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Friday, June 19 • 10:30am - 12:00pm
Natural Disasters - Yohana Hestyanti, Violeta Andaleon, Stefania Maggi

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Natural Disasters:

Abstract #151
Bounce Back and Stand Firm: A Trifocal Analysis of Resiliency, Motivation, Life Satisfaction, and Meaning in Life of Typhoon Yolanda Survivors
Presenter: Violeta Andaleon
Life is full of difficulties and challenges. No matter how difficult and challenging life is, one must search for meaning in life and be satisfied with what life can bring.  The people from Tacloban, Leyte, Philippins encountered the most challenging situation, one of which was the outbreak of Typhoon Yolanda (also known as Typhoon Haiyan). This resulted to a harrowing devastation witnessing the community destruction, human suffering and even death.  How can we continuously help those who survived from this calamity?  Hence, the researcher volunteered to be one with the institution that provide programs for the recovery and rehabilitation for the Tacloban survivors. This research is a phenomenological study utilizing a triangulation or mixed method in order to determine and measure the level/degree of resiliency, motivation, life satisfaction, and meaning in life of the Tacloban Survivors in Leyte, Philippines after the outbreak of Typhoon Yolanda. The qualitative method will be a trifocal analysis of the data and further be utilized to describe the outcome of the interviews and questionnaires conducted to the respondents. On the other hand, quantitative method will be anchored from a descriptive–correlation design and used for the results of the standardized tests to measure the variables.  For the younger survivors, a drawing test will be used as a form of art therapy primarily aimed for clinical intervention.

Abstract #185
Resiliency of Acehnese Children After the 2004 Tsunami: Risk and Protective Factors From Their Bio-Ecological Systems
Presenter: Yohana Hestyanti
We studied the resilience of Acehnese children, survivors of the 2004 tsunami, by looking at their individual characteristics as well as the ethnographic aspects of the Acehnese society in which they lived. The children’s level of functioning (N=22) was assessed before, immediately after, and one year after the tsunami, by in-depth interviews of well-informed and close adults (e.g., surviving parent, teachers, village-elders) and by careful observations. We found that: 1. The emotional wellbeing of the primary caregiver was of vital importance: children with depressed, abusive and/or aloof parents/caregivers were likely to show a negative pattern of adaptation, whereas children with a strong and warm relationship with a caregiver who was not depressed and who encouraged them to express their emotions showed a positive pattern of adaptation.  2. Psychosocial and religious activities were important too: frequent participation of children in such activities proved to be protective.  3. Irritability was an internal risk factor in children, and, if combined with parental and neighbour’s threat, became a strong predictor of vulnerability. We conclude that children without pre-existing internal problems can recover remarkably well from considerable hardship, if they receive good parental support and participate in activities that enable pleasurable social interaction frequently.

Abstract #218
Natural Disasters, Community Resilience, and Children’s Wellbeing: The Case of Novi di Modena, Emilia Romagna, Italy
Presenter: Stefania Maggi Co - Presenters: Cinzia Albanesi, Valentina Marchesi, Claudia Rocca, Laura Borghi, Chiara Reali, Maria Augusta Nicoli 
On May 20-29 2012 a violent earthquake struck several communities of the Emilia Romagna Region. Many villages were destroyed and thousands of people lost their home and livelihood. To the day, villages are being rebuilt and the local economy is still struggling to recover from the disaster. This presentation offers an account of: 1) how the citizen and service providers of Novi di Modena mobilized to face the disaster right after the earthquake and in the subsequent years; 2) how preschools integrated elements in their curriculum to support young children as they dealt with loss and destruction; and 3) the impact of the earthquake and the community initiatives post-earthquake on preschool children. A mixed-methods approach was used to conduct this study, which included focus groups and interviews with service providers representing different sectors (e.g., health, education, social), and the administration of the Early Development Instrument (Italian version) to a representative sample of 5 years old children one year after the earthquake, and again two years after the event. Implications for community resilience are discussed.

avatar for Stefania Maggi

Stefania Maggi

Associate Professor, Leading Investigator for the Kids in Places Initiative at Carleton University Stefania is Associate Professor at Carleton University (Ottawa, Canada) with the Institute of Interdisciplinary Studies, Child Studies Program, and the Department of Psychology. She... Read More →
avatar for Violeta Andaleon

Violeta Andaleon

Faculty, De La Salle Lipa
I am Assistant Professor in Psychology handling major subjects in the field of Psychology at De La Salle Lipa under the College of Arts & Sciences. Presently, I am already a graduate of PhD in Clinical Psychology. I had been in this chosen field of endeavor since 1982 and I had been... Read More →
avatar for Yohana Hestyanti

Yohana Hestyanti

I was born on April 7, 1973 in Klaten, Indonesia and received my Bachelor’s degree in 1996 from the Faculty of Psychology at the Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta. I continued to study as a psychologist at the same university and worked as a lecturer at the Faculty of Psychology... Read More →


Cinzia Albanesi

Associate Professor at University of Bologna Cinzia Albanesi is Associate Professor at University of Bologna (Bologna, Italy) in the Department of Psychology. She is a community psychologist with an interest in participatory research methods, action research, health promotion, sense... Read More →

Laura Borghi

Coordinator and quality assurance for the Early Years   at Carleton University Laura is responsible for the coordination and quality assurance of early education programs of the Unione Terre d’Argine health region (Emilia Romagna, Italy). She obtained her PhD in educational sciences... Read More →
avatar for Valentina Marchesi

Valentina Marchesi

Research Associate for the Kids in Places Initiative (KIPI) at Carleton University Valentina obtained a BA degree in Community Psychology from University of Bologna (Italy) under the mentorship of Cinzia Albanesi. In the last three years, Valentina has followed a research project... Read More →

Maria Augusta Nicoli

Director of the Community, Equity and Participation Programs at Agenzia Sanitaria e Sociale Regionale Emilia Romagna Region (Bologna, Italy) Maria Augusta is the Director of the Community, Equity, and Participation Program at the Agenzia Sanitaria e Sociale Regionale with the Emilia... Read More →

Chiara Reali

Research Coordinator for the Kids in Places Initiative (KIPI) in Italy at Azienda Unità Sanitaria Locale Chiara is a Public Health physician with an interest in the social determinants of child health and equity in infant-maternal health. She is an epidemiologist with the Azienda... Read More →

Claudia Rocca

Canadian Project Coordinator for the Kids in Places Initiative at Carleton University Claudia is the Canadian Project Coordinator for the Kids in Places Initiative. She obtained a Masters degree in Social Psychology from Carleton University, Canada for research on the allocation... Read More →

Friday June 19, 2015 10:30am - 12:00pm EDT
Vroom Room A&A Lower Floor, King's College

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