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Thursday, June 18 • 5:15pm - 7:45pm
Predictors of Resilience Among High-Risk Mothers: Examining Individual, Interpersonal, and Community-level Factors

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Abstract #305
Predictors of Resilience Among High-Risk Mothers: Examining Individual, Interpersonal, and Community-level Factors 
Presenter: Kathryn Howell Co - Presenters: Idia Thurston
Abstract:
Elevated rates of poverty and familial stressors among urban mothers heighten their risk for adversity, which may lead to increased psychopathology. Despite these potential challenges, a substantial percentage of high-risk women exhibit resilient functioning. Guided by social-ecological theory, this study examines the role of individual, interpersonal, and community-level factors in predicting resilience among mothers experiencing multiple adversities, including domestic violence, substance abuse, and severe medical illness. Participants included 45 female primary caregivers, aged 23-60 (M=37.9; SD=9.85). Sixty percent of participants had a yearly household income below $10,000 and 91% were African American. A hierarchical multiple regression model predicting resilience after controlling for individual (age and ethnic identity), interpersonal (spirituality and social support from friends and family), and community-level factors (community cohesion) was significant (F(6,32)=3.24, p=.013, R2=.38). In the final step of this model, higher resilience was associated with greater ethnic identity (β=.43; p=.016) and stronger support from friends and family (β=.35; p=.047). By identifying variables that can enhance resilience, this study offers unique insight into how the functioning of high-risk mothers may be improved at individual and interpersonal levels. Researchers and clinicians should consider these highly mutable factors when developing and implementing interventions for families experiencing adversity.

Presenters
avatar for Kathryn Howell

Kathryn Howell

University of Memphis
Kathryn H. Howell, Ph.D., is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of Memphis. Dr. Howell is best known for her intervention work with women and children coping with violence and other adversities, including evaluation of the Kids’ Club and Moms... Read More →

Co-Presenters
IT

Idia Thurston

University of Memphis
Assistant Professor at University of Memphis | Idia Thurston, Ph.D. is an Assistant Professor at the University of Memphis and adjunct Assistant Professor in the Department of Pediatrics at UTHSC/Le Bonheur Children’s Hospital. Dr. Thurston graduated from the University of South... Read More →


Thursday June 18, 2015 5:15pm - 7:45pm
King's Gym Gymnasium, King's College

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