioning youth support group, and professional development for workers who focus on meeting the comprehensive health needs of gender minority youth.

Abstract #172
Change in Internalized Homophobia Severity Over Time in Young Gay and Bisexual Men: A Mixed Methods Study of Resilience
Presenter: Daniel Elleker
Background: Internalized homophobia resolution (IHR) has been proposed as a resilience process experienced by many gay and bisexual men, in which high levels of internalized homophobia (IH) decrease over time.
Methods: Six young men were recruited from a small urban area. IH was quantitatively assessed retrospectively relative to three time periods, using the Internalized Homophobia Scale (IHP). An in-depth qualitative interview explored participants’ lived experiences of change in IH across development, and factors perceived to be related to such changes.
Results: Results converged to the extent that all participants experienced declines in IH. Two superordinate themes emerged from qualitative analysis 1) Changes in IH are highly contextual, non-linear, and continuous; and 2) Resilience is experienced as an active and self-directed process. Participants described IH as fluctuating in ways that were contingent on both external and internal events, resulting in small to large changes in IH that were either temporary or enduring.
Conclusions: The construct of IHR is problematic, as it reifies IH as a pathological condition in and of itself, and in so doing abstracts the experience of IH from the sociocultural conditions that produce and maintain it. Qualitative findings point to more nuanced understandings of change in IH over time, which are consistent with a social ecological model of resilience. Implications for research, theory, and program development are discussed.

Abstract #242
Promoting Resilience Among Sexual Minority Adolescents: Buffering Enacted Stigma, Suicide Attempts With Supportive Relationships
Presenter: Elizabeth Saewyc Co - Presenter: Kallista Bell
Sexual minority (gay, lesbian, bisexual) youth face significant health inequities vs. heterosexual peers, including suicide attempts, primarily due to higher rates of victimization and discrimination (enacted stigma). What protective factors in environments and relationships attenuate that link? From the 2008 BC Adolescent Health Survey (N=29,513) we focused on sexual minority students (~5%), conducting multivariate logistic regressions to calculate the predicted probabilities of past year suicide attempt based on varying combinations of key risk factors (physical assault at school, sexual abuse, sexual orientation discrimination) and protective factors (family and school connectedness, perceived safety at school) separately by gender and orientation group. When youth reported all 3 types of violence, and low levels of all 3 protective factors, the probability of suicide attempt was high (males: 75% gay, 63% bisexual; females: 52% lesbian, 72% bisexual). When they reported no violence and high levels of the protective factors, probabilities were much lower (2% to 9%). Even among students with all 3 types of enacted stigma, when they also reported high protective factors, probabilities were sharply lower (e.g., gay boys, 75% to 29%, bisexual girls, 72% to 14%). Supportive relationships appear to reduce the probability of suicidality, even for stigmatized sexual minority youth.

avatar for Andre Grace

Andre Grace

University of Alberta
André P. Grace, PhD is Canada Research Chair in Sexual and Gender Minority Studies (Tier 1) and Professor and Director of Research at the Institute for Sexual Minority Studies and Services in the Faculty of Education, University of Alberta, Canada. He is co-founder of Camp fYrefly... Read More →

Daniel Elleker

Daniel is currently completing his MSc in Counselling Psychology at the University of Calgary. He is a member of the Western Resilience Network, and completed his research with the Resilience Research Lab at Vancouver Island University in Nanaimo, BC. Daniel is pursuing a research... Read More →

Elizabeth Saewyc

A Professor of Nursing and Adolescent Medicine at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Dr. Saewyc heads the interdisciplinary Stigma and Resilience Among Vulnerable Youth Centre. She is a Fellow in the Society for Adolescent Health and Medicine and the Canadian Academy... Read More →


Kallista Bell

Graduate Student at Simon Fraser University

Thursday June 18, 2015 1:45pm - 3:15pm
Shatford Room A&A 2nd Floor, King's College


Resilience & Education Services - Konrad Glogowski, Zuzana Hrncirikova, Linda Theron
Resilience & Educational Services:

Abstract #179
"A Critical Mass of Supports": Teen Resilience and Educational Attainment through Student Engagement, Wrap-around Programming, and Community Partnerships
Presenter: Konrad Glogowski
The Pathways to Education program, founded in Toronto’s Regent Park in 2001 to address high youth disengagement and dropout rates in one of Canada’s most disadvantaged communities, has been replicated throughout Canada and is now reaching over 5,000 high school students in 17 communities across the country. The model aligns well with existing research on effective dropout prevention programming and youth engagement. Its four-pillar approach, focused on youth engagement and wrap-around support, has been shown to nurture resilience and improve educational attainment among youth living in risk situations.
This paper presentation will explore how youth engagement - delivered through a comprehensive case management approach and with key community partners - nurtures resilience in marginalized youth. Specifically, the paper will focus on recent case studies from community-based programs in Nova Scotia and Ontario that explore how effective partnerships with local community agencies and schools employ youth engagement strategies, adult-youth mentorships, and a strong focus on youth voice to further enhance the impact of the program, create safe spaces for marginalized youth, and nurture resilience.

Abstract #190
Promotion of Resilience in Education
Presenter: Zuzana Hrncirikova
This paper is a theoretical framework for the search of protective and risk factors in the education of youth who have to cope with greater demands of life circumstances (eg. youth at risk, endangered youth). The text aims to define risk and protective factors of resilience in educational processes in the context of the educational system in the Czech Republic. First the paper deals with the notion of resilience. Then it discusses the contribution of risk and protective factors of resilience, which are specified in terms of social-ecological approach. Eventually it presents particular risk and protective factors in the education of youth in the Czech Republic, which can reinforce or weaken their resilience ability.
The results of empirical studies have shown that education can, under certain circumstances, replace youth what can not be provided by their own family, and can be provided them with a safe environment to live.
As a very important person in this situation seems to be an educator who can help a young person in coping with life's challenges, which are beyond his/her power.

Abstract #255
How Do Education Services Matter for Resilience Processes? South African Youths’ Experiences
Presenter: Linda Theron
The resilience literature is increasingly drawing attention to formal service provision as a means for social ecologies to support children’s and youths’ positive adjustment to challenging life circumstances. This paper interrogates the universality and simplicity of this argument. Using a secondary data analysis of two saturated, qualitative South African data sets (i.e., the life stories of 16 resilient, black South African students from impoverished families, and phenomenological accounts of 237 black South African adolescents) I show that education services predominate South Africans childhood and youth experience of formal support. I theorise that contextual and cultural specifics informed the dominance of education services. However, the data show that education did not consistently facilitate resilience processes. When it did, education services were characterised by teacher-community reciprocity and student receptiveness to support. Moreover, education service providers (i.e., teachers and principals) engaged in supportive actions that went beyond the scope of typical teacher tasks. Thus, I suggest that formal service facilitation of resilience processes is complex and culturally-nuanced. In disadvantaged contexts, like those reported in this paper, it requires collaborative activity that might well demand atypical service acts from service-providers.

avatar for Konrad Glogowski

Konrad Glogowski

Director, Research and Knowledge Mobilization, Pathways to Education Canada
As Director of Research and Knowledge Mobilization at Pathways to Education Canada, Konrad Glogowski is responsible for developing and implementing a long-term national research agenda and strategy for the organization, and providing internal research support to better understand... Read More →
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Linda Theron

Professor, North-West University
Linda Theron is a full professor in the Department of Educational Psychology, Faculty of Education, University of Pretoria; an associate of the Centre for the Study of Resilience, University of Pretoria; and an extraordinary professor in Optentia Research Focus Area, North-West University... Read More →

Zuzana Hrncirikova

Assistant Professor
Zuzana Hrncirikova works as an Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Education, Palacky University in Olomouc, the Czech Republic. Since 2008, she has been dedicated to the research of resilience. It focuses on issues of resilience and its resources in the educational environment... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 1:45pm - 3:15pm
Boardroom A&A 2nd Floor, King's College


Schools & Resilience - Nadine Kuyper, Elena Malaguti, Wassilis Kassis
Schools & Resilience:

Abstract #204
Communities of Practice Supporting Teachers' Resilience? Working With Teachers in a Resilient-Based Systemic Way
Presenter: Wassilis Kassis Co - Presenters: Ulrike Graf, Elias Kourkoutas, Angie Hart
In Osnabrück/Germany with 17, and in Crete/Greece with 45 (pre-)school teachers we created Communities of Practice groups (as two projects within the international Imagine-project coordinated by the University of Brighton, England). These CoPs are shared learning spaces for teachers who work with to students with various and complex needs. Their focus is to strengthen teachers’ resilience. It is hoped that the CoPs will (a) enable all participants to build trusting relationships; (b) support group members to generate new ideas to deal with difficulties. By addressing the school professionals as specialists embedding their new strategies in their practice, we would like to model a resilient way of giving support.
During the CoPs’ one year period, we have administered three times three questionnaires. Starting from Mansfield’s work (2012) we developed a set of questionnaire-questions on teachers’ ability to navigate and negotiate by personal and social resources towards dealing in a resilience oriented way with difficulties at school. Additionally, the teachers completed the burn-out questionnaire by Maslach & Jackson and one inventory exploring the difficulties they face. By combining these three sets of results we identified interesting results on teachers’ personal and social resilience processes over this one year period.

Abstract #210
The Influence of Schooling on the Resilience and Academic Performance of Poverty-Stricken Adolescents in South African Schools
Presenter: Nadine Kuyper
The social and economic environments in which children develop are regarded as important variables which relate to academic performance. In order to support learners in achieving academically, an understanding of the role of these different variables is essential.  The aim of the study was to investigate the influence of additional educational support on the resilient behaviour and subsequent academic performance of adolescents in Grades 9 and 10. A sample of 117 high school adolescents was used. Schools that offer additional educational support tend, on average, to show a healthier teacher-learner relationship, more parental involvement, superior cognitive development and better study orientation. All these factors were also found to contribute to a learner’s potential to demonstrate resilient behaviour. Based on the literature study and the empirical investigation, recommendations to parents, teachers and schools have been made.

Abstract #220
Resilience, Assisted Resilience and Social Inclusion: The Role of School and After School Time Educational Services
Presenter: Elena Malaguti
Both the new international blueprints about the interventions on the juveniles and youths living in vulnerable contexts, the studies about social inclusion, on on the implementation of empowerment, the emergence of new seminal paradigms (resilience, advocacy, assisted resilience) require an inquiry into the perspectives underpinning the construction of inclusive educational contexts, as well as of assisted resilience, in the promotion of resilience processes.
Our research project inquired into the role the adults involved (teachers, social workers, social cares and school managers) have been playing in the management of educational projects concerning groups of youth between 11 and 17 years of age who live under vulnerable conditions and attend either school or the extraschool afternoon educational groups.  
The focus of of our research were the resilience processes among a group of juveniles living under vulnerable conditions (foster children, children with learning difficulties, socio-economic marginality, handicap). Moreover, the project carried out an analysis of the assisted resilience process undertaken by social cares, teachers and managers. Finally, we inquired into the inclusion within the school and extra-school context adolescent hang out with. 
A theoretical method, relying on a multidimeninsional, multifactorial and ecological approach, was adopted to expose both the educational and the resilience processes. For this purpose, we adopted both qualitative and quantitative analytical tools.

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Elena Malaguti

Associated Professor, Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna
Elena Malaguti PhD, Pedagogist, Psycologyst and Psicotherapist. She is Professor of Didactic and Special Education - School of Psicology and Education - Department of Education - Alma Mater Studiorum University of Bologna. The main research activities concern the perspective of... Read More →
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Nadine Kuyper

Educational Psychologist
Nadine is an Educational Psychologist in South Africa. She divides her time between her private practice and Epworth Children’s Home, an NGO Child and Youth Care Centre offering residential and therapeutic care for neglected/abused children. Epworth Children’s Village is also... Read More →

Wassilis Kassis

Wassilis Kassis, PhD, holds a Full Professorial Chair for Educational Science at the University Osnabrück/Germany. For more than 20 years, Kassis develops and coordinates projects of research on the social development of young adults within the context of family and school at national... Read More →


Ulrike Graf

Ulrike Graf, PhD, is a Full Professor of Education at Primary School Age (University of Osnabrück/Germany) and Head of the Research Center in Primary School Education at the Institute for Early Childhood Education and Development of Lower Saxony.She works on pedagogy diagnosis, emphasizing... Read More →

Elias Kourkoutas

Prof. Dr. at University of Crete Elias E. Kourkoutas is currently Professor of Psychology and Special Education and Chairman of the Educational Psychology Division, as well as of the European funded Practicum Program in Special Education in the Department of Primary Education at... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 1:45pm - 3:15pm
Seminar 7 A&A Lower Floor, King's College


Spaces and Places: Visual Methods and Civic Engagement - Daphne Hutt-MacLeod, Mallery Denny, Linda Liebenberg
Spaces & Places: Visual Methods and Civic Engagement:

Abstract #212
Community-Based Research for Community-Based Services: The Interface of Reflective Participatory Visual Methods and Holistic Approaches to Community Mental Health Programs 
Presenter: Linda Liebenberg Co - Presenter: Daphne Hutt-MacLeod
The Spaces and Places Research Project (S&P) explores the ways in which communities can build better civic and cultural engagement with youth. The purpose is to 1) conceptualize spaces available to youth facing heightened risks that establish a sense of community and cultural connection, and 2) understand how these spaces facilitate the cultural and civic engagement of these youth, in turn fostering resilience. This participatory study involves youth in data analysis and arts-based dissemination projects designed to return findings back to local and broader communities. The study has taken place in two remote communities of Labrador and one rural community of Nova Scotia; all Aboriginal communities. Eskasoni Mental Health Services (EMHS) is a holistic community-based service, supporting the mental health of community members through formal and informal service provision. The organisation consists of 5 sectors (Clinical and Therapeutic Support, Residential School Support, Youth Center, Crisis and Referral Center, and Community-Based Case Management), operated by 19 staff. EMHS is one of three mental health service providers partnering on S&P. This presentation will review the design of S&P, provide an explanation of Eskasoni as the research context, an explanation of the research approach and the study’s relevance to community-based service providers.

Abstract # 168
Engaging Youth in Research: Lessons From Youth Participants
Presenter: Mallery Denny Co - Presenters: Jenny Reich, Hannah Battiste, Diome Denny, Angelo Bernard, Hugh Paul, Raylene Nicholas, Ivan Knockwood, Kevin Christmas, Ronald Dennis
 "The hand-drum is the beat of the soul; the eagle is the guide through our path; we unite as a team of speakers, as we mumble but never stumble. We are our people." These words are included in a mural on a community wall in Eskasoni, Canada. The mural shows what we have learned through the Spaces and Places Research Project (S&P) about what young people like us, in OU.R. Eskasoni, need to do well. We use the mural to share this knowledge with our community -- the people who support us to do better. In this presentation we will share with people outside of our community what young people in rural communities, and elsewhere, need to do well. We will also share with researchers what they need to know to do better research with young people like us. We will tell them what we enjoyed and found useful about participating in research; and what we didn't enjoy, what should have been different. We'll let them know what was hard, but what motivated us to stick it out, and care about the research project and how it could help us, and the young people who come after us.

Abstract #165
Meaningfully Engaging Youth in Research and Evaluation
Presenter: Daphne Hutt-MacLeod
This facilitated discussion will present core lessons gained from experiences of youth participants and researchers engaged in several research projects internationally. Specifically, we will present key points to elicit discussion around the following three questions: 1. Why should we engage youth meaningfully in research and evaluation? 2. How do we engage youth meaningfully in research/evaluation and dissemination of findings?3. How are community partners (including youth participants) working with researchers to protect the best interests of youth in the research/evaluation process?The focus will be on research and evaluation with youth living in challenging socioeconomically marginalised contexts. The goal of Understanding meaningful engagement is to facilitate connection and knowledge sharing between a diverse group of actors engaged in research (i.e. researchers, community-partners, and youth research participants); and to generate new knowledge about how to meaningfully engage youth in research and evaluation so as to reverse the flow of knowledge from marginalised and often silenced youth to adults in positions of decision-making power.


Daphne Hutt-MacLeod

Director-Eskasoni Mental Health Services & Nova Scotia Mi'kmaq Crisis & Referral Centre; Coordinator of Tui'kn Residential School Survivor Team at Eskasoni Mental Health Services Daphne Hutt-Macleod (MA Psych), Director of Eskasoni Mental Health/NS Crisis & Referral Centre/Tui'kn... Read More →
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Linda Liebenberg

Linda Liebenberg, PhD., Co-Director Resilience Research Centre, Dalhousie University, is a researcher and evaluator with a core interest in children and youth with complex needs. Her work explores the promotion of positive youth development and mental health, using formal and informal... Read More →

Mallery Denny

Mallery Denny, Youth Support Worker, Eskasoni Mental Health Service (EMHS), has worked in mental health with EMHS for the past 6 years with experience in youth support and crisis work. Mallery has also been involved in research collaborations and played a key role in the Spaces and... Read More →


Daphne Hutt-MacLeod

Director-Eskasoni Mental Health Services & Nova Scotia Mi'kmaq Crisis & Referral Centre; Coordinator of Tui'kn Residential School Survivor Team at Eskasoni Mental Health Services Daphne Hutt-Macleod (MA Psych), Director of Eskasoni Mental Health/NS Crisis & Referral Centre/Tui'kn... Read More →

Jenny Reich

Researcher, Resilience Research Centrere
Project Manager Spaces and Places, RRC at Resilience Research Centre Jenny Reich, Researcher and Evaluator Resilience Research Center, Dalhousie University, is the project manager of the Spaces and Places Research Project in Eskasoni, Canada. Her experience working on S&P exposed... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 1:45pm - 3:15pm
Alumni Hall NAB 1st Floor, King's College


Stories of Resilience - Wanda Taylor, Diane Parris, Jane Arnfield
Stories of Resilience:

Abstract #69
Suitcase of Survival
Presenter: Jane Arnfield Co - Presenter: Tony Harrington
Live witness testimony is an integral tool to accessing further testimony. Working with host, testimonial witnesses seeking to uncover new and engaging ways to demonstrate how testimony can continue to have a living presence through a series of surrogates. Through physical and intellectual exercises Suitcase of Survival investigates and excavates how resilience is formed and how resilience is maintained. The work of SOS depends on defining core values - personal, individual core values which contribute to building of personal resilience, helping both the development of the individual and the individual operating with a group. Utilising drama based approaches, the participants activate a personal opportunity to reflect on their life, explore their own decision making and construct or deconstruct their one value systems with the single aim of developing and nurturing themselves as active citizens - as citizens of activism. The multimodal creative programme Suitcase of Survival not only provides participants  with the tools to meet the challenges and responsibilities of active citizenship and an awareness of global communities but its themes provide a fertile ground for innovative art making. Central to Suitcase of Survival (SOS) is the exploration of memory and personal history, diversity, human rights, empathy, identity and interdependence.

Abstract #97
Courage to Heal: A Case Examination of the Nova Scotia Home for Colored Children 
Presenter: Wanda Taylor
This paper presentation will examine how certain children who have experienced extreme childhood trauma manage to overcome horrific circumstances and find a way to cope in their everyday lives. The paper will use the example from my book on the case of the Nova Scotia Home for Colored Children. Established in 1921 as an orphanage for Black children in Nova Scotia at a time when they were not permitted entry into mainstream orphanages, this institution was to be the best thing to ever happen to those poor, abandoned children. 
It wasn’t until former residents found the courage, as adults, to come forward and tell their stories (by way of a class action law suit filed against the institution and the province) that society became aware of the extremely disturbing circumstances under which those children lived. Stories of brutal rape, extreme physical abuse, near starvation, emotional and sexual abuse and neglect were a part of the everyday lives of these children, who were already coming from less than ideal circumstances. Relying on extensive interviews with former residents and making reference to Keck and Sakdapolrak’s definition of social resilience (2013), the presentation will examine issues of resiliency and coping.

Abstract #216
Live MY Life: See What It's Like
Presenter: Diana Parris
Youth in care tell us with frank honesty about what works and what gets in the way. 
Our workshop presents youth in care‘s experiences about what works and what gets in the way of good CYC practice.  In the workshop, audience members are challenged to take active roles in promoting youth voice in their work, as well as in quality assurance and program evaluation for agencies. 
We conclude the workshop with a youth voice video – created  by at risk youth, expressing their voice:  “Live MY Life: See what it’s like” funded by the  KB Knowledge
“What do they tell us”: We conducted focus group discussions and individual interviews with present & former youth in care who shared with us the critical skills, qualities, attitudes, beliefs, values, cultural competence and  self-awareness required by CYCP’s : what works and what doesn’t work. 
Our research speaks to the obligation we have to find ways to incorporate youth voice and feedback into ongoing quality assurance or program evaluations in youth services : evaluation needs to be mandated and iterative.


Diane Parris

Instructor, Child & Youth Care
Faculty at Child and Youth Care Program Red River College Diane Parris graduated with a Diploma in Child and Youth Care from Confederation College in Thunder Bay. Upon moving to Manitoba, she spent eight years working frontline in both community group care and locked residential... Read More →
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Jane Arnfield

Reader in Arts & Director of Fine & Visual Arts Programmes, Northumbria University UK
Jane is an Associate Artist with the Cambodian Documentation Centre (DC-Cam) in Phnom Penh, and a recently appointed member of the museum team for The Sleuk Rith Institute committed to building a permanent documentation centre in Phnom Penh managed by Youk Chhang. Jane has a commitment... Read More →
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Wanda Taylor

Presenter Biography: Wanda Taylor is a Social Worker, Film Producer, Author and Educator who has worked with children and youth for over twenty years in various capacities; including as a child welfare social worker, case manager, emergency crisis worker, and as counselor for homeless... Read More →


Tony Harrington

Executive Director at The Forge The Forge lead by Tony Harrington is a leading, internatonal organisating speacialsing in participatory arts practice. An example of their work is Suitcase of Survival SOS an educational toolkit and evolving, learning programme including best practice... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 1:45pm - 3:15pm
Haliburton Room A&A Main Floor, King's College


Theraputic Methods - Renata Maria Coimbra-Libório, Cleve Sauer, Roberta Greene
Theraputic Methods:

Abstract #123
Resilience Enhancing Stress Model
Presenter: Roberta Greene
There is a burgeoning of information and research about resilience. Yet, the term is often vague, poorly defined, and applied in a variety of situations and circumstances. What can be done to avoid these pitfalls and what sometimes may be false dichotomies? Clearly, there is a need for a holistic model suitable to describe the process of risk and resilience both for individuals and systems, and for various populations experiencing stressful/ adverse events. 
This paper presents the Resilience Ecological-Stress Model (RESM) to illustrate how people and the various systems in which they live build on their innate ability to function effectively in their environments. The premise is that resilience needs to be seen as nested within multiple layers of individual and collective adaptive factors that explain how people cope with stress and maintain their daily functioning. 
The paper outlines the major assumptions and terms used in ecological-systems theory, describing how these theoretical concepts lead to a better understanding of the origin(s), development, and maintenance of resilience. In addition, the RESM has practical applicability, describing how the ability to respond well to stress can be learned in natural settings and enhanced through therapeutic intervention.

Abstract #132
How Therapeutic Clowning Contributes to Child and Family Resilience within a Pediatric Health Centre
Presenter: Cleve Sauer Co - Presenter: Alan McLuckie
Children faced with threats to their physical well-being can experience high stress levels within hospitals and during medical procedures, which can contribute to mental distress and emotional difficulties. Many children demonstrate resilience, arising from their inner resources and nurtured through supportive relationships and interactions with caregivers, family members and medical staff.  This paper presents how the work of Buddington, the therapeutic clown at The IW5850/58K Health Centre contributes to the resilience of children who are hospitalized or visit the IWK for medical procedures. Since, 2006 Buddington has been a key member of the Child Life Program at the IWK providing developmentally sensitive therapeutic-play interactions for children and their families from across the Maritime Provinces who access the pediatric inpatient units and outpatient clinics at the IWK.  Never coming out of ‘character’ Buddington moves throughout the hospital environment engaging all he meets through gentle and inclusive play and humor. Theory, research and practice-based evidence, along with experiential activities guided by Buddington, will be threaded together within this paper presentation to demonstrate how this strength-based intervention can reduce mental distress in children by harnessing and maximizing the potential of the young person, caregivers, family members and hospital staff.

Abstract #163
Arts and Resilience
Presenter: Renata Maria Coimbra-Libório Co - Presenter: Bernardo Monteiro de Castro
This presentation will focus on the links between arts and resilience, grounded in researches carried out with at risk youth and people with disabilities.
(i) Arts as a means of expression
It is very common to hear from different artists that their work is therapeutic. An esthetical expression can be useful either to externalize a psychological pain or to organize a subjective conflict. Since art offers resources for a non-rational discourse, its outcomes provide, for one who expresses by this means, a deeper sense of wholeness and self-understanding. It will be presented a short-documentary about a poet woman with disability.
  (ii) Engaging in esthetical experience
Although art is not precisely defined, combining verses is not enough to write a good poem. However, someone who is not a good dancer can feel very well having dance classes. The experience of feeling the body expressing affects and ideas can help an individual to have a better consciousness of him/herself and to realize that the existence of some problems is not sufficient to avoid good emotions and pleasure. Grounded on the theoretical approach of Barbara Rogoff, it will be presented data about the “Negotiating resilience research” carried out in Aquarela project in Brazil.


Cleve Sauer

Cleve Sauer, BA (Psychology), BSW, MSW (candidate), is employed on a full-time basis with the Child Life Department at the IWK Health Centre in the role of Therapeutic Clown (Buddington). His area of professional interest is the application of creative psycho-social therapeutic approaches... Read More →
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Renata Maria Coimbra-Libório

Renata Maria Coimbra-Liborio is Psychologist, with master and PhD in Developmental Psychology at University of São Paulo (USP). Professor at Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), at Graduate Program in Education, in Presidente Prudente, Brazil. She has a professional master's degree... Read More →

Roberta Greene

Roberta Greene was professor and the Louis and Ann Wolens Centennial Chair in Gerontology and Social Welfare at the School of Social Work University of Texas-Austin. She previously was professor and dean at the Indiana University School of Social Work and has worked at the Council... Read More →


Bernardo Monteiro de Castro

PhD in Literature at UFMG Bernardo M. Castro holds a degree in Psychology and MA and PhD in Literature from the Pontifical Catholic University of Minas Gerais, a post-doctorate in Medieval Literature and other post-doctorate in Developmental Psychology and Resilience, both at the... Read More →

Alan Mcluckie

Assistant Professor at University of Calgary, Faculty of Social Work Alan McLuckie, PhD, is an Assistant Professor at The University of Calgary, Faculty of Social Work. He is an Adjunct Professor at the Department of Psychiatry, Dalhousie University and provides clinical supervision... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 1:45pm - 3:15pm
Frazee Room NAB 2nd Floor, King's College


Youth at Risk - Rashid Ahmed, Jaswant Guzder, Ahmad Feroz Hematyar
Youth at Risk:

Abstract #68 
A Review of the Community Level Protective Factors for Youth Violence 
Presenter: Rashid Ahmed Co-presenters: Maghboebah Mosavel, Cindy Petersen
While the focus on protective factors for youth violence is extremely helpful there is still a relative paucity of data on community level protective factors. To address this gap the present study will identify and review community level factors for youth violence. A systematic review methodology will be used to identify protective factors in both research and intervention studies. The review will focus primarily on the extent to which the relationship between the identified protective factors are discussed in the studies and the extent to which theories of resilience are utilised. Current conceptualisations of community resilience will also be reviewed to assess their relevance for youth violence especially in low-income contexts. Directions for future research will identify gaps in the literature on protective factors and the major issues to be considered in developing theories of community resilience.

Abstract #181
Promoting Resilence in High Risk Children in Jamaica With the Dream a World Program: A Multimodal Community Model
Presenter: Jaswant Guzder
The effectiveness of the dream a world intervention model (multimodal afterschool and summer for 3 years) was evaluated in an initial school pilot within a garrison community of inner city Jamaica selecting a cohort (with matched controls) of 30 highly disruptive children who were failing by grade 2-3. The pilot was developed as a school based intervention integrating teachers, artists and therapists as collaborators and using measures of aseba, academic performance and qualitative data. A grand challenges grant 2012 to 2015, initiated a further cohort of 100 identified grade 3 high risk children from four impoverished communities. In 2014 the government of Jamaica has initiated an expansion to 35 new schools. The program target is reduction of violence, retention of pupils into academic high school placements, as well as engagement of parents, school and community in supporting child development. Arts and culturally based activities are integrated with literacy and numeracy, psychotherapeutic milieu and group work in an action research model centered in each school. The results are validating significant academic gains and behaviour changes with global functioning improvements though there are gender differences in outcomes.

Abstract #84
Afghanistan-Canada Community Network Creation and Intervention
Presenter: Ahmad Feroz Hematyar Co - Presenter: Owoyemi Ibrahim Segun
ASHNA-AYIA aspires to build sustainable, sound, safe, balanced civic communities of the highest standards for the Afghans in a diverse environment conducive to their growth, development and well-being a legitimate and integral part for cross-border information sharing between Afghanistan-Canada.
The core values of this abstract is to upholds the importance of putting people first an anti-discriminatory, diverse and barrier-free environment of acceptance, tolerance and understanding in order to ensure development of education, empowering youth, providing assistance to displaced proportion of the Afghan communities. Likewise seek cross-border exchange of knowledge, experience and professional development. The core purpose of cross-border co-op is to provide easy access to quality social and community services with professionalism by promoting well-being quality of life for all communities; develop volunteering programs to between both countries to exchange experts for sharing of knowledge/expertise to safeguard transparency; promote Afghan heritage overseas in the context of Canadian life; enhance skills which promote self-sufficiency and work within an anti-discriminatory framework to ensure a respectful, safe inclusive environment to eradicate insurgencies, raise transparency, government programs advocacy and more.
In addition, Community intervention would foster cultural awareness and improved integration of at-risk Afghan youth. Therefore, the focus of the program is on youth development and youth leadership and disability-related components necessary for youth to participate fully in all aspects of their lives and society in order to change the face of the community; likewise to involve community intervention to the peaceful development, transformation and to keep their communities away from crime, illiteracy and darkness.


Ahmad Feroz Hematyar

Ahmad Feroz Hematyar is the President-Country Director of ASHNA-AIYA based in Canada. He’s been involved in the Community development, immigration, capacity building, business development and involvement in the government funding projects for the past 11yrs. In addition, he’s... Read More →
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Jaswant Guzder

head of child psychiatry, centre for child development and mental health, mcgill university
Associate Professor McGill Psychiatry.Head of child psychiatry and director of childhood disorders day hospital program at jewish general hospital , mcgill division of child psychiatry. founding director of cultural consultation service at mcgill with active clinical and teaching... Read More →

Rashid Ahmed

I am a senior lecturer and clinical psychologist with an interest in community psychology. As both a practitioner and a researcher I have been involved in the area of violence and injury prevention. One of my interests is in community resilience.I am interested in particularly how... Read More →


Maghboebah Mosavel

Associate Professor at Virginia Commonwealth University Associate Prof Mosavel is in the Department of Social and Behavioural Health at the Virginia Commonwealth University. She has been extensively involved in community based participatory research.One of her interests is the extent... Read More →

Cindy Petersen

Ms Petersen is completing her training as a clinical psychologist. Her research for this course is on a systematic review of community level protective factors for youth violence in low income contexts.


Deputy Directors Committee Head/ Program and Operation Director at Assistance to Support Humanity and Need for Aid Organization / ASHNA Afghanistan International Youth Association Owoyemi Ibrahim Segun born on 27 / November / 1978 in Ibadan, Oyo State of Nigeria, he started his basic... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 1:45pm - 3:15pm
Seminar Room NAB 2nd Floor, King's College


Alternative Approaches To Resilience - Leo Deux Fils Dela Cruz, Pradeep Dhakal, Masego Katisi
Alternative Approaches to Resilience:

Abstract # 119
Inner Healing
Presenter: Leo Deux Fils Dela Cruz
Psychological trauma survivors, generally can deal with difficulty concentrating, sleep disturbances, eating disorder, the physiological sequelae and other signs and symptoms. Over time, homeostasis sets in, but the most debilitating aspect is the deterioration of self image where survivors lose their sense of self worth, overwhelmed by feeling of rejection, helplessness, emptiness and meaninglessness of life. These are the ones that are damaging. These distortions of the perceived self are the drivers of maladaptive behaviors -- the extreme form of these are homicide and suicide.Reversing such distortions, being the most crucial goal in psychotherapy, it is to be noted that immediate relief is attained by using the following: 1. Identifying the Trauma Sources (The Accumulated Incidents)2. Self-Concept Damage Report 3. Psychospiritual Protocol (The Sanctuary, Guided Meditation,) 4. Clarification of Accountability (Empower the survivor to achieve emotional maturity is achieved because of and not in spite of the trauma).It is apparent that although traumatic experiences are naturally-occurring, resiliency is also innate in human nature. The therapist simply guides, prompts or enables. The techniques facilitates integration and deepens meaning of life.

Abstract # 135  
Learning from Mother Nature for the Resilience in Early Childhood
Presenter: Pradeep Dhakal Co-Presenter: Bishnu Hari Bhatta
Engagement in extracurricular activities is very important to early childhood development because it fosters confidence, creativity, and teaches important life skills and helps children to reach their full potential. PSD Nepal has been working with fifteen schools and two orphanages and conducts extracurricular activities. Such as, students are taken to the hilly areas, rivers and ponds so that they understand Mother Nature to nurture their fullest potential. 

Abstract # 206 
Exploring alternative approaches to evaluating the effectiveness of a resilience program in Botswana
Presenter: Masego Katisi Co-Presenter: Marguerite Daniel 
‘Ark’ is a locally developed, national program for promoting resilience among vulnerable children run by ten district councils in Botswana since 2007. The operating partners are the Government of Botswana and an NGO called Ark and Mark Trust. The program involves community participation and revives aspects of traditional initiation. It consists of two parts: a two-week wilderness-based psycho-social strengthening camp for selected groups of adolescents, and village-based follow-up activities for three years. Face validation shows graduates of the program improve in their school performance and behavioural responses to stress. Standard evaluation tools, including surveys pre and post camp and throughout the three years, are in place. However, the quality of the data produced is poor. The aim of this paper is to critically analyse reasons for the poor quality of the evaluation data and to explore alternative methodologies that more effectively investigate cultural understandings of resilience. Survey data are incomplete and inconsistent leading us to question whether the standard tools are contextually incompatible. The existing tools are limited and unable to capture the diverse social processes that the program uses. We explore participatory research as a more appropriate methodology for capturing the outcomes of these multiple social processes.  


Leo Deux Fils Dela Cruz

Dr. LEO DEUX FILS Mijares DELA CRUZ is a Licensed Psychologist and Board-Certified in Stress Management (B.C.S.M.) by the American Academy of Experts in Traumatic Stress. He obtained his doctorate degree at the University of Santo Tomas in Manila where he taught for more than three... Read More →

Masego Katisi

Masego Katisi is the director of Ark and Mark Trust in Botswana, and is the pioneer in developing a psychosocial support concept that is now replicated by the government of Botswana. She is currently a PhD student in health promotion and development at the HEMIL Centre, University... Read More →

Pradeep Dhakal

Dr. Pradeep Dhakal is from Nepal. He completed his PhD in Religion and Peace (Hinduism and Peace) from Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India in 2010. Pradeep worked as a Lecturer in Tribhuvan University for 2004-2005. He has written several books, including 'The Forlorn Journey... Read More →


Bishnu Hari Bhatta

Bishnu Hari Bhatta has completed his Masters Degree in Business Administration. He is currently working as Director for Partnership for Sustainable Development Nepal for the last ten years. He is also representative from Asia for World Forum Foundation.

Marguerite Daniel

Associate professor, University of Bergen
Dr at University of Bergen Marguerite Daniel is currently an associate professor of development-related health promotion at the HEMIL Centre, University of Bergen. Her research interests include children affected and infected by HIV, the impact on social cohesion of international... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 3:45pm - 5:15pm
Classroom 3 A&A Lower Floor, King's College


Building Resilience - Angie Hart, Dorothy Bottrell
Building Resilience:

Abstract #83 
HeadStart in Action: Building Emotional Resilience in Children and Young People in Local Communities Across England
Presenter: Angie Hart
This paper gives an overview of resilience approaches being developed through Headstart, a Big Lottery Funded (BLF) £75 million experimental fund to build emotional resilience in 10-14 year olds. HeadStart aims to go beyond implementing piecemeal projects. Twelve geographical areas are involved. They are being encouraged to implement a systems-wide, co-productive approach. This ambitious programme has the potential to impact significantly on children’s mental health support across the UK and beyond. Following development grants in Phase 1, each of the 12 areas was awarded £500,000 in summer 2014 for Phase 2, a ‘test and learn’ stage. They are experimenting with, and learning from different approaches, working ecologically with children, young people, their families, schools and wider systems. Areas are both targeting the needs of children at high risk of developing mental health issues, and also working with children more widely. This presentation gives an overview of the content of the phase 2 projects which varies between areas. Initiatives include: the running of licensed, school-based resilience programmes, mental health first aid, training of practitioners in resilience approaches, young people led resilience projects, community arts projects etc. The multi-stakeholder engagement aspect of this programme presents both opportunities and challenges, as does operationalising resilience in these contexts, and at this scale.

Abstract #158
Responsibility, Resilience and Youth Leadership in Emerging African Communities of Melbourne 
Presenter: Dorothy Bottrell
Responsibility, resilience and youth leadership in emerging African communities of Melbourne This paper presents findings from a study conducted with young leaders of emerging African communities in Melbourne. Framed within a political ecology approach (Bottrell & Armstrong 2012), individual and community resilience are understood as interdependent with the policies, public discourses and socially inclusive and exclusive practices that impact emerging communities. Young African Australians in Melbourne have been negatively represented in the commentaries of mainstream media and politicians. In these public discourses they have been cast as disengaged, criminal or “at-risk” and as needing to be made responsible. Despite the common experience of racism, stereotyping, policing and violence that are barriers to acculturation, sense of belonging and participation in the broader Australian community (Refugee Council of Australia 2009), these young leaders maintain a positive outlook, aspire to personal success and contribute to their community’s development. The paper discusses how young people understand their chosen responsibilities in terms of roles, relationships and goals. In contrast to the discourse of responsibilisation, young leaders’ accounts elaborate the close interrelationship of responsibilities and resilience. 

avatar for Angie Hart

Angie Hart

University of Brighton / Boingboing
Angie Hart is Professor of Child, Family and Community Health at the University of Brighton and has been working on resilience research and practice for 10 years. She is an advisor to England’s Big Lottery Fund, Angie runs boingboing, a not for profit undertaking resilience research... Read More →

Dorothy Bottrell

Senior Lecturer at Victoria University, Melbourne AustraliaDorothy Bottrell is a Senior Lecturer in the College of Education and a member of the Mobilities, Transitions and Resilience Network of the Centre for Cultural Diversity and Wellbeing at Victoria University, Melbourne. Her... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 3:45pm - 5:15pm
Alumni Hall NAB 1st Floor, King's College


Building Resilience in Education - Chris Brown, Elizabeth Woodford-Collins, Gwen Gilmore
Building Resilience in Education:

Abstract # 102
Bridging Worlds-Building Community: Fostering Inclusive, Equity-Based Education
Presenter: Chris Brown Co-Presenter: Sarah Gazan
Through practical conversations based on experience, the presenters will discuss three conversations that need to take place to foster an equity- based, Culturally Proficient education. All of these conversations work to foster resiliency for youth by changing conversations about resiliency from a focus on the individual to a focus on creating a more enabling social environment. Conversation One This conversation is about knowledge, and how we make sense of the world based on our internalized, socialized experiences. Equity education is not about acquiring more external knowledge, but about challenging our internalized norms, values, beliefs and knowledge that shape our actions and maintain inequity. Conversation Two Conversation two is about the role of conversation and dialogue to critique inequity, and create a better understanding of our resistance to learning about oppression. This conversation creates the impetus for personal reflection that may lead to perspective transformation. Conversation Three This conversation is about creating inclusive education environments that benefit minoritized and marginalized students. The focus of this conversation is on understanding the social construction of difference, and advocating for places and spaces of safety for those whose identities reside outside of the mythical norm.  

Abstract # 113 
Building the Connected Classroom
Presenter: Elizabeth Woodford-Collins Co-Presenter: John Cochrane, Peter Smith, Jackie Leonard
Many teachers question their students’ lack of resilience as they display distress over seemingly insignificant stimulus. There are many contributing factors for this lack of resilience. Many of our student's stories follow similar patterns: lack of sleep, high expectations from self/peer/parent, work pressures, social media interactions, learning challenges, socioeconomic stress, bubble-wrapped kids and personal stories resulting in a traumatized youth. With this emotional overload, our youth's ability to deal with life's issues is compromised and many are left feeling powerless.We propose to help restore equilibrium as we provide for alternate conversations, rebuild confidence and improve resilience. How?The biggest question for many NS high school students is, “What is next?”The traditional classroom combined with the connected classroom results in purposeful and self-directed study, cross-curricular connections and a career plan that builds confidence and resilience.What does the connected classroom look like?1. Compulsory career course (gr 11)2. COOP 3. Service Learning 4. Experiential learning/inquiry based learning (career focus)5. Portfolio 6. Fundamental questions are answered: Who Am I/Where do I want to go in life/ What are my skills/interests? 7. Learning Plan: Educational/Career pathways 8. Relationships/FacilitationThis is about making connections for all youth.

Abstract # 178   
The Role of Relational Resilience in Building Academic Pathways For Students: Interdisciplinary Case Studies From Melbourne, Australia.
Presenter: Gwen Gilmore Co-Presenter: Marcelle Cacciattolo, Dan Loton
This paper examines relational resilience after Jordan (2012) who argues for a move beyond individual responsibility for ‘resilience’ to examine the relational dynamic processes and interconnections of individuals with their community. We explore here the experience of prospective students who fail to meet university entrance scores and enrol in an alternative diploma program at an Australian university. Student communities include families, the staff and innovative groups based experiences of curriculum and pedagogy. These students’ cases reveal capacities to make strategic choices that support agency for academic success as well as the multi-dimensional and contextual processes that are negotiated in context. The case studies draw attention to higher education factors that can either inhibit or encourage students’ capacity to deal with day to day opportunities and challenges that university life brings. Findings highlight how university systems and teaching can fuel resilience for learners who come from a range of diverse backgrounds.


Elizabeth Woodford-Collins

Beth Collins has worked in the secondary and post-secondary academic setting for fifteen years, in both urban and rural situations. Working with Masters level students to IB students to IPP students, Beth has discovered one educational truth, Allie Mooney’s motto, “If you can... Read More →

Gwen Gilmore

Dr Gwen Gilmore has bought to Victoria University 27 years of teaching experience in secondary, primary and tertiary settings, as well as roles in educational leadership, management and policy advice, in New Zealand, the United Kingdom and Australia.Gwen has a long-standing interest... Read More →


Marcelle Cacciattolo

Associate Professor, Victoria University
Associate Professor Marcelle Cacciattolo is a sociologist and an academic in the College of Education at Victoria University. She received her PhD from Monash University in 2002. Over the last decade her research has been cross-disciplinary involving health sciences and education-based... Read More →

John Cochrane

Coordinator, Community-Based Learning at Education and Early Childhood Development John Cochrane has held various positions in education with many years in co-operative education. As Coordinator of Community-Based Learning, he is responsible for a number of projects including service... Read More →

Sarah Gazan

Education Research Analyst at Manitoba Teachers' Society Ms. Sarah Gazan is a member of the Wood Mountain Lakota Nation. She has worked in the First Nations and Provincial school systems as a classroom teacher and at the divisional and provincial levels in the areas of Aboriginal... Read More →

Jackie Leonard

Guidance at SSRSB Jackie is presently in her 10th year as the school counselor at Liverpool Regional High School. As an educator for 35years, Ms. Leonard has held many positions: in the classroom, in resource, and as a school counsellor. She has taught at the elementary,

Dan Loton

Educational Research Advisor at Centre for Collaborative Learning and Teaching, Victoria University Dan recently attained his Doctor of Philosophy in the field of Psychology on the topic of video game addiction. He has experience in research administration and diverse research projects... Read More →

Peter Smith

Coordinator, Youth Pathways and Transitions at Education and Early Childhood Development Peter Smith has held many positions in education both internationally and in Nova Scotia. As Youth Pathways and Transitions Coordinator, he is responsible for programs which provide multiple... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 3:45pm - 5:15pm
Frazee Room NAB 2nd Floor, King's College


Disabilities - Anne Rathbone, Ida Skytte Jakobsen, Hariclia Petrakos

Abstract # 110  
Developing a Co-Inquiry Group of Young Adults with Learning Disabilities on Resilience: Methods, Opportunities, Challenges
Presenter: Anne Rathbone Co-Presenter: Mikey Reynolds, Berhana W, Fraser Caygill, Sophie Halas 
This presentation explores co-inquiry research from the University of Brighton, with 16 learning disabled young adults who are members of Arts Connect, a community programme. The academic aim is to explore contextual experience of resilience and to understand whether involvement in participatory research helps build resilience. The community co-researchers aim to become more resilient, share their research with others creatively and to learn new skills along the way. The presentation will address the gap in participatory resilience research with this group, describing processes that the co-researchers found useful in exploring resilience, key things that co-researchers feel can improve their resilience and ways in which their collective actions have challenged discrimination and self-advocated for social justice. The community co-researchers say:“At first, we didn’t know what resilience meant but now we realize we are experts, because we face challenges and discrimination every day that need resilience. We are all equal in our research group - that’s great for resilience because we have power. Resilience is important for everyone and different for everyone. We hope that our particular knowledge and experiences will help people think about resilience in new ways, and because we are creative it will be interesting and fun.”

Abstract # 196   
Inclusion for Children at Risk 
Presenter: Ida Skytte Jakobsen
The shift towards inclusive education where children with special needs are transited from a special school environment to mainstream school environment may create new risk factors for vulnerable children. In order to ensure a resiliency process for those children it is important the special knowledge is available for the teachers in the mainstream school. This study address the two following questions:  
1. How can teachers in the school use special knowledge to develop the general educational efforts in relation to groups of vulnerable children? 
2. How can teachers in school access and apply relevant knowledge from professionals in the municipality who possess specialized knowledge?

Abstract # 237  
A Child-Family-School Participatory Action Research to Promote Resilience Against Bullying in Children with Learning Difficulties
Presenter: Hariclia (Harriet) Petrakos Co-Presenters: Janet Strike Schurman, Cassandra Monette 
Research has shown that bullying in Canada is linked to many negative outcomes (Craig & Pepler, 2003). Children with learning disabilities havebeen found to be involved in bullying situations and may be negatively affected, although environmental resilience may decrease these effects (Ungar, 2011). This study took an eco-systemic approach to explore the perceptions of resilience and well-being of selected elementary schoolchildren with learning disabilities in bullying situations, as well as toprovide an in-depth understanding of the multiple perspectives of schoolstaff and parents in school communities that are implementing the Quebec government's mandatory anti-bullying programs (Bill 56, enacted into lawJune 2012). This participatory qualitative research was implemented within a suburban and a rural school. Visual methods were used to uncoverimportant insights into the students' perceptions of their school experiences. Parents were interviewed and school staff participated in focus groups to identify the protective factors (positive perceptions andbehaviours) in the face of adversity (bullying situations). This researchhas the potential of informing practitioners and service providers toconsider the positive outcomes and experiences of students and theirparents' and school staff's perceptions of resilience as it plays a role in their delivery of anti-bullying programs.  


Anne Rathbone

Supervised by Professor Angie Hart, I am a PhD student with University of Brighton, UK, with 25 years community development practice and consultancy experience in participatory approaches. I am passionate about research that gives a voice to people who face discrimination. I have... Read More →

Hariclia (Harriet) Petrakos

Dr. Hariclia Petrakos is an associate professor in the Department of Education at Concordia University and a member of the Centre of Research in Human Development (Concordia) and the Transcultural Research Intervention Team (McGill). She worked for a number of years as a school psychologist... Read More →
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Ida Skytte Jakobsen

Associate Professor, University College Lillebealt
I am trained as a clinical psychologist and has taught at the School of social work alongwith working with childred at risk. I did my PhD on how traditional risk research design can inclued a resiliency perspective. Right now I work with the significance of the inclusion agenda for... Read More →


Fraser Caygill

Community Co-researcher at Arts Connect/U of Brighton Fraser has grown in self confidence since being involved in Arts Connect and the co-inquiry research. Doing presentations has presented new challenges for him which have helped him develop his public speaking skills. He is great... Read More →

Sophie Halas

Community Co-researcher at Arts Connect/U of Brighton Sophie is training to work with children. She loves dance and movement which she has done through Arts Connect and other projects. Sophie is a great team player who loves helping others. She is very interested in psychology and... Read More →

Mikey Reynolds

Community co-researcher at Arts Connect/U of Brighton Mikey loves music, especially DJ ing and is a proud member of the resilience research co-inquiry. Before he joined the research group he had little understanding of resilience but now has a firm understanding of what resilience... Read More →

Janet Strike Schurman

Dr. at Concordia University Janet Strike Schurman is a psychologist at the New Frontiers School Board, working with students from age 4 to 18 years in both suburban and rural schools. She is a member of l’Association québécoise des psychologu! es scolaires. She specializes in... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 3:45pm - 5:15pm
Seminar 7 A&A Lower Floor, King's College


Immigration Blues - Alexa Smith-Osborne, Marja Tiilikainen, Julie Tippens
Immigration Blues:

Abstract #250
Bicultural Youth Resilience Study
Presenter: Alexa Smith-Osborne
Background and Purpose:
While there are interventions to sustain resilience among children living in adversity, there is a shortage of prevention programs for specific bicultural groups. This mixed methods study investigated a manualized brief resilience theory-based parent/child program designed to assess differential susceptibility and support resilience among American military and Spanish-speaking immigrants.  
The protocol for parallel school-age child and parent sessions was tested using a mixed methods multiple case study design (n=68).   Children were screened at pretest to ensure they did not meet criteria for a stress/trauma disorder diagnosis. Baseline data were collected at two data points including resilience and environmental measures.  Intervention phase data were collected using standardized observational behavioral rating scales and narrative progress notes. 
All children showed an increase in prosocial and self-regulated behaviors across multiple settings. An increase in engagement in positive ecosystems and decrease in risky settings occurred for 30%.  Parents reported an increase in their use of social reinforcement and reduction in punishment. Parents were also observed to increase their knowledge of environmental resources, advocacy, behavioral management strategies, and resilience factors.
Conclusions and Implications:
Brief, targeted preventive services offer cost-effective benefits to bicultural youth in  environmental resource access, self-regulation, social/ academic behaviors.

Abstract #257
Resilience Among Transnational Somali Families in Toronto: Experiences of Two Generations
Presenter: Marja Tiilikainen
Canadian Somali community is one of the socio-economically deprived communities in Toronto. The majority lives in social housing projects in neighborhoods that are characterized by high rates of school drop-outs, crimes and poverty.  In 2011 the high-school drop-out rate among Somali-speaking students was 25%, and since 2005, an estimated number of 50 young Canadian Somalis have been killed by gun-violence. 
However, despite challenges and adversities that the Canadian Somali community at large is facing, there are also families who have managed well as comes to employment and raising up children. In this paper, I aim to explore why some Canadian Somali families do better than the others.  Which factors may support family resilience? What is the role of (transnational) family as experienced and narrated by both parents and their children regarding wellbeing and resilience of the family? 
The paper is based on ongoing research on transnational Somali families in Canada, Finland and Somalia, funded by the Academy of Finland (2012–2017). The presentation draws from data collected during 9 moths of fieldwork in Toronto, and comprises interviews of two generations in 9 families of Somali descent, 5 focus group interviews, and other interviews with Somali communities including some participant observation.

Abstract #258
Refugee Resilience in Times of Political Insecurity: Urban Congolese Coping in Nairobi, Kenya
Presenter: Julie Tippens
In March 2014 the Government of Kenya issued a directive mandating all urban refugees to relocate to camps. This policy, combined with police raids in neighborhoods with high immigrant populations, placed refugees in legal limbo, sending many Congolese into hiding. This paper is based on 12-months of multi-methods research with urban Congolese refugees in Nairobi, Kenya, and examines resilience-fostering strategies employed by this group during this period of political insecurity. While most participants reported increased feelings of anxiety and depression, some individuals, households and communities utilized creative, culturally salient resilience strategies to offset the environmental instability. 
Drawing on concepts of social ecological resilience, and using positive deviance inquiry to frame ethnographic, interview and survey research, I show how perceived resilience mechanisms and supports are stratified along ethnic lines. Ethnic Banyamulenge Congolese demonstrated strong bonding mechanisms in insecure settings, relying almost exclusively on other ethnic community members, whereas other Congolese ethnic groups garnered supportive resilience resources from both inside and outside of their community.  
This paper contributes to research that seeks to identify culturally-specific forms of resilience among urban refugees, and will address variations in perceptions and uses of resilience resources across ethnic, sex and cultural lines.


Alexa Smith-Osborne

Alexa Smith-Osborne, Ph.D., M.S.W., is an Associate Professor and Director of the Center for Clinical Social Work in the School of Social Work, University of Texas at Arlington, and a licensed clinical social worker (L.C.S.W.). Dr. Smith-Osborne’s primary research interests include... Read More →
avatar for Julie Tippens

Julie Tippens

Julie A. Tippens, MA, MPH is a doctor of public health candidate at the University of Arizona, where she is also pursuing a doctoral minor and graduate certificate in medical anthropology. Her research lends anthropological insight into issues of forced migration and refugee psychosocial... Read More →

Marja Tiilikainen

Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki
Marja Tiilikainen (PhD, Adjunct Professor in comparative religion) is Academy Research Fellow at the Department of Social Research, University of Helsinki, Finland. She has conducted long-term research on Somali migrants and carried out ethnographic research in Finland, Northern Somalia... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 3:45pm - 5:15pm
Haliburton Room A&A Main Floor, King's College


Promoting Health in LGBTQ Youth - Emily Colpitts, Brian Condran
Promoting Health in LGBTQ Youth:

Abstract #141
Measuring And Understanding LGBTQ Health In Nova Scotia: Pathways To Health And Resilience
Presenter: Emily Colpitts Co - Presenter: Jacqueline Gahagan
Existing research indicates that the health of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and/or queer (LGBTQ) populations is worse than those of their heterosexual, age-matched peers. This is particularly relevant in the context of Nova Scotia given that available health data indicate that the health of those living in the Atlantic region tends to be worse than other locations in Canada. Research on LGBTQ health has traditionally taken a deficit-focused approach, which obscures the ways in which LGBTQ populations are able to respond to these health deficits and the ways in which they promote and protect their health and wellbeing. Drawing on the findings of a scoping review and consultations with members of LGBTQ communities and health service providers, this study explored innovative ways of understanding and measuring LGBTQ health in Nova Scotia in moving away from health deficits. The aim of this study is to advance the dialogue on health equity and contribute to the provision of culturally competent primary health care policies that provide resources to bolster LGBTQ resilience and wellbeing in meaningful ways.

Abstract #142
Pathways To Resiliency Through The Landscape Of HIV/HCV Prevention: Ensuring Culturally Appropriate HIV/HCV Prevention Policies For LGBTQ Youth In Atlantic Canada
Presenter: Brian Condran 
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and/or queer (LGBTQ) youth experience different sociopolitical environments than their age-matched heterosexual peers. Therefore, ensuring that healthcare policies enable LGBTQ youth to navigate pathways to resiliency requires an understanding of their unique social context, how it is shaped by healthcare policy, and how these policies can be reoriented to facilitate resiliency. 
The 3-year, NSHRF-funded study Our Youth, Our Response examined youth-oriented HIV/HCV prevention policies and programs across the Atlantic Provinces. This qualitative study consisted of a scoping review of extant HIV/HCV prevention policy documents, and a thematic analysis of one-on-one and focus group interviews.  Our analysis focused on identifying key recommendations to support the development of youth-oriented policies that will enable youth to access HIV/HCV prevention information and services, and increase navigability of the HIV/HCV prevention landscape. 
Systems-level strategies for advancing resiliency-based HIV/HCV prevention for LGBTQ youth will be discussed. Ensuring the availability and accessibility of educational material and harm reduction services is critical, as is building resiliency-promoting environments by reducing stigma and addressing misconceptions among parents, teachers, and healthcare providers. Finally, ensuring that these services are truly accessible, and activities are culturally appropriate requires the direct and meaningful involvement of LGBTQ youth themselves. 


Brian Condran

Brian Condran is a graduate student studying Health Promotion at Dalhousie University. His research focuses on LGBTQ health, sexual health promotion, health communication, and knowledge mobilization. Brian is a 2014 Fellow of the CIHR Social Research Centre in HIV prevention, and... Read More →

Emily Colpitts

Emily Colpitts, M.A., is a research assistant at the Gender and Health Promotion Studies Unit at Dalhousie University on the LGBTQ Pathways to Health in Nova Scotia study and the Reducing Stigma, Promoting Resilience study.


Jacqueline Gahagan

Professor/Director at Gender and Health Promotion Studies Unit, School of Health and Human Performance, Dalhousie University Jacqueline Gahagan is a Full Professor of Health Promotion, the Director of the Gender and Health Promotion Studies unit and Head of the Health Promotion Division... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 3:45pm - 5:15pm
Vroom Room A&A Lower Floor, King's College


Resilience in Mental Health - Robert Louis, Arshi Shaikh, Wenxin Zhang
Resilience in Mental Health:

Abstract #213
Resilience As Key Factors in the Prevention of Youth Suicide: Promising Perspectives
Presenter: Robert Louis
The main objective of this conference is to identify, analyze resilience factors involved in the prevention of youth suicide.
It is essentially, in terms of both empirical and theoretical data at the intersection of several disciplines, to determine the most significant factor, the missing link explaining why a suicidal person ha not committed the act. Identify and verify the relationship between resilience and stopping the suicidal gesture. We will try to answer the following questions: What is the relationship between resilience factors and the stopping of the suicidal act? What resilience factors actually worked in the non-passage to the act?

Abstract #247
Meaning of Resilience: Perspectives of Women With Postpartum Depression
Presenter: Arshi Shaikh Co - Presenters: Carol Kauppi, Hiren Rawal
An extensive body of research focuses upon resilience among women who encounter health issues, violence, and immigration. However, there is a dearth of research examining the meaning of resilience among women who experience postpartum depression (PPD) while residing in underserviced communities. Knowledge generated from the voices of women can facilitate the development of strengths-based interventions that specifically target such communities. 
A phenomenological study was designed to explore the meaning of resilience among women suffering from PPD in the underserviced communities of northern Ontario. Stories of personal strengths were gathered from twenty six women who met the inclusion criteria as per the purposive sampling technique. All women were 18 years and above, had experienced PPD within one year after giving birth to a live infant, and self-identified as resilient individuals. 
Narratives of women revealed debilitating effects of PPD and manifestation of resilience through interconnected existential and pragmatic strategies. Meaning-making, meaningful relationships, and self-nurturing emerged as salient dimensions of resilience. Women’s interpretations challenged the conventional dichotomy of risk versus resilience. The essence of resilience was identified as “embracing life in its entirety”. 
The findings have implications for future research and clinical practice in the areas of mental health and motherhood/parenthood.

Abstract #265
The Dynamic Interaction of DRD2 TaqIA Polymorphism and Maternal Parenting on Depressive Symptoms: Evidence From a Chinese Early Adolescent Sample
Presenter: Wenxin Zhang Co - Presenters: Y Cao, L Wang, L Ji, L Chen, K Deater-Deckard
Recent research suggested that gene by environment interactions on depression may vary across development. This study examined the concurrent associations between maternal parenting, DRD2 TaqIA polymorphism and adolescent depression on a sample of 1037 Chinese adolescents (M = 11.32±0.47 years old at T1) in a three-wave longitudinal study. Hierarchical regression models indicated that both maternal positive and negative parenting predicted concurrent adolescent depression significantly, whereas DRD2 TaqIA polymorphism had no main effect on depression. However, DRD2 TaqIA polymorphism interacted with negative maternal parenting significantly in predicting depression when adolescent were 11(T1) and 12 years old (T2). Specifically, adolescent of A1 carriers were more susceptible to the effect of negative parenting compared to those with A2A2 genotype. However, the interaction effect changed with age, such that it became non significant when adolescents was 13years old (T3). The findings provided a richer description of how genetic and environmental influences dynamically interact to produce early adolescents’ depression and elaborated the moderating effect of age and maternal parenting among adolescents.


Arshi Shaikh

Assistant Professor, Renison University College-University of Waterloo
Arshi Shaikh, Ph.D, is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Social Development Studies at Renison University College-University of Waterloo and an Adjunct Professor at Laurentian University, Sudbury. She is a Registered Social Worker in the province of Ontario. Dr. Shaikh’s... Read More →
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Robert Louis

Lecturer & PhD Cand. Applied Human Sciences, Montreal University & Laurentian University
Robert Louis is a PhD Candidate in Applied Human Sciences, at the University of Montreal, Lecturer at Laurentian University Sudbury and coordinator of York Centre in Hawkesbury. He is interested in the positive development of young people, suicide prevention and resilience factors... Read More →


Y Cao

Shandong Normal University

L Chen

Shandong Normal University

L Ji

Shandong Normal University

Carol Kauppi

Professor at Laurentian UniversityCarol Kauppi is the Director of Poverty, Homelessness and Migration, a five-year research project dealing with homelessness and migration in northern Ontario. She is also Professor of Social Work and Director of the Centre for Research in Social Justice... Read More →

Hiren Rawal

Health Promoter at Sudbury & District Health Unit Hiren Rawal is a Health Promoter at Sudbury & District Health Unit, Ontario. Hiren completed Master of Social Work program at Laurentian University, Sudbury, Ontario. Hiren’s graduate thesis focused upon the intersections of mental... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 3:45pm - 5:15pm
Archibald Room NAB 3rd Floor, King's College


Resilience in Women in War - Jill Trenholm, Fiona Shanahan
Resilience in Women in War:

Abstract #134
Against All Odds; Women Survivors of Sexaul Violence in the War in Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo
Presenter: Jill Trenholm
This paper illuminates how women survivors of wartime sexual violence manage “survive-ing” in the stigmatized margins of their impoverished circumstances in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. The paper departs from an ethnographic study where affected women expressed multiple losses, profound dispossession of identity and marginalization, often with a child born of rape in tow.
Eleven qualitative interviews were conducted with rural women of reproductive age recruited from several organizations supporting women after rape. Thematic analysis and Payne’s theoretical framework “Sites of Resilience” guided the analysis. Women exhibited resilience through agency and pro-active decision-making in severely compromised environments embedded in a global complexity. Faith in God, health interventions that challenge cultural understandings around sexuality, indigenous healing and strategic alliances ie with aid organizations or engaging in survival sex were cited as ways used to manage daily survival. These strategies are identified as sites of resilience and provide vital contextual knowledge for planning effective interventions. Findings suggest that strengthening collaboration between existing networks such as churches, healthcare facilities and indigenous healers could extend the reach of health services, thereby offering sustainable holistic care to those affected by rape but also to entire communities suffering from mass traumatisation associated with wartime sexual violence.

Abstract #248
Resilience in the Post-Conflict Reintegration of Young Women Formerly Associated with the Lord’s Resistance Army
Presenter: Fiona Shanahan
This paper seeks to shed light on the process of reintegration as experienced by young women formerly associated with the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) in northern Uganda, by examining the mechanisms of agency in fostering culturally embedded processes of resiliency. Twenty-nine formerly associated young women, twenty-four of their peers who had not been abducted, and twenty-six members of their families and communities participated in interviews, group discussions and creative methodologies (Veale, 2005), such as drama, photography and mapping, in six Internally Displaced Person’s camps in northern Uganda. Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis (Smith & Osborn, 2008) of the data demonstrates how in contexts of severe constraint, young formerly abducted women use cultural resources to mobilize adaptive processes (Hobfoll et al., 2009) in their own lives and that this mechanism contributes to processes of resiliency. These findings offer new insights on reintegration through the contributions of a socio-cultural lens (Gillespie & Zittoun, 2010; Rogoff, 2003; Vygotsky, 1978) to analytic understandings of the use of resources in resiliency (Masten & Obradovic`, 2008; Ungar, 2008; 2011). The paper aims to support the construction of actionable knowledge that will be of use to victims and survivors, practitioners seeking to mobilize these processes and for programme design.


Fiona Shanahan

Fiona Shanahan is a Government of Ireland Post-doctoral Fellow at the School of Applied Psychology, University College Cork in Ireland, focusing on the reintegration of children and youth formerly associated with armed groups and psychosocial interventions in emergency and post-conflict... Read More →

Jill Trenholm

Jill Trenholm, RN PhD is a researcher/lecturer at the International Maternal and Child Health unit, Faculty of Medicine and is associated with the Centre for Gender Research, both at Uppsala University, Sweden. In September 2013 she defended her doctoral thesis, an ethnographic study... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 3:45pm - 5:15pm
Boardroom A&A 2nd Floor, King's College


The Power of Music - Valerie Shapiro, Joanne Ruksenas
The Power of Music:

Abstract #96
The Community Building Power of Choral Singing
Presenter: Valerie Shapiro Co - Presenters: Simon Abbott, Breanne Beckett
Phoenix Youth Programmes has been caring for youth in Halifax for over 25 years, and there’s a lot more that makes a person a person than just food and shelter. The blossoming personalities in our choir point to the real challenges in the lives of many of the youth who are welcomed at Phoenix: a feeling of isolation and lack of understanding, no bright moments of achievement to look back on, a personal narrative of being unmotivated or anti-social or a trouble-maker.
This paper presentation will be about the discoveries from the startling success of the Phoenix Community Choir. It will be about the impact of a vibrant, accepting and genuine community, the impact of moments of personal success in performance. We will draw from literature on the social benefits of choral singing and how that relates to building protective factors in the lives of our youth. We will present beautiful stories from Phoenix Choir’s short but crowded history. Best of all, we will share some of the choir’s music.

Abstract #241
Resilience - What Does Music Have To Do With It?
Presenter: Joanne Ruksenas
The introduction of the new Australian national curriculum has seen music increasingly marginalised in preschool and kindergarten classes, traditionally music rich environments.  This parallels a rise in suspensions and expulsions across this age group.  I conducted a mixed-measures study to present a case for music in the curriculum, observing 182 children taking part in early childhood music at different centres in the Brisbane area over a three year period.  From this pool, a group of 87 children were nominated by their parents for interviews, and cognitive testing.  My aim was to determine whether actively engaging with music effects resilience in preschool children.   I targeted resilience because it is a non-musical outcome that is not defined by other learning areas.  Resilience appears to be intrinsically embedded in the process of active music making, which is an important factor.  Structured music lessons, where children learn through singing and movement are important in reducing stress, increasing feelings of belonging, general well-being, and competence.   These factors have follow on effects on memory and learning.  If, as some theorists claim, we are all resilient, but some of us show it in more socially acceptable ways, active engagement with music seems to be a nudge in the right direction.


Joanne Ruksenas

Joanne is a PhD candidate from Griffith University in Brisbane, Australia. Her research examines the benefits of active engagement in music on resilience in preschool aged children. Her research stems from her experiences as a teacher in music and special education in classroom and... Read More →

Valerie Shapiro

I have an overall passion for working with youth and as a result have always felt a strong connection to Phoenix and its vision and mandate. I feel proud to be a part of the dynamic staff team at Phoenix.Much of my professional work has been in diverse social service fields. I started... Read More →


Simon Abbot

Choir Director at Phoenix Youth Programs

Breanne Beckett

Arts Administrator at Phoenix Youth Programs

Thursday June 18, 2015 3:45pm - 5:15pm
Shatford Room A&A 2nd Floor, King's College


Youth Anti-Violence Programs - Yvonne Vissing, Marion Cook
Youth Anti-Violence Programs:

Abstract #99
How To Create Safer Communities for Youth
Presenter: Yvonne Vissing 
After a variety of community violence incidents, including the Sandy Hook CT Elementary School Shooting and the Boston Marathon Bombing, we asked the question - how safe is our community?  We conducted an analysis of community safety features for youth and identified gaps at both the city and school level.  In order to address them, the community has adopted a Rights Respecting Community focus.  This presentation will talk about the original problems and ways the city and school is moving forward to address them in a creative way.

Abstract #104
Crime Prevention in Canada – Developing and Disseminating Practical Knowledge 
Presenter: Marion Cook Co - Presenters: Julie Savignac, Lucy Burke
Public Safety Canada's strategic outcome is a safe and resilient Canada. The National Crime Prevention Strategy (NCPS) contributes to achieving this goal.
The NCPS undertakes two key activities 1) supporting evidence-based crime prevention projects that help build resilience among at-risk populations; and 2) building and sharing knowledge to help practitioners and policy makers in their crime prevention efforts. 
In April, 2014 the Department began a study to analyse implementation issues in crime prevention interventions. The study mined reports from 80 funding recipients to document common implementation challenges and how they were addressed.  The study is expected to result in knowledge products designed to help inform decisions about crime prevention policies and practice. Further, the study will connect implementation issues with impact evaluation results and make links with implementation science literature.
This presentation will provide an overview of the results of the Implementation Issues study and identify the challenges and opportunities associated with:
1) Reaching crime prevention practitioners & policy makers (transforming the data and information into products that will resonate with practitioners and policy makers); and
2) Application of knowledge (uptake) - how knowledge can be used to influence decision-making.

avatar for Marion Cook

Marion Cook

Regional Manager, Community Safety Programs, Pacific Region, Public Safety Canada
Marion Cook is the Regional Manager, Community Safety Programs for Public Safety’s Pacific Region (BC and Yukon). She has worked with the National Crime Prevention Strategy since 1999 in program development and delivery, performance measurement and knowledge management. Marion is... Read More →

Yvonne Vissing

Yvonne Vissing, PhD, is Professor of Sociology at Salem State University where she is the founding director of their Center for Childhood & Youth Studies. Author of six books, she is a former National Institute of Mental Health Post-Doctoral Research Fellow, Whiting Foundation Fellow... Read More →

avatar for Lucy Burke

Lucy Burke

Senior Policy Analyst, Public Safety Canada
Lucy Burke is a Senior Policy Analyst with Public Safety Canada’s Crime Prevention Policy Unit, Crime Prevention, Corrections and Criminal Justice Directorate. Lucy has considerable expertise in project management, performance measurement and program evaluation. For more than... Read More →

Julie Savignac

Research Analyst at Public Safety Canada Julie Savignac is a Research Analyst in crime prevention at Public Safety Canada and the technical advisor for the Crime Prevention in Canada - Implementation Issues study. Julie is a leader in understanding implementation science as it relates... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 3:45pm - 5:15pm
KTS Lecture Hall NAB 2nd Floor, King's College


Youth at Risk - Jesse Near, Alexandra Restrepo, Lucienne Monique Van Erwegen
Youth at Risk:

Abstract #233
Youth Recidivism: A Qualitative Study of Risk and Resilience
Presenter: Jesse Near
This presentation gives voice to the experience of recidivism for youths in conflict with the law.  Research to date has explored risk and protective factors.  However, the relationships between these factors and recidivism are not well understood. Informed by a constructionist approach, this paper addresses the following key question: what do youths say they believe would help them avoid reoffending? Resilience theory has increasingly been used as a framework to explore the concept of recidivism. The present study builds upon this trend and explores the ways in which at-risk youths are resilient.  This qualitative study includes in-depth interviews of ten youths in a secure custody facility and a review of the literature on youth recidivism and resilience.  Consistent with current literature, findings in this study suggest that societal context is a significant contributing factor to youth recidivism.  Outcomes of this research invite a discussion about whether future research and interventions with at-risk youths would benefit from a continued emphasis on the social context of recidivism, particularly structural and cultural violence perspectives.  Such frameworks may assist in building trust and permitting a broader understanding of youths’ circumstances.  Research with this population is recommended as a tool for advocacy.

Abstract #239
Individual Factors, Relation Factors and Service Use Related with Resilience Among Youth 13 to 19 Years Old. Medellin, 2012
Presenter: Alexandra Restrepo Co - Presenters: Nilton Montoya
Objective: to determinate some individual, family and service use factors related with youth resilience.Methods: A case and control study was conducted with a Non Clinical sample (n= 608), functional resilience (n=598) and youth with risk behaviors (n=200). A survey was conducted by personal trained. The Children and Youth Resilience Measure, Service Use Measure and Parenting Practices and Lerner Positive youth measure was some of the test applied. A Structural Equations Model was calculated to determinate the factors related with being resilient. Results: Relational factors: Relation with peers the have positive behavior (Β=0,39), Relation with Peer that have problematic behavior (B-0, 056), Relation with mother (B=0,29) and Stress Familiar Factors (B=-0,005).Individual factors: Index Youth positive develop have direct related with resilience (B=0,54), aperture (B= 0,012). Service use: Service use (B=0,16) and activities participation (B=0,18). The model had adequate fit indicators (GFI=0,95, NFI (B=0,85), RMSEA=0,053)Conclusion: Individual characteristics, family, relationships with peers and appropriate contact with services are related to greater resiliency in youth.to promote resilience is necessary to carry out interventions including promoting better services for young people, promoting better relationships with parents and peers, and the development of personal abilities of the young.

Abstract #262
Pathways to Resilience in Youth
Presenter: Lucienne Monique Van Erwegen
This study is looking at pathways to resilience in youth. 
A survey (resilience) will be sent to about 500 children coming from different backgrounds. At the back of the questionnaire they can choose to be more involved in the study and become a member of one of the three focus groups that will be set up. Each focus group will consist of 4 to 6 members, aged between the age of 12 and 18; they will meet at least 6 times over 6 months to analyse an explain the findings of the questionnaire. The members of the focus groups will be chosen randomly from the list of people that have an interest in becoming involved in the study. Together with the professional researcher they will write up a report. Each step that will be taken will be defined by the young people, each decision is theirs. To accomplish this, the researcher will listen to the children, not only with her ears, but with her whole body. Participatory methods such as paintings, collage and photos will be used. This study will start January 1st 2015, and only preliminary findings and experiences will be presented at the conference.


Alexandra Restrepo

Professor, university of Antioquia
Alexandra Restrepo, MD, MSci, Faculty member, University of Antioquia, Colombia. Director of Life risk behaviors prevention program –PREVIVA-. Professor Restrepo has conduct different research about violence and resilience in Medellin Colombia.. She has designed and evaluated different... Read More →

Jesse Near

Born in Ontario, I completed my BA in Psychology in 2003 followed by my BSW in 2006, at the University of Waterloo. From 2006 until present I have been working for the Ministry of Children and Youth Services (MCYS) in a secure custody facility for male youths. In October 2014, I graduated... Read More →
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Lucienne, Monique Van Erwegen

Phd Student, Queens University Belfast
I started my career in speech therapy in Belgium. I later studied drama to support children and their communication and self esteem. I then finished a postgrad in autism in Birmingham,UK, and another postgrad in child protection at trinity college Dublin, Ireland. Finally at present... Read More →


Nilton Montoya

Statistician at University of Antioquia Nilton E. Montoya, BA. Specialist in Data base management and master in software Engineer. University of Antioquia, Colombia. Life risk behaviors prevention program –PREVIVA-. Professor Montoya has develop different research about violence... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 3:45pm - 5:15pm
ScotiaBank Room NAB 3rd Floor, King's College


Youth Mental Health in a School Setting - Jan Blaxall, Corrine Langill, Paul W Bennett
Youth Mental Health in a School Setting:

Abstract #70
Kids Have Stress Too!
Presenter: Jan Blaxall Co - Presenter: Janet Foster
Much attention has been paid recently to the development of self-regulation as an important component of successful learning and social interactions. Emotional stress is a common cause of challenging behaviour in young children. This presentation will provide background research on children’s stress and an overview of the KHST! Program. We will describe samples of activities and tools that educators, parents and children themselves can use to manage and reduce stress in child care and school settings, and examples of ways that children demonstrated this learning during our research project. Kids Have Stress Too! is an evidence based program developed by the Psychology Foundation of Canada.

Abstract #126
Escape From Pilot Project Purgatory: Scaling Up Mental Health Promotion Programming in High School
Presenter: Corrine Langill Co - Presenters: Heather Smith-Fowler, Kathy Short
To address the widely acknowledged crisis in youth mental health, many groups have developed school programs to promote mental health and prevent mental health problems. Unfortunately, many do not make it past the ‘pilot’ stage, and are not broadly adopted.  Others are not widely implemented because of prohibitive purchase costs.
Our presentation will outline the work of our collaborative to support a province wide implementation and rigorous evaluation of Healthy Transitions from High School (HTHS).  HTHS is a social-emotional learning program of 9 classroom sessions, designed to help youth develop the knowledge, skills and attitudes important for mental health.  It was adapted from Healthy Transitions for Young Adolescents(2006),a 5 session program currently provided by Public Health Nurses to 75% of grade 7 students in Ottawa.  These programs were developed with the collaboration of community partners, and funded through public grants and private foundations, and so carry a Creative Commons license, allowing free access to the materials.
We will present information about the program and data from the first phase of the project, including:
•         Feedback on session content from youth, educators, and expert reviewers
•         Lessons learned from pilot testing in schools
•         Feedback on evaluation tools 
•         Plans for further evaluation of the program

Abstract #140
Reclaiming At-Risk Children and Youth: A Look at Nova Scotia's SchoolsPlus Program
Presenter: Paul W Bennett
Nova Scotia’s program to rescue struggling children and teens, SchoolsPlus (SP), is now in over 100 schools, but the Integrated Service Delivery (ISD) program  tends to fly below the radar screen. In this stimulating child welfare policy session, the author of the June 2013 Atlantic Institute for Market Studies (AIMS) report, Reclaiming At-Risk Children and Youth will be presenting his findings and encouraging wide-open discussion. His report  contends that, while SchoolsPlus is a worthwhile provincial ISD initiative, it has lost its bearings and needs a ‘mid-term correction’ to reach its target population, the 5 to 10 per cent of children and youth at risk of going off-the rails. Coordinating existing public social services is becoming the raison d'etre rather than the expected core mission – building “communities of care,” fostering resilience from an early age, and reclaiming “at risk” children, youth and families. Come to this session and join what promise to be a lively policy discussion.

avatar for Corrine Langill

Corrine Langill

Ms. Langill has been a nurse for close to 30 years. She has worked in intensive care, a needle exchange program, a sexual health clinic, sexuality education and adolescent health promotion. In 2005, she left Ottawa Public Health for CHEO, to lead the development of a mental health... Read More →

Jan Blaxall

Director, Dominion Learning Institute of Canada
Jan Blaxall, MASc., RECE, AECEO.C. Expert Panel for Ontario’s Early Learning Framework. Early Years Professional Development Centre, Dominion Learning Institute Psychology Foundation of Canada, Kids Have Stress Too! Programs, Music Together certified teacher Professional... Read More →

Paul W Bennett

Paul W. Bennett , Ed.D. (OISE/Toronto) is Founding Director of Schoolhouse Consulting and Adjunct Professor of Education at Saint Mary’s University, Halifax. Over his career , Dr. Bennett has written many commentaries, academic articles, policy papers, and eight books, including... Read More →


Janet Foster

Janet Foster, BA, RECE, AECEO.CJanet Foster has been a professor at Fanshawe College Early Childhood Education program since 1991. Her background includes several years as part of the ECE team in Fanshawe College’s Child Care Program. Areas of teaching and expertise include children's... Read More →

Heather Smith Fowler

Research Director, Social Research and Demonstration Corporation
Heather Smith Fowler is a Research Director with the Social Research Demonstration Corporation (SRDC) in Ottawa. She has been an evaluator and researcher for over 25 years and is particularly passionate about collaborating with others to find effective ways to address barriers to... Read More →

Kathy Short

Ph.D., C.Psych. Director, School Mental Health ASSIST at Hamilton-Wentworth DSB, Ontario Ministry of Education School Mental Health ASSIST Program Kathy Short is a Clinical Child Psychologist whose research and practice interests focus on school mental health promotion, knowledge... Read More →

Thursday June 18, 2015 3:45pm - 5:15pm
Seminar Room NAB 2nd Floor, King's College
Friday, June 19


Community Based Resilience - Srividya Iyer, Kathleen Giles
Community Based Resilience:

Abstract #91
A Community-Driven Youth Mental Healthcare Project In Kashmir, India
Presenter: Srividya Iyer
This presentation outlines a community-driven youth mental healthcare project in Kashmir, India. The Kashmir conflict, simmering since India’s postcolonial partition, has intensified since 1989. In addition to socioeconomic devastation and displacement, this conflict has precipitated a 30-fold increase in the anecdotally observed incidence of mental illness. The situation is exacerbated by the virtual absence of state-provided mental healthcare and the Kashmir valley’s geopolitical isolation. On the credit side of the equation are the adversity-forged resilience of Kashmir’s people; the density of their familial and communal networks; their generally high levels of education; and the growth of geography-defying telecommunication technologies in India. Our Grand Challenges Canada project uses these strengths to provide mental healthcare to youths (aged 14-30) in Kashmir’s Ganderbal district. The project earned its social licence through early engagement with culturally significant leaders (village elders, imams, etc.). Its innovative, low-cost model entails training lay community mental health workers to identify needs, provide basic services and promote awareness. Geographical barriers are surmounted by using a vehicle-mounted mobile clinic and inexpensive telecommunication technologies for training and consultations. Using extant sociocultural resources and resiliencies to minimize costs and maximize impact, the project thus provides much-needed primary mental healthcare to an underserved population.

Abstract #148
Community Engagement To Identify Community Resilience Policy Options: Deliberative Polling In Uganda: A Case for Bududa And Butalejja Districts
Presenter:  Kathleen Giles Co-presenters: Bazeyo William, Fishkin James, Roy William Mayega, Lynn Atuyambe, Julius Ssentongo
Background: Multiple people in Uganda are increasingly at risk for adverse climate events with Albertine, Teso and Mt.Elgon regions reporting a high risk. There are recurrent climatic events that have rendered the same damage to livelihoods and infrastructure despite predictability, millions of aid in response and attempts at mitigation which implies wide-scale lack of resilience and negative coping. Objective: To determine whether community opinions on key policy options (Land management, Resettlement management and Population pressure) can change when better informed about policy. Methodology: Using a Deliberative Polling® approach a random representative sample was selected and a baseline opinion poll on selected policy issues conducted in Bududa and Butalejja districts. The same sample was invited to a facilitated deliberation on these policy issues and thereafter, a post deliberation opinion poll conducted. Policy options were rated on an ordinal scale ranging from zero (Unimportant) to ten (Extremely important) and statistical differences in means tested using t-test.Results: Fifteen of 36 policy options changed with deliberation and changes were in the direction of increased support for policy optionsConclusion: Community opinions about policy can change with sufficient participatory dialogue and policy process can be greatly enhanced by employing a bottom-up approach. 


Srividya Iyer

Srividya Iyer is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at McGill University. She is the Coordinator of the Prevention and Early Intervention Program for Psychosis at the Douglas Mental Health University Institute and plays a leadership role in ACCESS-Canada, a newly... Read More →


Lynn Atuyambe

Assoc Prof at Makerere University Lynn Atuyambe, Ph.D., (Public Health Sciences International Health) teaches at the Makerere University School of Public Health-Department of Community Health and Behavioural Sciences. He obtained his doctorate from Karolinska Institutet in Stockholm... Read More →

James Fishkin

Center for Deliberative Democracy, Stanford University
Prof. at Stanford University Fishkin received his BA degree and Ph.D. in Political Science from Yale University. He holds a second Ph.D. in Philosophy from Cambridge University, United Kingdom. He is the current director of Stanford's Center for Deliberative Democracy.
avatar for Roy William Mayega

Roy William Mayega

Dr. Roy William Mayega is a Lecturer at the department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Makerere University School of Public Health, Uganda and is currently the Deputy CoP at RAN. He holds a basic degree in Medicine and an MPH from Makerere. He has a PhD Medical Science from Karolinska... Read More →
avatar for Julius Ssentongo

Julius Ssentongo

Program Coordinator, Makerere University School of Public Health-ResilientAfrica Network (RAN)
Dr. Julius Ssentongo is a Research Fellow at the ResilientAfrica Network (RAN) at Makerere University School of Public Health. His current research focuses on examining the resilience of communities that are contending with the effects of climate change and chronic conflict. He primarily... Read More →

Bazeyo William

Assoc Prof at Makerere University Dr. William Bazeyo is an Associate Professor of Occupational Medicine at Makerere University College of Health Sciences, School of Public Health and is currently the Dean of the School. He received an MBCHB from Makerere University and M.Med in... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 10:30am - 12:00pm
Frazee Room NAB 2nd Floor, King's College


Community Interventions - Kathy Marshall Emerson, Sofía Porro, Nancy Ross
Community Interventions:

Abstract #85
Resilience Research and Community Practice: A View from the Bridge
Presenter: Kathy Marshall Emerson
With a unique 25-year history of honoring both evolving resilience research and innovative community projects designed to foster the resilience of children, youth and adults, Kathy Marshall Emerson offers a hopeful and potentially field-changing view. She bridges the gap between research and practice and raises fundamental questions designed to improve our shared future work. What is the power of a particular definition of resilience? What American federally funded science has been ignored? How does the natural thinking of a human-being shape experience in the moment? Where does spirituality fit in our understanding of resilience? What resilience researchers and education experts make good bedfellows for successful community systems change efforts? What is realistic to expect of community research or evaluation efforts? Where the hope and what is is practical? What research history is helpful to preserve? What resources need to become readily available?
This session draws on participant experience, and examples from more than two decades of community-based resilience projects and academic learning facilitated by Marshall Emerson. “Resilience research and community practice can inform each other well. The view from the bridge is essential if we wish to impact a global world at a critical time.

Abstract #88
The Social Inclusion, The Community Strategies To Achieve it
Presenter: Sofía Porro
The exclusion is a process, but not static phenomenon, so we can consider  that the inclusion have a transitory character, it is depending on different situations.
The economic element is one the main factors  in the inclusion process, but there are others, legal´s and social´s character. All of these elements have an influence on   social recognition of the persons or the groups of them, and also in their participation in the society. So it is necessary to find strategies  for the social inclusion social, to permit to the persons or groups of them to play a part in the society. - Participation, a way for the social inclusion. I consider that the participation is very important for the social inclusion and the community development. To  develop the participation process, we have to take in account not only the community social problems, and also three important elements: the motivation, the formation and the organization. The social prevention is also very important in the inclusion process, it includes alternatives to the material and spiritual improvement to the people. The preventive action is one of the social function of all  communitarian intervention, it has as a purpose, the identification of the problems and to perform actions in order to resolve them.

Abstract #94
The ‘Be the Peace, Make a Change’ Project: Coordinated Community Responses to Violence
Presenter: Nancy Ross Co-presenter: Sue Bookchin
The ‘Be the Peace, Make a Change’ project, funded by Status Women Canada to the Second Story Women’s center in Lunenburg, Nova Scotia has employed innovative measures to engage the community in developing a plan to reduce interpersonal violence.  This three-year project has focused on engaging boys and girls, and women and men to develop protective and promotive processes associated with resiliency in Lunenburg County, Nova Scotia.  Innovative community engagement processes that included Open Space Technology and Appreciative Inquiry were used to harness local expertise at two large community forums, to learn what factors are believed to contribute to violence reduction and to map and plan further community measures. These measures broadly focused on the creation of social and physical ecologies that promote resiliency across the whole lifespan. Three major components of a coordinated response included awareness, prevention and intervention.  A community plan was born, from the initial establishment of twelve working groups and now focuses on three major areas.  A) Youth, Parents and Schools that prioritize the development of healthy relationships; B) First Voice and Gender Dynamics that include regular meetings of men, women and people; and C) Partners in Justice that include working with the police. 

avatar for Kathy Marshall Emerson

Kathy Marshall Emerson

Executive Director, National Resilience Resource Center
Kathy Marshall Emerson is Director of National Resilience Resource Center LLC originally in University of Minnesota College of Education and Human Development. She leads communities in securing major long-term government funding for collaborative community resilience projects enhancing... Read More →

Nancy Ross

Nancy Ross, Assistant Professor, Dalhousie School of Social Work for the past two years, has, to date, spent the majority of her working life in addiction and mental health settings. Her work with women led her to believe that the personal is connected to the political and to her... Read More →

Sofía Porro

My name is Sofía Porro, I am 55 years old and I am Cuban. Since 1993 I work in FLACSO as a professor and researcher. I am PHd in Sociology Education Science. I did many investigations about:- social disadvantaged and marginalized children and young people.- Gender and social development... Read More →


Sue Bookchin

Co-Coordinator at Be the Peace Project Sue has been a facilitator, trainer and coach for over 20 years. In all her work, it is particularly rewarding when people recognize something in one another they can connect with. When there is excitement in pursuing what we care deeply about... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 10:30am - 12:00pm
Seminar Room NAB 2nd Floor, King's College


Immigrant Mental Health and Building Capacities - Jim Anderson, Chesmal Siriwardhana, Maria Angela Mattar Yunes
Immigrant Mental Health and Building Capacities:

Abstract #152
Building Capacity With Immigrant And Refugee Families In A Bilingual Family Literacy Program: Some Insights And Perspectives From A Three Year Project
Presenter: Jim Anderson Co - Presenter: Ann Anderson
In this session, we report on a bilingual family literacy program with about 500 immigrant and refugee families from four linguistic groups in the Greater Vancouver Area. Drawing on the notion of “additive bilingualism” (e.g., Cummins, 2000) and research that demonstrates the benefits of acquiring a second language (Bialystok, 2011), the program sought to promote families’ first language maintenance, support parents in enhancing their preschool children’s  language  and literacy development in their first language and English, and create a space where families could become familiar with and feel comfortable in Canadian schools. Sessions addressing various aspects of young children’s learning and development were conducted in families’ first languages (Farsi, Karen, Mandarin, Punjabi) and English by an early childhood educator and a cultural worker from the linguistic community. Findings include:  1) parents indicated they better understood young children’s learning and how to support it in age appropriate ways; 2) parents realized  the  importance of play for young children; 3) families better understood schools and felt comfortable there 4) facilitators got to know and understand families and their beliefs/perspectives, and 5) children’s early literacy knowledge significantly increased. Implications for developing capacity and resiliency in families and children will be drawn.

Abstract #249
A Systematic Review Of Resilience And Mental Health Outcomes Of Conflict-Driven Adult Forced Migrants
Presenter: Chesmal Siriwardhana
Armed conflict is a leading driver of global forced migration. Forced migrants are at a greater risk of developing mental disorders. However, resilience, defined as the ability of a person to successfully adapt to/recover from traumatic experiences, is a key potential protective factor. This systematic review of resilience and mental health of adult, conflict-driven forced migrants aimed to explores current global evidence.
Quantitative and qualitative studies that reported resilience and mental health outcomes among forced-migrant populations (aged 18+) were included. Fourteen bibliographic databases and seven humanitarian databases/websites were searched using a four stage screening process.
Twenty three studies were selected. Ten qualitative studies highlighted family/community cohesion, family/community support, individual personal qualities, collective identity, supportive primary relationships and religion. Thirteen quantitative studies were identified, but only two attempted to link resilience with mental disorders, and three used a specific resilience measure. Over-reliance on cross-sectional designs was noted. Resilience was generally shown to be associated with better mental health in displaced populations, but the evidence on this and underlying mechanisms was limited.
The review highlights the need for more epidemiological and qualitative evidence on resilience among forced migrants as a potential avenue for intervention development, particularly in resource-poor settings.

Abstract #101
Parental Resilience and Positive Parenting among At-Risk Families in Brazil
Presenter: Maria Angela Mattar Yunes Co-presenter: Narjara Mendes Garcia, Ana Maria Tomás Almeida
In Brazil there is a paucity of literature investigating or evaluating parental support and family education programs. Many Brazilian families are faced with multiple adversities that suggest a need to research positive psychosocial interventions to promote resilience. An as-of-yet untested approach in Brazil is the concept of parental resilience, which attempts to bolster parents’ coping skills. For the study, we replicated a parental-resilience program from Spain called “Growing a Happy Family.” The goal of this program is upgrading intrafamily communication and improving parental competencies. This program was implemented in Brazil among at-risk families (N = 35) with children up to 10 years of age. Questionnaires were filled out by parents pre- and post-completion of the program. Parenting sessions were conducted by professionals and consisted of 12 sessions of 2 hours each. Analyses of the results at the end of the sessions indicated that the program had a significant impact on parenting styles and family interactions, in terms of solving everyday problems, engaging in open dialogue, and reducing the use of corporal punishment. These findings point to the potential of parental-resilience programs among at-risk populations in Brazil, in terms of upgrading intrafamily communication and promoting positive interactions within the family group.


Chesmal Siriwardhana

Dr. Chesmal Siriwardhana is medical doctor by training and currently a Senior Lecturer in Public Health at the Faculty of Medical Science, Anglia Ruskin University, UK. He is also a visiting researcher at the Centre for Global Mental Health, Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College... Read More →

Jim Anderson

University of British Columbia
Jim Anderson has worked and conducted research in early and family literacy for nearly three decades. He has received funding from the Canadian Council on Learning, SSHRC, UBC Hampton Research Fund, and provincial and federal departments and ministries to support his research. In... Read More →
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Maria Angela Mattar Yunes

Associate Professor, Centro Universitário La Salle, Unilasalle, Canoas
Lecturer and advisor at the programs of post graduation studies in education in Centro Universitário La Salle - UNILASALLE, Canoas and Universidade Federal do Rio Grande - FURG, Brasil. Main interest on research and intervention on family resilience, community resilience and parental... Read More →


Ana Almeida

PhD in Education at Universidade do Minho Teacher and advisor at the post graduation studies in education in Universidade do Minho, Braga, Portugal.

Ann Anderson

Professor, University of British Columbia
Ann Anderson is professor in the Department of Curriculum and Pedagogy. Her research includes working with families from diverse cultural backgrounds to understand ways in which young children’s multi-literacies are supported prior to and in the early years of school. In addition... Read More →

Narjara Mendes Garcia

PhD in Environmental Education at Universidade Federal do Rio Grande - FURG Teacher at the Institute of Education and the post graduation Program in Environmental Education at the Universidade Federal do Rio Grande - FURG, Brasil.

Friday June 19, 2015 10:30am - 12:00pm
Haliburton Room A&A Main Floor, King's College


Mental Health - Gerald Jordan, Ulla Peters, Susan Sumskis
Mental Health:

Abstract #198
Positive Change Following A First Episode Of Psychosis: Findings From A Mixed Studies Review Using A Qualitative Synthesis Design
Presenter: Gerald Jordan Co-presenters: Megan Pope, Angella Lambrou, Ashok Malla, Srividya Iyer
Positive outcomes following a first episode of psychosis (FEP) and predictors of FEP have received limited attention, and have never been the focus of any investigation. This knowledge gap is problematic because clinicians have described the paucity of a synthesis on this topic as one that must be addressed if they are to reliably foster positive change in clients. This presentation will discuss what pre-existing research suggests the positive outcomes following FEP are, and how resilience predicts such outcomes. A librarian assisted, mixed studies review was undertaken. Eligible articles included qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods studies published in English between 1990 and 2014 on FEP. Two reviewers screened three databases (Medline, PsychInfo, Embase) for keywords related to the topic. This search was supplemented by hand searches and article recommendations from experts. Eleven studies were retained from the original pool of 4612 studies. The synthesis revealed that following FEP, people felt closer to others, gained spirituality, made positive lifestyle changes, and felt greater appreciation for life; and that being recovered from FEP, and receiving social support, were key in fostering positive change. Results imply clinicians should foster recovery and resilience through social support in patients to inspire positive outcomes following FEP.

Abstract #236
Transitions into Resilience
Presenter: Ulla Peters
The Youth Psychiatry in the hospital Kirchberg (Luxemburg) proposes intensive individual pedagogical projects as a possible follow up treatment for adolescent patients. As these projects offer a highly individualized experience, they are assumed to be more helpful than a transfer to other settings (like group treatments). The research project “Time in – Time out” is designed to better understand in which ways these projects might promote individual resilience. The study will follow up boys and girls who, after their psychiatric treatment, were sent either to an individual project outside the country or to a group setting in and outside of Luxemburg. Quantitative data will be collected using the “Child and Youth Resilience Measure“ (CYRM, Liebenberg & Ungar 2013) and be compared with resilience scores of a group of Luxemburgish youth outside the care system. Qualitative interviews with a smaller sample of youth in individual care will provide additional data. The general project aim is to scientifically ground decisions about how to improve care for young ex-psychiatric patients with complex needs.

Abstract #253
The Meaning Of Resilience As Described By People Who Experience Schizophrenia
Presenter: Susan Sumskis Co-presenter: Lorna Moxham
Within a PhD level investigation, fourteen people living in regional and rural Australia described what resilience means to them in their journey with schizophrenia. Phenomenological interpretation of their stories revealed that living with schizophrenia is a journey that encompasses states of feeling lost, striving and then growing.  Within this journey, individuals described striving to overcome challenges and barriers in order to be able to use support or achieve desired goals.  While striving, the person grasped who they are, started to take control, took action and then strove to overcome the challenges of living with schizophrenia in everyday life. Medication, as an example, was viewed as a challenging aspect with many barriers however it was also viewed as necessary and supportive and therefore a decision was made to take control and to “use” rather than “take” medication.  The meaning of resilience is embedded within this, and many other challenging areas of struggle, such as the use of health professionals and health services, maintaining mental and physical stimulation, social ties and managing difficult family relationships.
Within this presentation, the elements of the meaning of resilience and the way in which they are embedded within the experience of schizophrenia will be fully discussed.

avatar for Gerald Jordan

Gerald Jordan

Prevention and Early Intervention Program for Psychoses
Gerald is a PhD student in the Department of Psychiatry at McGill University. He is interested in positive changes experienced by people following a first psychotic episode.

Susan Sumskis

Lecturer, University of Wollongong
Dr Susan Sumskis is a Credentialed Mental Health Nurse and Academic with a passionate interest in finding the positive factors and valuable experiences within mental illness and then communicating these to people who live with mental illness, students studying mental health, both... Read More →

Ulla Peters

I work since 2004 as a sociologist at the University of Luxemburg,tTeaching Bachelor- and Masterstudents in Educational and Social Sciences. Main topics are sociology, care and violence. I am a funding member of a research institut on social welfare and social politics (IRISS) and... Read More →


Srividya Iyer

Srividya Iyer is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at McGill University. She is the Coordinator of the Prevention and Early Intervention Program for Psychosis at the Douglas Mental Health University Institute and plays a leadership role in ACCESS-Canada, a newly... Read More →

Angella Lambrou

Angella is a Nursing librarian at McGill University

Ashok Malla

Dr. at Douglas Mental Health University Institute Ashok is the nominated leader of ACCESS Canada, a pan-Canadian network working towards improving mental health outcomes of young people.

Lorna Moxham

Professor of Mental Health Nursing at University of Wollongong Professor Lorna Moxham is the lead of ‘Living Well Longer’ within the UOW Global Challenges Program, which is a major research initiative designed to harness the expertise of world-class researchers to solve real-world... Read More →

Megan Pope

Student at Douglas Mental Health University Institute Megan is a Masters student in the Department of Psychiatry at McGill University. She is interested in perceptions of responsibility for care for people with mental health challenges.

Friday June 19, 2015 10:30am - 12:00pm
Boardroom A&A 2nd Floor, King's College


Natural Disasters - Yohana Hestyanti, Violeta Andaleon, Stefania Maggi
Natural Disasters:

Abstract #151
Bounce Back and Stand Firm: A Trifocal Analysis of Resiliency, Motivation, Life Satisfaction, and Meaning in Life of Typhoon Yolanda Survivors
Presenter: Violeta Andaleon
Life is full of difficulties and challenges. No matter how difficult and challenging life is, one must search for meaning in life and be satisfied with what life can bring.  The people from Tacloban, Leyte, Philippins encountered the most challenging situation, one of which was the outbreak of Typhoon Yolanda (also known as Typhoon Haiyan). This resulted to a harrowing devastation witnessing the community destruction, human suffering and even death.  How can we continuously help those who survived from this calamity?  Hence, the researcher volunteered to be one with the institution that provide programs for the recovery and rehabilitation for the Tacloban survivors. This research is a phenomenological study utilizing a triangulation or mixed method in order to determine and measure the level/degree of resiliency, motivation, life satisfaction, and meaning in life of the Tacloban Survivors in Leyte, Philippines after the outbreak of Typhoon Yolanda. The qualitative method will be a trifocal analysis of the data and further be utilized to describe the outcome of the interviews and questionnaires conducted to the respondents. On the other hand, quantitative method will be anchored from a descriptive–correlation design and used for the results of the standardized tests to measure the variables.  For the younger survivors, a drawing test will be used as a form of art therapy primarily aimed for clinical intervention.

Abstract #185
Resiliency of Acehnese Children After the 2004 Tsunami: Risk and Protective Factors From Their Bio-Ecological Systems
Presenter: Yohana Hestyanti
We studied the resilience of Acehnese children, survivors of the 2004 tsunami, by looking at their individual characteristics as well as the ethnographic aspects of the Acehnese society in which they lived. The children’s level of functioning (N=22) was assessed before, immediately after, and one year after the tsunami, by in-depth interviews of well-informed and close adults (e.g., surviving parent, teachers, village-elders) and by careful observations. We found that: 1. The emotional wellbeing of the primary caregiver was of vital importance: children with depressed, abusive and/or aloof parents/caregivers were likely to show a negative pattern of adaptation, whereas children with a strong and warm relationship with a caregiver who was not depressed and who encouraged them to express their emotions showed a positive pattern of adaptation.  2. Psychosocial and religious activities were important too: frequent participation of children in such activities proved to be protective.  3. Irritability was an internal risk factor in children, and, if combined with parental and neighbour’s threat, became a strong predictor of vulnerability. We conclude that children without pre-existing internal problems can recover remarkably well from considerable hardship, if they receive good parental support and participate in activities that enable pleasurable social interaction frequently.

Abstract #218
Natural Disasters, Community Resilience, and Children’s Wellbeing: The Case of Novi di Modena, Emilia Romagna, Italy
Presenter: Stefania Maggi Co - Presenters: Cinzia Albanesi, Valentina Marchesi, Claudia Rocca, Laura Borghi, Chiara Reali, Maria Augusta Nicoli 
On May 20-29 2012 a violent earthquake struck several communities of the Emilia Romagna Region. Many villages were destroyed and thousands of people lost their home and livelihood. To the day, villages are being rebuilt and the local economy is still struggling to recover from the disaster. This presentation offers an account of: 1) how the citizen and service providers of Novi di Modena mobilized to face the disaster right after the earthquake and in the subsequent years; 2) how preschools integrated elements in their curriculum to support young children as they dealt with loss and destruction; and 3) the impact of the earthquake and the community initiatives post-earthquake on preschool children. A mixed-methods approach was used to conduct this study, which included focus groups and interviews with service providers representing different sectors (e.g., health, education, social), and the administration of the Early Development Instrument (Italian version) to a representative sample of 5 years old children one year after the earthquake, and again two years after the event. Implications for community resilience are discussed.

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Stefania Maggi

Associate Professor, Leading Investigator for the Kids in Places Initiative at Carleton University Stefania is Associate Professor at Carleton University (Ottawa, Canada) with the Institute of Interdisciplinary Studies, Child Studies Program, and the Department of Psychology. She... Read More →
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Violeta Andaleon

Faculty, De La Salle Lipa
I am Assistant Professor in Psychology handling major subjects in the field of Psychology at De La Salle Lipa under the College of Arts & Sciences. Presently, I am already a graduate of PhD in Clinical Psychology. I had been in this chosen field of endeavor since 1982 and I had been... Read More →
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Yohana Hestyanti

I was born on April 7, 1973 in Klaten, Indonesia and received my Bachelor’s degree in 1996 from the Faculty of Psychology at the Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta. I continued to study as a psychologist at the same university and worked as a lecturer at the Faculty of Psychology... Read More →


Cinzia Albanesi

Associate Professor at University of Bologna Cinzia Albanesi is Associate Professor at University of Bologna (Bologna, Italy) in the Department of Psychology. She is a community psychologist with an interest in participatory research methods, action research, health promotion, sense... Read More →

Laura Borghi

Coordinator and quality assurance for the Early Years   at Carleton University Laura is responsible for the coordination and quality assurance of early education programs of the Unione Terre d’Argine health region (Emilia Romagna, Italy). She obtained her PhD in educational sciences... Read More →
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Valentina Marchesi

Research Associate for the Kids in Places Initiative (KIPI) at Carleton University Valentina obtained a BA degree in Community Psychology from University of Bologna (Italy) under the mentorship of Cinzia Albanesi. In the last three years, Valentina has followed a research project... Read More →

Maria Augusta Nicoli

Director of the Community, Equity and Participation Programs at Agenzia Sanitaria e Sociale Regionale Emilia Romagna Region (Bologna, Italy) Maria Augusta is the Director of the Community, Equity, and Participation Program at the Agenzia Sanitaria e Sociale Regionale with the Emilia... Read More →

Chiara Reali

Research Coordinator for the Kids in Places Initiative (KIPI) in Italy at Azienda Unità Sanitaria Locale Chiara is a Public Health physician with an interest in the social determinants of child health and equity in infant-maternal health. She is an epidemiologist with the Azienda... Read More →

Claudia Rocca

Canadian Project Coordinator for the Kids in Places Initiative at Carleton University Claudia is the Canadian Project Coordinator for the Kids in Places Initiative. She obtained a Masters degree in Social Psychology from Carleton University, Canada for research on the allocation... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 10:30am - 12:00pm
Vroom Room A&A Lower Floor, King's College


Resilience in Service Providers - Orit Nuttman Shwartz, Leigh Blaney, Paula McFadden
Resilience in Service Providers:

Abstract #137
Shared Resilience in a Traumatic Reality: A New Concept for Trauma Workers Exposed Personally and Professionally to Collective Disaster
Presenter: Orit Nuttman Shwartz
Shared Traumatic Reality are those situations in which clients and therapists are exposed to the same collective disaster, whether natural or man-made. In these situations, everyone has been exposed to the same traumatic event which threatens their own lives and the lives of people who are close to them (e.g., war, terror attacks, hurricanes, floods, and earthquakes). To date, the studies dealing with STR have focused on the negative consequences.  Thus, in this presentation we will propose a new concept, shared resilience in a traumatic reality (SRTR). Based on literature that emphasizes the positive effects of exposure to traumatic events for workers in this field, this concept examines the ability of trauma workers to cope, to show resilience, and to grow as a result of the mutual relationship with their clients. The new concept highlights the importance of empathic mutual aid relationships, which are a basic component for promoting resilience in a shared traumatic reality. The relative nature of shared resilience will be discussed, bearing in mind that resilience can be manifested as emotions, behaviors, and conceptions. Various findings relating to shared resilience in traumatic situations will be reviewed, and recommendations for research, practice, and policy will be offered.

Abstract #157
Firefighter Resilience: An Interdisciplinary Pilot Study
Presenter: Leigh Blaney
This mixed methods study, conducted by researchers from Canada and England in collaboration with four fire rescue services (FRS), explored Canadian and UK firefighters’ experiences of distress, coping and resilience related to workplace traumatic events. Questions addressed in the research included:  Are firefighters resilient?  How do firefighters define resilience? Does stress education enhance/sustain resilience?   Research outcomes include: a variety of diverse and intricate definitions for resilience reflecting the complexity of the concept of resilience yet demonstrating cultural commonalities across both countries; a range of reactions to critical incidents that generally fell into one or more domains:  emotional, cognitive, physical, behavioural, and ‘spiritual’;  a range of strategies that are implemented to cope with stress reactions - overwhelmingly ‘talking’ about the incident, reactions, and  coping mechanisms is most helpful; personal and organizational attributes that assist in managing stress and stressful events within the culture of the fire service; and health promoting strategies for building resilience. The study recommendations, utilizing a health promotion lens, offer guidance in planning for, and responding to, traumatic events in high-risk professions.”

Abstract #227
Resilience and Burnout in Child Protection Social Work
Presenter: Paula McFadden
Child protection is a stressful occupation that can result in burnout and job exit for some social workers. The concern for organisations relate to attrition resulting in low levels of experience in teams which impacts on working conditions for the remaining staff. This paper will focus on the impact of relationships at work with emphasis on the role of relational factors in contributing to a positive or negative experience that impacts on staff resilience or burnout. Qualitative data was gathered from employees of the five Health and Social Care Trusts and a voluntary sector child protection service in Northern Ireland. Interviews were conducted with 15 social workers who have left their jobs in child protection (for positive and negative reasons) and 15 who had remained in post. The Stayers were in post at a range of career stages from newly qualified to more than 11 years’ experience.  Both ‘Leavers’ and’ Stayers’ had common experiences of the work, including manager and team relationships, workload, organizational culture and climate as well as a perception of excessive bureaucracy. Some Stayers’ reported job satisfaction despite the pressures and Leavers reported leaving despite team camaraderie. The paper argues for ameliorative interventions to enable the manager to support and nurture positive relationships and cohesive teams.


Leigh Blaney

Leigh Blaney is a professor in the Bachelor of Science in Nursing program at Vancouver Island University with teaching responsibilities focused on undergraduate education in mental health, healing, and inter-professional communication. Leigh is the clinical coordinator of the Archipelago... Read More →
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Orit Nuttman Shwartz

Prof., Sapir College, israel
Prof. Orit Nuttman-Shwartz, MSW, Ph.D, Associate Professor, Founder and first Head of the School of Social Work at Sapir College in Israel. Her research focuses on personal and social trauma, life transitions and crises and social work education. Working near the border, she has been... Read More →
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Paula McFadden

Lecturer in Social Work, Queens University Belfast
Dr McFadden has practiced in child protection and older people’s social work and recently has been an integrated services delivery manager for older people and vulnerable adults in Northern Ireland. The research into resilience in front line child protection social work was inspired... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 10:30am - 12:00pm
KTS Lecture Hall NAB 2nd Floor, King's College


Resilience in the Publication Process: How to Get Your Paper Published - Adam Winsler

Resilience in the Publication Process: How to Get Your Paper Published:

Abstract #266
Resilience in the Publication Process: How to Get Your Paper Published:
Presenter: Adam Winsler
The editor in chief, Adam Winsler, of Early Childhood Research Quarterly, a top journal in developmental psychology and early childhood education (2013 5-yr Impact Factor =  3.4), will remove all mystery about the peer review and publication process. Top 10 reasons why papers are rejected, and top 10 tips for young (and seasoned) investigators for getting their papers published in top outlets will be revealed, along with behind the scenes statistics and frank discussion about the peer review process. An informal question and answer session will be included.

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Adam Winsler

Professor, George Mason University
Dr. Adam Winsler is professor of applied developmental psychology at George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia, USA. His research, represented in over 90 publications, examines private speech (self-talk) and its role in behavioral self-regulation and executive function among typically... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 10:30am - 12:00pm
Seminar 7 A&A Lower Floor, King's College


Resilience Measures for Adults - Odin Hjemdal, Linda Liebenberg, Martha Höfler
Resilience Measures for Adults:

Abstract #187
What is the Relation Between Resilience and Other Constructs of Positive Adaptation: And How Do They Relate To Adult Mental Health 
Presenter: Odin Hjemdal Co-presenter: Oddgeir Friborg
Background: This study aim was to explore the relation between resilience and other constructs related to healthy adaptation in adults. And further how these constructs are related to adult mental health prospectively. 
Method: 194 young adults were included in prospective study. The measures included were demographic data, negative life events, Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA), Life Satisfaction Scale, Rosenberg’s Self-esteem Scale, Dispositional Optimism Scale, Measure of Adult Attachement Qualities; MAQ. Data were collected two times over a period of three months.
Results: This study found that there are similarities among resilience (RSA) and the other constructs of healthy adaptation, however, the resilience explains unique variance in future mental health. 
Conclusions: Understanding how different constructs related to healthy adaptation are related and which are the most important in relation to future mental health is very important and may facilitate better prevention and interventions related to assuring future good health for adults in the future.

Abstract #105
Creating Capability-Based Measures for Adults – Challenges and First-Step Directions
Presenter: Martha Höfler  
Introduction: Adult resilience is partly learning based and adults can display many capabilities which can be fostered to increase mental health. However, adults are considered less frequently in resilience research than children and youth and the science of adult education currently pays little attention to the resilience concept. 
Aim: The aim is to illustrate the current challenges of resilience research for a scientifically driven resilience promotion in adults, and to give first-step directions for successful measure creation.
Method: The method used is a narrative review which takes into account papers with relational resilience definition such as concept analysis, reviews, and primary empirical studies.
Results: Resilience factors are made up of a lot of determinants in their effect on desired outcome. Research that can be used for the scientifically based creation of measures is still problematic, particularly regarding comparisons between heterogeneous studies as well as too few publications of concept operationalizing features. Systematic reviews are necessary to gather differentiated information on validated factors that should be integrated in measures.  
Conclusion: There is a need for more fundamental systemizing studies that lead to a solidly based creation of capability-based measures in adults.

Abstract #75
A Social Ecological Measure for Adults: The RRC-ARM 
Presenter: Linda Liebenberg Co-presenters: Gökmen Arslan, Jeff Moore
Amidst a strong focus on the processes and resources that facilitate positive psychosocial outcomes for children and youth, there is increasing focus on resilience resources and processes as they pertain to adults. As is the case for child-centred resilience, researchers are increasingly focused on the social ecological resources that adults draw on in efforts to be happy and healthy. And, as with the field of child and youth resilience, valid and reliable measures relevant across cultures and contexts are in short supply. This presentation reviews the adaptation and validation of the 28-item Children and Youth Resilience Measure (CYRM-28) for use with adult populations in Ireland and Turkey. Using data gathered from adults who have experienced institutional childhood abuse (Ireland) and who live in socioeconomically marginalised contexts (Turkey), Exploratory Factor Analyses (EFAs) identify five and four factors respectively, relating largely to family connectedness, civic and cultural connectedness, personal competencies and interpersonal connections. The four item factor structure (Turkish data) has been confirmed using a confirmatory factor analysis, and convergent validity to related measures has been established in both contexts. Despite the differing EFA results, these initial results support use of the Resilience Research Centre’s Adult Resilience Measure (RRC-ARM).

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Linda Liebenberg

Linda Liebenberg, PhD., Co-Director Resilience Research Centre, Dalhousie University, is a researcher and evaluator with a core interest in children and youth with complex needs. Her work explores the promotion of positive youth development and mental health, using formal and informal... Read More →

Martha Höfler

Research Associate, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Germany
Martha Höfler is a research associate at the Chair of Adult Education of the Friedrich Schiller University in Jena, Germany. Her research focus is on resilience in adulthood and the organized utilization of the concept for resilience promotion by adult educational measures. She is... Read More →

Odin Hjemdal

Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Odin Hjemdal, professor of clinical adult psychology and quantitative methods and statistics, and a clinical psychologist at Department of Psychology at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway. His research is related to resilience among adults and adolescents... Read More →


Gökmen Arslan

Süleyman Demirel University Gökmen Arslan has a Master’s degree in Educational Psychology and is a lecturer in Faculty of Education, Department of Psychological Counseling and Guidance, Süleyman Demirel University where he lectures on education psychology, counseling and research... Read More →

Oddgeir Friborg

Professor at University of Tromsø, Norway Oddgeir Friborg is professor in health psychology, at Department of Psychology, University of Tromsø, Norway, and a clinical psychologist. His research is on measuring resilience among adults and adolescents, as well as mental Health, sleeping... Read More →

Jeff Moore

Research and Training Associate at Immigrant Counselling and Psychotherapy Jeff Moore is a research and training consultant for Immigrant Counseling and Psychotherapy and Jigsaw Programme Coordinator with Headstrong, the National Centre for Youth Mental Health. Previously he was... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 10:30am - 12:00pm
Alumni Hall NAB 1st Floor, King's College


Resilience of Mind and Spirit - Holly Richardson, Martha Holden, Rocío Rodríguez-Rey
Resilience of Mind and Spirit:

Abstract #73
Resilience and Spiritual Health: Intersections and Understandings
Presenter: Holly Richardson
Resilience in the context of life-threatening illness among children is tied to the spiritual. This presentation will include an exploration of the intersections between suffering, the spiritual, and resilience and the unique ways that ill children express hidden capacities and wisdom. It will offer suggestions for engaging children in conversations about illness meanings and the spiritual that recognize the complexity in language, and provide insight into how children make sense of and live well despite being seriously ill. Because the spiritual does not always wait for experts to arrive, findings are relevant to all healthcare providers and caregivers of ill children who are interested in nurturing resilience. Implications for interprofessional research, education, and practice will also be explored.

Abstract #106
Providing Relationship-Based and Trauma-Sensitive Care: Lessons From The TCI System and Care Practice Model
Presenter: Martha Holden Co-presenter: Jack Holden
There is substantial evidence that children and adolescents placed in therapeutic residential settings, group care, foster care, psychiatric hospitals, or juvenile justice settings have experienced significant trauma such as abuse, neglect, domestic and community violence. A consequence of placing these high needs and often aggressive children in out of home care is that many of these settings use behavior management practices that are overly controlling and punitive, and often trigger increased dysregulation and reactivity, sometimes resulting in increased risk of violence and injury. Some child welfare, mental health and juvenile justice communities have responded by implementing crisis and management systems and program models with therapeutic principles that meet the trauma sensitivity needs of these children by employing relationship based, non-coercive, non-confrontational, strength-based strategies to enhance resiliency and improve their well-being. This presentation will present results on the frequency and rate of restraints in one multi-faceted child and family services agency using the combination of the research informed Therapeutic Crisis Intervention (TCI) system and Children and Residential Experiences (CARE), a principle based residential program model.  In addition, results from the implementation of the CARE model on aggressive incidents, youth perceptions of staff behaviors (including attachment behaviors) will be presented and discussed.

Abstract #131
Prediction Of Mental Health From Resilience After Having A Child Under Intensive Care
Presenter: Rocío Rodríguez-Rey Co-presenter: Jesús Alonso-Tapia
It is broadly assumed that having a child severely ill is a potentially traumatic experience for parents, which can lead to long term adverse effects. The aim of this study was to elaborate a predictive model of parental mental health that included their reported pre-crisis level of resilience. We used a prospective longitudinal cohort design. A total of 196 parents whose children had been recently discharged from intensive care were assessed resilience, severity of the child’s condition, social risk and stress. Three (N=158) and six (N=143) months later parents answered anxiety, depression and posttraumatic stress disorder questionnaires. Confirmatory regression analyses and multiple-group analyses using structural equation modeling were conducted. Results showed that 74% of the total variance in psychopathology three months after the child’s discharge, and 49% of the total variance six months after the child’s discharge could be predicted by resilience, social risk, and severity of the child’s condition mediated by stress and emotions (X2/df =1.56; GFI=.80; CFI=.88; IFI=.88; RMSEA=.06). These results showed that resilience is a protective factor against psychopathology after critical events. Gender differences were found, being resilience more predictive for women. Implications for intervention to prevent distress and nurture well-being among these families will be discussed.


Holly Richardson

Assistant Professor, Dalhousie University
Dr. Richardson is a registered nurse with 13 years of experience caring for children who have cancer and their families and 13 years of university teaching experience. Her recent research focuses on holistic child and youth health, specifically with regard to understanding how young... Read More →

Martha Holden

Martha J. Holden is a Senior Extension Associate with the Bronfenbrenner Center for Translational Research and the Director of the Residential Child Care Project at Cornell University. She provides technical assistance and training to residential child caring agencies, schools, juvenile... Read More →

Rocío Rodríguez-Rey

Rocío Rodríguez-Rey is a Health Psychologist and a Ph.D candidate in the Department of Biological and Health Psychology at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Spain. Her field of interest is resilience, mental health, and posttraumatic growth in children who suffer from severe... Read More →


Jesús Alonso-Tapia

Professor at Universidad Autónoma de Madrid Jesús Alonso-Tapia is a full-time Professor in Psychological and Educational Assessment at the Universidad Autónoma de Madrid. Specialized in Motivation, self-regulation, resilience and learning assessment, he received the First National... Read More →

Jack C Holden

Project Consultant at Cornell University Jack C. Holden, Ph.D. provides training, technical assistance, research, and curriculum development for residential care agencies, foster care, and schools nationally and internationally. He has published in the Journal of Child and Youth... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 10:30am - 12:00pm
Shatford Room A&A 2nd Floor, King's College


Resilience Strategies - Glenn Richardson, Lyn Worsley, Marco Ius
Resilience Strategies:

Abstract #89
The Seven Experiences of Applied Resilience and Resiliency
Presenter: Glenn Richardson
The program will focus on the dramatic evolution of the resiliency process model that was published first in 1990 and again in 2002 in the Journal of Clinical Psychology as the Applied Metatheory of Resilience and Resiliency.  Within the resiliency process are seven key experiences that have been shown to increase resilience among school children, worksite employees, and people with diabetes. The program will first describe the five universal postulates  or assumptions of applied resiliency training including 1)innateness, 2) resonation, 3)progression, 4)self efficacy/faith, and  5) agency.  The postulates are constants throughout the resilient journey.  The seven key experiences required to thrive through adversity and challenge include:
1. The skill of Resiliency Mapping 
2. Discovering innate and common resilient drives and yearnings as sources of motivation
3. Visioning and goal setting in response to resilient drives
4. Venturing as the process of turning fear into courage through integrative health modalities
5. The Q-Nexus which is directional inspiration to know what to do and when to do it
6. Self Mastery embraces the concepts of identity formation, persistence, and overcoming shadow actions.
7. Wisdom is a reflective harvesting of qualities and virtues gained during resilient reintegration and identification of future planned disruptions.

Abstract #100
The Resilience Doughnut: Connecting Ordinary, Everyday Moments to Build Resilience
Presenter: Lyn Worsley Co - Presenters: Odin Hjemdal, Mandy Yamanis
The Resilience Doughnut is a simple model showing seven contexts where a child can experience the everyday ordinary magic that builds resilience. The model has been used practically to guide programs, and interventions as well as to consider a child’s capacity to cope in difficult situations. The premise of the model is that only three out of the seven contexts need to have positive intentional connections in order to build a child’s resiliency.In order to test this model a comprehensive scale has been developed and trialled across educational settings in Australia with over 1200 students. The validation of the model involved testing this scale using an exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, and conducting extensive correlations with established measures of resilience. In order to test the premise that only three strong contexts are needed in order to develop resilience, a further study was conducted to compare students who scored high or low on the personal and social competence subscales of the READ measure. These two groups were tested as to the number of strong contexts present according to the Resilience Doughnut scale. Further correlations were conducted with regard to the level of difficulties experienced by each of the groups according to the Strength and Difficulties scale (SDQ).This workshop will outline the Resilience Doughnut model, and show the results of these studies. Implications for the practical use of the model in child and adult settings will also be discussed, showing some of the innovative work already in place in Australia and the UK. 

Abstract #195
Is Resilience Plannable? the "World Of The Child" As A Tool To Foster Children and Perents' REsilience Turning Their Voices Into Actions To Take
Presenter: Marco Ius Co-presenters: Sara Serbati, Ombretta Zanon, Paola Milani
P.I.P.P.I. (Program of Intervention for Prevention of Institutionalization) is a research-training-intervention program developed as an intensive care program for vulnerable families funded by the Italian Ministry of Welfare from 2010. It aims at preventing child placement out-of-home and at responding to problems connected to vulnerable parenting and child neglect by balancing risk and protective factors, and focuses on supporting parenting through multi-professional and resilient based intervention. Currently, the third implementation is in progress as the first national scaling up of the program involving about 500 families in 50 cities. The “World of the child” is the main tool used to support children and parents’ participation in all the steps. It is based on the Italian adaptation of the British triangular models of the Assessment Framework. Analyzing case-studies and showing video, textual and drawing material, the presentation will highlight and discuss how the “World of the child” fostered the process of children and parents partecipation trying to plan their resilience process, and turning the voice of children (mostly 3-11 y.o.) and parents into a micro-plan by navigating/negotiating their resources and defining the expected outcomes and the actions to achieve them together with all the professionals involved in the intervention. 

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Glenn Richardson

Professor, University of Utah
Glenn E. Richardson, Full Professor in the Department of Health Promotion and Education, University of is the author of the foundational “Resiliency Model” published in 1990 and “The Metatheory of Resilience and Resiliency” published in the Journal of Clinical Psychology in... Read More →
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Lyn Worsley

Director, The Resilience Centre
Lyn WorsleyLyn is a Clinical Psychologist with a background in nursing, teaching, and youth work. She is the director of the Resilience Centre in Epping, Sydney, which has a reputation for innovative solution, focussed approaches to client change through individual and group therapies... Read More →

Marco Ius

Marco Ius got the PhD in Social Work with a research on resilience and Hidden Child Survivors of the Holocaust in 2009. From 2009 is Post-Doc researcher and from 2010 is part of the Scientific Group of the national Implementation of P.I.P.P.I. (Program of Intervention for Prevention... Read More →


Odin Hjemdal

Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Odin Hjemdal, professor of clinical adult psychology and quantitative methods and statistics, and a clinical psychologist at Department of Psychology at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway. His research is related to resilience among adults and adolescents... Read More →

Paola Milani

PhD at Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Pedagogy and Applied Psychology (FISPPA), University of Padova, Italy Paola Milani is associate professor of Family Education and General and Social Pedagogy at the FISSPPA Department. Her research topics regards family education, social... Read More →

Sara Serbati

PhD at Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Pedagogy and Applied Psychology (FISPPA), University of Padova, Italy Sara Serbati PhD in Social Work (2011) with the project “Evaluating to better intervene: research on home care intervention with vulnerable children and family in Belluno... Read More →

Mandy Yamanis

Child Protection Specialist at World Vision International Mandy Yamanis, has worked for World Vision International for the past 9 years as a Child Protection Specialist, with knowledge of child development, child protection and international development programming in the Middle... Read More →

Ombretta Zanon

PhD Candidate at Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Pedagogy and Applied Psychology (FISPPA), University of Padova, Italy Ombretta Zanon is PhD candidate in social work. Her research topics is the changing of family representation of social professionals along the program P.I.P.P.I... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 10:30am - 12:00pm
Archibald Room NAB 3rd Floor, King's College


Adolescent Resilience - Marissa Cadao, Cecilia Resurreccion
Adolescent Resilience:

Abstract #160
Development of Resiliency Scale For Filipino Adolescents
Presenter: Marissa Cadao
The study attempted to develop a Resiliency Scale that will measure the resilience level of the Filipino adolescents. An 80-item Likert-type Scale, consisting of 47 positive statements and 33 negative statements was developed. The scale measures five clusters of resiliency factors identified in the researches conducted by Banaag (1997), Bautista (2001) and Bogar (2006): Interpersonal Skills, Competence, High self-regard, Spirituality and Helpful life circumstances. The Resiliency Scale was used in two settings: school setting with 160 first year college students and rehabilitation center setting with 59 adolescents from three orphanages in Metro Manila.  After subjecting the data to statistical analysis, Cronbach’s Alpha values of .776  and .777 for the first and second parts of the test respectively, were obtained. Further analysis pointed out that resiliency scores are significantly related with respondents’ scores in Emotional Stability and Sociability subscales in Guilford-Zimmerman Temperament Survey (Pearson r = .541 and .495 respectively), and with Pasao Self-Concept Rating Scale scores (Pearson r = .659) all set at .01 level of significance. However, it is not related with the scores in Hope Scale. It was concluded that the Resiliency Scale developed has a degree of validity and reliability and it can be used as a measure of resiliency among Filipino adolescents. Several recommendations were forwarded for further development of the instrument.

Abstract #240
Filipino Resilience Scale And Its Implication to Counseling Adolescents
Presemter: Cecilia Resurreccion
Background: There is need for greater clarity around the construct of resilience as it relates to Filipino culture and to the period of adolescence. Resilience is one of the several strengths of Filipinos that can assist young people in positive life adaptation as they face major changes and challenges in their adolescent years. Knowing this can guide the development of interventions for prevention of adverse psychological outcomes and promotion of positive youth development. Objective: The study developed a 5-point Filipino Resilience Scale for adolescents to explore the construct of resilience and gauge their level of resilience. Methods : A mixed method research design, Qualitative and quantitative method, was used. The 85-item scale was administered to a sample of college students (n=850) aged 16-21. Each self-rated on a 5-point scale (0-4) with higher scores reflecting greater resilience. The reliability, validity and factor analytic structure of the scale were evaluated and reference scores were established. Results: The FRS demonstrated sound psychometric properties. Factor analysis yielded four factors. It has confirmed the initial framework provided during the initial conceptualization of the scale items which are Appraisal, Adaptation and Growth except for a new factor that emerged from the data, External resources that include Spirituality and Family/social support which speak so distinctly of Filipino culture. Conclusion:The study confirms that the FRS is a potentially useful instrument to measure resilience among adolescents.

avatar for Cecilia M. Resurreccion

Cecilia M. Resurreccion

Executive Director, Center for Student Affairs, UNIVERSITY OF ASIA AND THE PACIFIC, PHILIPPINES
Cecilia Resurreccion, PhD, RGC, RPsy is the Executive Director of Center for Student Affairs at the Unviersity of Asia and the Pacific. She has given seminars and workshops on mentoring, adolescent resilience, personality development, emotional intelligence among others.
avatar for Marissa C. Esperal

Marissa C. Esperal

The presenter is a graduate of Bachelor of Arts in Psychology from Southern Luzon Polytechnic College (now Southern Luzon State University) which is located in her hometown. She finished her first master's degree, Master of Arts in Education with specialization in Guidance and Counseling... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Boardroom A&A 2nd Floor, King's College


Children in Care - Lucy Le Mare, Kaitlyn Massey, Ivana Maurović
Children in Care:

Abstract #211
Adoptive Family Processes and Resilience Over Time in Early-Deprived Adoptees from Romania
Presenter: Lucy Le Mare  Co-presenters: Karen Kurytnik, Karyn Audet
The Romanian Adoption Project (RAP), an ongoing longitudinal study of early-deprived children adopted by Canadian families from Romanian orphanages, has presented a rare opportunity to assess the effects of early deprivation and the potential of the post-adoption rearing environment to support resilience. Like most research on post-institutionalized adoptees, the RAP has comprised primarily quantitative investigations addressing differences between and trends within groups varying in levels of early deprivation.  This approach has been useful, but is limited in that knowledge based on aggregated data may be too abstract for application to specific contexts, and individuals.  In this presentation we report on an in-depth exploration of the role of adoptive family processes in supporting resilience in 9 Romanian adoptees who, at age 17, were selected from the larger sample (N=46) as most clearly demonstrating either resilience (N=5) or not (N=4).  Differences in resilience were unrelated to length of deprivation, developmental delays at time of adoption, or early IQ.  Family processes including attachment, parenting styles, and communication about adoption, examined at ages 4, 10, and 17 years, distinguished teens who did and did not display resilience as did self-reports on resilience measures. Links to outcomes in emerging adulthood (age 24) are also explored.

Abstract #223
Evaluating the Efficacy of a Resilience Program for Children and Young People in a Private Clinic in Sydney Australia
Persenter: Kaitlyn Massey Co-Presenter: Tanya Hanstock
Research into intervention programs that aim to enhance resilience in young people are continually expanding. Evidence suggests that early intervention programs are important in assisting children to overcome difficult circumstances and prevent mental health problems. There are a number of international resilience-based group programs, however few exist within Australia. Two programs that are currently being used in Australia are the Linked-Up (13-16 year-olds) and Connect-3 programs (8-12 year-olds), which are based on the Resilience Doughnut model. They are creative and interactive 6-week group programs designed to help young people find their strengths, improve their social interactions and develop resilient thinking skills. This research assesses the efficacy of the two programs using the Resilience Scale for Adolescents (READ) and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) for pre, post and follow-up measures. The results will help determine if prevention programs have the potential to be positive and proactive in developing resilience in young people in Australia. Discussion will be encouraged with regard to the use of ecological resilience programs in various contexts. Of particular note is the usefulness of such programs in activating the strong resources within small groups of youth in a private practice setting.

Abstract #224
Meaningful Participation as a Protective Mechanism of Adolescents in Children's Homes in Croatia
Presenter: Ivana Maurović Co-Presenter: Antonija Žižak
As opportunity to participate in shaping environment (WestEd,2005)  has been shown as a important protective mechanism, aim of this presentation is to explore it's role in various developmental outcomes of adolescents in Children homes (subjective well being, behavior problems, academic competence) trough mix method approach. Quantitative date were gathered via self-assessment, with instruments: List of major life events, Daily hassles of adolescents in residential care (Maurović, 2014), Resilience and youth development module (WestEd & CDE, 2000), Youth Self Report (Achenbach, 1991), Subjective happiness scale (Lyubomirsky and Lepper, 1999). In quantitative part, sample comprises whole population of adolescents age 14 to 18, placed in 15 Children's homes in Croatia (N= 228). In qualitative part, data were collected using in-depth interviews with a 24 participants, age 14 to 21, that were assessed by their caregivers as resilient. According to preliminary data, meaningful participation is predictor of happiness and externalizing behavior problems. Adolescent that were assessed as resilient explained the crucial role of participation in their good developmental outcomes.


Ivana Maurović

Prof at Faculty of Education and Rehabilitation SciencesIvana Maurović is Research Assistant at Faculty of Education and Rehabilitation Sciences, University of Zagreb, Croatia. She is in the process of finishing PhD thesis „Resilience of adolescent's in Children's homes in Croatia... Read More →
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Kaitlyn Massey

Kaitlyn Massey (B Psych) is a registered Generalist Psychologist and is an associate member of the Australian Psychological Society. Kaitlyn is currently completing a Master of Clinical Psychology through the University of Newcastle, Australia, where she has developed a keen interest... Read More →

Lucy Le Mare

Lucy Le Mare is a Professor in the Faculty of Education at Simon Fraser University. She teaches in the areas of early childhood and social emotional development. Emphasizing the centrality of social relationships and cultural-historical context, her research focuses on risk and resilience... Read More →


Karyn Audet

Dr. at Douglas College Karyn Audet is a Faculty member in the Department of Psychology at Douglas College. She completed her PhD in Educational Psychology from Simon Fraser University in 2008. Both her MA (Counselling Psychology) and PhD theses addressed risk and resilience in post-institutionalized... Read More →

Tanya Hanstock

Senior Lecturer/Psychologist at University of Newcastle Dr Tanya Hanstock is a Senior Lecturer in the Clinical Psychology Program at The University of Newcastle in Australia. She lectures in the area of child and family clinical psychology. Dr Hanstock has conducted a number of research... Read More →

Karen Kurytnik

Dr. at SFU Karen Kurytnik received her PhD in Educational Psychology from Simon Fraser University in 2008. Both her MA (Counselling Psychology) and PhD theses addressed risk and resilience in post-institutionalized adoptees.

Friday June 19, 2015 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Archibald Room NAB 3rd Floor, King's College


Communities of Practice - Josh Cameron, Wanda McDonald, Suna Eryigit Madzwamuse
Communities of Practice:

Abstract # 103
Using a Communities of Practice Approach to Co-Create Multi-National Resilience Research and Practice
Presenter: Josh Cameron Co-presenters: Kim Aumann, Suna Eryigit-Madzwamuse, Lisa Buttery, Angie Hart
Resilience research and practice can benefit from co-creation and knowledge mobilisation. This is due to its context dependent nature which can be best understood and supported using a combination of lived experience, practitioner and academic expertise. The challenge is how to bring these perspectives together in a constructive process to which all can contribute and generate meaningful outcomes. 

Abstract #108
Communities of Practice- A Highly Effective and Stustainable Means of Knowledge Mobilization
Presenter: Wanda McDonald
This presentation will demonstrate Communities of Practice (CoPs) as highly effective and sustainable means of knowledge mobilization. CoPs help people organize around purposeful actions that deliver tangible results. CoPs can facilitate the activation of existing knowledge, including the practice wisdom of participants, the generation of new ideas, self-reflection and foster collegial support. It will be shown how one specific COP has not only changed individual practice but has also influenced policy, resulting in broader system change. 
More and more organizations are confronted with little or no resources for training and mentorship. When implemented appropriately, CoPs are a proven means of connecting evidence and practice. 
The presentation will provide step-by-step guidance on setting the conditions for a successful community of practice. It will highlight proven benefits as well as common pitfalls. My personal experience of CoPs is that, aside from allowing for the acquisition of knowledge, they are a source of inspiration and empowerment, resulting in reduced isolation and higher job satisfaction.

Abstract #173
Can the Multi-Cultural Application of Resilience Research and Practice be Supported through a Communities of Practice Approach?
Presenter: Suna Eryigit Madzwamuse Co-presenters: Josh Cameron, Angie Hart 
The UK Research Councils’ funded Imagine Programme includes an international and multidisciplinary project on resilience-building using a social ecological perspective. It sets up opportunities for service users, practitioners, and academics to learn more about resilience-based knowledge and to develop new resilience-based research and practice approaches. Across five European countries, eleven projects are involved. All target the resilience of children/adults with multiple disadvantages using a Communities of Practice (CoP) approach. This assumes that a collaborative approach to knowledge generation will bring shared systems and motivation to implement new knowledge in practice. 
The Imagine project has a mixed-method design combining both quantitative (i.e., outcome evaluation) and qualitative (i.e., process evaluation) methodologies to investigate the effectiveness of CoP as a strategy to connect resilience research and practice. For the outcome analysis, age and content-appropriate resilience measures (e.g., CYRM) are administered longitudinally. For the process evaluation we use the value-creation-framework which captures change in different process values (i.e., change in knowledge capital) as a result of the CoP collaboration. 
This presentation will focus on both quantitative and qualitative findings and discuss whether CoP is an appropriate approach to researching and improving resilience at multiple levels of social ecology across culturally and contextually diverse circumstances. 

avatar for Josh Cameron

Josh Cameron

Principal Lecturer, University of Brighton/BoingBoing
Principal Lecturer at University of BrightonJosh Cameron was an occupational therapist in adult mental health services before becoming a senior lecturer in occupational therapy at the University of Brighton. He became interested in resilience while researching return-to-work experiences... Read More →
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Suna Eryigit Madzwamuse

Research Fellow, University of Brighton
Suna Eryigit-Madzwamuse is a Research Fellow at the Centre for Health Research, University of Brighton. Having an interdisciplinary background, her research focuses on promoting wellbeing and development of children and young individuals taking into account biological and contextual... Read More →

Wanda McDonald

Wanda McDonald is Manager of Addiction Services with the Nova Scotia Department of Health and Wellness. She holds Bachelor’s and Master’s Degrees in Social Work and has over 20 years of experience working in both rural and urban settings in Newfoundland, Nova Scotia and abroad... Read More →


Kim Aumann

Kim Aumann works with Boingboing, a community interest company which supports child, family and practitioner resilience (www.boingboing.org.uk). She has been a practitioner in this area for 15 years, and is the former Director of Amaze, a parent-led voluntary organisation offering... Read More →

Lisa Buttery

Artist in Residence at Boing Boing Social Enterprise Lisa Buttery is artist in residence at BoingBoing Social enterprise, Brighton. Lisa is a volunteer and founding member of Art in Mind, a youth-led community arts group for young people with experience of mental health issues. Lisa... Read More →
avatar for Josh Cameron

Josh Cameron

Principal Lecturer, University of Brighton/BoingBoing
Principal Lecturer at University of BrightonJosh Cameron was an occupational therapist in adult mental health services before becoming a senior lecturer in occupational therapy at the University of Brighton. He became interested in resilience while researching return-to-work experiences... Read More →
avatar for Angie Hart

Angie Hart

University of Brighton / Boingboing
Angie Hart is Professor of Child, Family and Community Health at the University of Brighton and has been working on resilience research and practice for 10 years. She is an advisor to England’s Big Lottery Fund, Angie runs boingboing, a not for profit undertaking resilience research... Read More →
avatar for Suna Eryigit Madzwamuse

Suna Eryigit Madzwamuse

Research Fellow, University of Brighton
Suna Eryigit-Madzwamuse is a Research Fellow at the Centre for Health Research, University of Brighton. Having an interdisciplinary background, her research focuses on promoting wellbeing and development of children and young individuals taking into account biological and contextual... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Alumni Hall NAB 1st Floor, King's College


Doing and Promoting Family Resilience - Judy Gillespie, Charles Mphande, Maggie Dent
Abstract #78
10 Building Block Model for Building Resilience in Children
Presenter: Maggie Dent
Today’s world is very different to the world that many parents were raised in. Some of us remember living without television, computers, hand held devices and smart phones. Yet the new advances and increasing knowledge of modern society are not producing more resilient children or young people. Indeed many of our children and adolescents are facing more emotional, social and mental problems and disorders than ever before in a busy, chaotic world. The changing dynamics of parenting and test based schooling have caused more confusion and stress that is negatively impacting children.
 Resilience refers to the ability to successfully manage life, and adapt to change and stressful events in healthy and constructive ways. It is about the capacity to bounce back from positive and negative life experiences. Modern parenting that is more ‘intensive ‘and fear based may be unintentionally creating less resilience in children.
My model of 10 key building blocks for children birth –12 years of age that has been used extensively throughout Australia uses a strength based model of building capacity holistically. When competence and confidence is built incrementally from birth, resilience will improve.

Abstract #144
Multi-Sector Collaboration to Promote Child and Family Resilience: Lessons from an Empirical Study
Presenter: Judy Gillespie
This paper presents a policy framework highlighting the role of statutory child protection systems in multi-sector community collaboration to foster increased resilience for children, youth, and families. With their high contextual knowledge and capacity for boundary spanning communication, cooperation, and coordination, multi-sector community collaborations are viewed as more capable than hierarchical bureaucracies in promoting social change, and facilitating inclusion, opportunities, and access to resources for traditionally marginalized groups. Such collaborations are however, difficult to establish and even more difficult to sustain. They challenge traditional prevention and early intervention approaches to child and family well-being. They require a dedicated infrastructure, ongoing commitment from individual participants, as well as organizational support. Participants and their supporting organizations must be able to define and maintain a common agenda, goals, and objectives across their diverse interests and perspectives. They, as well as any external funders, must also perceive value for their investment of time and resources. 
Drawing from empirical research examining a long-term multi-sector collaboration to address Aboriginal well-being, this paper reviews seven elements necessary to facilitate multi-sector collaboration, and highlights the key role of the child protection authority. The presentation will be of interest to child protection and community practitioners, policymakers, and researchers.

Abstract #232
Doing Resilience: Community Resources and Reciprocity Post-Settlement Among Emerging Horn of Africa in Melbourne, Australia
Presenter: Charles Mphande Co-presenter: Dorothy Bottrell
Studies have shown that emerging African communities in Australia are highly disadvantaged, suffering socio-economic exclusion for a variety of reasons, particularly post-settlement.  Many studies have focused on how formal government and non-governmental agencies and community organisations work to assist with settlement; however, post-settlement challenges are typically beyond the purview of these formal agencies. This paper draws on research findings of a study of informal community networks serving as safety nets among emerging Horn of Africa communities in Melbourne.  The paper discusses how the exchange of community resources through informal networks supports members to manage daily life and adapt socio-economically, despite their disadvantaged circumstances. Framed in terms of Bourdieu’s social capital theory and strengths-based community development theory, the paper focuses on the exchanges and reciprocities of informal networks that constitute resilience practices and are embedded in community values and norms. The paper discusses the strategic and practical ways that members utilise the resources of their informal networks for individual, family and community daily life, coping and adjustment to a culturally and socio-economically different context.


Charles Mphande

Victoria university
Charles Mphande is a Senior Lecturer in the College of Arts and a member of the Mobilities, Transitions and Resilience Network of the Centre for Cultural Diversity and Wellbeing at Victoria University, Melbourne. His empirical research has focused on resilience as individual or group... Read More →

Judy Gillespie

Dr. Gillespie is currently the Acting Director of the School of Social Work at the University of British Columbia’s Okanagan campus. Prior to obtaining her PhD, she worked for many years in children’s services in northwestern Alberta. Her research interests encompass the role... Read More →

Maggie Dent

Maggie Dent is an Australian author (5 books), educator, and parenting and resilience specialist with a particular interest in the early years and adolescence. She is a passionate advocate for the healthy, common-sense raising of children in order to strengthen families and communities... Read More →


Dorothy Bottrell

Senior Lecturer at Victoria University, Melbourne AustraliaDorothy Bottrell is a Senior Lecturer in the College of Education and a member of the Mobilities, Transitions and Resilience Network of the Centre for Cultural Diversity and Wellbeing at Victoria University, Melbourne. Her... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 1:30pm - 3:00pm
ScotiaBank Room NAB 3rd Floor, King's College


Health - Caroline Burnleyn, Arvin Bhana, Arash Beheshtian

Abstract #74
Ugandan Caregiver Grandmothers of HIV/AIDS Orphans: Resilience And Recommendations in Context
Presenters: Caroline Burnley Co-Presenter: Ruth Kirson
Uganda has more than 2 million HIV/AIDS orphans.  The United Nations and many aid organizations, like the Stephen Lewis Foundation, acknowledge the important role that grandmothers play in raising the younger generations to adulthood and contributing to the recovery of the community affected by HIV/AIDS.  This qualitative study consisted of interview data from caregiver grandmothers in Nyakagyezi, Uganda.  A content analysis revealed challenges associated with the caregiver role (poverty, physical limitations of age, lack of financial support) as well as factors associated with the resilience of these grandmothers and their “children” (internal factors such as faith and external supports such as access to education for their children and healthcare for their families).  Recommendations focused on community interventions that would support the resilience of the grandmothers and their children.  Beyond taking a contextual approach to understanding the risk and resilience of these grandmothers, this research also lead to a greater understanding of the importance of taking a contextualized approach to the implementation of the recommendations.  The researchers will discuss the process involved in generating the recommendations and the subsequent actions that were necessary in order to ensure those recommendations were contextually valid.

Abstract #117
The VUKA Family Programme: Promoting Resilience In Perinatally HIV Infected Adolescents In South Africa
Presenter: Arvin Bhana
The VUKA Family programme is targeted to helping perinatally HIV infected early adolescent children and their caregivers thrive in the context of serious challenges associated with a chronic, potentially fatal, sexually transmittable, and highly stigmatising illness. Without intervention youth are likely to face considerable adversity in dealing with the developmental complexities associated with perinatal HIV. The challenge of living with HIV is complicated by a number of environmental factors that include poverty, educational levels of caregivers and safety characteristics associated with the home and neighbourhood.  This paper examines the baseline data from a randomized clinical trial of VUKA taking place in community based clinics in KwaZulu-Natal South Africa. Adolescent adaptation to HIV is examined in relation to how internalised and externalised stigma interacts with protective factors such as self-regulation and self-esteem. In addition, the role of protective factors including parental monitoring, family communication and social support is considered as they directly or indirectly affect mental health outcomes among both children and their caregivers. The examination of the pathways of influence among these variables help shed light on the characteristics important to promoting resilience among HIV+ adolescents in South Africa.

Abstract #155
Planning for Resilient Health System - Advancing Health System Through an Analytical Decision Making Tool
Presenter: Arash Beheshtian Co-presenters: Kieran Donaghy, Asieh Golozar
Due to their multidimensional nature, Health systems represent System of Systems (SOSs). These include sub-systems operated by health sector but might comprise numerous complex systems functioning interdependently. Planning for sustainable health-SOSs (h-SOSs), given the vitality of operable neighboring systems is more intricate while networks’ components are aged, over-capacitated, or under the risk of exogenous shocks such as extreme weather episodes. Consequently, achieving a sustainable h-SOSs requires a set of resilience-enhanced infrastructures robust enough to withstand disruptive events and resilient for resource reallocation to return into nominal performing levels. We investigate resilience planning in the context of h-SOSs.  Our analytic decision-making tool introduces analytic framework that seeks optimum set of resilience-enhanced strategies against potential shocks threatening h-SOSs. We proposed best possible absorptive, adaptive, and restorative capacity-augmentation strategies to enhance the robustness of h-SOSs, given capped budgeting scenarios, logistic capabilities of network’s components, and stochastic extreme events such as superstorms or fast-spreading diseases. Numerical experiments substantiate these models and i) provide potential improvement to day-to-day h-SOSs functioning and create redundancies; ii) keep health-corresponding infrastructures at lower risk of failing catastrophically; and iii) make flexible h-SOSs adaptive for hosting expansion through strategic investment techniques.


Arvin Bhana

University of KwaZulu-Natal
I am an Honorary Associate Professor of Psychology at the University of KwaZulu-Natal. I obtained my PhD in Clinical and Community Psychology at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. I am a registered clinical psychologist in South Africa. My current research is focused is... Read More →

Caroline Burnley

Professor, Director-Resilience Research Lab, Vancouver Island University
Caroline Burnley is a Psychology professor at Vancouver Island University. She is a Directorof the Resilience Research Lab and the Western Resilience Network (WRN). Her work focuses on resilience in a variety of contexts both locally and internationally. The Western Resilience Network... Read More →


Kieran Donaghy

Professor at Department of City and Regional Planning, Cornell University

Asieh Golozar

Research Associate at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health

Ruth Kirson

Ruth Kirson is a Psychology professor at Vancouver Island University. She is a Directorof the Resilience Research Lab and the Western Resilience Network (WRN). Her work focuses on resilience in a variety of contexts both locally and internationally. The Western Resilience Network... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Seminar Room NAB 2nd Floor, King's College


Innovation and Resilience - Forbes Hamilton, Maria Lugo, Johnny Thomas
Innovation and Resilience:

Social Media, Information Technology and Resilience
Presenter: Forbes Hamilton
The measurement of resilience is traditionally focused on questionnaires or an interview led process carried out by qualified and trained and experienced psychologists. With developments in technology and the cultural acceptance of alternative communications methods there are innovative ways to engage young people in assessments of resilience using technology that is already familiar to them from gaming and social media. In this presentation, we’ll discuss a new interface for young people to self-direct their assessment of resilience. The approach can also be used to provide real-time responses to youth so that their assessment results in suggestions for treatment and monitors progress towards treatment goals. More than an app, new advances to technological interfaces are permitting opportunities for full engagement of young people with their assessment. Further we will review results of a trial where resilience was self-diagnosed using social media with treatments offered as a responses in a “conversation”

Abstract #215
Resilience in Minority and Female Entrepreneurs: Differences by Ethnicity and Gender
Presenter: Maria Lugo Co-presenter: Lois M. Shelton
Recent research indicates that resilience is important for entrepreneurs (Krueger, 2000; Bullough, et al., 2013), since it enables them to overcome barriers in launching and growing businesses (Folkman & Moskowitz, 2000; Bullough, et al., 2013). Due to social stratification resulting from gender and racial discrimination, minority and women entrepreneurs in the United States, face more barriers, or risk factors, than other population groups (Shelton, 2010).  However, minority entrepreneurs also benefit from unique special attributes, or protective factors, by virtue of the adaptive cultures of minority populations (O’Donnell et al., 2004, Romero, 2011). Since resilience is developed by the interaction of risk and protective factors (Luthar, 2006), it is argued here that minority and women entrepreneurs may have a different level and type of resilience than their white and male counterparts due to their exposure to different risk and protective factors. Here, the focus is on African-American and Hispanic entrepreneurs. A model informed by Garcia Coll et al.'s (1996) developmental competencies model and the Luthar’s (2006) protective-stabilizing and vulnerable stable effects illustrates how gender and ethnicity affect risk and protective factors, and accordingly, resilience through the impact of social stratification and adaptive cultures.

Abstract #256
A Model of Human Resilience in Science and Engineering Environments 
Presenter: Johnny Thomas
Research on critical infrastructure systems (e.g., water, power and roadways) has identified that engineering resilience depends on both system design and human behavior to manage adverse effects of catastrophic events. However, current engineering resilience research that considers human subjects largely ignores the interconnectivity of individual and organizational interiority—cognition, affect, values, and culture, with exteriority—individual and group behaviors, social structures, and operating mechanisms. Without a complete understanding of the internal and external human capabilities necessary for engineering resilience, current methods will remain ineffective to support the measurement, design, or operation of more resilient systems. This paper presents an integration of psychological, social, and engineering resilience methods to identify human capabilities that foster more resilient engineering infrastructure. Further, this work will identify how human resilience relates to four socio-technical processes necessary for engineering resilience: Sensing—to monitor state variables, Anticipation—to imagine possible state outcomes, Adaptation—to change state variables for a higher performance, and Learning—to create and integrate new knowledge that informs behaviors (SAAL). Examples of developmental traits and capabilities that improve SAAL processes are presented to examine the interconnectivity of engineering systems with the interiority and exteriority of the people and organizations responsible their design and operation. 


Forbes Hamilton

Forbes Hamilton runs an entrepreneurial software company focus on the Microsoft solution stack. Trained as a biochemist he moved quickly into sales and in 2001 founded a broadcasting company to commoditise outside broadcasting. Currently Forbes works closely with schools in Scotland... Read More →
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Johnny Thomas

Research Associate, Arizona State University
John E. Thomas is a PhD student in Sustainable Engineering at Arizona State University in Tempe, AZ. He is a member of the Sustainable Energy and Environmental Decision Sciences studio pursuing research on the boundaries of engineering and social science to understand resilient infrastructure... Read More →

Maria Lugo

Associate Professor of Business Administration, Bridgewater College
Dr. Lugo has a DBA in Management and Entrepreneurship at Grenoble Ecole de Management at CSUN. She studies resilience in minority women entrepreneurs.


Lois M. Shelton

Associate Professor at California State University Nothridge SummaryProfessor of management and business; experienced instructor and recognized researcher publishing in internationally recognized journals. Presenting actionable research and results in conferences and seminars in... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Haliburton Room A&A Main Floor, King's College


Intellectual Disabilty and Supports - James Coyle, Kurt Moore, Francine Julien-Gauthier
Intellectual Disability and Supports:

Abstract #118
Building Resilience in Families Which Have Members with an Intellectual Disability
Presenter: James Coyle Co-presenter: Irene Carter
The World Health Organization estimates that three per cent of children are affected by an intellectual disability (ID) such as autism, cerebral palsy, and Down syndrome. These children and their families face increased health, economic, and social risks. Effective coping depends upon the overall health of the family and family members’ ability to promote positive well-being for all family members. Family resilience studies suggest that positive family beliefs, nurturing relationships, effective communication, and ability to access community resources positively influence well-being in families affected by risk factors, such as physical and mental illness, financial adversity, or disability. Thus, the family’s resilience helps build resilience in individual family members. This presentation will discuss three studies of resilience in families which have members with ID, comparing characteristics affecting adjustment and well-being of parental caretakers of young children with ID, parental caretakers of adult children with ID and mental illness, and young-adult siblings of children with ID. The presentation will analyze how ID impacts families, how family resilience influences the well-being of individual family members, and strategies for enhancing family coping and accessible community resources. This provides a framework for guiding service providers that enhances strengths and positive functioning for all family members.

Abstract #129
Improving Individual and Family Resilience Through Interactive Behavior Modification Simulations (IBMS)
Presenter: Kurt Moore Co-presenter: Jeffrey Hall
This session will share a simulation that the U.S. Army Ready and Resilient (R2) Comprehensive Soldier and Family Fitness (CSF2) Office is using to help teens deal with typical teenage stresses of peer relationships, school, and communicating with parents. The simulation is one of 16 in the R2 CSF2 library used to improve resilience of soldiers and family members in the physical, mental, social and spiritual domains.
The simulation uses gaming theory, psychology, learning theory, film making, and computer science to help change attitudes and behaviors.  Independent pilot evaluations have indicated that the simulation achieves previously unattained levels of behavior modification and retention by engaging learners at both cognitive and affective levels.
This session will share: 1. The design methods and simulation model used to deliver this resiliency education, 2. Advances in the latest computer-based behavior modification techniques, 3. How these methods can reach different learners in various settings, and 4. How active simulations engage individuals more effectively than traditional didactic instruction.  
Attendees will take away knowledge of the significant advances in the effectiveness of the latest serious game education techniques that are being used to improve human resilience. A demo CD will be provided to attendees.

Abstract #201
Resilience Assessment For People With Intellectual Disabilities
Presenter: Francine Julien-Gauthier Co-presenters: Collette Jourdan-Ionescu, Sarah Martin-Roy
For people with intellectual disabilities, resilience is to present the best possible development adressing specific adversities that are encountered in order to aim well-being and a full social integration (Jourdan-Ionescu & Julien-Gauthier, 2011). To assess resilience for these individuals, the long version (25 items) of the Wagnild and Young (1993) scale, was adapted. The statements wording was simplified to reflect the cognitive characteristics of these people and their knowledge. Scoring, on a Likert-type scale, was adjusted to facilitate their participation. The execution standards were modified based on the adults with learning disabilities resilience assessment (Blocher, 2004); individuals are invited to complete or clarify their answer by adding content. An initial execution of the scale allowed us to ascertain the understanding of the items by people with intellectual disabilities and to assess their degree of resilience. When executing the instrument, the sessions were audiotaped, answers to each item were transcribed and analyzed using the method of functional analysis (Tochon, 2002), and the level of inter-judge agreement was estimated. This paper presents the adaptation of the instrument for assessing resilience and the results of its execution with seven individuals. The results are discussed in conjunction with the development and promotion of resilience for people with intellectual disabilities.

avatar for Francine Julien-Gauthier

Francine Julien-Gauthier

Professor in the Education Faculty, Université Laval
Professor at Université Laval, Francine Julien-Gauthier, Ph. D., is professor in the Education Faculty at Université Laval. Regular researcher for Centre de recherche et d’intervention sur la réussite scolaire (CRIRES), she conducts studies on the education of individuals with... Read More →
avatar for James Coyle

James Coyle

Associate Professor, University of Windsor
James P. Coyle, PhD is an Associate Professor in the School of Social Work at the University of Windsor in Ontario, Canada. His research examines the nature of resilience in families affected by alcohol abuse and developmental disability and applying a resilience framework in family... Read More →

Kurt Moore

Kurt Moore, Ph.D., a Senior Research Manager with WRMA, Inc., is a researcher, evaluator, psychotherapist, and educator with 15 years of experience in child, adolescent, and family mental health programs. His interests include child traumatic stress, resilience, protective factors... Read More →


Irene Carter

Associate Professor at University of Windsor Irene Carter, PhD is an Associate Professor at the University of Windsor in Ontario, Canada, teaching in the School of Social Work and the Disability Studies Program. Her twenty five years of experience includes teaching positions at Dalhousie... Read More →

Jeffrey Hall

Chief Creative Officer at WILL Interactive, Inc. Jeffrey Hall, CCO of WILL Interactive, has 20 years creating science-based programs for improving human performance. He holds a U.S. Patent for his Interactive Behavior Modification System for creating computer based interactive movie... Read More →

Colette Jourdan-Ionescu

Professor at Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières Colette Jourdan-Ionescu, Ph. D. is professor at the Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières, researcher for the Centre de recherche et d’intervention sur la réussite scolaire (CRIRES) and the Scientific Council of the Association... Read More →
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Sarah Martin-Roy

Université Laval
Research assistant and student member for Consortium national de recherche sur l’intégration sociale (CNRIS) and Centre de recherche et d’intervention sur la réussite scolaire (CRIRES). Her research focuses on students (18-21 years old) with intellectual disabilities participation... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Shatford Room A&A 2nd Floor, King's College


Measuring Resilience - Alexander Makhnach, Julie Ann Pooley, Sofie Vindevogel
Measuring Resilience:

Abstract #219
The Relationship Between Valuye Priorities and Resilience (Pilot Study)
Presenter: Alexander Makhnach Co-presenters: Anna Laktionova, Julia Postylyakova
Objective: We hypothesized that certain combination of values priorities reduces or increases resilience. 
Methods: The sample (n=152) completed: Schwartz Value Survey (SVS, Schwartz, 1992), RRC-ARM (Ungar, Liebenberg, 2013). According the results of RRC-ARM sample was divided on two groups with high (127+ scores, n = 20), and low resilience (less than 97 scores, n = 22). 
Findings: All RRC-ARM and SVS data significantly higher in the group with high resilience. Correlations between values in the group with low resilience show that a large focus on conformity and self-direction negatively associated with spirituality as the resilience context; the benevolence value associated only with individual peer support. In the group with high resilience benevolence value correlate with the context of culture, security value positively associated with psychological caregiving and individual social skills. High resilience group has universalism and autonomy values associated with individual skills. In low resilience group revealed conflicting combination of values: safety and autonomy - in contrast to the group with high resilience. 
Conclusion: The combination of conflicting values affects resilience, potentially reducing it. Resilient respondents have no values, reducing the resilience’ components; low resilient respondents focusing on the value reduces some resilience components.

Abstract #238
Measuring Protective Factors for Psychological Health: The Development of a New Measure of Individual Resilience (The Lifespan Individual Resilience Scale) and the Relations Between Individual Resilience, Self-Esteem, Coping Style, and Life Satisfaction
Presenter: Julie Ann Pooley Co-presenters: Lynne Cohen, Craig Harms
While much of the research has focused on maintaining or recovery in psychological health despite experiencing adversity, the impact of the protective factors (or individual resilience) has also been of interest to researchers and practitioners. This current study describes the development of the Lifespan Individual Resilience Scale (LIRS) that improves on the gaps in conceptual and methodological characteristics of previous measures of individual resilience. Through the use of exploratory (sample 1: N =413) and confirmatory (sample 2: N= 240) factor analysis support is presented for a single hierarchical (3 sub-factors) as an explanation for the degree of association of the 12 items developed to measure individual resilience in adult populations. Evidence for the criterion and predictive validity of the LIRS were identified from the overall pattern of correlations (for the second sample of participants) between individual resilience and measures of self-esteem as well as coping styles (of which 8 were derived from an exploratory factor analysis) and support for the model where individual resilience totally (for all but of the coping styles) mediated the effect of coping style on life satisfaction. Although future testing of the LIRS is needed with adolescent and older adults, the LIRS represents a psychometrically sound scale applicable for the assessment of individual resilience resources in the context of health and other forms of adversity.

Abstract #264
Resilience as a Dynamic Network: The Resilience Network Model
Presenter: Sofie Vindevogel
Many controversies in resilience research originate from discord between underlying modeling approaches used to represent how the relation between the resilience construct and its indicators is theoretically understood. The fundamental question guiding the distinction between these models is whether resilience is considered as a real entity giving rise to observable indicators (reflective model) or an abstract label to describe what these indicators collectively represent (formative model). This question reflects the tension between nature and nurture, which made resilience research alternately focus on dispositional and situational aspects. Current theorizing and empirical evidence move beyond this dichotomy and indicate that resilience has concurrently dispositional and thus eliciting components as well as situational and thus achieved components. However, not a reflective nor a formative model allow the representation of resilience by indicators that can simultaneously reflect the underlying construct and contribute to its formation. This presentation introduces the resilience network model and illustrates how it has potential to counter shortcomings of the conventional modeling approaches and take into account topical theoretical understanding of resilience. The advantage of a network model is that it embodies a concrete way to combine the competing views that hitherto have been source of extended debate and exerting a divisive influence on the field of resilience research.

avatar for Alexander Makhnach

Alexander Makhnach

Senior Researcher, Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Alexander V. Makhnach, Ph.D. is a senior researcher at the Institute of Psychology Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia. I worked on the development of the program that designed a system of foster care in Russia. Now I am working as a rector at the NGO Institute of Psychology... Read More →
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Julie Ann Pooley

Associate Dean, Edith Cowan University
Associate Professor Julie Ann Pooley is currently the Associate Dean of Teaching and Learning for the Faculty of Engineering, Health and Science at Edith Cowan University. Julie Ann has been involved in teaching in both the undergraduate and postgraduate psychology programs and has... Read More →

Sofie Vindevogel

Ghent University
Sofie Vindevogel works as post-doctoral assistant at the Department of Special Education at Ghent University and is affiliated to the Centre for Children in Vulnerable Situations. She obtained her PhD in Educational Sciences with a dissertation on former child soldiers in northern... Read More →


Lynne Cohen

Professor at Edith Cowan University Professor Lynne Cohen is Executive Dean, Faculty of Education and Arts and Pro-Vice Chancellor: Engagement (Communities) at Edith Cowan University. Professor Cohen has won a number of national teaching awards for her commitment to university teaching... Read More →

Craig Harms

Dr at Edith Cowan Univeristy Dr Craig Harms works as a lecturer and researcher in the School of Psychology and Social Science at Edith Cowan University (ECU); a Clinical Psychologist (Registrar) in mental health settings; and a Psychologist at the Western Australian Institute of... Read More →

Anna Laktionova

Ph.D. at Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences Anna I. Laktionova, Ph.D. is a psychologist, a researcher at the Institute of Psychology Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia. Previously I worked as a high school vice principal. Currently I am working also... Read More →

Julia Postylyakova

Ph.D. at Institute of Psychology of the Russian Academy of Sciences Julia V. Postylyakova, Ph.D., is a psychologist, a researcher at the Institute of Psychology Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia. I am working as an associate Professor at the Moscow State University of Railways... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Seminar 7 A&A Lower Floor, King's College


Promoting Resilience Among Professionals - Caroline Hudson, Elmien Truter
Promoting Resilience Among Professionals:

Abstract #191
Practitioner Resilience: A Consultative Approach To Develop And Evaluate A Resilience-Based Workshop Intervention For Novice Health-Care Practitioners
Presenter: Caroline Hudson Co-presenters: Catherine Theodosius, Angie Hart
Consultative approaches to resilience research have been advocated in recent literature (Hart and Beaver, 2013). Novice practitioners (preceptees’) from a local preceptorship programme acted as collaborators, to develop and evaluate a resilience and emotional labour workshop intervention in this study. Preliminary findings are presented to evaluate consultative approaches in practitioner resilience and build the evidence-base for a resilience-based supervisory approach.
Preceptees’ (n=12/36) from two local NHS (acute) hospital’s joined two focus groups. A pre-workshop focus group (FG 1) identified the challenges faced, issues of concern as well as emotional responses to practice. An adaptation of the Resilience Framework (Hart, Blincow and Thomas, 2007) for supervision by Aumann & Matthews (2011) was used to compare themes from a thematic analysis of FG1. 
Themes from FG1 were then theorised and incorporated into the resilience and emotional labour workshop.  Following the workshop a descriptive analysis of the evaluations from all preceptees’ (n=36) attending was conducted. A follow up focus group (FG 2) is planned six months following the workshop to identify any ‘resilient moves’ (Hart, Blincow and Thomas, 2007); evaluate the impact of the intervention on the wider group, and consider the implications for practitioner resilience research and practice more widely.

Abstract #260
Lived Experiences of Resiilence-Promoting Practices Among South African Child Protection Social Workers
Presenter: Elmien Truter
Child protection social workers’ (CPSW) are responsible for protecting vulnerable youth and children.  Youth and children in need of social services are more at risk if their service providers (e.g., CPSWs) fail them, yet CPSWs’ well-being and resultant service-delivery is placed at risk by the hostile nature of their profession.  In response, there have been international calls for the prioritization of CPSW resilience.  Nonetheless, to date, only four empirical research studies have explored resilience processes in CPSWs. Inadequate understandings of CPSW resilience processes thus prompted our exploration of what facilitates South African CPSWs' resilience.  In this paper, we present phenomenological accounts of the processes that facilitate resilience in the lives of 15 resilient South African CPSWs. Findings reveal that their resilience practices are embedded in four differently weighted, but interrelated, processes: practice- and purpose-informing creeds, support systems, constructive transactions, and accentuating the positive.  Our paper provides details of each and comments on how these processes can be applied in reflective supervision sessions.


Angie Hart (for Caroline Hudson)

Caroline Hudson is a Senior lecturer in the School of Health Sciences at the University of Brighton, United Kingdom. She has a nursing background and an MSc in professional health care education. She leads on a practice based education programme, developing learners and practitioners... Read More →

Elmien Truter

Elmien Truter, PhD, is a practicing child protection social worker and a social work lecturer in the Faculty of Humanities, North-West University, South Africa. Her research interests relate to exploring and enhancing the resilience of child protection social workers; investigating... Read More →

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Angie Hart

University of Brighton / Boingboing
Angie Hart is Professor of Child, Family and Community Health at the University of Brighton and has been working on resilience research and practice for 10 years. She is an advisor to England’s Big Lottery Fund, Angie runs boingboing, a not for profit undertaking resilience research... Read More →

Catherine Theodosius

Dr. at University of Brighton Catherine Theodosius is a senior lecturer at Brighton University. Her doctoral and post doctoral work is on the sociology of emotional labour and how this particularly impacts on health professionals such as nurses. Catherine’s monograph (2008) Emotional... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Vroom Room A&A Lower Floor, King's College


Protective Factors for Vulnerable Youth - Lainie Reisman, Kathleen Kufeldt, Joshua Brisson
Protective Factors for Vulnerable Youth:

Abstract #111
 From MS13 to Al-Shabaab – Global Resiliance: What Are The Similarities and Differences Between Push/Pull and Resiliency Factors Impacting Youth in Highly Vulnerable Neighborhoods?
Presenter: Lainie Reisman Co-presenter: Gustavo Payan
This study compares the push/pull factors that drive youth to engage in violent actions, as well as the resiliency factors displayed by youth that are participating in positive youth development programs.  The paper is based upon the experience of Education Development Center in implementing youth programs worldwide.  The CYRM028 tool and focus group discussions were used to collect data in project sites in both Honduras and North East Kenya, where gang violence and extremist violence are serious threats, respectively.  
The EDC research team began this study with the hypothesis that there are significant similarities, both in terms of the push/pull factors as well as resiliency factors between youth in these two extremely divergent communities, notwithstanding that the types of violence that plague the communities are very distinct.   EDC has the rare opportunity of direct access, combined with established trust, to be able to openly discuss hot-topic issues, like violence and security, with youth in these high-risk communities that have opted to engage in self-improvement training programs, rather than affiliate with violent organizations and and is therefore meant not to identify not what drives youth to become gang members or violent extremists, but rather what are the strongest resiliency factors that youth with similar backgrounds in at-risk communities benefit from, and how these compare from one region to another.

Abstract #209
Children in Foster Care: How the Looking After Children Model Can Promote Resilience 
Presenter: Kathleen Kufeldt Co-presenter: Myrna McNitt
This presentation will follow up on the challenge posed in Professor McNitt’s paper: i.e. how do we reduce the threats to well-being experienced by children needing care and in doing so enhance resilience.  The Looking After Children model was tested and applied in two large scale research and action projects here and in Australia.  The use of this model constitutes guided practice and has emerged as an evidence based, best practice model.  Data from the projects will be presented to demonstrate how its use promotes resilience.

Abstract # 125
Fostering Resilience in High Risk Youth through Leisure and Recreation
Presenter: Joshua Brisson
In the chaotic lives of young people growing up in high risk environments there are seldom opportunities to establish a sense of freedom and self-determination. In the midst of adverse settings, however, leisure and recreation can provide meaningful experiences and a rare source of empowerment for high risk youth, who tend to lack a sense of control in their lives. These experiences also have implications for shaping one’s resilience resources, self-concept, prosocial values, prosocial relationships, and overall life satisfaction. Rooted in a social ecological understanding of resilience, this presentation reports finding from the mixed-method Pathways to Resilience study, Canada, to show how leisure and recreational activities can foster individual, social and physical ecologies that predict positive development in high risk youth.

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Joshua Brisson

Research and Evaluation Manager, Resilience Research Centre
Joshua Brisson is the Research and Evaluation Manager at the Resilience Research Centre and has been a part of the RRC team since 2012. Josh studied Sociology at the undergraduate and graduate level at Dalhousie University. While Josh’s graduate level research is in the area of... Read More →

Kathleen Kufeldt

Adjunct Professor at University of New BrunswickKathleen has worked in a children's residence, front line child protection, fostered teenagers, and has an international reputation for foster care research. Academic positions include Assistant Deanship in the Faculty of Social Work... Read More →

Lainie Reisman

Lainie Reisman has close to 20 years experience working on development projects, most recently in Somalia, South Sudan, Kenya, Turkey and Ethiopia. Her technical background focuses on youth and violence. She is currently a Senior Youth Technical Advisor at Education Development Center... Read More →


Myrna McNitt

International Foster Care Organization & Lake Michigan College
Myrna is on the Board of the International Foster Care Organization and chairs its Training & Development Committee. She travels extensively and has earned an international reputation for the quality of her teaching and training. Work experience includes specialized foster care in... Read More →

Gustavo Payan

Project Director at EDC Gustavo Payan is a Project Director at Education Development Center (EDC) and currently overseas the METAS youth employment project in Honduras. He is originally from the northern border of Mexico.

Friday June 19, 2015 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Frazee Room NAB 2nd Floor, King's College


Resilience and Families - Jonathan Meyer, Mary Bartram, Odin Hjemdal
Resilience and Families:

Abstract #109
Practical Ways to Promote Resilience in Children and Families
Presenter: Jonathan Meyer
The Pathways to Education program, founded in Toronto’s Regent Park in 2001 to address high youth disengagement and dropout rates in one of Canada’s most disadvantaged communities, has been replicated throughout Canada and is now reaching well over 5,000 high school students in 17 communities across the country. A survey of what works from the literature and from selected Pathways to Education program staff across the country is summarized followed by two case studies.

Abstract #139
No More ‘Us’ and ‘Them’: Integrating Recovery and Well-Being into a Conceptual Model for Mental Health Policy
Presenter: Mary Bertram
The Mental Health Commission of Canada released the Mental Health Strategy for Canada (the Strategy) in 2012. During national consultations that led to the Strategy’s development, it became clear that different constituencies were advocating for many of the same core principles, but expressing them as different ideas and applying them to different groups.  One set of ideas pertained to positive mental health for the whole population and another set of ideas pertained to recovery of a meaningful life for people with mental health problems and illnesses.  Resilience was one of several concepts where common ground existed across these stakeholder perspectives. A review of the latest research in the domains of mental health promotion, positive mental health and recovery and input from a focus group of Canadian policy advisors suggests that there may be more common ground than commonly thought. We will present an integrated conceptual model that draws various concepts together into a coherent whole that reflects the mental health needs of Canadians whatever their age.  The conceptual model can help mobilize the transformative policy change called for in the Strategy and bring an end to ‘us-and-them’ thinking. Concrete examples of integrative approaches from Canada and elsewhere will be discussed.

Abstract #188
Adolescent Resilience in Two Communities: Predicting Good Mental Health Prospectively Using the Resilience Scale for Adolescents
Presenter: Odin Hjemdal Co-Presenter: Tore Aune
Background: This study aim was to explore resilience, its influence on mental health and how it prospectively predicts mental health outcomes in adolescents in two communities. 
Method: 1560 adolescents in two community samples were included in prospective study. The measures included were demographic data, negative life events, prosocial activities leisure activities, Resilience Scale for Adolescents (READ), Automatic Thought Questionnaire (ATQ), Mood and Feeling Questionnaire (MFQ), and the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Disorders (SCARED), and Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). Data were collected two times over a period of one year.
Results: This study found that the protective factors measured by READ predicted less psychological symptoms and higher levels of mental health over a one year period. 
Conclusions: Understanding how resilience factors predict the changes in mental health and levels of distress is important and may facilitate better prevention and interventions related to assuring future good health for adolescents in the future.


Jonathan Meyer

Dr. Meyer has a PhD in social work from the University of Houston. Dr. Meyer is also a Licensed Master Social Worker. He has 34 years of professional social work experience. Dr. Meyer's most recent areas of expertise include international social work, while a resident of the Republic... Read More →

Mary Bartram

Mary Bartram is currently a PhD candidate in the School of Public Policy and Administration at Carleton University. Her research is focused on access to psychotherapy in the Canadian context. Mary has over 14 years of mental health policy experience in federal and territorial governments... Read More →

Odin Hjemdal

Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Odin Hjemdal, professor of clinical adult psychology and quantitative methods and statistics, and a clinical psychologist at Department of Psychology at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway. His research is related to resilience among adults and adolescents... Read More →


Tore Aune

Associate professor at Nord-Trøndelag University Collage Tore Aune is associate professor at Nord-Trøndelag University Collage, Norway and is a clinical psychologist. He has done extensive research on social phobia, anxiety and depression both in prevention and treatment, as well... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 1:30pm - 3:00pm
KTS Lecture Hall NAB 2nd Floor, King's College


Supporting Resilience in Youth: Leadership and Intervention - Laurie Chapin, Joachim Duyndam, Jörg Huber
Supporting Resilience in Youth: Leadership and Intervention

Abstract #162
Mentor Support and University Aspirations and Expectations: Youth From Divorced and Non-Divorced Families
Presenter: Laurie Chapin Co-presenter: Mehtap (May) Cigdem
This study investigated overall resilience measured by the Child and Youth Resilience Measure – 28 (CYRM-28; Resilience Research Centre, 2008), mentor support, and university aspirations and expectations with a focus on youth from divorced families. Participants included 176 Australian youth aged between 13 and 18 years in year levels 8 to 12. Overall, it was found that youth from divorced families (N = 57) had significantly lower resilience levels than youth from two-parent families (N = 121). There was also a stronger relationship between mentors and resilience for youth from divorced families. Furthermore, a similar proportion of youth from divorced families and two-parent families reported having high university aspirations and university expectations. Only resilience was identified as a significant predictor for both university aspirations and university expectations whilst the number of mentors and family structure was not. The most important finding was the significantly lower resilience levels for youth from divorced families when compared to youth from two-parent families. Therefore, it can be suggested that youth from divorced families may require additional resources in order to enhance their overall resilience and contribute to positive development of youth while preventing and inhibiting negative outcomes in the future.
Abstract #171
Social Ecological Leadership Social Ecological Leadership
Presenter: Joachim Duyndam
One of the major results of RRC’s research is that resilience is not an individual competence in the first place, but that resilience is basically social. The principally social character of resilience implies that it can neither be reduced to individual agents nor to their contexts. According to RRC, resilience can be achieved by so-called ‘social ecologies’, such as families, school classes, neighborhoods, organizational units, cooperative projects, expeditions into the wild, sports teams, operational army units, research departments, etc. – to mention only a few examples. How can social relations, a group, or a network, become a social ecology showing resilience? 
The hypothesis of my contribution is that the social ecological character of a group or network highly depends on different roles within the group or network, particularly leadership. A school class where bullying occurs – for instance – depends a lot on some kind of leadership to be really resilient, and to stop the bullying without scapegoating. The same is true, I presume, in other types of social ecology. Leading question of my contribution would be: How can a social ecological leadership be understood, and be practiced?

Abstract #199
Developing Resilience Through Education Interventions in Disadvantaged Students and Young People
Presenter: Jörg Huber
Inequalities are associated with profound differences in educational attainment and career opportunities. Social and health inequalities go hand in hand: being poorer or coming from a disadvantaged background is associated with inferior physical and mental health; durations of a healthy life and life expectancies are frequently considerably shorter. A considerable amount of research shows that inequalities are transmitted from generation to generation, and persist throughout the life-course of individuals. For a number of historical and economic factors, inequalities have increased and are particularly difficult to overcome for those who find themselves ‘at the bottom of the heap’. One way of intervening in the transmission and persistence of inequalities is to facilitate resilient moves in education opportunities. Brief interventions which enhance utilisation and uptake of opportunities in education will be introduced. The studies demonstrate considerable improvements with regards to study practices and identity in students with disadvantaged backgrounds. The discussion will focus on the successes and limitations of these interventions in engendering resilient moves. The seminar will end with a workshop activity on generating ideas and plans for similar interventions relevant to the cultural contexts of the audience. 

avatar for Joachim Duyndam

Joachim Duyndam

Full Professor, University of Humanistic Studies
Joachim Duyndam is Professor of Humanism and Philosophy at the University of Humanistic Studies in Utrecht, the Netherlands. Next to his regular academic duties on education and research he holds the position of Dean of Education. His research interests are hermeneutical-philosophical... Read More →
avatar for Jörg Huber

Jörg Huber

Professor of Health Sciences, University of Brighton
My presentation will discuss links between inequalities and achievements in educational settings, reviewing very brief interventions which allow young people to (i) negotiate the middle class culture of university, (ii) show resilience to stigma and (iii) adopt a 'growth mindset... Read More →
avatar for Laurie Chapin

Laurie Chapin

Lecturer, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia
Laurie A. Chapin, PhD is a psychology lecturer at Victoria University in Melbourne, Australia. She received her PhD in psychology from Colorado State University in 2010. Her research interests include studying resilience of vulnerable youth with a focus on cultural factors. Previous... Read More →


Mehtap (May) Cigdem

May Cigdem completed her psychology degree in 2013 at Victoria University in Melbourne, Australia. She is currently pursuing a Masters in Counseling degree.

Friday June 19, 2015 1:30pm - 3:00pm
Classroom 3 A&A Lower Floor, King's College